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首页 中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chinese ancient and modern table manner…

中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chinese ancient and modern table manners).doc

中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chinese ancient and mo…

薛言宇
2017-10-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chinese ancient and modern table manners)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chineseancientandmoderntablemanners)中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chineseancientandmoderntablemanners)Asintheancientfeastoftraditionaletiquette,hasasetofprogram:MasterfoldinCambodia,temporaryvisitorfromoutsideWhentheguestsandgreeteachother,intothelivingroomtosit,withrefreshmentsAfterguestguidedemand,totheleft,asthechief,relativetothefirsttwo,thefirstunderforthree,twounderforfourTheguestswereseated,toastfordishesfromtheowner,theguestpolitelyxieBanquetservingwinealsohasteachersshouldpayattention:theelderlyandtheguest,andfinallythemasterTheendofthefeast,guideguestsintothelivingroomtosit,tea,untilthefarewellThistraditionalritualfeastremainintactinmostareasofChina,suchasShandong,HongkongandTaiwan,manyfilmandtelevisionworksreflectTheQingDynastywasaffectedbytheincomingWesternstylefood,someWesternstylefoodetiquettewerealsointroducedSuchasvegetables,soup,wineandotherfoodalsobecauseofthewaythereasonablehealthisintroducedintheetiquetteIntheWesternstylefooddietcultureexchange,thediningetiquetteismorescientificandreasonableModernpopularChinesebanquetetiquetteisdevelopedbasedonthetraditionalandforeignetiquetteonTheseatingborrowwesterndinnerpartyforthelawontheright,thefirstguestsitrighttohost,secondguestflexibleprocessinginthemasterleftorright,thefirstguest,servingwine,guestsfromtherighttotheguest,afterthemaster,firstladies,afterthegentlemenThewinepouredeightpoints,nottoofullStillmaintainingthetraditionalordertoservecoldheatAlltheguestshouldbeoppositeseatsleftsingleordishesatMapleandsnackfirstguest,wholechicken,duck,fishandotherplasticdishes,nottheheadandtailtowardthebitTheseprogramscannotonlymakethewholeprocessofaharmoniousandorderly,moremakethesubjectiveidentityandemotionalexpressionandcommunicationTherefore,thetablemannerscanmakefeastsactivitiessuccessfully,sothatbothsidesfullydisplaytheaccomplishmentPeoplealwaysthinkthatHomeFurnishingjustdecoration,furnitureandotherHomeFurnishingelementsInfact,ourhomeisourlife,HomeFurnishingincludesallaspectsoflife,lifechangesduetothechangeHomeFurnishingattitudesandbeliefs,reflectingthequalityofpeopleSimilarly,tablemannerscanalsoreflecttheindividual'squalityandtasteButChinesemustChinesecomplextablemannersaboutoneortwo,tobeworthyofourthousandsofyearsofhistoryandcivilization,willnotthenTablemannersoccupiesaveryimportantpositionintheChinesecompletelifeordertheybelievethateatingisnotonlyawaytomeettheirbasicphysiologicalneedsarethemostimportantthingsocialexperienceTherefore,rulesofcertainknowledgeofChinesefoodhavebecomeparticularlyimportant,whetheryouareamaster,orjustaguest,musthavesomerulesTheroundtableispopularBecauseitcantakemorepeople,andwecansitfacetoface,theheadofthefamilydoesnotliketheWestlongtableclearlyshapedbyhisseatandidentificationGuestsshouldbeinvitedtositdownandwaitfortheownerTheownermustbecarefulnottocalltheguestssittinginaseatneartheservingThisisatabooMustwaituntilallthepeopleherecanstartanytypeofdiningactivitieseveniftheyhavetowaitforbeinglateOnceeveryoneinthehome,theownercandotheprologueDuringthemeal,theownermustassumeaproactiveroleurgingguestsenjoyeatinganddrinkingisentirelyreasonableAtypicalChinesestyletablelooksquiteempty,particularlyintheeyesofwesternersVisibleontheplatebeforeeachseatonabowltherightsideisasetofchopsticksandspoonswereplacedintheirownseatInformaloccasions,therewillbenapkins,mainlyonthekneeInaformalbanquet,eatdisheslikeaslideshow,everytimeadishSurprisingly,SteamedRiceisnotwiththedishesagain,butyoucanchoosetoeatThedisheshavetheirowncharacteristics,itshouldbeforindividualtaste,butonceonlyfromabowltoeat,notmixedtastePlateisnotavailabletoeat,canonlybowlBonesandshellsonindividualdiskDonotcleanthedishesmustalwaysbereplacedwithcleanplatesInadditiontosoup,atallfoodswithchopsticksMayprovideaknifeandfork,butasChinese,itisbesttousechopsticksChopsticksareeatingatool,sodonotplaywithchopstickstakethemwhenthedrumstickisaveryrudeway,butcannotusechopstickspointingtothepersonormakegesturesOfcourse,absolutelycannotsuckorthechopstickschopsticksinsertedintheSteamedRice,thisistaboothisislikethefuneralofincenseisconsideredunluckyAgain,don'tusechopsticksinadishdoesnotstopthechange,shouldbethefirstsightswithyoureyesyouwanttogetfoodWhenyoupickupapieceoffoodwithchopsticks,trytoavoidotherfoodIfpossible,usechopsticksandspoonsbesideAfterdinnerortakefoodaftertheend,willchopstickschopsticksbackseatAseatChineserestaurantwithoutaformalteaandcannotclaimTherefore,thestorageofdifferentvarietiesofteaiswisetoensurethemostsophisticatedtasteisalsotakenintoaccountIssuesrelatedtotea,shouldpayattentiontoafewkeythingsSeatsrecentlyteapotshouldbeheldresponsibleforotherpeopleandtheirzhenchazhenchaorderinaccordancewithage,fromlongesttotheyoungest,thelastpourforthemselvesWhenthepeopleyoupour,theprotocolshouldbeusedfingertappingonthetable,itiszhenchawhoexpressedgratitudeandrespectTalkaboutdrinking,almostallpeoplehavebeenkeenlyawareof,"wineculture"isbothanancientandnewtopicThemodernpeopleintheprocessofcommunication,hasfoundmoreandmoretheroleofalcoholIndeed,thewineasamediumofcommunication,Yingbinsongke,meetfriends,communicatewitheachother,passingfriendship,playauniquerole,therefore,explorethemysteriesofthewineonthetable,"tohelpyouforthesuccessofcommunication,alltheloveandfun,don'twhisperMostweddingguestismore,itshouldtrytotalkaboutmostofthepeoplecanparticipateinthetopic,mostpeopleagreeBecauseofpersonalinterests,knowledgeisdifferent,sothetopictrynottoo,toavoidself,alloverthecountry,Shenkanboundless,goesofftrack,andignoreallEspeciallyavoidearandwhispers,givepeopleasenseofmystery,oftenhave"justthetwoofyou"jealousy,effectsofalcoholeffect,aimatthe,grasptheoverallsituationThemajorityofsprinklingfeasthasatheme,alsoisthepurposeofdrinkingAtfirstyoushouldlookathisface,prioritize,notsimplytodrinkanddrinkandlosethegoodchancetomakefriends,butdonotletsomeofthedrunkardsofhostcurryfavourbyclaptrap,thelanguageproperly,humorousOnthetablecanshowone'stalent,knowledge,cultureandcommunicationstyle,sometimesawittyandhumorouslanguage,theguestswillleaveadeepimpression,sothatpeopleinagoodimpressiononyouSo,whattimeshouldknowwhattosay,thelanguageproperly,humoristhekey,drinkmoderately,donotimportuneInthetabletheyoftenencounterthephenomenon,somepeoplelovewinefieldwhenthebattlefield,topersuadeothersofDocup,thinknottodrinkisnotreally"Heroes",thewinedrinkercandrinksmallwillperplex,sometimesexcessivelyQuanjiu,oldfriendswillbecompletelydestroyed,aclearandorderly,ThetoastisadoorofknowledgeGeneraltoastshouldbebasedonage,position,andtheidentityofthesequence,wemustfullyconsiderthegoodorderoftoasttoast,clearprimaryandsecondaryEvenwithunfamiliarpeopledrinktogether,alsowanttoinquireabouttheidentityorpayattentiontohowotherscallitalwaysseveral,toavoidembarrassmentorhurtthefeelingsofthesituationWemustgraspthegoodorderoftoasttoastAskforaguestatthetable,heshouldbemorerespectfultonature,butbecareful,ifthepresenceofhigherstatusorolderpeople,itshouldnotonlybereverentandrespectfulcanhelppeople,alsotothevenerableeldertoast,oritwillmakeeveryoneembarrassed,howaboutthepeopleInordertogettheappreciationofallthewineonthetable,wemustlearntoreadBecausethecommunicationwiththepeople,tounderstandtheheartsofmen,bothways,canplaytheroleofwineonthetable,theedgegraduallylaunched,inTaishanThetabletoseethesituation,correctevaluationoftheirownstrength,nottooimpulsive,trytokeepsomewineandtalkingtothesenseofpropriety,neitherletotherslookdownonyourselfanddon'tshowthemselves,selecttheappropriateopportunity,graduallyradiationownability,totakeTaishan,notforotherstoproducethis"ability"theideathatwecan'tunderestimateyourstrengthToastistoast,referstoaformaldinner,proposedbythehosttoguests,putforwardasubjectmatteranddrinkingWhenthedrinking,usuallymakesomewishes,eveniftheownerblessingandtheguestalsopublishedaspecialtoastToastthecontentasshortaspossibleToastcanbemadeatanytimeinthedrinkingprocessIfbyformaltoastsshouldbecarriedoutinthespecifictime,andcannotthereforeaffecttheguestsdiningAtoastforthegarden,seatedbeforethemealbeganCanalsobeeateninthetableafterthemaincourse,dessertTodrinkespeciallyindrinkingatoast,toast,needsomeonetooffer,itcanbethemaster,theguestofhonor,whocanalsobepresentToproposeatoast,youshouldstandupright,endupglass,orwiththerighthandpickeduptheglass,andthentothelefthandtosupportthebottomofthecup,withasmile,Theothervisualobjectsinparticularhistoast,mouthandspokewordsofblessingSomepeopleproposeatoast,tostandupholdingglassesEvennotdrink,alsopickeduptheglasstomakeitlookWillbeheldtoaglasseyeheight,thewords"cheers",willdrinkordrinkinmoderationThen,stillholdingawineglassandproponentofthevisuallook,eveniftheendofthisprocessAtoastinChinesefood,beforeyoucansymbolicallyandothertouchestheglassclink,shouldmaketheirownwinethantheothercup,thatyourespecttheothersideThecupwithaglassbottomlighttouchdesktop,canalsobeexpressedandtheotherclinkWhenyouaredistantfromeachother,candoitthiswayIftheownerpersonallytoastaftertoast,andthenheaskedhishosts,atoastIngeneral,toastshouldbebasedonage,position,andtheidentityoftheorder,wemustfullyconsiderthegoodorderoftoast,clearprimaryandsecondaryEvenwhenpeoplearenotfamiliarwiththedrink,alsowanttoinquireaboutorpayattentiontootherpeopleashistitle,toavoidembarrassmentorhurtfeelingsEvenifyouhaveaguesttothebench,heshouldbemorerespectfultonatureButifthepresenceofhigherstatusorolderpeople,butalsotoletelderstoast,ormakeyouembarrassedIfbecauseoflifestyleorhealthreasonsarenotsuitablefordrinking,alsocanentrustrelatives,subordinates,theyoungergenerationtodrink,ordrinkteainsteadAsaperson,shouldfullyunderstandeachotherontheotherside,pleasepeopleinsteadofwineorsoftdrinkinstead,don'tlettheotherpartycannotdrink,alsoshouldnotbecuriousto"givethethirddegree"Youknow,peopledidnottaketheinitiativetoexplainthereasonthattheotherpartythatthisishisprivacyInWesternstylefood,toastwithchampagne,andnotoverothersandotherpeopletoast

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