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《苏菲的世界》(英文版)

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2010-02-09上传 侵权/举报

《苏菲的世界》

作者:[挪威]乔斯坦·贾德(Jostein Gaarder)



SOPHIE'S WORLD


BY JOSTIEN GAARDER


***************


Reviews:


More praise for the international bestseller that has become "Europe's oddball literary sensation of the decade" -- New York Newsday


"A page-turner." -- Entertainment Weekly


"First, think of a beginner's guide to philosophy, written by a schoolteacher ... Next, imagine a fantasy novel-- something like a modern-day version of Through the Looking Glass. Meld these disparate genres, and what do you get? Well, what you get is an improbable international bestseller ... a runaway hit... [a] tour deforce." -- Time


"Compelling." --Los Angeles Times


"Its depth of learning, its intelligence and its totally original conception give it enormous magnetic appeal ... To be fully human, and to feel our continuity with 3,000 years of philosophical inquiry, we need to put ourselves in Sophie's world." -- Boston Sunday Globe


"Involving and often humorous." -- USA Today


"In the adroit hands of Jostein Gaarder, the whole sweep of three millennia of Western philosophy is rendered as lively as a gossip column ... Literary sorcery of the first rank." -- Fort Worth Star-Telegram


"A comprehensive history of Western philosophy as recounted to a 14-year-old Norwegian schoolgirl... The book will serve as a first-rate introduction to anyone who never took an introductory philosophy course, and as a pleasant refresher for those who have and have forgotten most of it... [Sophie's mother] is a marvelous comic foil." -- Newsweek


"Terrifically entertaining and imaginative ... I'll read Sophie's World again." -- Daily Mail



"What is admirable in the novel is the utter unpretentious-ness of the philosophical lessons, the plain and workmanlike prose which manages to deliver Western philosophy in accounts that are crystal clear. It is heartening to know that a book subtitled "'A Novel About the History of Philosophy' was not only a bestseller in France, but for a while Europe's hottest novel." -- The Washington Post Book World


"A rare bird indeed, a short history of Western philosophical thought from Socrates to Sartre, coyly embedded in the wrapping of a suspense novel." -- New York Newsday


"A simply wonderful, irresistible book ... a cross between Bertrand Russell's History of Western Philosophy and Alice in Wonderland." -- The Daily Telegraph


"An exciting trek into, the realm of thought, from the ancient philosophers' school of Athens to the Konigsberg of Kant... and a brilliant success." -- Der Spiegel


"Intelligently   written... an   enchanting   way   to   learn philosophy." -- Baton Rouge Magazine


"Just as remarkable for its playful premise as it is for its accessibility ... The essential charm of Sophie's World lies in the innocent curiosity of the young character, and the clever narrative structure Gaarder designed to pique it." -- Columbus Dispatch


"An extraordinary writer." -- Madeleine L'Engle


Sophie's World


A Novel About the History of Philosophy


JOSTEIN GAARDER


Translated by Paulette Miller


BERKLEY BOOKS, NEW YORK


If you purchased this book without a cover, you should be aware that this book is stolen property. It was reported as "unsold and destroyed" to the publisher, and neither the author nor the publisher has received any payment for this "stripped book."



SOPHIE'S WORLD


A Berkley Book / published by arrangement with Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Inc.


PRINTING HISTORY


Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Inc., edition published 1994 Berkley edition / March 1996 All rights reserved.


Originally published in Norwegian under the title Sofies verden, copyright c 1991 by H. Aschehoug & Co. (W. Nygaard), Oslo.


Translation copyright c 1994 by Paulette Moller.


This book may not be reproduced in whole or in part, by mimeograph or any other means, without permission.  For information address: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, Inc., 19 Union Square West, New York, New York 10003.


The Putnam Berkley World Wide Web site address is http://www.berkley.comISBN: 0-425-15225-1


BERKLEYR


Berkley Books are published by The Berkley Publishing Group, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016.


BERKLEY and the "B" design are trademarks belonging to Berkley Publishing Corporation.


PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 10


Acknowledgments


This book would not have been possible without the support and encouragement of Siri Dan-nevig. Thanks are also due to Maiken Ims for reading the manuscript and making useful comments, and to Trond Berg Eriksen for his trenchant observations and knowledgeable sup-port through the years.


J.G.


He who cannot draw on three thousand years


Is living from hand to mouth



GOETHE


THE GARDEN OF EDEN


 at some point something must have come from nothing 


Sophie Amundsen was on her way home from school. She had walked the first part of the way with Joanna. They had been discussing robots. Joanna thought the human brain was like an advanced computer. Sophie was not certain she agreed. Surely a person was more than a piece of hardware?


When they got to the supermarket they went their separate ways. Sophie lived on the outskirts of a sprawling suburb and had almost twice as far to school as Joanna. There were no other houses beyond her garden, which made it seem as if her house lay at the end of the world. This was where the woods began.


She turned the corner into Clover Close. At the end of the road there was a sharp bend, known as Captain's Bend. People seldom went that way except on the weekend.


It was early May. In some of the gardens the fruit trees were encircled with dense clusters of daffodils. The birches were already in pale green leaf.


It was extraordinary how everything burst forth at this time of year! What made this great mass of green vegetation come welling up from the dead earth as soon as it got warm and the last traces of snow disappeared?


As Sophie opened her garden gate, she looked in the mailbox. There was usually a lot of junk mail and a few big envelopes for her mother, a pile to dump on the kitchen table before she went up to her room to start her homework.


From time to time there would be a few letters from the bank for her father, but then he was not a normal father. Sophie's father was the captain of a big oil tanker, and was away for most of the year. During the few weeks at a time when he was at home, he would shuffle around the house making it nice and cozy for Sophie and her mother. But when he was at sea he could seem very distant.


There was only one letter in the mailbox--and it was for Sophie. The white envelope read: "Sophie Amundsen, 3 Clover Close." That was all; it did not say who it was from. There was no stamp on it either.


As soon as Sophie had closed the gate behind her she opened the envelope. It contained only a slip of paper no bigger than the envelope. It read: Who are you?


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