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首页 大学英语四级校考考纲及样题

大学英语四级校考考纲及样题.doc

大学英语四级校考考纲及样题

月薪两万s
2019-05-03 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《大学英语四级校考考纲及样题doc》,可适用于综合领域

样题PartIVocabularyandStructure(,*,minutes)Directions:ThereareincompletesentencesinthispartForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDYoumustchoosetheoneanswerthatbestcompletesthesentenceThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterTheboyjumpedwithjoywhenhismotherawonderfulChristmasgiftfromhercarAtookupBtookoutCtookoffDtookinItwasnotuntildawntheirwayoutoftheforestAwhentheyfoundBthattheyfoundCdidtheyfindDthattheydidn'tlfindIhavenoobjectiontothewindowstogetsomefreshairAopenBbeingopenedCopeningDbeopenedItwassimplyforsomespecialreasontheydidn’ttellmethetruthallthetimeAwhichBsoCthatDofwhichHesentmeanemail,togetfurtherinformationAhopedBhopingCtohopeDhopeMyproblemsareverytoyoursAsameBalikeClikeDsimilarTheysuggestedthatsheaworkingplanAmakeBmakesCmadeDwouldmakeShewillhavetofindsomewhereelsetowork,forshecan’tthisloudnoiseanylongerAcomeupwithBcatchupwithCkeepupwithDputupwithHerworkwas,ifnotbetterthan,oursAsogoodasBasgoodasCaswellasDasbetterasIdidn’tknowwhattosaybutsilentatthemeetingAkeepBkeepingCtokeepDkeptMary,aswellasherfamily,forBeijingtomorrowAareleavingBleftCaretoleftDisleavingIt’simportantforateachertomakeeyewithherstudentsintheclassroomAcontrastBcontractCcontactDcompactTheboyinsistedthathetothecountryforsummervacationAtogoBwentCgoDgoesSheistheonlypersonwhoknowsthatsecretAlivelyBaliveClivingDlivedAfterlivinginPairsforthirtyyears,hereturnedtothesmalltownhehadgrownupasachildAwhichBwhereCthatDwhenThetwoboyshadsoincommonthattheysoonbecamegoodfriendsAlittleBfewCmuchDmanyItisreportedthatyesterday’strafficaccidentthedeathoffivepassengersAresultedfromBresultedinCregardedasDrespondedtoNeverinChinabeeninterestedinstudyingforeignlanguagesAsomanypeoplehaveBhavesomanypeopleCdidsomanypeopleDhaveverymanypeopleYouyourclassmatesifyouhadmadeaneffortlasttermAhadcaughtupwithBwouldcatchupwithCwouldhavecaughtupwithDhavecaughtupwithThelabnextyearwillbemoreadvancedthantheoldoneAtobebuiltBbuiltCbeingbuiltDtobuildExcuseme,butitistimetohaveyourtemperatureAtotakeBtakenCtakeDtakingHistoryisarecordofmankinddifferenthistorians,,interpretitdifferentlyAthereforeBonthecontraryChoweverDconsequentlyIsupposeyouarenotserious,AdoIBdon'tICareyouDaren'tyouHesawthethiefinthisroomheopenedthedoorAinthemomentBonthemomentCthemomentDforthemomentTheyfoundadyingoldmanonthegroundwhenthedoorwasbrokenopenAlaidBliedClyingDlainIt'simportanttotimeforrelaxationaswellAsetforthBsetbeforeCsetasideDsetaboutThedifficulttaskmealmostawholeweektofinishAspentBcostCtookDlostAstudentshouldgoodstudyhabitsifhehopestobeatopstudentAdevelopBdiscoverCmakeDgetYouareenoughtohavesuchunderstandingparentsAunfortunateBfortunateCmisfortunateDfortunatelyShehertriptoNewYorkbecauseshewasillAcalledoffBcloseddownCputupDwentoffPartIIReadingComprehension(,*,minutes)Directions:TherearepassagesinthispartEachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatementsForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,andDYoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterPassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageNoteveryoneintheworldrequiresthesameamountoflivingspaceTheamountofspaceapersonneedsaroundhimisaculturaldifference,notaneconomiconeKnowingyourownpsychologicalspaceneedsisimportantbecausetheystronglyaffectyourchoices,including,forexample,thenumberofbedroomsinthehomeIfyouwerebroughtupinatwochildfamilyandbothyouandyoursisterorbrotherhadyourownbedrooms,thechancesare,ifyouhavetwochildrenormore,thatyoualsowillofferseparatebedroomsforthemInAmerica,forexample,theytrainpeopletowanttohavetheirownroomsbygivingthemtheirownroomswhentheyarebabiesThisisveryrareintheworldInmanyothercountries,thebabysleepsinthesamebedwithhisparentsorinbednearthemThespaceinthehomealsoshowsalotaboutpsychologicalspaceneedsSomefamiliesgatherclosertoeachotherandthesizeoftheirhousehasnothingtodowithitOthershaveseparatelittlecornerswherefamilymembersgotobealoneAlthoughitistruethatpsychologicalspaceneedsarenotdecidedbyeconomicreasons,theysometimeshavetobechangedalittlebecauseofeconomicpressuresItisalmostimpossible,however,tocompletelychangeyourpsychologicalspaceneedsThefirstsentenceinPara“Noteveryoneintheworldrequiresthesameamountoflivingspace”means“”ANotwopeopleneedexactlythesameamountoflivingspaceBLivingspacerequirementsarenotalwaysthesameCTheworldrequiresthesameamountoflivingspaceDNobodyneedsarequiredamountoflivingspaceSomefamiliesgatherclosertoeachotherathomethanothersbecauseAtheyhavelimitedlivingspaceBtheyarebroughtupinalargefamilyCitsatisfiestheirpsychologicalspaceneedsDthechildreninthefamilysleepinthesamebedwiththeirparentsWhichofthefollowingisTRIUEaccordingtothepassageAAmericansaretrainedtoliveinlargeroomsatbirthBEconomicsituationdecidesone’samounttospaceneedsCPeopleinvariouscountriesdemanddifferentpsychologicalspaceDKnowingyourpsychologicalspaceneedsisimportant,asitaffectsyourfutureAccordingtothewriterofthepassage,psychologicalspaceneedsAarenotaffectedbyincomeatallBcanhardlybechangedaltogetherCcanbechangedifyoumakeupyourmindtodosoDhavenothingtodowithculturalbackgroundThebesttitleforthepassageisAAmericanWayofLivingBPsychologicalSpaceCSpaceNeedsinDifferentCountriesDPsychologicalSpaceandEconomicPressurePassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageWhenagroupofchildrenpolitelystopaconversationwithyou,saying:“Wehavetogotoworknow,”you’releftfeelingsurprisedandcertainlyuneasyAfterall,thisisthesandtheideaofchildrenworkingisjustunthinkableThatis,untilyouaretoldthattheyareallpupilsofstageschools,andthatthe“work”theygoofftoistogoonthestageinatheatreStageschoolsoftenactasagenciestosupplychildrenforstageandtelevisionworkMoreworthyofthesame“stageschool”arethosefewplaceswherechildrenattendfulltime,withatrainingforthetheatreandageneraleducationAvisittosuchschoolswillleaveyouinnodoubtthatthechildrenenjoythemselvesAfterall,whatlivelychildrenwouldn'tsettleforspendingonlyhalfthedaydoingordinaryschoolwork,andacting,singingordancingtheirwaythroughtheotherhalfofthedayThenofcoursetherearetimesforthechildrentomakeanameandmakealittlemoneyinsomebigshowsSomestageschoolsgivetheirchildrentoomuchprofessionalworkatsuchayoungageButthelawisverytightontheamounttheycandoThoseunderarelimitedtodaysintheyearthoseoverdodaysTheschoolsthemselvesadmitthatnotallchildrenwillbesuccessfulintheprofessionforwhichtheyarebeingtrainedSowhathappenstothosewhodon'tmakeitWhilealltheleadingschoolssaytheyplacegreatimportanceonchildrengettinggoodstudyresults,thefactsseemtosuggestthisisnotalwaysthecasePeoplewouldstopfeelinguneasywhenrealizingthatthechildrentheyaretalkingtoAattendastageschoolBaregoingtothetheatreChavegotsomeworktodoDlovesinginganddancingInthewriter’sopinion,agoodstageschoolshouldAproducestarperformersBhelppupilsimprovetheirstudyskillsCtrainpupilsinlanguageandperformingartsDprovideageneraleducationandstagetraining“Professionalwork”asusedinthetextmeansAordinaryschoolworkBmoneymakingperformancesCstagetrainingatschoolDacting,singingordancingafterclassWhichofthefollowingbestdescribeshowtheywriterfeelsaboutstageschoolsAhethinkshighlyofwhattheyhavetoofferBHefavorsanearlystartinthetrainingofperformingartsChefeelsuncomfortableaboutchildrenputtingonnightshowsDHedoubtsthestandardofordinaryeducationtheyhavereceivedThelawistightontheamountofprofessionalworkchildrencandoAccordingtothepassage,thoseunderarelimitedtoAdaysinayearBdaysinayearCdaysinayearDdaysinayearPassageThreeQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageMostpeoplefeellonelysometimes,butitusuallyonlylastsbetweenafewminutesandafewhoursThiskindoflonelinessisnotseriousInfact,itisquitenormalForsomepeople,though,lonelinesscanlastforyearsNowresearcherssaytherearethreedifferenttypesoflonelinessThefirstkindoflonelinessistemporaryThisisthemostcommontypeItusuallydisappearsquicklyanddoesnotrequireanyspecialattentionThesecondkind,situationalloneliness,isanaturalresultofaparticularsituationforexample,afamilyproblem,thedeathofalovedone,ormovingtoanewplaceAlthoughthiskindoflonelinesscancausephysicalproblems,suchasheadachesandsleeplessness,itusuallydoesnotlastformorethanayearThethirdtypeoflonelinessisthemostsevereUnlikethesecondtype,chronic(长期的)lonelinessusuallylastsmorethantwoyearsandhasnospecificcausePeoplewhoexperiencehabituallonelinesshaveproblemssocializingandbecomingclosetoothersUnfortunately,manychronicallylonelypeoplethinkthereislittleornothingtheycandotoimprovetheirconditionPsychologistsagreethatoneimportantfactorinlonelinessisaperson’ssocialcontacts,egfriends,familymembers,coworkers,etcWedependonvariouspeoplefordifferentreasonsForinstance,ourfamiliesgiveusemotionalsupport,ourparentsandteachersgiveusguidance,andourfriendssharesimilarinterestsandactivitiesHowever,psychologistshavefoundthat,thoughlonelypeoplemayhavemanysocialcontacts,theysometimesfeeltheyshouldhavemoreTheyquestiontheirownpopularityPsychologistsaretryingtofindwaystohelphabituallylonelypeoplefortworeasons:theyareunhappyandunabletosocializeandthereisaconnectionbetweenchroniclonelinessandseriousillnesssuchasheartdiseaseWhiletemporaryandsituationallonelinesscananormalhealthypartoflife,chroniclonelinesscanbeaverysad,andsometimesdangerous,conditionHowwouldyoutreattemporarylonelinessaccordingtothepassageATalktofriendsBJustignoreitCGotoseeadoctorDAskyourteachersforguidance“It”inthelastsentenceofthesecondparagraphreferstoAtemporarylonelinessBsituationallonelinessCanewplaceDsleeplessnessThetopicofthethparagraphisthatAoneproblemoflonelinessisaperson’ssocialcontactsBwedependonvariouspeoplefordifferentreasonsClonelypeopledon’thavemanysocialproblemsDlonelypeopledon'thavemanyfriendsWhydopsychologistswanttohelpchronicallylonelypeopleAChroniclonelinesscancausefamilyproblemsBChroniclonelinesscancauseseriousillnessCChroniclonelinesscannotbeovercomeDA,BandCareallcorrectWhatisthebesttitleforthepassageAThreeKindsofLonelinessBLonelinessandDiseasesCLonelinessandSocialContactsDChronicLonelinessPartIIICloze(,*,minutes)Directions:ThereareblanksinthefollowingpassagesForeachblanktherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,andDYoushouldchoosetheONEthatbestfitsintothepassagesThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterItisimportanttobeactiveincommunicationIntraditionalAmericansocietyitwasoftensaidthat“Childrenshouldonlyspeakwhenspoken”Anadult,however,isexpectedtotaketheleadincommunicatingaboutmattersthatareofprimaryconcerntohimorherDonotbeslowtoupDonotalwayswaittobespokentooraskedaquestion,butgiveyouropinionsandideasbravelyAmericansitimpoliteifyouhavearelationshiporworktogetherwithsomeonebutyoudonotspeakupandsaywhatisyourmindTheydonotconsideritimpoliteifyouspeakupandmakeamistakeThisisbetterSpeakingupisconsideredgoodremainingsilentisnotExpressyourthoughtsbothonetooneconversationsandduringconferences,andothergroupsituationsOnegoalofspeakingupistohavepeoplethinkyouareinteresting,whichwillmaketheminclinedtospendtimewithyou,andgivethemmoreopportunitiestolearnfromyouOneChinesevisitingscholar,adoctor,oncecommented:“howcanIexpressmyaboutmypatientswhenIhaven’texaminedthem”ShethoughtsheshouldremainforthisreasonThisisnotsoshemightnotbeabletogivediagnosis(诊断),buttherearemanythingsshecouldsaytoshowsheisinterestedinwhat’sgoingonAtoBwithCbyDforAputBfixCstandDspeakAmakeBclaimCconsiderDfoundAagainstBbeyondCaboveDinAmuchBeverCevenDstillAonBinCthroughDatAwhatBthatCwhyDhowAfarBlessCneverDmoreAopinionBpointCreportDmarkAstillBquietCsilentDcalmPartIVTranslation(,*,minutes)Directions:CompletethesentencesbytranslatingintoEnglishtheChinesegiveninbracketsPleasewriteyourtranslationontheCompositionSheetYourlossesintradethisyeararenothing(与我的相比)(无论你给她多少忠告),shealwaysdoeswhatshewantsHadn'tbeensostrictwithherself,she(不会有这样大的进步)Idon’tknowwhytheboss(总是挑剔我做事的方式)She(经常抱怨)theweatherinLeshanHehasdecidedto(戒烟)Itisveryimportantforusto(交朋友)withothersHecan’t(忍受)theloudnoiseanylongerLeisuretime(起到重要作用)inmaintainingawellbalancedlifeBythetimeI(大学毕业),IwillhavelearnedEnglishforyearsPartVWriting()AParagraphDevelopment(,*,minutes)Directions:DevelopthefollowingtopicsentenceintoaparagraphofaboutwordsInthemodernworld,wecanacquirethelatestinformationbyvariousmeansBEssayWriting(,*,minutes)Directions:Forthispart,youareallowedminutestowriteacompositiononthetitle“WhyDoWeWork”accordingtothefollowinginformationYourcompositionshouldbenolessthanwordsThefirstsentenceorpartofthefirstsentenceofeachparagraphhasbeenwrittenforyouOutline:有些人工作是为了活着。另外一些人活着是为了工作。我个人的看法是……Wordsandphrasesforreference:important,comfortable,liveabetterlife,salaries,communicate,contributeWhyDoWeWorkSomepeopleworktoliveOtherpeoplelivetoworkMyopinionisthat大学英语四级校考样题参考答案PartIVocabularyandStructure(,*)BBCCBDADBDDCCBBCBBCABCCCCCCABAPartIIReadingComprehension(,*)BCCBBADCDBBBABAPartIIICloze(,*)ADCDABBDACPartIVTranslation(,*)comparedwithmine(incomparisonwithmine)Nomatterhowmuchadviceyougaveherwouldn’thavemadesuchgreatprogressisalwaysfindingfaultwiththewayIdothingsoftencomplainsaboutgiveupsmokingmakefriendsputupwithstandplaysanimportantroleplaysavitalrolegraduatefromcollegePartVWriting()AParagraphDevelopment(,*)Inthemodernworld,wecanacquirethelatestinformationbyvariousmeansForinstance,wecanreadthenewsmagazinesandthedailynewspapers,whichusuallycontainarticlesaboutthelocal,nationalandinternationalnews,sportsnews,weatherreportsandsoonWecanlistentothenewsontheradioorwatchnewsreportsontelevisionIfwehaveacomputer,wecanalsogetthelatestinformationdirectlyfromallkindsofnewsservicesthroughtheInternetInshort,wecankeepupwithwhatishappeningintheworldbyvariousmeanssuchasreadingnewspapersandnewsmagazines,watchingTV,andsurfingtheInternetBEssayWriting(,*)WhyDoWeWorkSomepeopleworktoliveIntheireyes,workismerelyameansforthemtoearnalivingEveryday,theyworkhardtoearnenoughmoneysoastoliveabetterlifeTheyseldomthinkabouttheimportanceandmeaningoftheirworkOtherpeoplelivetoworkAsforthem,workisamostimportantpartoftheirlifeTheycannotlivewithoutworkandmostofthemmaybeworkaholicsTheyaremoreconcernedabouttheimportanceandenjoymentoftheirworkratherthanthemoneyorsalariesobtainedfromtheirworkMyopinionisthateveryonehastoworkinordertomaintainabasiccomfortablelifeButworkisnotjustameansofgettingmoneyFormostofus,workisveryimportanttoourfuturehappinessandcontentmentBesides,throughworkwecancommunicatewithdifferentkindsofpeople,realizeourownvaluesandcontributeoursharetothewholeofsociety

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大学英语四级校考考纲及样题

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