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首页 从寒暄用语看中日两国文化的差异(Cultural differences between Chi…

从寒暄用语看中日两国文化的差异(Cultural differences between China and Japan in terms of greetings).doc

从寒暄用语看中日两国文化的差异(Cultural differ…

赵思海
2018-06-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《从寒暄用语看中日两国文化的差异(Cultural differences between China and Japan in terms of greetings)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

从寒暄用语看中日两国文化的差异(CulturaldifferencesbetweenChinaandJapanintermsofgreetings)从寒暄用语看中日两国文化的差异(CulturaldifferencesbetweenChinaandJapanintermsofgreetings)CulturaldifferencesbetweenChinaandJapanintermsofgreetingsTime:::Author:ranknameInJapanese,morning,afternoonandeveninggreetingsvarygreatlyTherefore,bothChinaandJapanpaymoreattentiontogreetingsChinaisastateofceremonies,influenceChinacultureisinfluencedbyconfucianismButwhenwecommunicatewithChinaandothercountries,wemustbefamiliarwithothercountries'waysofcommunicationKeywords:greetings,ChineseandJapanese,culture,differenceIntheteachingprocessofJapanesejunior,oftenthestudentaskedthequestionis,arenowgreetedwith"youshould:youperiodChe~masu(goodmorning)",or"wasincancer:UTI(goodmorning)"BecauseinJapanese,morning,afternoon,eveninggreetingsarequitedifferentAndit'sverythinUsingthewrongwillleadtojokesInaJapanesespeechcontest,justmetforthehallwasdark,cloudy,andpresidedoverthereportarenervous,blurtedout"allhostSan,wasonaspeechon"Itmeans"goodevening,ladiesandgentlemen""Thereportstartedatnineo'clockam,andhourslater,turnedouttobeajokeIt'smuchsimplerinChinese,except"didyoueatit""Andothergreetings,wecanuse"hello"inadayAnditdoesn'tseemimpoliteNext,weanalyzethedifferencesbetweenthetwocountriesfromaspecificlevelThefirstgreetingsgesture,inJapan,thedeepestimpressionisgoodJapanesebowEventhephone,withoutseeingeachother,JapaneseisreverentandrespectfulWhengreeting,theoccasionandexpressionofmoodisdifferent,thedegreeofbendingisalsodifferentGenerallyspeaking,thegreaterthedegreeofbending,thehighertheexpressionofrespectTheintervieworapologyandothermajoroccasions,benttodegreesisnormalWeseetheJapaneseTOYOTAPresidentAkiotoyodadeliveredareportintheUSCongress,heboweddegreestoapologize,butintheJapaneseSocietyfortheetiquette,Americansdonotbuyit,forcingAkiotoyodabrokedownintearsInadditiontostandingsalute,theJapaneseoftenkneelsaluteChinesepeoplesay"menhavegoldundertheirknees",anditisimpossibletoseethatChinesepeopledonotkneelwhentheyareforcedtodosoButinJapan,whenrelativesandfriendsvisiteachother,theykneeldowntorespecteachotherJapanesesocietyisstillhierarchical,peckingordertermsclearly,sayhellotoreflectthesocialorderIntoday'sChinese,greetinggesturehasnotsomuchattention,buttheancientisquitestrict,"wheretheroad,intheelderly,willerectsubmissively,hurryYi"inancienttimesisnotonlyaboxing,butalsowenttothefrontwiththeelderlyRunningtotheeldersisforfearthattheelderlyhavesomethingtoaskfor,ortoadvisethemselves,whetherornotthatmustbedoneassoonaspossibleThus,theancientspaidattentiontogreetingToday'shotelsarefulloftricksandattractcustomerswithallkindsoftricksItalsopaysattentiontogreetingTheauthorwenttoarestaurantafewdaysagoandwasshockedThereasonisthemealwasgoingout,theguardsuddenlyclaspedhands,singapromiseto"CastlePeakdoesnotchange,greenflows,sir,willnotbesentfaraway"That'sworthitThemostterribleisthatJapaneseHandPulledNoodleMuseum,speakinginaloudvoiceofthewaiterjustlearnJapanesehalfcooked,kissingyourassandshouted:"lastkindofwomanafterChanHai~estate"(Welcome)Second,let'stakealookatthegreetingJapanattachesgreatimportancetogreetings,fromthisperiodoftimetogetupatabouto'clockinthemorningwhengreeting"and"youperiodChe~masu"use"wasclosetonoononinUTIWA"theeveningtothemorningnightaroundwith"cancer'sspeechwas"Evenifyoumeetthesamepersonseveraltimesaday,youshouldsayhelloonebyoneInChina,inthesamecase,wejusthavetonodButinJapan,thisisabsolutelynotallowedRememberwhenyouwereinschool,ImetmysupervisoronthewaytoclassandgreetedhimwithagreetingAtnoonhemethimagain,whenIhadatoothache,sonoddedhisheadtoshowpolitenessInmycomments,itwasobviousthatIwasimpoliteSoIapologizedtohiminthemaillaterAndthemoreIexplained,themoreIfeltlikeIwasmakingexcusesTheJapanesegreetingcomesfromthewordZen,wasoriginallyamonkbetweenaquestionandanswereachotherwithzenInJapanese,"waswrittenintheZeta'sWA"Chinesecharactersis"todayWA""language'sspeechonWA"isthe"today"iswritteninChinesecharacters"OverthenarrowJapanesearchipelago,morethantwothousandyearsoffarminghistoryJapanhasfourdistinctseasonsandalotofrainfallSotheweatherandtheharvestofcropsarethetopicsthattheancientJapaneseoftentalkabout"Today,"and"this"WA"savethebackofthepredicateAcompletenoteis"goodweathertoday","I'mafraidit'sgoingtoraintonight"andsoonHowever,intheprocessoflanguagedevelopment,itwassimplifiedandformedthemostcommonlyusedgreetingsinjapanInancientChina,greetinggreetingswasveryimportant"ThereisarecordoftheoldhistoryoftheFiveDynasties","MingZongascendedthethroneatthebeginning,withanChonghui,LiuHuiandtasteheavybooksaying:"KingWuYueinabookbyadeaconofficer',notSyriaheavycold,angryattherudesea"KingWuYueLiuMingZongemperortotasteinthedeliveryofmemorials,becauseofitsarrogance,notthefirstgreeting,MingZongwasremovedfromofficeDianheavyseaOfcourse,thesearecertainlynotthewaytosayhello,butmoreis"wanttoaddsin,howtohavenowords""ButwecanalsoseetheancientspayattentiontotheexchangeofgreetingsTheuseofancientgreetingisalsothenumberoftouchThroughthedailygreetingateverystep,topersuadeempressdowagerzhao"Theleftdivisionseemedtoseetheempressdowager,andYiSheng()InXutrendtoselfXie,said:"aveteranfootdisease,hadnotscurry,notseeforalongtime,IwillThegapalsohasfearofempressbody(),wewishtosee"Shesaid:"awomanonlinechariot()"Yuesaid,"doesthesolareclipsedrink"Said:"ontheearvend()"Said:"thisisnot'desiretoeat,butonthethreeorfour,selfreliance,andeatlessbenefit,onthebody"Hesaid,"theoldwomancannot"ThecolorofempressdowagerThequeenmotherstartedorresentment,seemedastartisnottosay,butfromthebeginningofthemostcommongreetings,sayI'mnotherespeaking,butforalongtimenoseeyou,pleasecometoHowdidyouenjoyyourmealIsuggestyoueatlesshyperactivityandsoonTheseseeminglydispensablewords,actuallycanletempressdowagerputdownthealert,thecolorisrelaxedItalsopavedthewayfortheintroductionofthethemeinthefutureThissimplefewwordssavedacountryInChina,greetingisalsocalled"greetings""Greetingsliterally,it'sallaboutweather"Xuan"is"warm"Idiomshave"being"awordTherearethree"remarkstoawarmwinter,abusablecoldinJune"Therefore,theoriginofgreetingsisthesameasJapan,whichistheproductoffarmingsocietyHowever,Chinaisrelativelyrichinnaturalresources,fertilelandintheCentralPlains,comparedwithJapan,occupyauniquegeographicalconditionsTheJapanesearelesssensitivetotheclimatethantheJapanese,becauseofthescarcityofnaturalresourcesandtheharshgeographicalconditionsofjapanThegreetinginthegreetingisnotasmuchastheweatherinjapanButintheeraofthedevelopmentofproductionorthegrowthofpopulation,solvingtheproblemoffoodandclothinghasbecomethetopprioritySo,didyoueatit"NaturebecomesakindofgreetingwhenyoumeeteachotherSothedinnerpartyhasbecomeaformofcommunicationbetweenChinesepeopleNowadays,humancontactismorefrequent,andpeoplepaymoreattentiontoitthanbeforeGreetingsareundoubtedlythelubricantforregulatinginterpersonalrelationshipsTherefore,bothChinaandJapanpaymoreattentiontogreetingsJapanisanationofgreatharmonyandattachesgreatimportanceto"harmony"and"harmony""Moreover,intheequivalentofofChina'sland,thepopulationhasreachedaboutonetrillionandtwentysevenmillionAlittlecarelessnesswillcausefrictionTherefore,indailycommunication,thethoughtofharmonyispermeatedineverycorneroflifeChinaisastateofceremonies,influenceChinacultureisinfluencedbyconfucianismItpaysgreatattentionto"harmony"andsocialstabilityButwhenwecommunicatewithChinaandothercountries,wemustbefamiliarwithothercountries'waysofcommunicationTobefamiliarwiththegreetingsofothercountries,weshouldgodeepintotheculturebehindthelanguageandunderstanditsprofoundhistoricalbackgroundCannotbeappliedmechanicallyOneTothetop

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从寒暄用语看中日两国文化的差异(Cultural differences between China and Japan in terms of greetings)

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