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首页 英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(Grammatical structure of Engli…

英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(Grammatical structure of English four level test and vocabulary test taking strategy).doc

英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(Grammatical s…

罗依明
2018-06-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(Grammatical structure of English four level test and vocabulary test taking strategy)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(GrammaticalstructureofEnglishfourleveltestandvocabularytesttakingstrategy)英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(GrammaticalstructureofEnglishfourleveltestandvocabularytesttakingstrategy)GrammaticalstructureofEnglishfourleveltestandvocabularytesttakingstrategies()GrammaticalstructureofEnglishfourleveltestandvocabularytesttakingstrategies()OutlinerequirementsThelatest"CollegeEnglishSyllabus"()requiresfourlevelsofgrammar:"toconsolidateanddeepenbasicgrammarknowledge,andtoimprovetheabilitytousegrammarknowledgeatthetextuallevel""The"Outline"offourwordsis:"beabletocomprehendwords(includingapoorcommandofwordsfor),andthecommonphrasesbythesewordsofarticle(middleschoolmasterthewordsandphrasesareincluded),andinaccordancewiththebasicabilityofwordformationrecognitionwords"Two,fourgrammaticalstructureandvocabularyexaminationcontentTheexaminationofgrammarandvocabularyinthefourleveltestisveryconsistentwiththerequirementsofthesyllabusTakingacomprehensiveviewofthefourlevelexaminationquestionsinrecentyears,wecaneasilyfindthatthegrammarandvocabularyofthefourlevelsofexaminationreflecttheoutlinegrammarquestionsinvolvingwideInrecentyears,onceadmittedtotheexam:almostallthelexicalcategory,nonpredicateform,threeverbnounclauses,adjectiveclauses,adverbialclauses,nominative,consistent,flip,emphasisthebasicknowledgeofgrammar,grammarexaminationhighlightsThekeycontentsofgrammartestfordifficultprojects,theseprojectsalsoappearrepeatedlysuchassubjunctive,adverbialclauses,attributiveclauses,nominative,modalverbs,thespecificexamination,focusingonthespecificuseoftheaboveitems,notcommonlyused)thesubjunctivemoodis:wouldRatherthatclause:ItisvitalnecessaryimportanturgentimperativedesirableadvisablenaturalItisEssentialthatverbstimeabouttimeproposalSuggestionthatHightimethat:pasttenseverbsLestthatshouldverbsifOnlythatwouldverbs)adverbialclausesforexamination:nonifguidetheadverbialclausesofcondition,thiskindofsentenceforattimes,providedso,longas,incase,onceinsteadofifbyevenifso,nowthat,forallandotherleadingadverbialclausesofconcessionjusthardlyTimeadverbialclauseforwhenbootmore,than,asAs,not,so,much,as,the,same,as,as,much,as,andsoon)appearedaclauseinlogicalsubjectparticiple)modalverbsareusedinconjunctionwiththeperfecttense)theattributiveclausefocusesonprepositionrelationpronoun(which)andasasrelativepronounvocabularyexaminationfocuseson)verbs,nounsandprepositionscollocationsuchas:popularPatientwithyieldsolutionadapttransferaccuseAccesstoRequireofChargeforUnderdiscussionetc)usage:confesstosetaboutbeusedTodoingbesupposedtohavemakeSbdoetc)phrasesmadeupofthesameverb,suchascome,go,set,break,etc)singleverbs,abstractnouns,adjectivesandadverbsappearintheformofsynonymsandsynonyms)prepositionalphrasesinthesentenceasadverbial,suchas:in,terms,of,with,the,exception,of,in,vain,etc,alsoshouldpayattentiontorather,than,other,than,suchas,nonenothingbutandotherwordsintheexaminationquestionsinrecentyears,thenewtrendintheexaminationquestionsisthatsometestsitesaremixedup:somecommunicativeexpressionsareoftenappearingintheexaminationquestionsGrammaticalstructureofEnglishfourleveltestandvocabularytesttakingstrategy(two)Three,reviewideas,graspthebasicgrammarpoints,andfocusonthe"partial,special,difficult"pointsineachitemmastercommonidiomsandphrases,payattentiontocultivatethelanguagesenseinreading,becausethelanguagesenseatthetextuallevelcanoftenhelpanswerquestionsdirectlystudythetestquestionsinthepastanddosomeexercisesRemembertypicalexamplesFour,vocabularyquestionsansweringskillsBecauseofthe"Outline"stressedtheneedtosolvetheproblemofgrammarandvocabularyatthediscourselevel,sothispartofthetestofCETfourandrarelysinglesentences,mostlycompoundsentenceorcomplexsentence,soweshouldlearntomastertheskillsaccordingtotheknowledgeofdiscourse,Inparticular,attentionshouldbepaidtotheinterpretation,comparison,inflectionandcausalitybetweensentencesusetheprepositionoradverbintheverbphrasetodeterminethecorrectchoiceApropositionoperatortriestofindoutwhetherthecandidatehasmasteredtheuseofaverbphraseSometimes,whendesigningthefouroption,averbappearsinthefouroption,exceptfortheprepositionoradverbbehinditIndoingthiskindofproblem,ifwerecognizeaphrase,accordingtoourownjudgment,donothesitatetochoosetherightoptionthatyouthinkiscorrectIfwefailtorecognizeorrecognizethemeaningofthephrase,wecandeduceitaccordingtothecontextandtheprepositionoradverbbehindtheverb)HavingdecidedtorentaflatalltheaccommodationagenciesintheWecontactingcity(January,CET)A)set,about,B)down,C)set,out,D)setupsetTheanswertothisquestionisAInthefrontofthesentence,"wehavedecidedtorentahouseWewillcontacttherealtor""Youneedtofilloutthemeaningof"start"hereFromtheprepositionsaftertheverb,onlyabouthasthemeaningof"future"(beabout),soAisthecorrectanswerThewaytoadd,setabout,aboutisapreposition,soitneedstousethebackiftheverb,verbingform)WhenherealizedthepolicehadspottedhimtheexitasquicklyaspossibleManthe(JanuaryCET)A)made,off,B)for,C)made,out,D)madeupmadeTheanswertothisquestionisBHere,theblankspaceshouldbefilledwiththemeaningof"going"Hereonly"for"means"onthesamehorizontalline"Direction"Notethattheexitwordinthesentence,saidthemanisinabuilding,itisnotpossibletousetheouttheexit,andout(context)isanadverb,followedbyanountotheprepositionof,sothecorrectoptionisB)insteadofC)usetheverbintheverbphrasetodeterminetheoptionInsomeofthefourquestions,thesameastheprepositionoradverb,andtheverbisdifferent,thenwecanusethedifferencebetweenverbstodeterminethecorrectchoice,asfollows:IfbottleandcigarettesYouthe,you'llbemuchhealthier(JanuaryCET)A)take,off,B)off,C)get,off,D)setoffkeepTheanswerisBThecombinationofkeepandoffis"and"Keepawayfrom"Accordingtothesentence,"ifyoudon'tdrink(here,bottlereferstoalcohol)andsmoke,you'llbehealthier",thecorrectoptionisBinterpretationreferencesynonymsBecauseofthesemanticconnectionbetweensentences,partofthesentencesometimesformsanexplanationfortheotherWecandeterminetheoptionaccordingtothepartsthathavealreadybeenexpressed)ThemedicineisonsaleeverywhereYoucangetitAtchemist's(JuneCET)(A)eachB)someC)certainD)anyThecorrectoptionisD)Theeverywhereintheprevioussentencedeterminesthespaceinthesecondsentence(at)any(chemist's))ThemanagerspokehighlyofloyaltycourageandSuchas,truthfulnessshownbyhisemployees(JanuaryCET)(A)virtuesB)featuresC)propertiesD)characteristicsThecorrectoptionisA)Inthissentence,thenoun"loyalty"(loyalty),"courage"(COURAGE),and"Truthfulness"("as")areinterpretationsofthenounsinthespaceThenounsinthissentencearesummedupinthe"Virtue"ofhumanbeings,sotheansweris"A"GrammaticalstructureofEnglishfourleveltestandvocabularytesttakingstrategy(three)causalreferencesynonymsThismeansthatinoneortwosentences,eitherby"cause"or"fruit",orby"fruit","cause""Thisistheuseofgrammaticalrelationshipstodetermineoptions,suchasthefollowingexamplesentences)Someoldpeopledon'tlikepopsongsbecausetheymuchnoiseCan'tso(JanuaryCET)A)resistB)sustainC)tolerateD)undergoThecorrectoptionisC)Thissentenceisfromdon'tlikeThelaunchofthe"can'ttolerate"means"intolerable")由于粗心的洗涤夹克,,对孩子的大小。