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首页 初一入学Phonics-自然拼读法PPT教学课件

初一入学Phonics-自然拼读法PPT教学课件.ppt

初一入学Phonics-自然拼读法PPT教学课件

精品课件
2019-02-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初一入学Phonics-自然拼读法PPT教学课件ppt》,可适用于初中教育领域

Phonics自然拼读法*ReviewVowels(元音字母):a,e,i(y),o,uConsonants(辅音字母):剩余其他字母(b,c,d,hellip,x,y,z)y字母相当于i为半元音Singthealphabetsong:lalala~~*Whatisphonics?自然拼读法类似于汉语拼音将英文单词根据发音按音节拼写出来达到ldquo见词会读听音会拼rdquo的神奇效果。是以英语为母语的国家小学语文必修的内容。*音节是以元音字母为基础一个或几个辅音字母构成的读音的基本单位。由于元音字母发音响亮因此作为划分音节的基础。任何单词都可以分解为一个或多个音节来读。音节*ham*bur*gerba*na*naap*pleru*ler,Eng*lish,ja*cket,hellip有大于等于个元音字母构成的单词即有个及个以上音节叫多音节词。go,we,egg,my,act,must,sheep,see,toy,leap,hellip有个或个紧挨着的元音字母组成的单词即有一个音节叫单音节词。*Practiceteamotherfamilyhomelandconditionsawtoolbookgrandgrandmotherparentchildchildrensisterbrotherfatherphotocountrygreenblueyellowgingernationalredcamera*音节分为:开音节、闭音节rre音节元音字母组合音节。开音节、闭音节*开音节、以发音的元音字母结尾的音节如we,do,go,hi,flee,America,China,flu,tamato,identify,、以一个元音字母辅音字母(r除外)不发音的e结尾的音节如take,age,make,name,(没有辅音字母ldquo包住rdquo元音字母元音字母露在外)*闭音节闭音节:辅音字母(r除外)结尾的音节如act,pen,big,small有辅音字母ldquo包住rdquo元音字母*Practicetakeshetimegouseageweninenosecutenamemebikehomehugemakethesemyjokefume开音节*cutmuchgunbulldrophotfogstickmillshipgiftresttenletclockbestpanlandjamfact闭音节*重读、非重读音节对于多音节词有一个音节要读的重些叫重读音节而其他音节读得较轻叫非重读音节。对于单音节词只有一个重读音节。rsquomor*ningaf*ter*rsquonoonrsquoEng*lishgood,hi,we,he*Lesson元音字母的读音规律*元音字母在重读开音节发:AeiEi:IaiOəuUju:takeshetimegouseageweninenosecutenamemebikehomehugemakethesemyjokefumey字母在单词末尾相当于i为半元音字母本音*Practice:ListenandwriteflwhfnencelketebkelkeplnevePtermternsecpeverlneamsehgefsemteyyiiaaaiaeueooooeuuu*元音字母在重读开音节发什么音?字母本音*元音字母在重读闭音节中读音:AaeligEeIiOɒUoru注意:代表aelig发音的字母只有aapplebagcapcateggpenbedsetridsitbigpicknotdogboxshopusuglypull*Practice:Saythevowelscutmuchgunbulldrophotfogclockstickmillshipgiftrestlegletbestpanlandjamfact*Review*元音字母在重读开音节发:AeiEi:IaiOəuUju:takeshetimegouseageweninenosecutenamemebikehomehugemakethesemyjokefumey字母在单词末尾相当于i为半元音字母本音*元音字母在重读闭音节中读音:AaeligEeIiOɒUoru注意:代表aelig发音的字母只有aapplebagcapcateggpenbedsetridsitbigpicknotdogboxshopusuglypull*元音字母在非重读音节中的读音:AəEəI(y)əOəUəiiagobeginrabbitpotatouponChinabeforeApriltomatodisturbaboutparentcopyoccurfocusCanadawondertidymemorydifficult*PhrasesandSentencesaroundsevenorsquoclockarriveattheofficeHishouseislocatedattheseaside**定冠词(特指):the这个男孩theboy我买的雨伞theumbrellathatIbuy太阳月亮(独一无二的自然现象)thesunthemoon**不定冠词:一个苹果anapple一个诚实的男孩anhonestboy一根香蕉abanana*专项练习第一关:根据老师的发音选出正确的单词(注:t的发音为t)a()AhelpBhope()AhelpBhopeb()AfugBfigCfag()AfugBfigCfag()AfugBfigCfagc()AbitBbiteCbetDbat()AbitBbiteCbetDbat()AbitBbiteCbetDbat()AbitBbiteCbetDbat*d()AfateBfatCnetDname()AfateBfatCnetDname()AfateBfatCnetDname()AfateBfatCnetDnamee()AuseBusClopDclose()AuseBusClopDclose()AuseBusClopDclose()AuseBusClopDclose*第二关:听音写词*gen年龄bv是ppiln小学生cken蛋糕cden代码mddlea中等的fcen脸fstn拳头vtev投票cen冰jken笑话glya丑陋的lneadj孤单的mnepron我的(名词性物主代词)lephantn大象元音字母组合的读音规则aiay在重读音节中常发eirainwaitmaydayhellipea不发e,就发i:sweaterheadbreadhellipeatseatealeafeasyhellip*ei发ei或i::eightneighborweighreceiveeitherceilingey在词尾发ei:theyheyobeyieee在重读音节中发i::pieceniecethiefbelievesheepseequeen*i:oriHeseesashipSheseesasheepAshipandasheepHeseesaship,andsheseesasheep*ce在词尾发s:nicepieceoncechancepeacehellip**aiayeiraintrainwaitdaymayeieyeieightneighbortheyheyoioyɔɪoilnoiseboytoyjoyiei:pieceniecethiefawauɔ:drawlawauthorbecause*ouauoutcloudloudowaubrowcowdownəushowknowsnowewju:newfewreviewuiu:fruitbruisejuiceoaəucoatboatcoachoou:bootcoolfoodeai:eseateaeasysweaterheadbreadr音节在重读音节的读音规则*ara:artarmcarorɔ:horseshortsporterə:herpersonserveirə:birdgirlshirturə:nurseburnsurfre音节的读音规则*areeəbaresharecareaireəairchairpairereiəheremereadhereireaiəfiretireadmireoreɔ:morestoresore(疼痛的)urejuəpurecuresecure(安全的)*j通常发dʒJane,jump,object,judge,hellipk通常发k,但遇到s要浊化读成gkick,kid,sky,skate,skinhellip**清辅音浊化ptktr四淘气遇到s就读成:bdgdrspendbspiritbstandupdskirtgstreetdr**PhrasesandSentencesAbearisskiing一头熊在滑雪。***PhrasesandSentencesbagandbaggage(adv)连同随身的东西一起离开behindonersquosback在背地里*d通常发ddad,day,hand,mindhellipf和组合ff通常发ffamily,father,stuff,buffhellip**PhrasesandSentencesfootballfans足球迷Mymotherisagoodcook我的妈妈是一个好厨师。**g和组合gg通常发g组合ge发dʒbeggar,giggle,age,orange,manage,hellipy在词首或音节开头常发jyesyellowlawyeryesterdayhellip**S的发音规律()s在词首时通常发ssandsadschoolsandwichhellips在清辅音后通常发sphysicslampshelpshellip()s在浊辅音与元音前后通常发znamesalwaysyoursbegsreasondesirehellip**w通常发w发音与拼音{wo}类似weweekwinwanthellipx通常发ksboxsixfoxtaxihellip**z和zz通常发zzebraamazejazzhellipqu在词首发kw,在词尾中常发kquickquakequeenhellipuniqueconquer**不发音的辅音字母b在词尾的mbbt中不发音bombcomblamb(小羊)doubtdebthellipd在一些单词中不发音grandmagrandparentWednesdayhandsomehellip**g在gn中不发音:designforeignsignhellipgh有时不发音:nightrighteighthighstraighthelliph在有些单词中不发音hourhonesthonourvehicleghost(幽灵)**kn在词首时通常发n,k不发音kneeknifeknockknowhellipp在有些单词中不发音psychologycupboard**以wr开头的单词w不发音writewrongwriterhellip除了bemeheshewe外词尾的e一般不发音takenamecakebakedatehellip*gue在词尾时ue不发音Egdialoguetongueleague(联盟)analogue(相似物)hellip**ckcallcanmusicscitycyclepricecellphonedddogdoordadfffatherstuffaftergggetgobigdʒorangevegetablemanagehhorheadhappyhonesthonorjdʒjacketjamJulykkorgkeybookskirtsky*lllooklikeballmmmapmathgamennnameneedninepporbpencupspendspellrr(ruo)redricebreadsszsomesistersockshisalwayssisters*ttordtapesetstandvvveryhavevegetablewwweekwellwatchxksboxsixmaxgzexamexampleyjyesyellowyardzzzerozoosize*chtʃchairteacherkschoolChristmastchtʃwatchmatchcatchshʃsheepshipfinishckkblackchickenjackettrtrtriptraintrousers*drdrdrinkdrawchildrendsdz(滋)cardssoundsbedsknnknowknifeknocknkŋkthinkthankFrankngŋkingsingsong*phfphonephotophysicsghfcoughenoughlaughdaughternightqukwquiltqueenkuniqueconquer*ththetathinmaththinkeththatthisbrothertsts(ci)batshatsrabbitswhwwhatwherewhenhwhowhosewholewrrwritewrongwriter*inenum九epron我Wenesdayn星期三esepronadj这些pituren照片sooln学校mien英里lanen飞机sakn蛇oton照片ereadv在哪里lauv笑uestionn问题v询问ritev写wan手表v观看特定的字母组合sionsure在辅音字母后分别发ʃənʃuəegextensioncomprehensionensureinsurepressure*sionsure在元音字母后分别发ʒənʒərEgdecisiontelevisionrevisionpleasuremeasureleisure*tici发ʃ,tion发ʃən,tious发ʃəsEgessentialpotentialpatientactionnationfunctioncautiousambitiousmusiciansocial*ture发tʃərcreatureculturepicturenaturemixturelecturefuturefeaturehellipble发blablepossibleprobabledrinkable(可饮用的)imaginablethinkable*从左往右(从前往后)划分。ldquo元音辅音rdquo或ldquo单元音rdquo构成一个音节只有辅音字母不能构成音节!*ldquo两分手一归前来一归后rdquo当两个元音之间有两个辅音字母时将两个辅音字母划分在前后两个音节里。better划分成bet*tercarry划分成car*ryalways划分成al*wayssister划分成sis*terbasketball划分成bas*ket*ballvolleyball划分成vol*ley*ball*注意:一些不允许ldquo两分手rdquo的情况()特定的字母组合不能分开:tion,sion,sure,ture,ai,au,aw,ew,oo,ow,oy,ea,ee,ei,iear,er,ir,or,ur,are,air,ere,ire,ure,dr,tregattract划分成at*tractaddress划分成ad*dress*()各种辅音连缀如cr,pr,bl,fl,等也是不允许分割的。这样的单词有:April划分成A*prilsecret划分成se*cretapron划分成a*pronsacred划分成sa*cred*音节个数是从左往右(从前往后)数的*morningeveningafternoonyellowquestionversioncertaincertainlyfortunateimplicitdefinecooperationanimalfoolishsuitableinspirationvegetablecattlegigglebattletackle*双音节动词的重音一般在第二个音节上:excusebehaveforgetmisleadarisewithstandabsentrecord双音节动词以外的词重音一般在第一个音节上:absentrecordtennisjacketsweaterunclevery*多音节单词重音一般在倒数第三个音节上Egbasketball划分成rsquobas*ket*ballvolleyball划分成rsquovol*ley*ballfamily划分成rsquofa*mi*lyfavorite划分成rsquofa*vor*ite*以tionsionian结尾的多音节词重音为它们前面的一个音节,次重音再往前数第二个音节。(television除外)若tionsion前为元音字母则发重读开音节读音若有辅音字母则发重读闭音节读音(i除外发i)。nationactiondirectionpollutionsituationinstructionpromotiondecisioncompetition*ian前重读音节都发重读闭音节读音Italianphysicianmusicianhistorian(hellip的人)**

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