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首页 新目标中考英语单词词性大转换

新目标中考英语单词词性大转换.doc

新目标中考英语单词词性大转换

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2017-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新目标中考英语单词词性大转换doc》,可适用于职业岗位领域

新目标中考英语单词词性大转换apology(n)(v)apologizebuild(v)(n)buildingclean(a)(v)cleancorrect(v)(a)correctivedifferent(a)(n)differencedifficult(a)(n)difficultycertain(a)(ad)certainlyeast(n)(a)easternfoolish(a)(n)foolmix(v)(n)mixtureoperation(n)(v)operateweigh(v)(n)weightyforeign(a)(n)foreignerreal(a)(ad)reallyfast(a)(ad)fastfriend(n)(a)friendlylove(v)(a)lovelyclear(a)(ad)clearlytravel(v)(n)travelingworry(v)(a)worriedwide(a)(ad)widelyhurry(n)(v)hurry动词变名词动词ment结尾=名词achieveachievement成就advertiseadvertisementadvertisingagree(in)agreementapartment公寓amusement娱乐argueargument争吵commit奉献commitmentcompliment称赞恭维developdevelopmentdisgreedisagreementdepartment局部experiment实验试验equip装备equipment装备器材govern统治government政府managemanagement经营管理(动词tion结尾=名词attract吸引attraction有吸引力的事或人令人向往的地方concludeconclusion结论competecompetition竞争比赛discussdiscussion讨论educateeducationdecidedecisiondescribedescription描写描绘express表达expression词语表达方式graduate毕业graduationoperate操作动手术operationorganizeorganizationinstructinstruction指导介绍inventinvento些以ble或le结尾的形容词去掉e加y。例如:possiblepossibly,terribleterribly等。少数以e结尾的形容词要去掉e再加ly。例如:truetruly等。但绝大多数以e结尾的形容词仍然直接加ly。例如:politepolitely,widewidely等。以l结尾的形容词变为副词时仍然要在词尾加ly而不是只加y。除非是以ll结尾的才在词尾只加y。例如:usualusually,carefulcarefully,usefulusefully,fullfully等。中考各题型解题点拨之单词拼写(二)三、如何做好“词语转换”题词语转换题考查内容既有比较简单的词形转换更有对知识的综合运用方面的考查。这些变化主要包括:词形变化和词类变化具体情况如下:一是括号内所给单词的词类不变根据句意仅在词形上作适当的变化然后填入空白处。如:名词由单数形式变为复数形式、(单数或复数的)名词所有格、形容词或副词由原级变为比较级或最高级形式(包括特殊变化)、人称代词由主格变为宾格、物主代词或反身代词、基数词变为序数词、动词原形与不定式、动名词、过去式或过去分词等。另一种是根据句意对括号内所给单词作词类转换如名词变为动词、形容词形容词变为副词、动词、名词等把转换后的单词的正确形式填入空白处。如果为了增加试题的难度我们还可以见到将这两者结合起来的考试题型。下面我们就来说说常见的词语转换题的做法。根据句意确定词性单词作适当的变换。做题时根据句子的意思和相关的词类、句法知识首先确定空白处单词的词性再把所给的单词变换成相应的形式。例如:Maryworksvery(careful)分析:句中填副词形式carefully因为修饰动词work要用副词形式。根据句意判断词义落实单词的正确性。这时的词语变化主要集中在单词的词形变化上也就是各种词类形式的变化和转换。做这类题除了要了解各种词类的变化形式外还有一点十分重要那就是语感。如果你平时的口语比较好朗读比较自然通常可以准确地读出答案来。如:It'sdangeroustorun(cross)thestreet分析:填across是根据前面的动词run得出的因为通常情况下两个动词原形是不能在一起的而且也常见到runacrossthestreet的用法。形义结合灵活运用这类试题要求很高做题时必须“形”“义”兼顾根据句子内容综合运用所学知识既要考虑用词的准确又要考虑词形变换有时需进行两次变形。如:Somefamous(science)aregoingtogivelecturesinouruniversityinAugust(分析:要先变science为scientist然后根据前面的some和后面的are将scientist变成复数形式scientists。做好词语填空题除了掌握正确的答题方法之外关键在平时学习过程中要打好基础练好基本功须做到以下几点:熟悉英语常见实词变化形式和常见语法要点尤其要弄清楚它们在句中分别充当何种句子成分。