(年月CET)a)压缩B)萎缩C)下降D)下降正确选项为B)。通过原因”acreless洗”推出正确选项B)收缩意思是”收缩”。注意四个选项中只有B)项表示”衣服缩水”的意思:其他各项的意思是:a)紧压压缩C)下降D)减少。)由于事情非常,,我们立即处理它。(年月CET)一)艰难的B)时C)紧急D)即时正确选项为C)。后半句中的副词“立即”可以推出前半句中的“紧急”(迫切的紧急的)。。转折或反义与对比参照型这种类型题有的是通过转折词或反义词、或对比词来确定选项有的是通过句中词来确定选项中的转折词。)即使他是有罪的这,,法官没有把他送到监狱去。(年月CET)一个仁慈的)B)C)认真公正D)明显正确选项为一)。让步状语从句中的有罪和主句的意思表明法官是一个”仁慈”的人。所以一)项正确。其他三项的意思分别是:B)正直的、公正的C)有良心的D)显著的。),,分歧夫妻俩对彼此产生了真挚的感情。(年月CET)一)但B)所有C)以上D)除正确选项为B)。句中的分歧真挚的感情可确定选项中的转折词只能是所有意思是”尽管”。)这些货物,,出口尽管其中一部分可能在国内市场销售。(年月CET)一)基本上B)完全C)一定D)显著正确选项为一)。通过转折词虽然和对比词出口与国内市场可确定选项为一)意思是”基本上其他三项都不符合句意”。)mrmorgan会很难过,,尽管在公共场合他是非常愉快的。(年月CET)一)自己B)在人C)私人D)个人正确选项为C)。通过后半句的转折词虽然和对比词公共„开朗来确定独自悲伤意思是”私下里”。。反义对比参照型近义词这里指的是利用句子主干中的某词或短语再加上四个近义词选项的区别来确定正确选项。)竞争他们认为,,民族性格比破坏它。(年月CET)一)执行B)证实了C)加剧D)加强正确选项为D)比决定了这里的腐败(腐坏破坏)与空格处的词相对所以空白处应填入D)表示”加强”的意思。)我认为她伤害了我的感情,,而非偶然像她所说的。(年月CET)一)几乎B)故意C)字面上的D)恰当正确选项为B)。通过而非偶然与空格处相对可知。偶然的意思是”偶然地不经意地”与此相对的应当是故意“故意地”。)作为一个优秀的射手彼得实行针对,,目标和移动目标。(年月CET)一)standingb)stationaryc)stilld)稳定正确选项为B)。根据从句我们知道这个射手什么靶子都能射中“„”与空格处相对表明移动。移动的意思是”移动的”与此相对的应是固定"Set,nonmobile"semanticenvironmentreferencetype)ThepresidentmadeattheopeningceremonyofAspeechthesportsmeeting,whichencouragedthesportsmengreatly(JanuaryCET)A)vigorousB)tediousC)flatD)harshThecorrectoptionisA)"Encourage"indicatesthattheprincipal'sspeechispositiveandpositiveThefouroptiononly)Avigorousisacommendatorytermsarestrong,andtheotherthreefromthecolorwordswerenotconsistentwiththecontext)However,attimesthisbalanceinnatureresultinginanumberIs,ofpossiblyunforeseeneffects(JuneCET)A)troubledB)disturbedC)confusedD)puzzledThecorrectoptionisB)Fromtheresult,in,andeffectsinthelatterpartofthesentence,balance,in,andnaturearedamagedDisturbconformstothemeaningofsentenceGrammaticalstructureofEnglishfourleveltestandvocabularytesttakingstrategy(four)determinethecorrectselectionaccordingtothecooccurrenceofwordsCooccurrence,thatis,thesamesetofwords,alwaysappearsinthesamesemanticfieldThecooccurrencephenomenoninexaminationquestionsismainlythecooccurrenceofverbsandnouns,thecooccurrenceofadjectivesandnouns,andthecooccurrenceofnounsandnouns)ThegovernmentistryingtogosomethingunderstandingbetweenthetwocountriesTobetter(JuneCET)(A)raiseB)promoteC)heightenD)increaseThecorrectoptionisB)ThecontentofbetterandspacesistherepetitionofverbsandnounsOnlyBintheoption)promotecanmatchbetterunderstanding,whichmeans"promotion")JohnDeweybelievedthateducationshouldbeapreparationforlife,thatapersonlearnsbydoing,andthatteachingcuriosityandcreativityofchildrenMustthe(JuneCET)(A)seekB)stimulateC)shapeD)secureThecorrectoptionisB)GivenonlyBintheoption),stimulatecanappearinconjunctionwithcuriosityandcreativity,meaning"motivating,motivating")Rememberthatcustomersdonpricesinthatcity"Tabout(JanuaryCET)(A)debateB)consultC)disputeD)bargainThecorrectoptionisD)Inthissentence,"customers","prices"and"bargain"intheoptioncanappearinthesamesemanticfieldThephrase"bargainabout"means"just"Forasupplyofsth(finished)

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英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(Grammatical structure of English four level test and vocabulary test taking strategy)

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