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首页 2010考研英语(一)模拟【试卷 试卷】2

2010考研英语(一)模拟【试卷 试卷】2.doc

2010考研英语(一)模拟【试卷 试卷】2

Doris婷婷丫头
2019-06-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2010考研英语(一)模拟【试卷 试卷】2doc》,可适用于综合领域

年考研英语模拟试题二()SectionⅠUseofEnglishDirections:ReadthefollowingtextChoosethebestword(s)foreachnumberedblankandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET(points)IntheUnitedStates,thefirstdaynurserywasopenedinNurserieswereestablishedinvariousareasduringthehalfofthethcenturymostofwerecharitableBothinEuropeandintheUS,thedaynurserymovementreceivedgreatduringtheFirstWorldWar,whenofmanpowercausedtheindustrialemploymentofunprecedentednumbersofwomenInsomeEuropeancountriesnurserieswereestablishedinmunitions(军火)plants,underdirectgovernmentsponsorshipthenumberofnurseriesintheUSalsorose,thisrisewasaccomplishedwithoutgovernmentaidofanykindDuringtheyearsfollowingtheFirstWorldWar,,FederalStateandlocalgovernmentsgraduallybegantoexerciseameasureofcontrolthedaynurseries,chieflybythemandbyinspectingandregulatingtheconditionswithinthenurseriesTheoftheSecondWorldWarwasquicklyfollowedbyanincreaseinthenumberofdaynurseriesinalmostallcountries,aswomenwerecalledupontoreplacemeninthefactoriesOnthistheUSgovernmentimmediatelycametotheromthelistAGtofitintoeachofthenumberedblankTherearetwoextrachoices,whichdonotfitinanyofthegapsMarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET(points)Theoriesofthevalueofartareoftwokinds,whichwemaycallextrinsicandintrinsicThefirstregardsartandtheappreciationofartasmeanstosomerecognizedmoralgood,whilethesecondregardsthemasvaluablenotinstrumentallybutasobjectsuntothemselvesItischaracteristicofextrinsictheoriestolocatethevalueofartinitseffectsonthepersonwhoappreciatesit()Theextrinsicapproach,adoptedinmoderntimesbyLeoTolstoyinChtotakoyeiskusstvo(WhatIsArt),hasseldomseemedwhollysatisfactoryPhilosophershaveconstantlysoughtforavalueinaestheticexperiencethatisuniquetoitandthat,therefore,couldnotbeobtainedfromanyothersourceTheextremeversionofthisintrinsicapproachisthatassociatedwithWalterPater,OscarWilde,andtheFrenchSymbolists,andsummarizedintheslogan“artforart’ssake”()Betweenthosetwoextremeviewstherelies,onceagain,ahostofintermediatepositionsWebelieve,forexample,thatworksofartmustbeappreciatedfortheirownsake,butthat,intheactofappreciation,wegainfromthemsomethingthatisofindependentvalue()Theanalogywithlaughterwhich,insomeviews,isitselfaspeciesofaestheticinterestintroducesaconceptwithoutwhichtherecanbenoseriousdiscussionofthevalueofart:theconceptoftaste()Similarly,weregardsomeworksofartasworthyofourattentionandothersasnotInarticulatingthisjudgment,weuseallofthediverseandconfusingvocabularyofmoralappraisalworksofart,likepeople,arecondemnedfortheirsentimentality,coarseness,vulgarity,cruelty,orselfindulgence,andequallypraisedfortheirwarmth,compassion,nobility,sensitivity,andtruthfulness(Thesamemayapplytotheobjectofnaturalbeauty)Clearly,ifaestheticinteresthasapositivevalue,itisonlywhenmotivatedbygoodtasteitisonlyinterestinappropriateobjectsthatcanbesaidtobegoodforus()[A]Thusajokeislaughedatforitsownsake,eventhoughthereisanindependentvalueinlaughter,whichlightensourlivesbytakingusmomentarilyoutsideourselvesWhyshouldnotsomethingsimilarbesaidofworksofart,manyofwhichaspiretobeamusinginjustthewaythatgoodjokesare[B]Alldiscussionofthevalueofarttends,therefore,toturnfromtheoutsetinthedirectionofcriticism:Cantherebegenuinecriticaluationofart,agenuinedistinctionbetweenthatwhichdeservesourattentionandthatwhichdoesnot(And,onceagain,thequestionmaybeextendedtoobjectsofnaturalbeauty)[C]Artisheldtobeaformofeducation,perhapsaneducationoftheemotionsInthiscase,itbecomesanopenquestionwhethertheremightnotbesomemoreeffectivemeanstothesameresultAlternatively,onemayattributeanegativevaluetoart,asPlatodidinhisRepublic,arguingthatarthasacorruptingordiseducativeeffectonthoseexposedtoit[D]Artisticappreciation,apurelypersonalmatter,callsforappropriatemeansofexpressionrrYet,itisbeforeanythingaprocessof“cultivation”,duringwhichacertainpartofone’s“innerself”is“dugout”andsomeknowledegoftheoutsideworldbecomesitsmatch[E]IfIamamuseditisforareason,andthisreasonliesintheobjectofmyamusementWethusbegintothinkintermsofadistinctionbetweengoodandbadreasonsforlaughterAmusementatthewrongthingsmayseemtoustoshowcorruptionofmind,cruelty,orbadtasteandwhenitdoesso,wespeakoftheobjectasnottrulyamusing,andfeelthatwehavereasononourside[F]SuchthinkersandwritersbelievethatartisnotonlyanendinitselfbutalsoasufficientjustificationofitselfTheyalsoholdthatinordertounderstandartasitshouldbeunderstood,itisnecessarytoputasideallinterestsotherthananinterestintheworkitselfSampleTwoDirections:ThefollowingparagraphsaregiveninawrongorderForQuestions,youarerequiredtoreorganizetheseparagraphsintoacoherentarticlebychoosingfromthelistAGtofillineachnumberedboxThefirstandthelastparagraphshavebeenplacedforyouinBoxesMarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET(points)AIsthatwhattheAmericanviewingpublicisgettingPerhapsofprimetimenetworkprogrammingisahappycombinationofentertainmentandenrichmentThereusedtobetelevisionmoviesrichinhumanvalues,buttheyhavenowbecomeanendangeredspeciesIfindtelevisiontoomuchconcernedwithwhatpeoplehaveandtoolittleconcernedwithwhotheyare,veryconcernedwithtakingcareofNoandnotatallconcernedwithsharingthemselveswithotherpeopleAlltoooftenittellsusthehalftruthwewanttohearratherthanthewholetruthweneedtohearBWhyistelevisionnotmorefullyrealizingitshumanizingpotentialIsthecreativecommunityatfaultPartiallyButnotprimarilyIhavelivedandworkedinthatcommunityforyears,asbothpriestandproducerAsagroup,thesepeoplehavevaluesInfact,inHollywoodinrecentmonths,audienceenrichmenthasbecometheirthingAcoalitionofmediacompanieshasendowedtheHumanitasPrizesothatitcanrecognizeandcelebratethosewhoaccomplishitCEverygoodstorywillnotonlycaptivateitsviewersbutalsogivethemsomeinsightintowhatitmeanstobeahumanbeingBysodoing,itcanhelpthemgrowintothedeeplycentered,sovereigntyfree,joyouslylovinghumanbeingGodmadethemtobeMeaning,freedomandlovearethesupremehumanvaluesAndthisisthekindofhumanenrichmenttheAmericanviewingpublichasarighttoexpectfromthosewhomakeitsentertainmentDTheproblemwithAmericanTVisnotthelackofstorytellersofconsciencebutthecommercialsystemwithinwhichtheyhavetooperateTelevisionintheUSisabusinessInthepast,thebusinesssidehasbeenbalancedbyacommitmenttopublicserviceButinrecentyearsthefragmentationofthemassaudience,hugeinterestpaymentsandskyrocketingproductioncostshavecombinedwiththeFCC’sabdicationofitsresponsibilitytoprotectthecommongoodtoproduceanalmosttotalpreoccupationwiththebottomlineThenetworksarestrugglingtosurviveAndthat,thestatisticsseemtoindicate,ismindless,heartless,escapistfareIfwearedissatisfiedwiththemoralcontentofwhatweareinvitedtowatch,IthinkweshouldbeginbyexaminingourownconsciencesWhenwetunein,arewereadytoplungeintoreality,soastoextractitsmeaning,orarewehopingtoescapeintoasedatedworldofillusionAndifchurchleaderswanttoelevatethequalityofthecountry’sentertainment,theyshouldforgetaboutboycotts,productioncodesandcensorshipTheyshouldworkateducatingtheirpeopleinmedialiteracyandatmobilizingthemtosupportqualityshowsinhugenumbersEItisnotaquestionofentertainmentorenrichmentThesearecomplementaryconcernsandpresupposeeachotherThestorythatentertainswithoutenrichingissuperficialandescapistThestorythatenricheswithoutentertainingissimplydullThestorythatdoesbothisadelightFThatistheonlysurewaytoimprovethemoralcontentofAmerica’sentertainmentGDespitequestionsofthemotivationbehindthem,theattacksbythePresidentandtheVicePresidentonthemoralcontentoftelevisionentertainmenthavefoundanechointhechambersoftheAmericansoulManywhorejectthemessengersstillacceptthemessageTheydonotlikethemoraltoneofAmericanTVInoursocietyonlythehumanfamilysurpassestelevisioninitscapacitytocommunicatevalues,providerolemodels,formconsciencesandmotivatehumanbehaviorFeweducators,churchleadersorpoliticianspossessthemoralinfluenceofthosewhocreatethenation’sentertainmentOrder:G→→→→→→FSampleThreeDirection:YouaregoingtoreadatextabouttheseasonforrelieffollowedbyalistofexamplesChoosethebestexamplefromthelistAFforeachnumberedsubheading()ThereisoneextraexamplewhichyoudonotneedtouseMarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET(points)Winter’sharshweathershorterhoursofdaylightandfamilydemandscanallaggravatefeelingsofstressAccordingtoDrPaulRoschpresidentoftheAmericanInstituteofStressoneMidwesternheadacheclinicreportedthatcomplaintsoftensionandmigraineheadachesincreasedpercentfromThanksgivingtoChristmascomparedwithothersixweekperiodsduringtheyearManyphysiciansarenowtrainedintechniquestorelievetensionandstressButwhichstrategiesdotheythemselvesuse?HeretophealthprofessionalsrevealtheirfavoritestressbustersSixinalltheyare:()SoothewithfoodWhennutritionalbiochemistJudithWurtmanisstressedoutshedoeswhatalotofpeopledothistimeofyear:shereachesforfoodButinhercaseit’sahealthyricecakeortwo()RunfromyourproblemDrKennethHCooperhandleshisownstresswithadailyafterworkrun()CheckyourperspectiveDrivinginforabusydayasaMayoClinicstressmanagementexpertpsychologistJohnTaylorsawtheoilmaintenancelightpoponinhisminivanHefacedanonstopscheduleofpatientsandhadtopickuphisthreeyearoldafterwork“Ifeltmyselftenseup”recallsTaylorwhothentriedhisquickstressbustingstrategyHeaskedhimselfIsthisamatteroflifeordeath?NoTheoilcouldsafelybechangedthenextweek()LooktothelightsideOnhiswaytothehospitalwherehisfatherwastoundergosurgeryauthorandeducatorJoelGoodmansharedahotelcourtesyvanwiththeanxiousrelativesofseveralpatientsThedriverbegantellinghisstressedoutpassengersafewjokes“Thenhedidsomemagictricksthathadmymotherandmelaughing”Goodmansays“Inthatfiveminuteridehetaughtusthathumorcanrelieveourstress”Thesurgerywassuccessful()TakeatimeoutAmajorcauseofanxietyisanoverloadedscheduleIt’sonesourceofstressyoucanwardoffbypreparingaheadSayalittleprayerPsychologistandmedicalscientistJoanBprysenkoofBoulderColomaintainsthatsincemostpeoplespendtoomuchtimeagonizingoverthepastorworryingaboutthefuturethekeytolesseningstressislearninghowtoliveemotionallyinthepresent“Ithelpstohavesomeritualtodothis”saysBorysenkoForherthemostrelaxingritualis“eachmorningwhenIpray”PrayerhasbeenshowntoreducetheimpactofstresshormonessuchasnoradrenalineandadrenalineButremembersaysBorysenkodoctorscan’tturnontheirpatient’“internalhealingsystem”ThatinnerclamisuptoyouSoyou’resickofstresshealthyselfAWilliamscountshimselfamongthepercentofadultswhosesusceptibilitytoangerishighenoughtothreatentheirhealthButeveryonecantryhisapproachtohandlingthestressorsthatsetangeroffanditneedn’tbeinaworkenvironmentB“Aerobicexerciseisthebestwaytodissipatestressandmakethetransitionintofamilytime”saystheexpertButhecautionsdon’tletexerciseitselfbecomeastressEvenmoderateactivitysuchasadailyminutewalkcanimprovehealthandmood“That’swhyItellmypatientstobesuretowalktheirdogeveryday”hesayswithachuckle“eveniftheydon’thaveone”C“Myresearchsuggeststhatcarbohydratesraiselevelsofthemoodregulatingbrainchemicalserotoninwhichexertsacalmingeffectontheentirebody”saystheMITresearchscientist“Sosymptomsofstresssuchasangertensionirritabilityandinabilitytoconcentrateareeased”DHetellspatientstodoonlythosetasksthatwouldhaveseriousconsequencesifleftundone“Willyoudieifyoudon’tdothelaundry?”heasksTakingatleasthalfanhouradaytodosomethingyouenjoyhenotesletsyourechargeyoubatteriesEspeciallyaroundtheholidaysskipsomeroutinechorestomaketimeforfamilyandfriendsEWhencardiologistRayRosenmanwasassociatechiefofmedicineatSanFrancisco’sMountZionHospitalhewouldblockoffhalfanhouradayonhisschedule“IfanemergencycameupImovedpatientsintothatslot”saysRosenmancoauthorofTypeABehaviorandYourHeart“OrusedthathalfhourtoreturncallsorgothroughmymailYoucan’tcontroleverythingbutyoucancontrolyourscheduletocreatesomebreathingspaceforyourself”FHewassomovedbyhisexperiencethatheresearchedlaughter’spower“Agoodlaughrelaxesmuscleslowersbloodpressuresuppressesstressrelatedhormonesandenhancestheimmunesystem”hesaysInhisworkshopshetellsclientstoaskthemselveshowtheirfavoritecomedianwouldseethisstressfulsituationSampleFourDirections:YouaregoingtoreadalistofheadingsandatextaboutexplorationsintomapleloresChoosethemostsuitableheadingfromthelistAFforeachnumberedparagraph()。ThefirstandlastparagraphsofthetextarenotnumberedThereisoneextraheadingwhichyoudonotneedtouseMarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET(points)ATheinfluenceofmaplesontheCanadiancultureBThetokenofmaplesinCanadaCContemplationofglobaldistributionofmaplesDThetriumphofNokomisoverthedevilswiththehelpofmaplesEThepopularityofthemapleinafavoritemythFThemaplesignalstheapproachoffallThemaplesmokeofautumnbonfiresisincensetoCanadiansBestowingperfumeforthenosecolorfortheeyesweetnessforthespringtonguethesugarmaplepromptsthissharingofafavoritemythandoriginaletymologyofthewordmapleThemapleloomslargeinOjibwafolktalesThetimeofyearforsugaringoffis“intheMapleMoon”AmongOjibwatheprimordialfemalefigureisNokomisawisegrandmotherInonetaleaboutseasonalchangecannibalwendigoscreaturesofevilchasedoldNokomisthroughtheautumncountrysideWendigosthroveinicycoldWhentheyenteredthebodiesofhumansthehumanheartfrozesolidHerewendigosrepresentoncomingwinterTheywerehuntingtokillandeatpoorNokomisthewarmembodimentoffemalefecunditywholikethesummerhasgrownoldKnowingthiswasapursuittothedeathNokomisoutsmartedthecolddevilsShehidinastandofmapletreesallredandorangeanddeepyellowThismaplegrovegrewbesideawaterfallwhosemistblurredthetrees’outlineAstheypeeredthroughthemistslaveringwendigosthoughttheysawaragingfireinwhichtheirpreywasburningButitwasonlyoldNokomisbeinghiddenbythebrightredleavesofherfriendsthemaplesAndsodroolingiceandhuffingfrostthewendigosleftherandsoughteasierpreyFortheirserviceinsavingtheearthmother’slifethesemaplesweregivenaspecialgift:theirwateroflifewouldbeforeversweetandCanadianswouldtapitfornourishmentMapleanditssyrupflowsweetlyintoCanadianhumorQuebeckershavethestandardsiropd’erableformaplesyrupbutaddafeistyinsulttolabelimitationsyrupsthatarethickwithglucoseglopTheycallthissugaryimpostersiropdePoteau“telephonepolesyrup”ordeadtreesyrupThecontentionthatmaplesyrupisuniquetoNorthAmericaissuspectIbelieveChinahasclosetospeciesofmaplemorethananycountryintheworldCanadahasnativespeciesNorthAmericadoeshappentobehometothesugarmaplethespeciesthatproducesthesweetestsapandthemostabundantflowButarewetobelievethatinthousandsofyearsofChinesehistorytheseinventivepeoplenevertappedamapletotasteitssap?IspeculatethattheydidCouldProtoAmericaswhocrossedtheBeringlandbridgetopopulatetheAmericashavebroughtwiththemaknowledgeofmaplesyrup?IsthereaveryoldChinesephraseformaplesyrup?IsmaplesyrupmentionedinChineseliterature?ForanonreaderofChinesesuchquestionsaredauntingbutnotimpossibletoanswerWhatiscertainisthemaple’sholdfastonournationalimaginationItsleafwasadoptedasanembleminNewFranceasearlyasandinEnglishCanadabythemidthcenturyInthefallofaTorontoschoolteachernamedAlexanderMuirwastraipsingastreetatthecityallsquelchyunderfootfromthesoftfeltoffallingleaveswhenamapleleafalightedtohiscoatsleeveandstuckthereAthomethateveninghewroteapoemandsetittomusicincelebrationofCanada’sConfederationMuir’ssong“TheMapleLeafForever”waswildlypopularandhelpedfastenthesymbolfirmlytoCanadaTheword“maple”isfrom“mapeltreow”theOldEnglishtermformapletreewith“mapl”asitsProtoGermanicrootacompoundinwhichthefirst“m”isIbelievethenearlyworldwide“ma”oneofthefirsthumansoundsthepursingofababy’slipsasitpreparestosuckmilkfrommother’sbreastThe“ma”rootgivesriseinmanyworldlanguagestothousandsofwordslike“mama”“mammary”“maia”and“Amazon”Hereitwouldmake“mapl”mean“nourishingmothertree”thatistreewhosemaplesapinnourishingThesecondpartofthecompound“apl”isavariantofIndoEuropeanable“fruitofanytree”andtheoriginofanotherEnglishfruitwordappleSotheprimitiveanalogycomparestheliquidsapwithanothernourishingliquidmother’smilk年考研英语模拟试题二()(::)标签:年考研英语模拟试卷文都教育教育分类:【专区】英语  来源:《考研英语考前必做三套题》PartCDirections:ReadthefollowingtextcarefullyandthentranslatetheunderlinedsegmentsintoChineseYourtranslationshouldbewrittenneatlyonANSWERSHEET(points)Gandhi’spacifismcanbeseparatedtosomeextentfromhisotherteachings()Itsmotivewasreligious,butheclaimedalsoforitthatitwasadefinitivetechnique,amethod,capableofproducingdesiredpoliticalresultsGandhi’sattitudewasnotthatofmostWesternpacifistsSatyagraha,()themethodGandhiproposedandpracticed,firstevolvedinSouthAfrica,wasasortofnonviolentwarfare,awayofdefeatingtheenemywithouthurtinghimandwithoutfeelingorarousinghatredItentailedsuchthingsascivildisobedience,strikes,lyingdowninfrontofrailwaytrains,enduringpolicechargeswithoutrunningawayandwithouthittingback,andthelikeGandhiobjectedto“passiveresistance”asatranslationofSatyagraha:inGujarati,itseems,thewordmeans“firmnessinthetruth”()InhisearlydaysGandhiservedasastretcherbearerontheBritishsideintheBoerWar,andhewaspreparedtodothesameagaininthewarofEvenafterhehadcompletelyabjuredviolencehewashonestenoughtoseethatinwaritisusuallynecessarytotakesidesSincehiswholepoliticallifecentredroundastrugglefornationalindependence,hecouldnotand,()indeed,hedidnottakethesterileanddishonestlineofpretendingthatineverywarbothsidesareexactlythesameanditmakesnodifferencewhowinsNordidhe,likemostWesternpacifists,specializeinavoidingawkwardquestionsInrelationtothelatewar,onequestionthateverypacifisthadaclearobligationtoanswerwas:“WhatabouttheJewsAreyoupreparedtoseethemexterminatedIfnot,howdoyouproposetosavethemwithoutresortingtowar”()ImustsaythatIhaveneverheard,fromanyWesternpacifist,anhonestanswertothisquestion,thoughIhaveheardplentyofevasions,usuallyofthe“you’reanother”typeButitsohappensthatGandhiwasaskedasomewhatsimilarquestioninandthathisanswerisonrecordinMrLouisFischer’sGandhiandStalinAccordingtoMrFischer,Gandhi’sviewwasthattheGermanJewsoughttocommitcollectivesuicide,which“wouldhavearousedtheworldandthepeopleofGermanytoHitler’sviolence”SectionⅢWritingPartADirections:SupposeWangMing,oneofyourfriends,isillWritealetterofconsolationYourlettershouldinclude:)yourpurposeofwritingthisletter)yourtruefeelingandbestwishesYoushouldwriteaboutwordsDon’tsignyourownnameattheendoftheletterUse“LiHong”insteadYoudon’tneedtowritetheaddress(points)PartBDirections:Studythefollowingdrawingcarefullyandwriteanessayto)describethedrawing)deducethepurposeofthepainterofthedrawingand)suggestcountermeasuresYoushouldwriteaboutwordsneatlyANSWERSHEET。(points)年考研英语模拟试题二参考答案及解析()SectionⅠUseofEnglish【答案】A本题考查词语搭配。【解析】第一句提到在年成立了第一家日间托儿所所以可以知道日间托儿所在各地普遍建立是在世纪的后半叶所以[A]选项正确。[B]其他的,常和onetheother搭配或other后面接复数名词[C]迟到的已故的[D]第一的。【答案】B本题考查代词用法。【解析】该句前是分号表示下文的部分是个独立成分其实英语中的分号起到句号的作用。如果把分号改为逗号那就是表示逗号后是定语从句可以用which所以这一句里只能用复数代词them来代替前面的nurseries。A那些C谁的D哪一个。【答案】A本题考查词义区别。【解析】本句提到第一次世界大战对日间托儿所是个促进所以选A推动促进。B输入C模仿D主动性。【答案】C本题考查词义区别。【解析】该句提到当时男性劳动力的短缺使得产业工人中出现了数量空前多的女性。A来源B丰富充裕C短缺D减少。【答案】D本题考查词义区别。【解析】军火厂是很危险的地方常识告诉我们是不能建托儿所的但由于是战时所以只好建在那里了。A几乎不B完全全部地C仅仅只是D甚至。【答案】D本题考查逻辑关系。【解析】分析全句便可得知这是个让步关系的从句故选择连词D。A因为由于B随着由于正如C既然。【答案】B本题考查词语搭配。【解析】能够和rose(上升)搭配的副词就只有sharply(急剧地大量地)其他三个选项A全体一致地无异议地C主要地占主导地位地D好战地激进地。【答案】C本题考查逻辑关系。【解析】前一句说到联邦政府没有资助托儿所但在这一句里联邦政府和地方政府开始采取措施来规范管理控制托儿所。这两句之间存在逻辑上的转折关系。A和B两个选项都表示“因此所以”之意。D进一步来说。【答案】A本题考查词语搭配。【解析】对什么的控制要用介词over比如advantageoversomething(比什么有优势)triumphoversomething(对什么的战胜)victoryoversomething(对什么的胜利)edgeoversomething(对什么有优势)其他三个答案都不能和其搭配。【答案】D本题考查动宾搭配。【解析】该句的意思是政府主要通过特许或颁发执照检查和规范托儿所内部状况来控制托儿所。所以选D特许颁发执照。其他三个选项:A阐述说明B贴标签分类C申请专利。因此都不太合适。【答案】B本题考查形近词。【解析】对付这类题主要是弄清楚各个选项的意思。A开端开始B爆发发生C突破D崩溃故障。这些名词都是由动词转化而来比如setout(出发开始)breakout(爆发发生)breakthrough(突破)breakdown(出故障)类似这样的构词而来的词还有output(产量)outcome(结果)outlet(发泄机会出口)等。【答案】A本题考查语篇关系。【解析】在第一段里提到妇女招收进工厂代替男工的短缺。该段提到第二次世界大战爆发同样使得妇女再一次招收进厂。这种跨段落的关系题是完形填空的最难点从中可以看出完形填空题的四个选项不在于词汇量大而重在对句子之间的衔接关系相互照应。B因此C不断地反复地D然而。【答案】B本题考查词语固定搭配。【解析】只有occasion和on搭配circumstance(情况)常和under或in搭配undernocircumstances(在任何情况下不决不),case常和in搭配innocase(决不)inanycase(无论如何)situation和in搭配。【答案】C本题考查动宾搭配。【解析】政府应该是拨款给万美金。A控制调节B召集召唤C分派分配拨款另外拨款英语里还可以用appropriate,grant来表达D转移调动转学。【答案】C本题考查动宾搭配。【解析】在政府拨款之后州和地方应该是对联邦政府的拨款做些补充。A赔偿补偿B使容易使便利D扩大扩充。【答案】D本题考查词语固定搭配。【解析】care常和for搭配表示“喜欢照顾”的意思和about搭配表示“在乎在意”的意思和其他的介词不搭配。【答案】B本题考查词义区别。【解析】该句子意思是托儿所的孩子要接受联邦政府的补助。A养老金退休金B补助津贴C公司或国家收入税收D预算。【答案】D本题考查词语搭配。【解析】能够和“削减支出”搭配的副词应该是“大量地急剧地”的意思。A流行地盛行地B猛烈地狂暴地(常表示态度)C统计上地D大量地急剧地。【答案】A本题考查动宾搭配。【解析】政府应该是在大幅度减少支出之后废除了这种做法。A废除取消B减少缩小C危害伤害D排除。【答案】C本题考查动宾搭配。【解析】该句说让大多数雇佣的母亲离开她们的工作岗位只是得到部分实现。A托儿所B家庭C工作D孩子。全文翻译美国第一家日间托儿所建立于年随后在世纪后半叶托儿所在全国各地相继建立其中大部分托儿所都是慈善组织。第一次世界大战促进了欧洲和美国托儿所运动的极大发展当时劳动力短缺使得工业史无前例地雇佣大量妇女工作。在一些欧洲国家政府的直接资助下托儿所甚至建在了军火厂里。尽管美国托儿所的数量也在急剧增长但是托儿所数量的增加并没有得到政府的任何资助。然而在第一次世界大战结束后的几年里联邦政府和地方政府主要是通过对托儿所颁发执照、检查和约束托儿所内部的状况来对它们开始采取控制措施
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