掌握词类转换的基本知识和词形变化规则尤其是不规则变化如carecarefulcarefullychildchildren(children's)farfartherfarthest等。词汇的掌握要做到音、形、义相结合即:词义清晰、拼写准确、灵活运用。如看到所给的词是名词则马上要想到其单复数、名词所有格等问题。在句子中学习并掌握英语单词的用法做到:通过句子学单词通过句子掌握单词的语法形式。尤其是英语中的某些短语、常见句型和固定搭配要反复记忆和运用。四、中考英语单词拼写答题技巧通读全句确定意思)GermanyandFranceareEcountries分析:德国和法国都是欧洲国家所缺单词修饰名词countries故填European。)Agoodmakesagoodending分析:根据对应关系应该是好的开始创造好的结局。故填beginning。根据成分或结构。根据所拼单词在句中作的成分判断其词性。例如:)Heisawriterofrich(想象)分析:由句子结构可知所缺单词被rich修饰作介词of的宾语应为名词再结合词义故填imagination。)Darwinbasedhisideason(科学)experiment分析:“科学”放在名词experiment之前修饰名词应用形容词形式scientific。)Ourteacherhas(组织)aclasstriptotheGreatWall分析:根据“组织”在句子结构中的功能可知应用动词的过去分词形式organized。上下兼顾判断单复数通读全句根据上下意思判断名词的单复数。例如:)Theearthisoneofthep分析:前面有oneof结构因此后面必须用复数形式planets。)(电脑)candoallkindsofthingsnow分析:因名词前无冠词而且该名词是可数名词故用复数形式computers。全面考虑不忘大小写)(秋天)comesaftersummer分析:句首的单词首写字母必须大写又根据常识可知填Autumn。)SomeAmericanchildrenpostedsome(圣诞)cardstous分析:“圣诞”为专有名词首字母必须大写故填Christmas。Chapteragricultural(adj)农业的agriculture(n)农业industrial(adj)工业的industry(n)工业past(prep)通过pass(v)通过scenic(adj)风景的scenery(n)风景scene(n)景色provide(v)提供produce(v)生产production(n)生产product(n)产品complete(v)完成complete(adj)完整completely(adv)完整地official(adj)正式的official(n)官员officially(adv)正式地construction(n)建筑construct(v)构成constructor(n)建筑工人ability(n)能力enable(v)使„能够able(adj)能Chapterfight(v)战斗fighter(n)斗士pollute(v)污染pollution(n)污染nature(n)自然natural(adj)自然的collect(v)捡collection(n)收集collector(n)收集人warn(v)警告warning(n)警告harmful(adj)有害的harmless(adj)无害的harm(v)对„有害breathe(v)呼吸breath(n)呼吸communicate(v)交流communication(n)交流destroy(v)破坏destructionChapterreceive(v)收到reception(n)接见receptionist(n)招待员exclaim(v)大声叫exclamation(n)大声叫repeat(n)重复repetition(n)重复repeated(adj)重复的repeatedly(adv)重复地safe(adj)安全的safety(adv)安全safely(n)安全的sensible(adj)明智的sensibly(adv)明显地sensibility(n)感性sensitive(adj)敏感的describe(v)描述description(n)描写dead(adj)死了die(v)死death(n)死dying(adj)垂死的explain(v)说明explanation(n)说明drama(n)剧本dramatic(adj)戏剧性的dramatically(adv)戏剧地blind(adj)瞎的blindness(n)失明dull(adj)迟钝的dull(v)使„迟钝absencen不在,缺席absenta不在的,缺席的actv扮演n行动activea积极的,主动的,活跃的actorn男演员actressn女演员addv加上增加additionn加增加加法agen年龄时代ageda(常作表语)有„„之年岁的年老的alivea(常作表语)活着的livev生活活着居住amusev给„„娱乐使人发笑,逗„„笑amusinga引人发笑的,娱人的amusementn娱乐消遣娱乐活动appearv出现disappearv消失artn艺术artistn艺术家,画家attendv出席参加attentivelyad聚精会神地注意地automatica自动的automaticallyad自动地truea真的真实的truthn真理真相possiblea可能的possiblyad可能地,也许impossiblea不可能的beautifula美丽的beautifullyad优美地beginv开始beginningn开始开端brighta明亮的,聪明的brightlyad明亮地buildv建筑建造buildingn建筑物,大楼Britainn不列颠英国Britisha英国的n英国人busya忙碌的繁忙的businessn生意事务公司businessmann商人businesswomann女商人Canadan加拿大Canadiana加拿大的n加拿大人carefula小心的仔