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首页 Discipline crossing in the field of practice of …

Discipline crossing in the field of practice of philosophy of Science.doc

Discipline crossing in the fiel…

那些稀松平常的对白已不在
2019-01-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Discipline crossing in the field of practice of philosophy of Sciencedoc》,可适用于社会民生领域

DisciplinecrossinginthefieldofpracticeofphilosophyofScienceDisciplinecrossinginthefieldofpracticeofphilosophyofScienceInthefieldofscientificandphilosophicalpractice,thedisciplinesintersectSource:Abstract:thelimitationofinterdisciplinaryunderstandingisrelatedtothescientificphilosophyoftheoreticalsuperiorityThepracticalvisionofscientificphilosophyenrichestheinterdisciplinarypatternsofdisciplines:theories,instruments,experiments,techniques,culturesandsoonBoundaryobjectsandstandardizationofintegrationnotonlymeantheinevitabilityofinterdisciplinarycross,butalsosuggestthatweconsidertheacceptabilityofscientificresultsinanotherrelatedsubjectThepracticalperspectiveofhumaninvolvementintheprocessofresearchenablesustounderstandandintersectthesubjectintermsoftacitunderstanding,skills,culturaltradition,situational,etcPracticevisiongivesusnewselfawarenessintheintersectionofdisciplinesKeywords:interdisciplinaryTheoryofoptimalTopracticeTacitinterventionAscientificandphilosophicalbackgroundofinterdisciplinaryunderstandingThetheoryofonesubjectisthetheoreticalbasisofanothersubjectThetheoryoftwodisciplinescanbecombinedtodevelopnewtheoriesWeusuallyunderstandtheintersectionofdisciplinesinatheoreticalsenseQuantumchemistry,forexample,isappliedtotheinterpretationofchemicalprocessesbasedonquantummechanicsWehavealsoseentheintersectionofdisciplinesintermsofexperiment,instrumentandtechnologyTheXraydiffractionmethodplaysacriticalroleinthediscoveryofthestructureofDNAButitisoftenunderstoodthatthisistheresultoftheuseofphysicsinbiologicalresearchTheunderlyingimplicationofthisunderstandingisthecombinationofdisciplinetheoryWealsotendtounderstandtheintersectionofdisciplinesbybackdatingWhenthescientificachievementsappear,thereviewofthehistoryofsciencehasfoundthatthereisanimportantfunctionofinterdisciplinarycrossingInthisway,wearenotawareofthepossibilitiesofintersectinginthecourseofscientificresearch,limitingtheinterdisciplinaryintersectionsthatweintendtocreateindifferentwaysOurunderstandingoftheintersectionofdisciplineshasitsscientificphilosophicalbackgroundFromtheemergenceoflogicalpositivism,whetheritiscriticalrationalismorparadigmtheory,alltraditionalscientificphilosophyadoptstheviewpointoftheoreticalsuperiorityStrongneophilosophyplatformwithavarietyofsocialinterestfactorsexplainscientificactivityalthoughsociologicalapproachtothephilosophyofsciencetoformstrongimpact,butitisonlythescientifictheoryonthebasisofthenaturalintosocietyasroot,didnotchangethetheoryofoptimalpositionFocusingonthetheoreticalformofscienceisacommonfeatureofthetraditionalscientificphilosophyandSSKoftheoreticalsuperiorityInaddition,theyaretryingtofinduniversalityofsocalledforscientificrationalityintheoryandmethodology,andignoresthespecificprocessofscientificresearchandhistoricaltrajectoryThisleadstoanotherfeatureoftraditionalscientificphilosophyandSSK:neglectingtodoscientificresearchonscientificresearchTheoryofoptimalpositionofphilosophyofscienceneglectedthestudyofscienceresearchprocess,alsocannotseetheinstrumentinscientificresearch,technology,experiment,researchers,financial,political,andsoonmanyfactorsofcontainmentandactuation,alsodon'tthinkthatisanaturalscience,theory,instrument,explaintheclevercombinationofmanyaspects,suchas"selfdefense(selfvindication)Dgooding,"themainstreamscientificphilosophynoneoftheexperimentsinvolvedtheexperimentalprocess(experimentation)"ScientificphilosophyembodiestheviewofscienceFromatheoreticalperspective,weunderstandthescientificandphilosophicalbackgroundoftheoreticalsuperiorityThereversalofthissituationrequiresustoenterintothepracticalvisionofscientificphilosophySecond,somescientificpracticephilosophyviewpointAsthepracticeofscientificphilosophyturns,someinsightfulideasemergeJin(ihacking)thinkscienceistheprocessofintervention(intervening)including,scientificinstruments,explain,natural,theory,andsoon"cultivating""selfdefense"APickeringbelievesthatscienceistheconstructionofavarietyofheterogeneouselementsGooding(dGoodingconcludesthat"thecombinationofhand,eyeandbraininthefinestructureofobservation"isoneofthetwocharacteristicsofexperimentalpracticeJrousearguesthat"theparadigmisnotthefirsttogainacceptanceofthetheoreticalstandpoint,buttoacquireandapplyaskill""Scientificresearchisrootedintheabilitytomasteraspecificsetoflocalscenarios,typicallyinthelaboratory"Pgalisonarguesthatthereisasubcultureofinstruments,theories,experimentsandsoforththatarenotconvertedatthesametimebutoverlappingandoverlappingOneofthesetraditions,suchasthetheoreticaltradition,doesnotaffectthecontinuityofothertraditionsManyparticipantsinthefieldofscienceisinadifferentsocialcomprehensiveresultofjointactivities,boundaryobject(aboundaryobjects)andstandardizedintegration(standardizedpackages)revealsthecharacteristicsofscientificresearch"Boundaryobjectinseveraldifferentboundarysurfaceboundaryobjectinthefieldofsocialmalleableenoughtoadoptthemseveraldifferentgroupsneedtogeographicalconstraintsstillenoughtoadequatelymaintainedaacrossdifferentplacesthepublicidentityof"Plasticitymeansthatdifferentsocialfields,differentgroupsindifferentstudythesamethingcalledboundaryobjectinthescene,indifferentalthoughtherearedifferentunderstandingtotheboundaryobjectinthescene,butitissuitableforvariousscenariosStandardizedintegrationismadeupofscientifictheoriesandstandardizedtechnologies,becausetheyareusedbymembersofdifferentsocialsectorstobuildscienceAllofthesepointsreflectthefocusonthescientificprocessTheydon'tjustthinkofscienceasaknowledgesystem,theyseescienceasapracticalprocessTheyarenotthetransformationandcontinuationofscience,butthefusionandevolutionofdifferentculturaltraditionsTheybelievethatsciencehasnostrict"internal"anddisciplinaryboundariesWhattheyseeistheinterplayandcouplingofvariousheterogeneouselementsinthecourseofscientificactivityWhatyouseeistheskilloftheresearcherandthepersoninvolvedinthedifferentresearchcontextItisthetheory,theinstrument,thetechnology,theexperiment,thecorrespondinginterpretation,thesocialinterest,theculturaltraditionandsooneachotherTheheterogeneityandcomplexityofscienceshowusthediversityandrichnessofinterdisciplinaryintersectionsThenewunderstandingoftheintersectingofthesubjectbythephilosophyofscientificpractice()variouspossibleinterdisciplinarystudiesScientificresearchisthecollisioncourseofvariousheterogeneouselementsTheseheterogeneouselementsfrominstruments,experiment,technology,theoryandhypothesis,socialinterestsandculturaltraditions,concepts,nature,materialconditions,peopleskills,andmanyotheraspectsInthisway,theinterdisciplinarycrossisnotapossibility,butavarietyofpossibleintersectingintheinfluenceofvariousheterogeneouselementsTheoverlapbetweentheculturesofgalison'ssubculturealsomeansthatthereisacrossbetweendifferentculturaltraditionsBoundaryobjectsandstandardizedintegrationthemselvesaretheintersectionsofdifferentresearchdomainsThephilosophyofscientificpracticehighlightsanewformofinterdisciplinarysciencethatwedidn'trevealdirectlybeforeIndifferentfromthepracticeofthetheoryofoptimalbitview,instrument,method,experiment,technologybackground,theory,researchorientation,therecanbecrossbetweenexplanatorytheory,andsoonForexample,differenttechniquesmaybeinvolvedinthesameresearchprobleminthesamesubject,whichcanleadtodifferentintersectionsInthesamewaythatparticlephysicsdetectsneutrinos,electronictechnologyandcomputerdataprocessingtechnologyareinvolvedintheuseofelectronicdetectorsSameproblemontheprobeinthewaterpurificationorfromcarbontetrachlorideliquidextractneutrinosreactionproduct,isthepurificationofchemicalengineeringtechnologyBothoftheseapproachesinvolvetechnicalfactors,bothofwhichformtheintersectionbetweentechnologyandresearchpoints,butobviouslyindifferentformsInterdisciplinaryintersectingcanalsooccurindifferentsubculturesForexample,inparticlephysicsexplorationtherewasanimageandlogictwosubculturetradition,Today'sparticlephysicsdetectorsarelargespectrometersAlargespectrometerobtainsbothlogicalanddigitalsignals,whicharereconstructedbycomputerdataDatareconstruction,theacquisitionofimagesignalandlogiccircuitforprocessingthroughthecomputer,theacquisitionofdigitalsignal(ie,thelogicsignal)cangeneratethevisibleimageTraditionallogicandtraditionalimageacrossthesamesetofinstrumentsatthesametimeofthedetectionprocess,andthecrossisamust,otherwisewecannotgeteventdetectionandunderstandingoftheparticles()theinterventionofthescientificpersonisintersectedwiththedisciplineUniquepointofviewofphilosophyofscientificpracticesawtheresearchersinthescientificresearchskills(craftknowledge)andtacit(tacitknowledge)Inthisway,theresearchershavebroughtthetacitknowledgeandskillsofadisciplineintoanothersubjectthatcanalsoforminterdisciplinaryinterdisciplinaryThepracticeofscientificphilosophyalsoseesthetraditionalfusionItallgivesusanewunderstandingoftheintersectionofdisciplinesHowtointegrateculturaltraditions,andhowtoapplytheresearchers'abilitiesandskillsinnewareas,canleadtonewcrossoverintheseareasInordertosolvetherestrictionofdispersionontheobservationofshortperiodpulsars,rahulsedevelopedtheeliminationalgorithmInpractice,youmustuseyourowntacitknowledgetojudgetheresultsoftheobservationsTheapplicationoftheantidispersionalgorithmdevelopedhisskillsHehastheskill,throughtheobservationdatatojudgefoundabinarypulsar,thejudgmentandtraditionalelectronics,signalprocessing,andtheintegrationoftraditionaldataprocessingofcelestialmechanicsOnthatbasis,heusedradiototestthegravitationalwavesThisisanapplicationofexistingtraditionsandskillsinthenewscenarioofradioobservationsHewasawardedtheNobelPrizeinphysicsfordiscoveringpulsebinaryandtestinggravitationalwaves()newthinkingbroughtbyboundaryobjectsandstandardizationBoundaryobjectsandstandardizedintegrationareSharedbydifferentdisciplinesindifferentsocialfieldsBoundaryobjectsmakeitpossibletorecruitfromdifferentareasofinterest,andstandardizationisacommonstandardforbuildingandapprovingdifferentareasofresearchBecauseoftheircommoninterestindifferentfields,weshouldconsiderthepossibilityofinterdisciplinaryintersectingaswellasthecrosssectionalresultsConsiderationmaymeanthatotherrelevantdisciplineswillalsofocusonthesameproblem,onlyinways,priorities,andinterestsConsideringtheresultmeansthattheresearchquestionisreceptivetootherdisciplines,asitrelatestothepossibilityofstandardizingintegrationThisnewcharacteristicisverydifferentfromthetheoreticalone,whichshouldleadtothecrossbetweenthesubjectandthedifferentselfconsciousnessAvarietyofdisciplinescrossexistedinarichandcomplexscientificresearchprocess,thekeyiswhetherwecanrealizethem,whetherobtainedinallpossiblewaysonsubjects'consciousnessReferences:shapin,sthepoliticsofobservation:onthemarginsofscience:thesocialconstructionofrejectedknowledge,thesociologicalreviewmonograph(beauty)harkinTheselfdefenseoflaboratoryscienceaAndrewPickeringCoven,jm,"thescienceofpracticeandculture"Beijing:Chinesepeople'suniversitypress,(American)goodingLetthepowergobacktoexperimentaAndrewPickeringCohen,jk"thescienceofpracticeandculture"Beijing:renminuniversityofChinapress,hacking,I代表和介入:自然科学哲学的入门主题。剑桥:剑桥大学出版社,年。皮克林,a。实践的过程:时间、代理和科学。芝加哥:芝加哥大学出版社,。(美)劳斯著,盛晓明,邱慧,孟强译。知识与权力:走向科学的政治哲学m。北京:北京大学出版社,年,年。盖利森,p。形象与逻辑:微观物理的物质文化。芝加哥:芝加哥大学出版社,。星,sl。,jrgriesermer。机构生态学、“翻译”和边界对象:伯克利大学脊椎动物博物馆的业余爱好者和专业人士。社会科学第卷():。》jh。癌症研究中的分子生物学潮流:社会世界在哪里相遇。社会问题,vol():。hulsera。发现了双星脉冲星。对现代物理学,vol():。中国论文网

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Discipline crossing in the field of practice of philosophy of Science

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