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首页 研究生大纲词根词缀总表袖珍版

研究生大纲词根词缀总表袖珍版.doc

研究生大纲词根词缀总表袖珍版

邵谦广
2019-05-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《研究生大纲词根词缀总表袖珍版doc》,可适用于综合领域

研究生英语大纲词根词缀表()词根ag,acttodo,todrive做,驱动agent代理人active活动的*agrfield农田agricultureagrarian田地的alter,alother另,其他alien外国的,异乡的alternate交替的amtolove爱,亲爱amicable友善的amiable和蔼可亲的animspirit,mind,life心灵,精神,生命animalanimate有生命的ann,ennyear年annualcentennial一百年的*apttoadjust,tofit调整,适应adaptaptitude倾向,才能*aquawater水aquarium水族馆subaquatic水下的archfirsttorule首要的统治monarchy君主制archcriminal罪魁祸首的,首要的,总的aster,astrostar星astronomy天文学asterisk星号auditohear听audienceaudibe听得见的biolife生命,生物biologybionics仿生学cap,cip,cept,ceivetotake,tohold争取captureconceptrecipient接受者deceive欺骗*cardheart心cardiac心脏的cardiogram心电图cede,ceed,cesstogo,toyield行走,让与precedent先例exceed超过secession退出centhundred百centigrade百分度的centimeter厘米center,centrcenter中心concentratecentrifugal离心力的*certtoperceive,tomakecertain确信,确定certainty必然的事certificate证书*chromcolor颜色chromatic色的chromosome染色体chrontime时间chronicle编年史synchronism同时性cide,cistokill,tocut杀,切suicide自杀bactericide杀菌剂claim,clamtoshout叫喊exclaim惊叫proclamation宣言clos,clud,claus,clustoshut闭合closeincludeclauseconclusioncogntoknow知晓recognizecognition认识cor,cordheart心core核心cordial衷心的*corpbody体,躯干corporation公司corporal身体的cosmuniverse,world宇宙,世界cosmic宇宙的cosmos宇宙credtobelievecredible可信的credit信任cur,coursetorun跑current流通的concourse汇合cyclcircle圆环bicyclecyclone旋风*demopeople人民demography人口学democracy民主*dermskin皮肤dermatitis皮肤炎hypodermic皮下注射的,皮下注射器dict,dictospeak说predict预言indicate表示doc,docttoteachdoctordocument文件duc,ducttolead引导conduct引导induce引诱equequalequality平等equation方程式fac,fic,fect,facttodo,tomake做,制factorybeneficial有利的perfect完美的fertocarry,tobringtransfer转移ferry渡船*finend,limit终,极,界限finalfinishflect,flextobend弯曲flexible易弯的deflection偏,斜*flicttostrike打击conflict冲突afflict折磨flutoflow流fluent流利的fluid流体formform,shape形式,外形transform改变formula公式forc,*fortstrongforceeffortfract,fragtobreak破,折fraction碎片fragile易碎的*fugtoflee逃,避,离refugee难民centrifugal离心的fustopour,tomalt倾注,溶化fusion溶化effuse泻出gencause,kind,race起源,类属,人种generate使产生genetic遗传的geoearth地球,土地geographygeology地质学grad,gresstostep跨步,走gradeprogressgramtowrite写,记录telegramgrammargraphtowrite写,记录photograph照相graphics制图学gravtoweigh,heavy称重,重的gravity重力gravimeter比重计*gregflock群gregarious成群的aggregate集合hydrawaterhydraulic水利的hydrant消防栓jecttothrow投掷,抛eject射出project投射*judjudge法官,裁判judicial法庭的judicious有判断力的juncttojoin连接,结合conjunction连接词adjunct附属物lect,leg,ligtochoose,togather,toread,selectillegible难读的eligible合格的,合适的*leglaw法律legal合法的legislate立法lif,livtolive生活,生存life生活,生命alive活着的*liqufluid流动的liquidliquor酒精类饮料*locplacelocallocate*logword,discourse词,语言,演讲,谈论dialoguelogicloqu,locutospeakeloquent雄辩elocution雄辩术*magngreat大的magnify放大magnificent伟大的,壮观的manuhand手manuscript手稿manual手的medtoheal医治remedy治疗medicine医学medmiddle中间medium媒介质medial中间的meter,metrmeasure测量kilometermetric公制的*minless,little少,小minority少数diminish减少,缩小*misc,mixtomix混合miscellaneous混杂的mixture混合物miss,mittosend,tolet,go送,派,放开mission使命admit承认mob,mot,movtomovemobile活动的motion运动immovable不可移动的*morphform形式morphology形态学metamorphosis变形mortdeathmortal终有一天的mortality死亡率nattobeborn出生natal诞生的native出生地的*neurnerve神经neurotic神经(病)的neurosurgery神经外科学notemark记号,注意note注解denote表示*onom,onymname名onomestic名字的,亲自签名的anonymous匿名的*operwork操作operatecooperate合作optsight,light视线,光线optic视力的optics光学*opttochooseoption选择optional可任意选择的pathfeeling,suffering,disease感情,苦楚,疾病sympathypathetic可怜的pedfoot足,脚expedition远征pedal足的pel,plustodrive,topush逐,推expel驱逐compulsion强迫pend,penstohang,toweigh,topay悬挂,称量,支付dependence依靠expense支付phonsound声音phonetics语音学telephonephot,phoslight光photology光学photogenic发光的pon,postoplace,toput放置postpone推迟position位置porttocarryportable可携带的porter搬运工人*primfirst第一,首要primaryprimitive原始的psychmind精神psyche心智psychic精神的*quer,quest,quir,quistoask,toseek问求qurry问,质问requestinquire询问inquisitive好询问的*quiet,quiestorest休息quietquiescent静止的rectstraight,right直的,正的erect直立的correct改正*rid,ristolaugh笑ridicule嘲笑derision笑柄,嘲笑*rupttobreak破坏,毁坏bankrupt破产rupture破裂*sanguinblood血sanguinary血淋淋的sanguine血红的*sat,satisenoughdissatisfy使不满意satiety饱满*scend,scens,scenttoclimbascend上升condescension屈尊descent下降*scitoknow知道scienceconscious有知觉的scrib,scripttowritedescribe描述script手迹*sec,sect,segtocut切割secant切的transect横切segmant切片sens,senttofeelsensation感觉sentiment感情*sequ,sectofollowsequence序列sequel续集persecute迫害*sed,sidtosit,tosettle坐,安顿sediment沉淀物resident居民sol,sunsolarparasol太阳伞*sophwise明智sophisticated通世故的sophist诡辩者sorb,sorpttosuckin吸收absorbent吸收剂absorption吸收spec,spect,spictolookspectator旁观者specious外观的perspicuous意思明白的spirbreath,life呼吸,生命inspire吸气,鼓舞conspiracy共谋stellstarstellar星体stelliform星形的*strain,strict,stringtotighten拉紧strained紧张的constrict压缩stringent严格的,严厉的tact,tang,tagtotough接触intact未触动的tangible可触觉的contagion传染tain,ten,tintohold保持,握,容纳contain容纳tenable站得住脚的abstinence节制,禁欲tend,tens,tenttostretch伸张,倾向tendency倾向intension强度,紧张attentionterrearth地球,土地terra地球,土地subterranean地下的terrtofrighten恐吓terror恐怖terrify使恐怖thermheat热thermal热的thermometer温度计tor,torttotwist扭,扭转torsion扭转distortion歪曲tracttodrag,todraw拖,拉,吸引attract吸引traction拖曳*tribtogive给予contribute贡献distribute分配*turbtodisorder搅乱disturb打扰turbid混乱的*ut,ustouse用abuse滥用utility有益,有用van,vacempty空,空虚vacationvanity空虚,虚荣ventocome来,来临intervene干预,介入preventvers,verttoturn转,翻转reverse倒转convert转换*via,viway,road路deviate偏离trivial琐细的viameter路程计vid,vistoseeevident明显的visible可见的vit,vivtolivevital生命的survivalvoc,vok,voicetocall声音,呼唤vocal口头的convoke召集volvtoroll,toturn转,滚动revolve旋转involve卷入wis,wittoknowwisdomwitty机敏的,诙谐的()前缀a,annot,without否定astable不稳定的anarchy无政府状况,混乱*abawayfrom脱离abnormalabaxial离开轴心的amphi,ambiboth,around两,周围amphitheater圆形剧场ambiguous有两个意义的,暧昧的antiagainst,opposite反抗anticlockwise逆时针antifriction减摩autoself自动antoignite自然autostable自动稳定的beintensive,tomake使…加强belittle使缩小,贬低befriend友好相对,帮助bitwo二,双bimetallic双金属的bimotor双发动机co,col,com,con,corwith共同cooperation协作collaborate协作commemorate纪念conference会议correlate相关counter,contraagainst,opposite反,对应counteraction反作用countrast对比,对照*deaway,down,negative离开,分,否定decompose分解decompression减压*ditwo二,双diode二极管dioole偶极di,dif,disaway,negative否定,相反disassemble拆开divest脱衣,剥夺differentiate区分en,emin,into,tomake使…,进入enlarge扩大enable使…能embed埋置,嵌进empower使…能eugood,well优,善eugenics优生学eulogize赞美e,exout,away外external外部的emit放射extraoutside,outward在…外,向外extranuclear核外的extrasolar太阳系以外的forebefore前,预先foremost最前的forecast预测*heteroother异heteropolar异极的heteroatom异质原子*homosame同等homogeneous均匀的homopolar同极的hydrwater水hydrogen氢hydroelectric水电的hyperover,above在上,超hyperfrequency超高频hypersonic超声的hypo,hypunder下,低,次,少hypotension低血压hyposensitize减弱…的灵敏度il,im,in,irnot,in,into否定,加强,引申意义illegalillustrate说明invisibleimpossibleimport入口intake纳入irrational不合理的irruption突然冲入interbetween互相,在内interchange交换interlock连锁intra,introinside在内,内部intrapersonal个人内心的introspect内省,反省microsmall微micrometer毫米microwave微波malbad,badly恶,不良maltreat虐待malfunction机能失常midmiddle中,中间midair半空中midstream中流minismall,little小miniskirt超短裙minibus小公共汽车(招手公共汽车)misbad,badly错,坏mistake错误misapply误用*monoone单,一monomotermonowheel单轮multimany多multipole多极multioylinder多缸*neonew新neocolonialism新殖民主义neorealism新现实主义nonnot否定nonmatal非金属nonferrous非铁的outout超过,过度,外出,除去outlive比…长寿outwear穿坏outsized过大outdo胜过overabove,toomuch上,过度overwork工作过度oversleep睡过overbridge天桥overseas海外的*polymany多polygon多边形polyplane多翼飞机postafter后postwarpostacceleration后加速prebefore前,领先preheat预热preamplifier预置放大器pseudofalse假pseudoscience伪科学pseudomorph假象reback,again回,再reheat再加热regrind重磨semihalf半semiautometic半自动的semimechanized半机械化的sub,suc,suf,sug,sup,surunder次,亚,在下,低下substandardsucceed继承suffix后缀suggest提供考虑supplement增补surreptitious伪造的super,supra,surover,above在上,超superheat过热surface表面surpass超越supermolecular超分子的*sym,syn,syl,syswithtogether共同symmetric对称的synchronous同步的syllable音节system系统*thermoheat热thermometerthermodynamics热力学trans,traacross转换,变换,横过,越过transmit传送trajectory弹道transoceanic横渡大洋的transnormal超出常规的trithree三triode三极管tricar三轮车*ultrabeyond超过ultrashort超短的ultrasonic超声波的unnot否定unstableunknownunderbeneath低下,次于,下,内(指衣服)underdone半生不熟的underpay付帐不足的underseaunderlineunderwear内衣underpants内裤unione单uniform均匀的unipoliar单极的()后缀able,ible(adj)capableof,suitablefor能(为…的),适于…noticeablesensibleportable可携带的age(n)state,quality,act表状态,性质,行为passage通道breakage破损shortage缺乏al(adj)relatedto,like具有…性质的,如…的functional起作用的natural自然的editorial编辑的al(n)act,onewho,that,which表动作,人,事物proposal提案signal信号professional专业人员*an,inn,ean(adj)like,related属于…的,有…性质的suburban郊区的CanadianEuropean*an(n)onewho人Asianelectrican电工physician医生ance,ence(n)state,quality,act表状态,性质,行为importance重要性confidence坚定性independence独立ancy,ency(n)state,quality,act表状态,性质,行为constancy惯性frequency频率urgency紧迫性ant,ent(n)onewho,that,which表人,物,行为applicant申请人correspondent通信者resistant有抗力者arian(n)(adj)variouslydenotingago,section,social,belieforoccupation表各种年龄,派别,主义,职业humanitarian人道主义的(者)octogenarian八十至九十岁的*ate(adj)havingthequalityoffortunateconsideratepassionate热情的crat(n)apersonconnectedwith支持,参与者democrat民主人士bureaucrat官僚*dom(n)state,quality,actfreedom自由wisdom智慧chiefdom首领地位ed(adj)adjectiveformofnounsandverbs有…的winged有翼的pleased愉快的armed武装的ee(n)onewhopassive表示动作的承受者address收件人employee雇员examinee应试人eer(n)onewhopassive表示从事…的人pioneerauctioneer拍卖商en(v)make使变成…harden使硬lengthen使变长weaken使变弱en(adj)havingthequalityofwoolen毛的golden金色的rottener,or(n)onewho,that,which表人,物bestseller畅销书survivormanufacturer制造者ery(n)state,quality,act,placeofactivityslavery奴隶制bravery勇敢refinery提炼厂ese(adj)(n)like,relatedto某国(地)的(人,语言)ChinesePortuguese葡萄牙人(语)*ess(n)feminine表女性,雌性hostessmanageressactressful(adj)havingthequalityfruitful有成果的doubtful有怀疑的cheerful高兴的hood(n)state,quality表身份,状况,性质neighborhood邻居livelihood生计manhood男子气概ia(n)disease,state,quality疾病,集合,抽象名词pneumonia肺炎militia民兵media媒介ic,ical(adj)like,related类似的,具有…的heroicmetalliclogicalify(v)causetobecome使成…,使…化magnify放大simplify简化purify提纯ing(n)turnscountablenounsintouncountablenounsindicatingmaterial表材料piping管道系统wiring配线ion,tion(n)state,quality,actfashion时髦additiondecisionish(adj)like,relatedto似…的,有…的selfish自私的childish儿童般的Polish波兰的ism(n)state,quality,act,doctrine,system表状态,行为,性质,制度,主义,学criticismformalismimpressionism*ist(n)memberofaparty,occupation,etc从事…工作的人socialistdramatist剧作家dentist牙科医生ite(adj)relatedtohavingthequalityof具有…的性质definite一定的opposite相对的favorite特别喜欢的ity(n)state,quality,actunity团结一致maturity成熟性conductivity传导性ive(adj)tendingtohavingthequalityof表倾向,关系,特性relative有关系的activeproductive生产的ize,ise,yze,yse(v)causetobeorhave以…方式对待,…化realize实现mechanize机械化analyze分析less(adj)without没有…的fearlessboundless无边的uselesslet(n)small,unimportant小booklet小册子leaflet嫩叶,传单cutlet肉片like(adj)havingthequalityof有…性质的,象…的warlike好战的dreamlike梦一般的humanlike象人类的*lugy(n)discourse,study论,研究biologyideology思想technology*ly(adj)havingthequalityofmanly男子气的lovely可爱的costly昂贵的ly(adv)inthemannerof表状态,程度,性质,方式hurriedlypurposelyseemingly表面的ment(n)state,quality,actenjoyment欣赏managementinstrument工具ness(n)state,qualityconsciousness觉悟darknessbusyness忙碌ous,eous,ious(adj)havingthequalityof充满…的famousvariousadvantageous有利的*ship(n)state,qualitypartnership伙伴关系sportship运动员精神,体育道德leadershipsome(adj)havingthequalityoftroublesome讨厌的lonesome寂寞的loathsome讨厌的star(n)apersonmakingordoingsthamemberof做…的人,与…有关的人youngstar年轻人gangstar歹徒trickatsr骗子ward,woards(adv)toward表方向upward(s)outward(s)seaward(s)向大海*wise(advadj)inthemannerof,asfaras…concerned表方向,位置clockwisecrosswisestepwisey(n)state,quality,act表状态,性质,行为entry进入difficulty困难victory胜利(adj)fullof,concernedwith,havingthequalityof充满,包含hairy多毛发的irony钢铁般的(n)小,昵称doggy小狗儿daddy爸爸

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研究生大纲词根词缀总表袖珍版

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