细的carefullyad小心地chemistryn化学chemicala化学的,n常用复化学药品化学制品choicen选择choosev选择cleara清晰的,清楚的v清楚,清扫clearlyad清晰地清楚地cloudn云cloudya多云的阴天的rainv下雨,n雨rainya有雨的,多雨的snowv下雪n雪snowya有雪的,多雪的sunn太阳,阳光sunnya阳光充足的晴朗的windn风windya有风的刮风的collectv收集,采集collectionn收集cyclev骑车cyclistn骑自行车的人dayn天,白天dailya每日的,ad每天,n日报dangern危险dangerousa危险的deada死的diev死deathn死亡decidev决定,决心decisionn决心developv发展,培养,开发developmentn发展differenta不同的differencen差别difficulta困难的艰难的difficultyn困难coverv覆盖掩盖,n覆盖掩盖盖子套子discoverv发现discussv讨论discussionn讨论drivev驾驶驱赶drivern司机easya容易的easilyad容易地educationn教育educationala教育的electrica用电的,电动的electricala有关电的electricityn电enginen引擎,发动机engineern工程师enjoyv欣赏,享有,喜欢enjoyablea愉快的欢乐的joyn欢乐,高兴enterv进入,参加entrancen进入入口exciteda感到兴奋的excitinga令人兴奋的expensen花费费用expensivea昂贵的farmn农场,农庄,v耕种farmern农夫favourn恩惠favoritea最喜爱的finala最后的最终的finallyad最后,最终fishn鱼,鱼肉,v捕鱼钓鱼fishermann鱼夫flyv飞乘飞机旅行驾驶(飞机等)放飞(风筝等)n苍蝇flightn飞行航班followv听从跟随followinga下列的foolv愚弄欺骗,n傻瓜foolisha愚蠢的foreigna外国的foreignern外国人forgetv忘记forgetfula健忘的freea自由的,空闲的,免费的freedomn自由freezev结冰,使结冰freezinga冻结的极冷的frozena冰冻的friendn朋友friendlya朋友般的友好的friendshipn友谊frightenv使害怕frighteneda受惊吓的frighteninga令人害怕的恐怖的funn乐趣,有趣,玩笑funnya滑稽的可笑的goldn金黄金goldena金的金色的healthn健康healthya健康的heatn热量v加热heatern加热器电热器hota热的heavya重的heavilyad沉重地大量地higha高的heightn高度helpvn帮助helpfula有帮助的有益的historyn历史historicala历史的历史上的homen家homelessa无家可归的honesta诚实的,真正的honestyn诚实dishonesta不老实hungrya饥饿的hungrilyad饥饿地importanta重要的importancen重要性interestn兴趣v使感兴趣interesteda感兴趣的interestinga令人感兴趣的inventv发明inventionn发明发明物inventorn发明者invitev邀请invitationn邀请请帖Italyn意大利Italiana意大利(人)的意大利语的n意大利人意大利语kinda友好的和善的n种类kindnessn仁慈,好意knowv了解,知道,认识knowledgen知识longa长的lengthn长度libraryn图书馆librariann图书馆管理员lightn光,光线,灯,灯光a轻的浅色的lighteningn闪电likev喜欢prep像dislikev不喜欢listenv听,倾听listenern听者收听者locatev确定„„的地方使„„坐落于locationn位置场所louda响亮的大声的loudlyad大声地lovevn热爱lovelya可爱的luckn幸运运气luckya幸运的吉祥的luckilyad幸运地unluckya不吉祥的maina主要的mainlyad主要地managev管理,处理,经营,设法做成managern经理medicinen药医学medicala医学的医疗的memoryn记忆memorizev记住messagen消息音信messengern送信者mixv混合mixturen混合物nationala国家的民族的nationalityn国籍internationala国际的needvaux必须v必须n需要,必要necessarya必要的必须的unnecessarya不必要的neighbourn邻居neighbourhoodn邻接邻近居住区邻近地区onenum一,一个Pron一个(人或物)a某一oncead一次一度从前n一次从前openv打开开办a开着的开放的营业着的openingn开放孔开口organizev组织organizationn组织团体paintv(用颜料等)绘画油漆n涂料颜料油漆paintern画家,漆工paintingn绘画艺术油画水彩画画physicsn物理学physicala物理学身体的pleasev(用于祈使句)请,使高兴,使满意pleasanta令人愉快的pleaseda高兴的满意的pleasuren愉快高兴乐事pollutev污染,弄脏pollutionn污染postn邮政邮寄v邮寄postagen邮费powern力量能源电源v提供动力powerfula强大的practisev练习,操练practicen练习实践v(美)=practiseprofessionala职业的专业的professorn教授quicka迅速的quicklyad迅速地reala