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首页 中国历史最有影响的33部书32(The 33 most influential books in…

中国历史最有影响的33部书32(The 33 most influential books in Chinese history 32).doc

中国历史最有影响的33部书32(The 33 most inf…

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2018-12-19 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中国历史最有影响的33部书32(The 33 most influential books in Chinese history 32)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国历史最有影响的部书(ThemostinfluentialbooksinChinesehistory)中国历史最有影响的部书(ThemostinfluentialbooksinChinesehistory)thegreatthunderonthedeepearthcryAtthebeginningofthiscentury,theChineseliteraryworldwasdullandlonely,andtheoldliteraturehadcometoanend,andnewliteraturehadnotyetappearedAlthoughtheliteraryreformofthelateQingDynastyadvocatedbyLiangQichaoandotherswasagreatsensation,itwasstillquietaftertheexcitementTheemergenceofLuXun's"cry",likeahugethunderofaheavyearth,shockedthewholeliteraryworld:newliteraturewasborn,andaneweraofliteraturebeganLuXun,thegiantofthenewculture(),isthepioneerandcommanderofthenewculturalmovementandliteraryrevolutioninChinaHeisagreatwriter,thinkerandrevolutionistHewasborninapoorfamilyoffeudalfeudalliterati,receivedacompleteeducationButhehadarebelliousspirit,lovereadingwithnonorthodoxideas,unofficialnotesAsateenager,thefamilyencounteredabigdisaster,grandfatherbecauseitwashisfatherdiedofillness,familytocomeLuXunoncesaidthathewasgratefulforhisfamily'spovertyandthatheknewsomuchaboutitHesaid,"whoisfromwellofffamiliesfallingexhausted,Ithinkinthisroad,probablycanseethetruefaceoftheworld"In,LuXundecidedtoleavehome,tobelookeddownuponthegeneralschoolofforeignaffairsschool,hasenteredtheNanjingJiangnanNavalAcademyandminingrailwayschoolHere,hefirstcameintocontactwithwesternmodernnaturalscienceandsocialscience,the"survivalofthefittestinnaturalselection,survivalofthefittest"theoryofevolution,deeplyshockedhim,ledhimtoquicklyestablishedeffortstodevelopChineseambitionIn,LuXunwenttoJapantostudymedicine,andthenengagedinliteraryandartmovementtochangethespiritofthepeopleHiswritingpublishedaseriesofarticles,thatmadeimpassionedpropagandaintheEnlightenmentof"people",promotingwesternindividualism,Ibsen,Byron,NitzschShelley,theresultsdidnotcauseanyrepercussionsLuXunwashithardandreturnedhomeinTherevolutionofexcitedhimforawhile,butthencamegreaterdisappointmentLuXunstartedschoolbooks,notesbricks,hopingtokillthelonelytimeJustthen,thenewculturemovementbeganBy,astrongtidehadfinallycomeintobeingInordernottosufferanotherdisappointment,LuXundidnotparticipateintheexercise,immediatelyuntilMay,hewasinthe"NewYouth"published"Diaryofamadman",asthenewculturemovementandalatesuperstarFromthenon,ahairandnottoreceiveHeusesthenovel,theessay,thetranslationandsooneachkind,formsthecomprehensiveattacktotheChinesesociety,theobservationincisive,theunderstandingprofound,allwithoutexceptionisamazing,admiresAlthoughthenewculturemovementatlowtide,LuXunhadoncethoughtdepressed,butheisnotdepressed,butyuezhanyueyongAfterthefailureoftherevolution,somepeopledefectedtotheenemy,somenegativeanddecadent,butLuXunisinfactundertheeducation,acceptedtheMarxdoctrine,aproletarianrevolutionaryliterarymovementpathbreakerLuXundevotedhislifetowritingandleftusagreatdealofvaluableliteraryheritageandbecameanoutstandingculturalgiantofourcountry"Savethechild"""Shout"isLuXun'sfirstnovelcollection,isourcountrymodernnovelfoundationworkItwaspublishedin