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首页 Forty Years in South China.pdf

Forty Years in South China.pdf

Forty Years in South China.pdf

上传者: 熟鸭哥 2018-03-13 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Forty Years in South Chinapdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含ASIACHARLESWILLIAMWASONCOLLECTIONCHINAANDTHECHINESETHEGIFTOFCHARLESWILLIAM符等。

ASIACHARLESWILLIAMWASONCOLLECTIONCHINAANDTHECHINESETHEGIFTOFCHARLESWILLIAMWASONCLASSOFIBehowswhenthisvolmn##J#^BCornellUniversityMLibraryTheoriginaloftliisbookisintineCornellUniversityLibraryTherearenoknowncopyrightrestrictionsintheUnitedStatesontheuseofthetexthttp:wwwarchiveorgdetailscufFORTYYEARSINSOUTHCHINATHELIFERevJOHNVANNESTTALMAGE,DDBYRevJOHNGERARDUSFAGGMISSIONARYOFTHEAMERICANREFORMED(DUTCH)CHURCH,ATAMOY,CHINANEWYORKANSONDFRANDOLPHCOMPANY(incorporated)FIFTHAVENUETfS#FiS#Copyright,,byAnsonDFRandolphCompany(Inc)PRESSOFBOJENKINS*SON,NEWYORKINTRODUCTIONBYREVTDEWITTTALMAGE,DDToonearwasItothesubjectofthisbiographytowriteanimpartialintroductionWhenJohnVanNestTalmagewent,mylastbrotherwentStunneduntilIstaggeredthroughthecorridorsofthehotelinLondon,England,whenthenewscamethatJohnwasdeadIfIshouldsayallthatIfeltIwoulddeclarethatsincePaulthegreatapostletotheGentiles,amorefaithfulorconsecratedmanhasnotliftedhisvoiceinthedarkplacesofheathenismIsaiditwhilehewasalive,andmightaswellsayitnowthatheisdeadHewastheheroofourfamilyHedidnotgotoafarofflandtopreachbecausepeopleinAmericadidnotwanttohearhimpreachAtthetimeofhisfirstgoingtoChinahehadacalltosucceedRevDrBrodhead,ofBrooklyn,theChrysostomoftheAmericanpulpit,acallwithalargesalary,andtherewouldnothavebeenanythingimpossibletohiminthemattersofreligiousworkorChristianachievementhadhetarriedinhisnativelandButnothing()IntroductioncoulddetainhimfromtheworktowhichGodcalledhimyearsbeforehebecameaChristianMyreasonforwritingthatanomalousstatementisthatwhenaboyinSabbathschoolatBoundbrook,NewJersey,hereadaLibrarybook,entitledTheLifeofHenryMartyn,theMissionary,andhesaidtoourmother,MotherwhenIgrowupIamgoingtobeamissionaryTheremarkmadenoespecialimpressionatthetimeYearspassedonbeforehisconversionButwhenthegraceofGodappearedtohim,andhehadbegunhisstudyfortheministry,hesaidoneday,Mother!DoyourememberthatmanyyearsagoIsaid,#Iamgoingtobeamissionary#Shereplied,Yes!IrememberyousaidsoWell,saidhe,IamgoingtokeepmypromiseAndhowwellhekeptitmillionsofsoulsonearthandinheavenhavelongsinceheardButhischiefworkisyettocomeWegetourchronologysotwistedthatwecometobelievethatthewhitemarbleofthetombisthemilestoneatwhichagoodmanstops,whenitisonlyamilestoneonajourney,themostofthemilesofwhichareyettobetravelledTheDictionarywhichmybrotherpreparedwithmorethantwodecadesofstudy,thereligiousliteraturehetransferredfromEnglishintoChinese,thehymnshewroteforotherstosing,althoughhimIntroductionselfcouldnotsingatall,(heandImonopolizingthemusicalincapacityofafamilyinwhichalltherestcouldsingwell),themissionarystationsheplanted,thelifehelived,willwidenout,anddeepenandintensifythroughalltimeandalleternityIamgladthatthosecompetenttotellofhismagnificentworkhaveundertakenitYoucouldgetnothingaboutitfromhimatallAskhimaquestiontryingtoevokewhathehaddoneforGodandthechurch,andhislipswereastightlyshutasthoughtheyhadneverbeenopenedHewasanimatedenoughwhendrawnoutindiscussionreligious,educational,orpolitical,buthehadgreatpowersofsilenceIoncetookhimtoseeGeneralGrant,ourreticentPresidentOnthatoccasiontheybothseemedtodotheirbestintheartofquietudeThegreatmilitaryPresidentwithhisclosedlipsononesideofme,andmybrotherwithhisclosedlipsontheothersideofme,IfelttherewasmoresilenceintheroomthanIeverbeforeknewtobecrowdedintothesamespaceItwasthesamekindofreticencethatalwayscameuponJohnwhenyouaskedhimabouthisworkButthestoryhasbeengloriouslytoldintheheavensbythosewhothroughhisinstrumentalityhavealreadyreachedtheCityofRapturesWhentherollofmartyrsiscalledbeforetheThroneofGod,IntroductionthenameofJohnVanNestTalmagewillbecalledHeworkedhimselftodeathinthecauseoftheworld#sevangelizationHisheart,hisbrain,hislungs,hishands,hismuscles,hisnerves,allwroughtforothersuntilheartandbrain,andlungsandhands,andmusclesandnervescoulddonomoreHesleepsinthecemeterynearSomerville,NewJersey,sonearfatherandmotherthathewillfacethemwhenherisesintheResurrectionoftheJust,andamidacrowdofkindrednowslumberingontherightofhim,andontheleftofhim,hewillfeelthethrilloftheTrumpetthatwakesthedeadAllelujah!Amen!Brooklyn,June,PREFACETheaccompanyingresolutionoftheBoardofForeignMissionsoftheReformedChurchinAmerica,Novemberi,,explainstheoriginofthisvolume:^#Resolved,ThattheBoardofForeignMissions,beingfirmlyconvincedthatabiographyofthelateJohnVNTalmage,DD,foroverfortyyearsidentifiedwiththeMissionatAmoy,wouldbeofgreatservicetothecauseofMissions,heartilyrecommendtothefamilyofDrTalmagetheselectionofanappropriatepersontopreparesuchamemoir,andincasethisisdone,promisetorenderalltheaidintheirpowerinfurnishingwhateverfactsorrecordsmaybeofservicetotheauthorofthebookThewriterraisedhispentothistaskwithhesitancyHehadknownDrTalmageonlylittlemorethanayearlongenough,indeed,torevereandlovehim,butnotlongenoughtotellthestoryofsorichandfruitfulalife()PrefaceDrTalmagewasamanofunconsciousgreatnessIfhecouldhavebeenconsulteditisdoubtfulwhetherapublicrecordofhimwouldhaveeverseenthelightHislifetohimwouldhaveseemedtoocommonplaceandunworthyHewasexceedinglycarefulintheuseoflanguageHecouldnotendureexaggerationNothingsocommandedhisadmirationashonestyandaccuracyofstatementThatoughttobesufficienttoguardanyonewhospeaksofsuchamanagainstindiscriminateeulogyWehaveendeavoredasfaraspossibletomakethismemoiranautobiographyTocarryoutthispurposehasnotbeenwithoutdifficultiesDrTalmagedidnotkeepacontinuousdiaryHedidnotpreservecompletefilesofhiscorrespondenceasifanticipatingtheneedsofsomepossiblebiographerTheauthor#senforcedretirementfromthemissionfieldinthemidstofcollectingandsiftingmaterial,hasbeennosmalldrawbackItishoped,however,thatenoughhasbeengleanedtojustifypublicationSincerestthanksareduetothosebrethrenwhocontributedtotheconcludingchapter,InMemoriamIfthesepagesmaymorefullyacquainttheChurchofChristwithanamewhichitshouldPrefacenotwillinglyletdie,anddeepeninterestinandhastenbytheleasthairbreadththeredemptionofChina#sMillions,theauthorwillfeelabundantlyrewardedJohnGFaggArlington,NewJersey,Octoberi,LISTOFILLUSTRATIONSRevJohnVanNestTalmage,DD{Frontispiece)PACEChineseClanHouse,BuddhistTemple,AmoyPagodanearLamsinChineseBrideandGroom,noTravelingEquipmentinSouthChina,PastorIapandFamilyTheSiokeValley,GlimpseoftheSiokeRiver,SceneintheHakkaRegionGirls#SchooltheTalmageManseWoman#sSchool(Kolongsu,oppositeAmoy),PastorIap()CONTENTS,IIIContentsVI鈥擳heLittleKnifeInsurrection,HowtheChineseFightVIL鈥擳heBlossomingDesertSiboo#sZealAnAppealforaMissionary,VIII鈥擟hurchUnion,TheMemorialoftheAmoyMission,IX鈥擟hurchUnion(continued),X鈥TheAntiMissionaryAgitation,XI鈥擳heLastTwoDecades,FortycontinuousYearsinHeathenism,ChineseGrandiloquence,XII鈥擨nMemoriamDrTalnnage鈥擳heManandtheMissionaryByRevWSSwanson,DDVenerableTeacherTalmageByPastorlapHanChiongRevJohnVanNestTalmage,DDByRevSLBaldwin,DDTheRevJVNTalmage,DDByRevTalbotWChambers,DD,LLD,RevJohnVanNestTalmage,DDByRevJohnMFerris,DD,Appendix,THEANCESTRALHOME()ITHEANCESTRALHOMEJohnVanNestTalmagewasbornatSomerville,NewJersey,Augusti,HewasthefourthsoninafamilyofsevenbrothersandfivesistersTherootsoftheTalmagegenealogicaltreemaybetracedbacktotheyear,whenEnosandThomasTalmage,theprogenitorsoftheTalmagefamilyinNorthAmerica,landedatCharlestown,Massachusetts,andafterwardssettledatEastHampton,LongIslandDrLymanBeecherrepresentsthefirstsettlersofEastHamptonasmenresolute,enterprising,acquaintedwithhumannature,accustomedtodobusiness,wellqualifiedbyeducation,circumspect,carefulindealing,friendsofcivilliberty,jealousoftheirrights,vigilanttodiscover,andfirmtoresistencroachmentseminentlypiousInwefindDanielTalmageatElizabethtown,NewJerseyDaniel#sgrandson,Thomas,duringtheyearsbetweenandshiftshis()TheAncestralHometenttoPiscataway,NewJersey,thencetoNewBrunswick,thencetoSomerville,wherethestakesaredrivenfirmlyonafarmbeautifulforsituationThomasTalmagewasabuilderbytrade,anderectedsomeofthemostimportantcourthousesandpublicedificesinSomersetandMiddlesexCountiesHewasactiveintheRevolutionarywar,holdingtherankofmajorItwassaidofhim,HisnamewillbeheldineverlastingremembranceinthechurchesHewasthefatherofsevensonsandsixdaughtersThethirdson,DavidT,thefatherofJohnVanNestTalmage,wasbornatPiscataway,April,HewasmarriedtoCatharineVanNest,Dec,DavidTTalmagewasrathermigratoryinhisinstinctsThesmokeoftheTalmagehomenowcurledoromahouseatMillstone,nowfromahomesteadnearSomerville,thenfromGatevillethenthefamilyarkrestedformanyyearsontheoutskirtsofSomervilleandfinallyitbroughtupatBoundbrook,NewJerseyThoughthefamilytentwasfoldedseveraltimes,itwasnotfoldedformorethanaday#swagonjourneybeforeitwaspitchedagainTheplacesdesignatedareallwithintherangeofasingleNewJerseycountyInDavidTTalmagewaselectedamemTheAncestralHomeberoftheStateLegislatureandwasreturnedthreesuccessivetermsIn,hewaschosenhighsheriffofSomersetCountyFourofhissonsenteredtheChristianministry,JamesR,JohnVanNest,Goyn,andThomasDeWittJamesR,theseniorbrother,renderedefficientserviceinpastoratesatPomptonPlainsandBlawenburgh,NewJersey,andinBrooklyn,Greenbush,andChittenango,NewYorkHereceivedthedegreeofDoctorofDivinityfromRutgersCollege,NewJersey,inJohnVanNestgavehislifetoChinaGoyn,amostwinsomemanandeloquentpreacher,ministeredwithmarkedsuccesstothechurchesofNiskayuna,Greenpoint,Rhinebeck,andPortJervis,NewYork,andParamus,NewJerseyHewasforfiveyearstheCorrespondingSecretaryoftheBoardofDomesticMissionsoftheReformedChurchRutgersCollegehonoredherselfandhimbygivinghimthedegreeofDoctorofDivinityinThomasDeWitt,theyoungestson,stillministerstothelargestchurchinProtestantChristendomWhatariverofblessinghasflowedfromthathumble,cottagewellspringThewildernessandtheparchedlandhavebeenmadegladbyitThedeserthasbeenmadetorejoiceandblossomastheroseThecoursesthereofhavegoneoutTheAncestralHomeintoalltheearth,andthetossingofitswaveshavebeenheardtotheendoftheworldInNovember,,DrTDeWittTalmagepreachedasermononTheBeautyofOldAge*fromthewordsinEcclesxii,TheAlmondTreeshallflourishItwascommemorativeofhisfather,DavidTTalmageHesays:Ihavestood,forthelastfewdays,asunderthepowerofanenchantmentLastFridayaweek,ateightythreeyearsofage,myfatherexchangedearthforheavenThewheatwasripe,andithasbeenharvestedNopainter#spencilorpoet#srhythmcoulddescribethatmagnificentsunsettingItwasnohurricaneblastletloosebutagalefromheaven,thatdroveintothedusttheblossomsofthatalmondtreeTherearelessonsformetolearn,andalsoforyou,formanyofyouknewhimThechildofhisoldage,Icometonighttopayanhumbletributetohim,who,inthehourofmybirth,tookmeintohiswatchfulcare,andwhoseparentalfaithfulness,combinedwiththatofmymother,wasthemeansofbringingmyerringfeettothecross,andkindlinginmysoulanticipationsofimmortalblessed*ThissermongivessographicandtenderaportrayalofthefatherofoneofAmerica#smostdistinguishedministerialfamilies,thattheauthorfeelsjustifiedinmakingsolengthyanextractTheAncestralHomenessIfIfailedtospeak,methinkstheoldfamilyBible,thatIbroughthomewithme,wouldrebukemysilence,andtheverywallsofmyyouthfulhomewouldtellthestoryofmyingratitudeImustspeak,thoughitbewithbrokenutterance,andintermswhichseemtoostrongforthoseofyouwhoneverhadanopportunityofgatheringthefruitofthisluxuriantalmondtreeFirstInmyfather#soldagewastobeseenthebeautyofacheerfulspiritIneverremembertohaveheardhimmakeagloomyexpressionThiswasnotbecausehehadnoconceptionofthepollutionsofsocietyHeabhorredeverythinglikeimpurity,orfraud,*ordoubledealingHeneverfailedtoliftuphisvoiceagainstsin,whenhesawitHewasterribleinhisindignationagainstwrong,andhadanirongripforthethroatofhimwhotrampledonthehelplessBettermeetalionrobbedofherwhelpsthanhim,ifyouhadbeenstealingthebreadfromthemouthofthefatherlessItrequiredalltheplacidityofmymother#svoicetocalmhimwhenoncethemountainstormofhisrighteouswrathwasinfullblastwhileasforhimself,hewouldsubmittomoreimposition,andsaynothing,thananymanIeverknewButwhilesensitivetotheevilsofsociety,hefeltconfidentthatallwouldberightedWhenheTheAncestralHomeprayed,youcouldhearintheverytonesofhisvoicetheexpectationthatChristJesuswouldutterlydemolishalliniquity,andfilltheearthwithHisgloryThisChristianmanwasnotamisanthrope,didnotthinkthateverythingwasgoingtoruin,consideredtheworldaverygoodplacetoliveinHeneversatmopingordespondent,buttookthingsastheywere,knowingthatGodcouldandwouldmakethembetterWhentheheaviestsurgeofcalamitycameuponhim,hemetitwithascheerfulacountenanceaseverabatheratthebeachmettheincomingAtlantic,risingupontheothersideofthewavestrongerthanwhenitsmotehimWithouteverbeingchargedwithfrivolity,hesang,andwhistled,andlaughedHeknewaboutallthecheerfultunesthatwereeverprintedinold#NewBrunswickCollection,#andthe#Shumway,#andthesweetestmelodiesthatThomasHastingsevercomposedIthinkthateverypillarintheSomervilleandBoundbrookchurchesknewhishappyvoiceHetookthepitchofsacredsongonSabbathmorning,andlostitnotthroughalltheweekIhaveheardhimsingplowingamidtheaggravationsofa#newground,#servingwrits,examiningdeeds,goingtoarrestcriminals,inthehouseandbytheway,atthebarnandinthestreetWhenthechurchchoirwouldbreakdownTheAncestralHomeeverybodylookedaroundtoseeifhewerenotreadywithWoodstock,MountPisgah,orUxbridgeAndwhenallhisfamiliartunesfailedtoexpressthejoyofhissoul,hewouldtakeuphisownpen,drawfivelonglinesacrossthesheet,putinthenotes,andthentothetunethathecalled#Boundbrook#begintosing:#Aswhenthewearytrav#lergainsTheheightofsomeo#erlookinghillHisheartrevivesif,#crosstheplains,Heeyeshishome,tho#distantstill:,#Thus,whentheChristianpilgrimviewsByfaith,hismansionintheskiesThesighthisfaintingstrengthrenewsAndwingshisspeedtoreachtheprize#Tisthere,hesays,IamtodwellWithJesusintherealmsofday:ThereIshallbidmycaresfarewellAndhewillwipemytearsaway#BewfamiliesfellheirtosolargeapileofwellstudiednotebooksHewasready,atpropertimes,forallkindsofinnocentamusementHeoftenfeltamerrimentthatnotonlytouchedthelips,butplayeduponeveryfibreofthebody,androlleddownintotheverydepthsofhissoul,withlongreverberationsNoonethatIeverknewTheAncestralHomeunderstoodmorefullythescienceofagoodlaughHewasnotonlyquicktorecognizehilaritywhencreatedbyothers,butwasalwaysreadytodohissharetowardmakingitBeforeextremeoldage,hecouldoutrunandoutleapanyofhischildrenHedidnothidehissatisfactionathavingoutwalkedsomeonewhoboastedofhispedestrianism,orathavingbeenabletoswingthescytheafteralltherestoftheharvestershaddroppedfromexhaustion,orathaving,inlegislativehall,trippedupsomevillanousschemeforrobbingthepublictreasuryWeneverhadourearsboxed,assomechildrenIwotof,forthesinofbeinghappyInlongwinternightsitwashardtotellwhoenjoyedsportfulnessthebetter,thechildrenwhorompedthefloor,ortheparentswho,withlightedcountenance,lookedatthemGreatindulgenceandleniencycharacterizedhisfamilyrule,buttheremembranceofatleastonecorrectionmoreemphaticthanpleasingprovesthathewasnotlikeEliofold,whohadwaywardsonsandrestrainedthemnotInthemultitudeofhiswitticismstherewerenoflingsatreligion,nocaricaturesofgoodmen,notriflingwiththingsofeternityHislaughterwasnotthe#cracklingofthornsunderapot,#butthemerryheartthatdoethgoodlikeamedicineForthisallthechildrenofthecomTheAncestralHomemunityknewhimandtothelastdayofhiswalkingout,whentheysawhimcomingdownthelane,shouted,#Herecomesgrandfather!#Nogall,noacerbity,nohypercriticismIftherewasabrightsidetoanything,healwayssawit,andhisname,inalltheplaceswherehedwelt,willlongbeasynonymforexhilarationofspiritButwhencethischeerfulnessSomemightascribeitailtonaturaldispositionNodoubtthereissuchathingassunshineoftemperamentGodgivesmorebrightnesstothealmondtreethantothecypressWhilethepoolputrefiesunderthesummersun,GodslipstherilloffoftherockswithafrolicsomenessthatfillsthemountainwithechoNodoubtconstitutionalstructurehadmuchtodowiththischeerfulnessHehad,byalifeofsobriety,preservedhisfreshnessandvigorYouknowthatgoodhabitsarebetterthanspeakingtubestotheearbetterthanastafftothehandbetterthanlozengestothethroatbetterthanwarmbathstothefeetbetterthanbittersforthestomachHislipshadnotbeenpolluted,norhisbrainbefogged,bythefumesofthenoxiousweedthathassappedthelifeofwholegenerations,sendingevenministersoftheGospeltountimelygraves,overwhichthetombstonedeclared,#SacrificedbyoverworkintheLord#svineyard,#whenTheAncestralHomeifthemarblehadnotlied,itwouldhavesaid,#Killedbyvillanoustobacco!