真的真正的reallyad真正地确实realizev认识到意识到recitev背诵recitationn背诵朗诵recordv记录唱片n记录将(声音,影像等)录下recordern录音机reportn报告汇报成绩单v报告汇报reportern记者rulen规章法规rulern尺Russian俄国Russiana俄国的俄语的n俄国人俄语sada悲伤的sadlyad悲伤地难过地safea安全的平安的safelyad安全地平安地safetyn安全savev救节约储蓄sayv说sayingn谚语俗语格言sciencen科学自然科学scientistn科学家secondn第二人(或物)秒a第二位的,次要的ad居第二位secondarya中等的,第二的seriousa严重的seriouslyad严重地sellv卖salen出售廉价出售servev为„„服务servicen服务公用事业sightn风景点sightseeingn观光游览sitv坐seatn座位singv唱唱歌songn歌曲slowa慢的slowlyad慢慢地softa柔软的温柔的softlyad柔软地温柔地轻轻地solvev解决解答solutionn解决(方法)解答speakv说讲(某种语言)speechn发言演讲succeedv成功successn成功suggestv建议suggestionn建议teachv教教书teachern教师usuala通常的usuallyad通常unusuala不寻常的stairn常用复楼梯downstairsad在楼下往楼下upstairsad在楼上往楼上usev使用利用usefula有用的有益的useda习惯于„„的用旧的visitv参观,访问visitorn参观者访问者waitv等候伺候waitern服务员waitressn女服务员weighv称„„的重量重若干weightn重量westn西西方ad朝西向西方westernn西方的widea宽阔的广泛的widelyad宽阔地,广泛地widenv拓宽winv获胜赢得winnern获胜者wisea明智的聪明的wisdomn智慧withprep(表示伴随)与„„一起带有具有(表示方法或手段)用„„withinprep在„„范围内withoutprep没有wonderv想知道对„„感到奇怪n奇迹wonderfula极好的精彩的woodn木头woodena木(质)的woundv伤害n创伤woundeda受伤的writev写写字写信写作writern作家一词性转换与词义相近my我的形容词性代词mine我的名词性代词mynoun=minethey他们(主格)them他们(宾格)he他(主格)him(宾格)one一first第一two二second第二three三third第三changeV改变,变化changeableadj多变的also句中肯too句末肯either句末(否)二词组句型wouldliketodosth=wanttodosth想要做某事needtodosthneedsth需要做某事需要某物don'tnedtodosthdon'tneedsth不需要做某事不需要某物needdosthneedn'tdosth(不)需要做某事anewpairofjeans一条新牛仔裤buysthforsb=buysbsth为某人买某物apairofshoes一双鞋子tastyfood美食clothesforkids儿童服饰preferAtoB=likeAbetterthanB比起B更喜欢Athejeanswiththeyellowbelt黄色皮带牛仔裤tryitthemon试穿它他们inone'ssize合某人的尺寸thechangingroom更衣室sizemedium中号doyoupreferor你更喜欢或Iprefer我更喜欢Doyouhavetheminmysize你有我的尺寸吗Iagreewithyou我同意Idon'tagreewithyou我不同意wherewillwegotobuy我们去哪里买MU一词性转换与词义相近happyad高兴的unhappy不高兴的adhappily快乐地adhappinessn快乐luckn运气luckya幸运的unluckya不幸运的luckilyad幸运地unluckilyad不幸运地healthn健康healthya健康的appearv出现disappearv消失differenta不同的differencen不同heavya重的heavilyad重量地reply=answer回答although=though虽然poora穷的richa富的二词组句型alotofpocketmoney许多零花钱onlyalittlemoney只有一点零花钱begoodatsthdoingsth=dowellinsthdoingbepooratsthdoingsth在做得好tellsbastory给某人讲一个故事livehappily愉快地生活tinyoldhut旧的小屋giveyouawish给你一个愿望smileatsb对某人微笑eachother彼此workinthefields在农田里工作workhard=behardworking努力工作earnverylittlemoney挣很少的钱somegoldcoins一些金币usetodo用去做whataboutsthdoingsth怎么样bedifferentfrom与不同反义bethesameas与相同wishyouhappinessandhealth希望你永远健康和快乐learnfromothers向别人学习learnfromeachother互相学习helpeachother互相帮助practicemathsmore多练习数学savewastemoney省钱浪费钱rainheavily下大雨bepooratmath数学学得差begoodatothersubjects其它学科学得好afew=some可数(肯定)few=no可数(否定)feweralittle=some不可数(肯)little