,collectedLuXunfromtothecreationofnovels,including"Diaryofamadman","KongYiji","medicine","tomorrow","athing","hairstory","storm","Hometown","AhQ","DragonBoatFestival","white","rabbitandcat","duckcomedy","drama""Battlecry"reflectsthehighfightingpassionofLuXunintheperiod"Shouting"isfortheprecursorWhocheersLuXunsawnewhopesfromthepioneersofChenDuxiuandLiDazhaoHewillcontinuehisyoungageofunfinishedbusiness,theliteratureasatoolofenlightenment,exposedsocietycorruptionandlowersocialmisfortune,uncoveringthepaincausedbytreatment,attention"BeforeLuXun,nowriterhadconsciouslybehavedsoseriouslyandprofoundlyinhisnovelsThediaryofamadmanisthefirstworkinthebattlecry,andalsothefirstmodernvernacularnovelinchinaItcarriedoutacomprehensiveanalysisandcriticismoftheChinesesocietyintheformofadiaryofapatientsufferingfrompersecutionItrevealstheessenceofcannibalisminChinesesocietyAmuddleheadedlifeforthirtyyears,finallyawakeningButhisawakening,butwasfullofsocialjealousyZhao'sdoglookingathim,ZhaoGuiwenglookedathim,manypeopletalkabouthiminwhispers,evenchildrenaretalkingabouthim,regardhimasenemiesAmadmanfeelsstrangetothosewhoregardhimasanenemy,Someofthestockshitcountymagistrate,alsotothegentlemanoverthemouthofthepalm,alsoaccountedforhiswife'sofficer,alsoLaoTzuNiangbycreditorstodeath,thentheyarenotsofierce,whyisitAhistoryofthisbookarefoundwithscribble"humanity,justiceandmorality"afewwords,helookedcarefullyatthemiddleofthenight,onlyfromthecrevicesofthewordthatthetwowords"eatpeople"Madmantoobservethereality,hewassurprisedtofindthathiseldestbrotheriseatingpeople,wanttopartnerwithotherstoeatthemselvesButthesepeopleeat,andissovicious,cruelandcunning,withamadman'swords,isthefiercenessofalion,thecowardly,thecunningofthefox,theywanttoeat,butnotdirectlykill,buteveryoneisfullofcontactnet,forcedhimDutchactThisisthecharacteristicoftheenemythattheChinesereformersarefacing:itseemsthatthereareenemieseverywhere,andtheycannotfindaspecificenemyEveryoneisamurderer,andhecannotcatcharealmurdererItisnotanindividual,butaninvisiblesocialforce,namely,theantireformforcescultivatedbyfeudaleducationThisispreciselythedifficultyofChina'sreformTheobjectoftherevolutionisnotonlythefeudalrulers,butalsothepeopleatthebottomTheyshouldhavebeenthemainforceoftherevolution,buttheywerepoisonedbyfeudalideasandbecameenemiesoftherevolutionNeithercantheyimposeviolentrevolutionliketherulers,buttheyshouldcarryoutideologicalenlightenmentsothattheycanactconsciouslyandmakerevolutionButthisshouldenlightenthemasses,easiersaidthandoneThemadmanadvisedayoungmanofmorethantostopeatingTheyoungmansaid,"Idon'tknowwhatyouaretalkingaboutInshort,youshouldn'thavesaiditYousaiditwasyourfault""Headvisedtoturnhisbrother,hisbrotherisquiterightMadmanfinallyawakestothathemay,unwittingly,eatafewslicesofmeatThatistosay,hehimselfmayhavebeenpoisonedbytheteachingoffeudalismandhurtothers,sothemadmanfinallyshouted,"nochildrenwhohaveeaten,orhave"""Savethechild"""Madmandiary"thicklook,itseemsthatallthemadman'snonsense,andcarefullythought,butnooneisaclearunderstandingofChinesesocietyandhistoryThefeudalruleisingrained,anyonecouldnotescapethetrap,itseemsonlytomadman,beyondtheconventional,tellthetruth,thisisaterriblerule,howterriblereality!Toarousethemtocarryonrevolution,onlythroughlongtermideologicalenlightenmentThechildrenofoldChina"medicine"showedLuXun'sdeeperthinkingabouttheChineserevolutionTheplotisnotcomplicatedLaoHuawithhishardearnedmoneytobuythebloodsoakedrevolutionaryXiaYubloodsteamedbread,tothesontreatment,andtheresultofhissondiedThetitleof"medicine"hasadoublemeaning:theobviousmeaningreferstothehealingmedicine,referstotheChinesepeopleXiaoshuanbloodSteamedBunstreatmentthepotentialsignificancereferstoChinesemedicinecureThetwoChinesecharactersdescribedintheworksarealsosymbols,namely,symbolofchinaChinesepeopleeatXiaoshuanbloodsoakedwithbloodSteamedBunsXiaYu,thesymbolofourignoranceandnumbness,cannibalismXiaYuwasarevolutionary,andLaoHuawasthelowerclasspeopleXiaYudiedforthepublic,buthecouldn'tgetthepublic'sunderstandingThiswasthereasonforthefailureoftherevolutionNotonlytheoldChuan,somanypeople,includingafivemaster,whitebeardandmorethanyearolds,theiridentityisdifferent,differentage,butscoldingXiaYu,airandexecutioneruncleKangnostrilThisiswhereLuXunismostdistressedThebloodSteamedBunsdidnotcurethediseaseinChinaXiaoshuan,thenwhatcancureChina"disease"LuXunwantedtoinspirepeopletothinkaboutitThethemeof"storm"issimilarto"medicine"ItdescribestherestorationofZhangXuninasmalltowninthesouthoftheYangtzeRivercausedbyastormofbraidsSevenpoundsisthetownofLuboatman,becausethecityisarevolutionarypartycutbraidTherefore,thenewsoftheZhangXunrestoration,drewhispanicWemaybeconfusedtoday,becausetherearefewmenwhokeeptheirbraids,eveniftheyare,andpoliticallyirrelevantButintheearlyyearsoftheRepublic,butnotrivialmatterbraidAtthattime,thepresenceorabsenceofbraidswasoftenamanifestationofpoliticalbeliefTheQingDynastyaskedmentoshavethefronthalfoftheirhairandleavethebackbraidWhentheRevolutionoverthrewtheManchurule,thehairwascutofftosymbolizerevolutionAtthattime,therevolutionarypartyhadcuttheirbraids,buttheordinarypeopleseemedtobeafraidofhaircutandoppositiontohaircutsbecauseofthelongperiodoffeudalruleTherefore,therevolutionarypartywillforciblycuthair,sevenpoundsisforciblycuthairTheworkaroundthesevenJinofbraids,showingalivelycharacters,showingtheignoranceofthecountryside,backwardZhaoseventhdizzywithsuccessafewyearsagobecausesevenpounds,scoldedhim,HecantakeadvantageofitSevencattiessisterinlawcomplainshusband,forfearofdamageoneselfYi'skindness,justice,butwasscoldingButeventhoughthesepeoplearedifferentincharacter,theyareveryignorantandinsensitiveZhaoisafeudalmonarchy,Wangseventhseemedveryknowledgeable,remnants,andshallowknowledgeHepokerfacedtowhatheclaimsZhangDashuaiisadescendantofZhangYide,YanmanSevenpoundstoknowwhatisthecurrentsocalleddeathcentipedefine,whatagirllikeinuyashaSevenpoundssisterinlawheardtheemperorsittingDragonCourt,immediatelythinkofwhathuangenamnesty,didnotknowthattherevolutionTherestorationofZhangXunsoonfailed,thestormsoonpassed,andtheyreturnedtotheirformerlife,withoutchangeTheendoftheworkreads:"thepresentsevencatties,issevencatties,thesisterinlawandthevillagepeoplealreadygavehimquitetherespect,quitethetreatment"Inthesummer,theystilleatintheirownfieldontheground,andwhentheyseeeachother,theyallsmileandsayhelloNinepoundsofoldearlyhadbirthday,stillroughandhealthyDoubleassesssixpounds,hasbecomeabigbraidalthoughtherecentIraqGuojiao,butalsohelpworkwithsevenpoundsofsisterinlaw,holdingjobsbrassnails,limpedcontactsonclay"Thisshowsthatalthoughthebraidhasnotbeenretained,therestorationisimpossible,butthecountrysidehasnotchangedTherefore,thepeasantsshouldbeinspiredbyideologyTheportraitofAhQ,thesoulofthenation,isthemostprofoundnovelinthebattlecryandamasterpieceinthehistoryofmodernliteratureItshapedthetypicalcharacterof"AhQ",aChinesenationalcharacter,and,inLuXun'swords,paintedthespiritofasilentnation"ThisisahomelesspeasantsHehadnofamily,notlivinginthevillagesleptinthetutelaryGod'stempleisnotfixed,theoccupation,onlytothepeopletodoaparttimejob,theywouldcutcut,tsuishinetsuishine,thenapuntHewasshortsighted,butconceited,andallthevillagerswerenotinhiseyesHesaid:"ourprevious,morebroadthanyou!Whatthehellareyou!Hethought:"mysonwillbericher!WedonotknowwhetherthepreviousAhQwide,eveninbroad,notnowAsforhowhissonwillbeinthefuture,wedon'tknowWeonlyknowthatAhQdoesn'tevenhaveawifenowAhQblindlycharmedinthepastandthefuture,butfornow,butkeepfromtalkingaboutThesewerethegeneralattitudesoftheChineseatthattime,notthinkingaboutthepresentpredicament,butfindingcomfortandselfanesthesiainthepastandinthefutureAhQhadbeenbackafewtimesandwasevenmoreconceited,buthedespisedthecitypeopleverymuchForexample,madewithathreefootthreeinchwidewoodenstool,Weizhuangcalled"bench",healsocalledthe"bench",thecityiscalled"bench",hethinks:ThisiswrongandridiculousFriedfish,notallvillagehalfaninchlonggreenleaves,greenonioncityhaswithshreddedItwaswrong,too,hethought!YettheZhuangpeoplereallydonotseetheridiculouspeopleinthecountry,theyhavenotseenthecity'sfishAhqis,blindlyarrogant,opinionatedandnarrowviewsAtthattime,Chinesehasalotof"Patriot"inthe"vastterritoryandabundantresourcesChinesewhatpleasedwithoneself,theearliestcivilizedmorality,what"thebestinalltheland",foreignmaterialcivilizationandspiritualcivilizationishigh,Chinabetter"AhqistheepitomeofthesepeopleFortheirownshortcomings,ahqisnotthinkingofcorrecting,butrathertabooThesenseofshameahqishisheadafewblocksfromtheunknownwhenthescar,soeverythingistaboo"Lai"Lateron,the"light"and"light"istaboo,tabooLater,eventhe"light"and"candle"isatabooAtaboo,notdeliberatelyandinadvertently,AhQwasangrywiththescar,measuretheopponent,Zuibenhescolded,hehasplayedsmallstrengthButwhenahqalwayssuffermuch,sohechangedtoglare,oralsocomeupwithrevengewords:"youdon'tdeserve"Atthistime,butitseemsonhisheadisanobleandgloriousscabbysores,insteadoftheusualscabbysoresSometimes,afterfightingwithothersandbeingbeaten,hethought,"Iwasbeatenbymyson""AsifhewereLaoTzu,beatinghimasasonOthersunderstandhispsychology,grabbedhisbraids,said:"ah,thisisnotasonisLaoTzu,beatingabeastTheysay,menfightbeasts!"AhQhimselfbothhandspinchpigtail,cockedhisheadandsaid:"byZhi,OKIdon'tputinsects"Thistime,ahqseemedtohavefailedinspiritButinlessthantenseconds,AhQwastriumphantwithsatisfactionHefeltthathewasthefirstpersontoloweroneselfInadditiontonotloweroneself,therestisthe"first",thechampionisnotthefirst"Hehadabetwithothersandwastakenawaybyothers,andAhQfeltthepainofdefeat,Butsoonheoutofthefire,hepulledonhisfaceevenhittwomouth,seemedtofighthimself,itwasanothermyself,soonasifplayingthem,hewonthevictoryAhQFailsEverywhereinrealityandalwayswinsinspirit,whichiswhatweoftencallspiritualvictoryItmakespeoplesatisfiedwiththespiritofselfdeception,andthereforedonotthinkofreform,donotwanttoreformSpiritualvictoryisaverycommonnationalmentalityinmoderntimesofChina,andisaproductofrepeatedfailuresinmodernchinaInthefaceofrepeatedfailuresinthestruggleagainstimperialistaggression,inordertofindpsychologicalbalance,hefledintothespiritualvictorylawinordertofindtemporarycomfortButitiseasytoputpeopleunderanesthesia,alwayssatisfiedwiththeplightofslavesLuXunrevealstheChinesecharacterweaknessthroughaQ,andhopesthattheChinesepeoplewillreflectonthemselvesandwakeupearlyOtherworksinthebattlecryhavetheirowncharacteristics:KongYijiandwhitelightdescribethetragedyoftheoldintellectualspoisonedbythefeudaleducation"Tomorrow"and"Hometown"showdeepsympathyforthelowerclassAlittlethingpraisedthecoachman'sloftycharacterbycomparingmewiththecoachman"Drama"isapoemofchildhoodmemoriesoflifeAllofthesehaveshowntheuniqueachievementsof"scream"fromacertainaspectTheartisticmodelofthenewnovel,fromanartisticpointofview,"battlecry"drawsontheformofforeignmodernshortstoriesandcreatesacompletelynewChinesemodernnovelChina'straditionalnovelform,relativelyfixed,therearenotes,biographicalchapterTheseformshavetheirownuniquecontribution,butitisnotenoughtousetheseformstorepresentmodernlifeLuXuntookmoreforeignnovelsThediaryofthemadmandrawsonGogol'snovelofthesamenameItshowstheuniquespiritualworldofthemadmanintheformofdiary,andrevealstheessenceofthehumannatureoftheethicalcodeinthemadman'snonsenseKongYijidescribesthetragedyofagoodandfoolisholdintellectualItshouldbelogicaltouseabiography,whileLuXundesignedasmallhotelboythroughhiseyes,ShowthefateofKongYiji,andleftalotof"blank",receivedtheactualsituationwiththecharmoflongeffect"Medicine"isascenesplicingform,representsashockingtragedyandprovidemuchmaterialforthoughtThefourpictureworksbyChinesemedicine,oldChuanHuaKangunclesaidXiaoshuantakemedicine,medicineandChinatwogravecomposition,thenarratorseemstohavefaded,leavingonlyfourpiecesoftheobjectivepicture,leavingendlessimagination"AhQ"onthesurfaceseemstofollowthetraditionalnovelform,butathinking,youwillfindthatmanyofthemaredifferent,andevensomeoldstoriesChina'straditionalnovelnumberareinteger,times,,,backtobackButinLuXun'sopinion,itisasymbolofintegerChinese"Shiquanstagnation"oflife,inordertosavesomedefects,"thetruestoryofAQ"onlywrotechapters,thechapterisnotenoughTheendingofthenovel(morethanclassicalnovels,dramaaswell)isoftenhappy,"thegeniusofchampion,whomarrieda"ThereunionofthetruestoryofAhQisnotthatAhQandWumothergotmarried,butthatAhQwasshotThebiggestdifferenceisthenarratorInclassicalnovels,thenarratorandauthorareoneoftheauthoritativejudgesofcharactersandeventsintheworksThenarratorofthetruestoryofAhQiscynicalandhasanironiceffectontheauthor'sintention,thatis,theobjectionofthespeakermaybeintheopinionoftheauthorwhatthenarratoragreeswithmaybeexactlywhattheauthorisagainstAgain,"alittlething"usesthesketchbody,"thestoryofthehair"adoptsthedialoguebody,"Hometown"adoptstheprosestyleAlltheseindicatethatLuXunhasmadeoutstandingcontributionstotheformofmodernnovelsOfcourse,themostimportantthingisnothowmanynewformshavebeencreatedbyLuXun,butalsotherichinspirationofLuXun'snewformofbravecreationtofuturegenerations"Whoop"hascreatedaneweraofmodernfictionItlaysthefoundationforthedevelopmentofChinesemodernnovelwithnewcontentandformThethoroughlyantifeudalspiritofthediaryofmadmanhasbecomethecentralthemeofmodernfiction"Hometown"andsooncreatedthemodernnovelonebigschool:thelocalnovelfactionTheanalysisofChinesenationalcharacterby"AhQ"hasinfluencedgenerationsofwriters,suchasmodernwritersLaoShe,LuLing,contemporarywritersGaoXiaosheng,ZhangWeiandsoonAsfortheimpactof"shouting"onChina'sideologicalfield,itisevenmoreincalculable

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中国历史最有影响的33部书32(The 33 most influential books in Chinese history 32)

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