#Heabhorredanythingthatcouldintoxicate,beingamongthefirstinthiscountrytojointhecrusadeagainstalcoholicbeveragesWhenurged,duringaseveresickness,totakesomestimulus,hesaid,#No!IfIamtodie,letmediesober!#TheswillofthebreweryhadneverbeenpouredaroundtherootsofthisthriftyalmondTothelastweekofhislifehisearcouldcatchachild#swhisper,andatfourscoreyearshiseyesrefusedspectacles,althoughhewouldsometimeshavetoholdthebookoffontheothersideofthelight,asoctogenariansarewonttodoNotremblingofthehands,norheumintheeyes,noknockingtogetheroftheknees,nohobblingoncrutcheswithwhatpolitesocietytermsrheumatisminthefeet,butwhateverybodyknowsisnothingbutgoutDeathcame,nottofellthegnarledtrunkofatreewormeatenandlightningblasted,buttohewdownaLebanoncedar,whosefallmadethemountainstrembleandtheheavensringButphysicalhealthcouldnotaccountforhalfofthissunshineSixtyfouryearsagoacoalfromtheheavenlyaltarhadkindledalightthatshonebrighterandbrightertotheperfectdayLetAlmightygracefornearlythreequartersofacenturytriumphinaman#ssoul,anddoyouwonderthatTheAncestralHomeheishappyFortwicethelengthofyourlifeandminehehadsatinthebowerofthepromises,pluckingtheround,ripeclustersofEshcolWhileothersbittheirtonguesforthirst,hestoodatthewellsofsalvation,andputhislipstothebucketthatcameupdrippingwiththefresh,cool,sparklingwatersofeternallifeThisjoywasnotthatwhichbreaksintheburstingbubbleofthechampagneglass,orthatwhichisthrownoutwiththeorangepeelingsofamidnightbacchaqalia,butthejoywhich,plantedbyaSaviour#spardoninggrace,mountsuphigherandhigher,tillitbreaksforthintheacclainiofthehundredandfortyandfourthousandwhohavebrokentheirlastchainandwepttheirlastsorrowOh!mightyGod!Howdeep,howwide,howhighthejoyThoukindlestintheheartofthebeliever!Again:WebeholdinourfatherthebeautyofaChristianfaithLetnottheaccountofthischeerfulnessgiveyoutheideathatheneverhadanytroubleBewmenhavesoseriousandoverwhelmingalifestruggleHewentoutintotheworldwithoutmeans,andwithnoeducationalopportunity,savethatwhichwasaffordedhiminthewintermonths,inanold,dilapidatedschoolhouse,frominstructorswhosechiefworkwastocollecttheirownsalaryTheAncestralHomeInsteadofpostponingthemarriagerelation,asmodernsocietycompelsayoungmantopostponeit,untilhecanearnafortune,andbeable,atcommencementoftheconjugalrelation,tokeepacompanionliketheliliesofthefield,thattoilnotnorspin,thoughSolomoninallhisglorywasnotarrayedlikeoneofthese鈥攈echoseanearlyalliancewithone,whovouldnotonlybeabletoenjoythesuccessofhislife,butwhowouldwithherovnwillinghandshelpachieveitAndsowhilefatherplowedthefields,andthreshedthewheat,andbroketheflax,andhuskedthecorn,mymotherstoodforSolomon#sportraiture,whenhesaid,#Sherisethalsowhileitisyetnight,andgivethmeattoherhouseholdShelayethherhandstothespindle,andherhandsholdthedistaffSheisnotafraidofthesnowforherhousehold,forallherhouseholdareclothedwithscarletHerchildrenariseupandcallherblessed,herhusbandalso,andhepraisethherManydaughtershavedonevirtuously,butthouexcellestthemall#SothattheHmitedestateoftheNewJerseyfarmerneverfounderedonmillineryestablishmentsandconfectioneryshopsAndthough

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