=no不可数(否)lessalthoughheisnotclever,heishardworking虽然他不聪明,但他很努力whatcanwelearnfromothers我们可以从别人那学到什么MU一词性转换与词义相近sleepv睡觉asleepadj睡着的gentlea轻柔的gentlyad轻柔地leafn叶子leaves复wetadj湿的dryadj干的brightadj明亮的brightlyadv明亮地dangern危险dangerousadj危险的windn风windy风的sunn太阳sunnyadj晴朗的scarfn围巾scarvesn复feelv感觉feelingn感情coldadj冷的hotadj热的coola凉爽的warma温暖的buildv建筑builder建设者buildingn建筑二词组句型makesbdosth使某人做某事thinkof想起sleepforthewholewinter睡了整个冬天startdoingsth=starttodosth开始做某事startwakingup开始醒来eachofthefourseasons四季中的每一个insummerspringautumnwinter在夏天,春,秋,冬anexcitingtimeoftheyear一年中激动人心的时刻onthetree在树上bydoingsth通过做某事loveenjoylikehatepractise喜欢讨厌做某事练习swimhappilyinthesea在海里快乐地游泳buildsandcastles造沙堡alittlestronger(much,even,still)更强壮一点gotosleep去睡觉goonapicnic去野餐onwindydays在多风的天气putonthickcoats穿上厚衣takeoffthickcoats脱下becomered变红feellooksmelltastesoundadjeitheror不是就是neithernor既不也不bothand不但而且preferpicturetopicture=likepicturebetterthanpicture比起图来更喜欢图shinebirghtly明亮地照耀befullof充满itisadjtodosth做事是的itisawfulnicefunimportbaddangeroustodosthstartdoingsthstartgrowingwakingupfallingflyingthinkingeating开始做某事notuntil直到才theywilltowakeupuntilspringcomes直到春天来了他们才会醒来theywillnoteatanything=theywilleatnothing他们不会吃任何东西springmakesmethinkofrain春天使我想起雨水MU一词性转换与词义相近pollutevpollutionn污染perhaps=maybe可能close关open开beableto=can能够intwentyyears'time=intwentyyears在二十年后提问Howsoonpossibleadj可能的possiblyad可能地impossibleadj不可能的二词组句型haveenoughfoodtoeat有足够吃的食物enoughroom足够的空间havenoplacetolive没有住的地方liveinspacestations住在太空站growvegetables种蔬菜peopleindifferentcountries不同国家的人们inthefuture在将来speakthesamelanguage说同样的语言understandeachother互相理解citiesunderthesea海底城市takepillsonly只吃药learnfromcomputers向电脑学习travelbyspacecraft坐宇宙飞船航行sealthebox密封盒子signyourname签名writedown写下apieceofpaper一张纸twopiecesofpaper两张纸doyouthinkwill你认为将IthinksoIdon'tthinksoIhopesoIhopenotPerhapspeoplewillwon'thaveenoughfoodtoeatIhopethat我希望Ithinkthat我认为Therewillbe将有Ihopeso,butIdon'tthinksoIthinkso,butIhopenotwhatdoyouthink你认为如何That'sfun那很好MU一词性转换与词义相近enjoyv喜欢,享受enjoyablea令人愉快的discussv讨论discussionn讨论comfortableadj舒服的uncomfortableadj不舒服的necessaryadj必要的unnecessaryadj不必要的possibleadj可能的impossibleadj不可能的airconditionern空调airconditionedadj有空调的suggestvsuggestionn建议among在之间(三者)between在之间(两者)heavyadj重的lightadj轻的difficult困难的=hard难的easy容易的sciencen科学scientistn科学家myselfyourselfhimselfherselfitselfourselvesyourselvesthemselvesinterestn兴趣interesteda感兴趣的interestinga令人感兴趣的二词组句型wantasktellsbtodosth想要叫告诉某人做某事findout查明,弄清楚tooadjtodosth=soadjthatsbcan'tdosth太以至于不能做某事beinterestedinsthdoingsth对感兴趣runandjumpinPElessons在体育课上跑和跳children'smagazines儿童杂志haveadiscussion讨论一下sitingroups按组坐anairconditionedclassroom有空调的教室feeluncomfortable感觉不舒服的havelesshomework有更少的作业asciencelaboratory科学实验室havecookerylessons上烹饪课goonaschoolpicnic去学校野餐placesofinterest=interestingplaces名胜古迹havealift有一部电梯havemoreinterestclubs有更多的兴趣俱乐部twiceayear一年两次howoften每隔多久makesomechanges做一些改变givesthtosb=givesbsth给某人某物shareamongthemselves在他们中分享outsidetheschoollibrary在学校图书馆外thickpaperboards厚纸板agreetodosth同意做某事agreewithsb同意某人whatchanges什么变化I'dliketo=Iwantto要做ittakessbsometimetodosth=sbspendssometimedoingsth某人花费多少时间做某事itisadj(impossiblepossibledifficultinterestingnecessarytodosthmakeourschoollifemoreenjoyable使得我们的学校生活更令人高兴listentosb听某人说(过程)hearsb听见某人说(结果)gohiking去长途步行doitoneself自己做MU一词性转换与词义相近electricityn电electricaladj与电有关的electricadj发电的frightn惊吓frightenedadj(人)感到害怕frighteningadj(物)令人害怕的operatev操作,运作operating动名词operationn操作,运作importantadj重要的importancen重要性efficienta有效率的efficientlyad有效率地mainadj主要的mainlyadv主要地refrigeratorn冰箱refrigeratedadj冷冻的carryv提,带bring带来take带走二词组句型beimportanttosb对某人重要showsthtosb=showsbsth给某人看showsbaround带领某人参观givesbafright吓某人一跳driveabigmachine驱动一个大型机器toofrightening太令人害怕seesbdoing看到某人做某事givepowerfor给予能量lookat看看lookfor寻找awashingmachine洗衣机avacuumclear吸尘器aprinter打印机avideoplayer录像机theimportanceoftheelectricity电的重要性makesbdosthletsbdosth使某人做某事让makeusfeelmorecomfortable使我们觉得更舒适makesbsthadj使某人或某事makeourlivesmoreconvenientenjoyable使我们的生活更方便helpsb(to)dosth=helpsbwithsth帮助某人做某事workmoreefficiently工作更有效率saveustimedoinghousework节省时间做家务bothof两者都neitherof两者都不allof三者以上都noneof三者以上都不learnfromsb向某人学习learnabout学习关于beknownas被称为linkupAwithb连接A和Bsincemidforyearshowlonghighspeed高速的maketravelingfast,safeandcomfortable使旅行快捷,安全,舒适runthroughtunnels在隧道内行驶runoverabridge在桥梁上行驶bemainlymadeof主要由组成publictransport公共交通theairportrailway机场快客airportexpress机场快线giveinformationto向提供信息modernstations现代化的车站allpassengers所有旅客alotofspaceforsuitcase许多空间给行李Whyhaselectricitybecomesoimportant为什么电变得如此重要It'sbecause这是因为Haveyouyetnotyet还没有what什么why为什么where哪里howmany多少whatcolor什么颜色MU一词性转换与词义相近strongstrongerstrongest强壮的nicenicernicest好的bigbiggerbiggest大的beautifulmorebeautifulthemostbeautiful美丽的goodwellbetterbest好的manymuchmoremost许多的littlelessleast少的patienta耐心的impatienta不耐心的stronga强壮的strengthn强壮colorn颜色colourfuladj五彩缤纷的correct=right正确的blowblewblown吹makemademade制造sinksanksunk下沉thinkthoughtthought认为becomebecamebecome变得shineshoneshone照耀feelfeltfelt感觉taketooktaken拿走holdheldheld抓住winv获胜winnern获胜者sada难过的sadlyad难过地形容词性代词名词=名词性物主代词mymineyouryoursherhershishistheirtheirsourourscrowdn人群crowdedadj拥挤的二词组句型tellyouafable讲述一个寓言给你learnalessonfrom从中吸取教训whatkindofperson什么各类的人inthecorrectorder用正确的次序playtrickonothers开别人的玩笑showoff炫耀blowoffpeople'shats吹落人们的帽子makebigwavestosinkboats制造大风浪去淹没船只befriendlytosb对某人友好becomeangry变得生气holdhiscoatmoretightly更紧地抓住他的外套feeltiredhot感到累热lookverydisappointed看上去很失望becomewarmerandwarmer变得越来越温暖startsweating开始流汗intheshortesttime在最短时间内smileatsb朝某人微笑haveacompetition进行竞赛windyweather有风的天气makemefeelcoolandcomfortable使我感觉和舒服first第一secondly第二thirdly第三next接着then然后finally最后finishdoingsth完成做某事alongrailwaylines沿着铁路线neartheairport在机场附近causeaccidents导致交通事故crowedplaces拥挤的地方gethurt受伤getanelectricshock受到一个电attherighttime在适宜的时间flyacrossthesky划过天空rise升起dive下降lean倾斜sailboats航船speedoverthesea快速驶过bowamongthegrass在草丛中弯腰hideandplay躲藏和玩wrinklesonherface脸上的皱纹A和B一样比较级thanas形容词原级asAamisareasadjasBA和B不一样A不如BnotasasAamnotisn'taren't'asadjasBMrsunisnotasstrongasme=IamstrongerthanhimMineisnotasbigasyours=Yoursisbiggerthanmine最高级三者或三者以上in,ofHeisthecleverestinhisclassThisfloweristhemostbeautifulofthethreeshould应该shouldn't不应该must必须mustn't禁止may可能表示猜测动原MU一词性转换与词义相近preparev准备preparationn准备icen冰icedadj冰冻的suitv适宜,相配suitableadj适宜的,相配的freeze(frozefrozen)v结冰frozenadj冰冻的frozenfoodfreezingadj极冷的freezingweatherfulladj满的emptyadj空的二词组句型getonwith进展preparefor=getreadyfor为做准备lookforwardtosthdoing期待某事做某事makeicecues做冰块icedfruitpunch冰冻水果混合饮料pourout倒出pourinto倒入peelandcut削和切eachguest每一个客人eitheror或者或者,不是就是notonlybutalso不但,而且就近原则=bothand(复数)neithernor既不也不就近原则threeformsofwater水的三种形态turninto变成asksbtodosth要求某人做事keepdoing继续做某事afterawhile过一会儿takethelidoff拿走盖子lookveryinteresting看上去很有趣haveto=must必须,不得不bypouringwater靠倒水stopdoingsth停止做某事soundquitedifficult听起来相当难forawhile一会儿howtodoit怎样做它whattodo做什么pickasign选出一个标志Time'sup时间到了getfivepointsinseconds在秒钟内得分getaprize赢得奖品Itdoesn'tmatter没有关系I'msure我相信Whatashame真可惜bewareof当心beallowedtodosth被允许做某事benotallowedtodosth不被允许做某事=don'tdosthbenotsuitablefordrinking不适合饮用wellwater井水minusequals减等于plusequals加等于wheredoweusuallyfindthissign我们通常在哪儿找到标志whatwillhappenwhenweboilwater主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时containmillilitresofwater容纳亳升的水MU一词性转换与词义相近largelargerlargest大的farfartherfarthest远的science科学名词scientist科学家speciala特别的specialistn专家enginen引擎engineer工程师reportv报告reportern记者JapanJapaneseBritainBritishItalyItalianAmericaAmericanChinaChineseGermanyGermanFranceFrenchRussiaRussianMexicoMexicanIndiaIndianKoreaKorean二词组句型watchaslideshow看幻灯片avisittotheSpaceMuseum去太空博物馆参观befarfrom离远becloseto离近theclosestplant最近的行星taketheshortesttime花最短的时间spinaroundthesun绕着太阳转动thechairpersonofthespacecentre太空中心的主席planajourneyintospace计划一次太空之旅crewmembers全体成员repairtheoutsideofthespacecraft修理宇宙飞船的外部dosomeimportantexperiments做一些重要的实验takecareofsickpeople照顾病人acomputerspecialist电脑专家onetheother一个另一个(两者)whatisyourhernationalityIamsheisBritishwhichisthelargestplantinoursolarsystem在我们太阳系中哪一个是最大的行星recommendtosb把推荐给某人enjoyenjoyableenterentrance词性转换excitedexcitingact,active,activity,actor,actressexpenseexpensiveadd,additionfarmfarmerage,agedfavourfavouritealive,livefinalfinallyamusement,amusingfishfishermanappear,disappearfollowfollowingattend,attentivelyfoolfoolishautomatic,automaticallyforeignforeignerbeautiful,beautifullyforget(forgot,forgotforgotten)forgetfulbegin(began,begun),beginningfreefreedombright,brightlyfreezefreezingfrozenbuild(built,built),buildingfriendfriendlyfriendshipcareful,carefullyfrightenfrightenedfrighteningchemical,chemistryfunfunnychoice,choose(chose,chosen)goldgoldenclear,clearlyhealthhealthycloud,cloudyheatheatercollect,collectionheavyheavilycycle,cyclistheighthighdaily,dayhelphelpfuldanger,dangeroushistoricalhistorydead,die,deathhomehomelessdecide,decisionhonesthonestydevelop,developmenthungrilyhungrydifferencedifferentdifficuldifficultyimportanceimportantdiscovercoverimpossiblepossiblepossiblydiscussdiscussioninterestinterestedinterestingdishonesthonestinventinventioninventordislikelikeinvitationinvitedrive(drove,driven)driverenjoyjoyeasilyeasykindkindnesseducationeducationalknow(knew,known)knowledgeelectricelectricalelectricitylengthlongengineengineerlibrarianlibrarylistenlistenersay(said,said)sayinglocatelocationsciencescientistloudloudlysecondsecondarylovelovelyseriousseriouslyluckluckilyluckyunluckyserveservicemainmainlyshopshoppingmanagemanagersightsightseeingmedicalmedicinesit(sat,sat)seatmeet(met,met)meetingslowslowlymemorizememorysnowsnowymessagemessengersoftsoftlymixmixturesolutionsolvemousemicespeak(spoke,spoken)speakerspeechnationalnationalitysucceedsuccessnecessaryneedunnecessarysuggestsuggestionneighborhoodneighboursunsunnyonceoneteach(taught,taught)teacheropenopeningtruetruthoperateoperationunusualusualusuallyorganizationorganizeuseusedusefulpaintpainterpaintingvisitvisitorphysicalphysicswaitwaiterwaitresspleasantpleasepleasedpleasureweighweightpollutepollutionwestwesternpostpostagewhowhomwhosepowerpowerfulwidewidelywidenpracticepractisewindwindyprofessionalprofessorwinwinnerquickquicklywisdomwiserainrainywithwithinwithoutrealrealizereallywonderwonderfulrecitationrecitewoodwoodenrecordrecorderworkworkerreportreporterwoundwoundedwritewriterrulerulersadsadlysafesafelysafetysav
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