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首页 2008年山东大学考博英语试题回忆及考证

2008年山东大学考博英语试题回忆及考证.doc

2008年山东大学考博英语试题回忆及考证

原来丶再美好丶也经不住遗忘
2019-06-19 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2008年山东大学考博英语试题回忆及考证doc》,可适用于综合领域

北师大考研考博网wwwbnukaobocn年山东大学英语试题回忆及考证一、听力(分×=分)长对话,四个问题。(一般考试一开始都是一个问题的短对话,做的时候差点吐血)、两篇新闻,语速中等。一个是关于布什,一个是关于篮球明星。一篇演讲回忆二、语法和词汇(分×=分)三、阅读(分×=分)、关于提高阅读速度(来自华侨中学学年度下学期期中考试高二英语试题)Ahigherreadingrate,withnolossofcomprehension,willhelpyouinothersubjectsaswellasEnglishNaturally,youwillnotreadeverybookatthesamespeedYouwouldexpecttoreadanewspaper,forexample,muchmorerapidlythanaphysicsoreconomicstextbook,butyoucanraiseyouraveragereadingspeedwiththewholerangeofmaterialsyouwishtocoversothatthepercentagegainwillbethesamewhateverkindofreadingyouareconcernedwithPerhapsyouwouldliketoknowwhatreadingspeedsarecommonamongnativeEnglishspeakinguniversitystudentsandhowthosespeedscanbeimprovedTestsinMinnesota,USAhaveshownthatstudentswithoutspecialtrainingcanreadEnglishofaveragedifficultyatspeedsofbetweenandwpmwithaboutcomprehensionMinnesotaclaimsthatafterhalfhourlessons,onceaweek,thereadingspeedcanbeincreased,withnolossofcomprehension,toaroundwpmIfyougettothepointwhereyoucanreadbooksofaveragedifficultyatbetweenandwpmwithmorecomprehension,youwillbedoingquitewell,thoughofcoursemayfurtherimprovementofspeedwithcomprehensionwillbeagoodthingWhenyoupractisereadingwithshortpassages,donottrytotakeineachwordseparately,oneaftertheotherItismuchmoredifficulttograspthebroadthemeofpassagethisway,andyouwillalsogettrunkonindividualwordswhichmaynotbeabsolutelyessentialtoageneralunderstandingofthepassageItisagoodideatoskimthroughthepassageveryquicklyfirst(saywordsinaminuteorso)togetthegeneralideaofeachparagraphTitles,paragraphheadingsandemphasizedwords(underlinedorinitalics)canbeagreathelpingettingtheoutlineofthepassageItissurprisinghowmanypeopledonotreadtheoutlineofthepassageItissurprisinghowmanypeopledonotreadtitles,introductionsorparagraphheadings、关于计算机对工业和教育的进步(来自英语篇精读荟萃中级篇,部分词语与考题不符)Ascitizensofadvancedbutvulnerableeconomies,wemusteitherrelentlesslyincreasethequalityofourskillsorseeourstandardoflivingerodeForthefuture,competitionbetweennationswillbeincreasinglybasedontechnologicalskillOilandnaturalresourceswillstillbeimportant,buttheynolongerwilldetermineanation’seconomicstrengthThiswillnowbeamatterofthewaypeopleorganizethemselvesandthenatureandqualityoftheirworkJapanandthe“newJapans“ofEastAsiaaredemonstratingthispointinwaysthatarebecomingpainfullyobvioustotheolderindustrialcountriesThereissimplynowaytorestonourpastachievementsToday’scompetitionrendersobsoletehugechunksofwhatweknowandwhatforcesustoinnovateForeachindividualSeveralcareerswillbecustomary,andcontinuingeducationandretrainingwillbeinescapableToattainthisextraordinarylevelofeducation,government,business,schools,andevenindividualswillturntotechnologyfortheanswerInindustry,processingtheinformationanddesigningthechangesnecessarytokeepupwiththemarkethasmeantthegrowinguseofcomputersTheschoolsarenowfollowingclosebehindAlreadysomecollegesintheUnitedStatesarerequitingacomputerforeachstudentItisestimatedthat,computersarealreadyinuseinAmericanhighschoolsandelementaryschoolsAlthoughthereisanabysmallackofeducationalsoftware,thenumberofcomputersinschoolsexpandsrapidlyThecomputeristheProteusofmachines,asittakesonathousandformsandservesathousandfunctionsButitstrulyrevolutionarycharactercanbeseeninitsinteractivepotentialWithadvancedcomputers,learningcanbeindividualizedandselfpacedTeacherscanbecomemoreproductiveandtheentirelearningenvironmentenrichedItisstrikinghowmuchcurrentteachingisaproductofpencilandpapertechnologyWiththecomputer’scapacityforsimulationanddiversekindsoffeedback,allsortsofnewpossibilitiesopenupfortheredesignofcurriculumsSeymourPapert,theinventorofthecomputerlanguageLOGO,believesthatconceptsinphysicsandadvancedmathematicscanbetaughtintheearlygradeswiththeuseofcomputersOneverydaylevel,wordprocessingsignificantlyimprovesthecapacityforwrittenexpressionIntermsofdrillandpractice,selfpacedcomputerassistedinstructionenablesthestudenttoadvancerapidlywithoutbeinglimitedbytheconflictingneedsoftheentireclassInshort,oncewelearntousethisnewbrainoutsidethebrain,educationwillneverbethesameIndustry,facedwiththepressuresofarapidlyshiftingmarket,isalreadydesigningnewmethodstoretrainitsworkers,IntheUnitedStates,atechnologicaluniversityhasbeensetuptoteachengineeringcoursesbysatelliteAndtheadvancesintelecommunicationsandcomputationalpowerwilldramaticallyexpandtheopportunitiesfornationalandinternationaleffortsineducationandtrainingWithoutromanticizingthemachine,itisclearthatcomputersuniquelychangethepotentialforequippingtoday’scitizensforunprecedentedtasksofthefutureParticularlyinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,innovationwillbethebasisforcontinuedprosperityNewcompetitorsareemergingtochallengetheoldeconomicarrangementsHowsuccessfullywerespondwilldependonhowmuchweinvestinpeopleandhowwiselyweemploythelearningtoolsofthenewtechnology、以后关于建筑结构认识的改变(来自英语六级模拟试卷)ExpertsarebeginningtostudywaystosecurelargebuildingsTheyarereactingtotheattacksthatdestroyedtheWorldTradecentrebuildingsinNewYorkSeptembereleventhTheAmericanInstituteofSteelConstruction(AISC)hascreatedaworkinggroupofexpertstoinvestigatethereasonsthebuildingsfellTheAISCistheorganizationresponsiblefordevelopingtherulesforthedesignofsteelbuildingsintheUnitedStatesInformationdevelopedbytheworkinggroupwillhelpAISCdecideifthedesignrulesshouldbechangedThesouthWorldTradecentrebuildingfellfiftysixminutesafterapassengerplanecrashedintoitThenorthbuildingfellaboutonehundredminutesafterasimilarcrashEachbuildingwasfourhundredtenmeterstallExpertssaythebuildingscouldnotsurvivetheextremelyhotfirescausedbytheairplanefuelEngineersthinktheairplanecrashesdestroyedpartofthestructureofthebuildingsthatkeptthemstandingTheresultingfireweakenedtheremainingstructureThebuildingsfellbecausetheweightabovetheareawheretheplaneshitwasgreaterthantheremainingstructurecouldholdBuildingexpertssayitispossibletobuildaskyscraperthatwouldsurvivesuchanattackButtheysaythecostwouldbesohugethatnoonecouldpayforitTheyalsosaythatmaterialsdevelopedsincetheWorldTradecentrewasbuiltmaygivepeoplemoretimetoescapesuchasituationThebuildingexpertssaythemostimportantconsiderationistoslowthedestructioncausedbythefiresTheWorldTradecentre’ssupportstructuresweremadeofastrongmetal,steelTheheatofthefirescausedthesteeltoexpand,weaken,andfailToday,builderscanuseconcretethathassteelbarsinsideConcreteisamixofcement,sandandsmallstonesExpertssayitcansurvivebetterthansteelalonecanThetwotallestbuildingsintheworldarethePetronasTowersinKualaLampur,MalaysiaEachisfourhundredfiftytwometerstallTheywerebuiltofconcreteandsteelExpertssaytheirstructurescouldprovideabetterchanceofsurvivingthandidtheWorldTradecentrebuildingsTheyalsosaytheescapeareasofthePetronasTowersaretreatedtokeepoutsmokeandfire四、改错(分×=分)关于英才通才教育(下文为原文,来自夏徛荣年考研英语预测卷)Ifitwereonlynecessarytodecidewhethertoteachelementary(初步的,基本的)sciencetoeveryoneonamassbasisortofindthegiftedfewandtakethemasfarastheycango,ourtaskwouldbefairlysimpleThepublicschoolsystem,however,hasnosuchchoice,forthejobsmustbecarriedonatthesametimeBecausewedependsoheavilyuponscienceandtechnologyforourprogress,wemustproducespecialistsinmanyfieldsBecauseweliveinademocratic(民主的)nation,whosecitizensmakethepoliciesforthenation,largenumbersofusmustbeeducatedtounderstand,tosupport,andwhennecessary,tojudgetheworkofexpertsThepublicschoolmusteducatebothproducersandusersofscientificservicesIneducation,thereshouldbeagoodbalance(平衡)amongthebranchesofknowledgethatcontributetoeffectivethinkingandwisejudgmentSuchbalanceisdefeatedbytoomuchemphasisonanyonefieldThisquestionofbalanceinvolves(包括)notonlytherelationofthenaturalsciences,thesocialsciences,andtheartsbutalsorelativeemphasesamongthenaturalsciencesthemselvesSimilarly,wemusthaveabalancebetweencurrentandclassicalknowledgeTheattentionofthepubliciscontinuallydrawntonewpossibilitiesinscientificfieldsandthediscoveryofnewknowledgetheseshouldnotbeallowedtoturnourattentionawayfromthesound(健全的,合理的),establishedmaterialsthatformthebasisofcoursesforbeginners五、翻译(分×=分)关于资源(来自年考研英语试题)Thefactisthattheenergycrisis,whichhassuddenlybeenofficiallyannounced,hasbeenwithusforalongtimenow,andwillbewithusforanevenlongertimeWhetherAraboilflowsfreelyornot,itiscleartoeveryonethatworldindustrycannotbeallowedtodependonsofragileabaseThesupplyofoilcanbeshutoffunexpectedlyatanytime,andinanycase,theoilwellswillallrundryinthirtyyearsorsoatthepresentrateofuseNewsourcesofenergymustbefound,andthiswilltaketime,butitisnotlikelytoresultinanysituationthatwilleverrestorethatsenseofcheapandplentifulenergywehavehadinthetimespastForanindefiniteperiodfromhereon,mankindisgoingtoadvancecautiously,andconsideritselfluckythatitcanadvanceatallTomakethesituationworse,thereisasyetnosignthatanyslowingoftheworld’spopulationisinsightAlthoughthebirthratehasdroppedinsomenations,includingtheUnitedStates,thepopulationoftheworldseemssuretopasssixbillionandperhapsevensevenbillionasthetwentyfirstcenturyopensThefoodsupplywillnotincreasenearlyenoughtomatchthis,whichmeansthatweareheadingintoacrisisinthematterofproducingandmarketingfoodTakingallthisintoaccount,whatmightwereasonablyestimatesupermarketstobelikeintheyearTobeginwith,theworldfoodsupplyisgoingtobecomesteadilytighteroverthenextthirtyyearsevenhereintheUnitedStatesBy,thepopulationoftheUnitedStateswillbeatleasttwohundredfiftymillionandpossiblytwohundredseventymillion,andthenationwillfinditdifficulttoexpandfoodproductiontofilltheadditionalmouthsThiswillbeparticularlytruesinceenergypinchwillmakeitdifficulttocontinueagricultureinthehighenergyAmericanfashionthatmakesitpossibletocombinefewfarmerswithhighyieldsItseemsalmostcertainthatbytheUnitedStateswillnolongerbeagreatfoodexportingnationandthat,ifnecessityforcesexports,itwillbeatthepriceofbelttighteningathomeInfact,asfooditemswilltendtodeclineinqualityanddecreaseinvariety,thereisverylikelytobeincreasinguseofflavouringadditivesUntilsuchtimeasmankindhasthesensetoloweritspopulationtothepointwheretheplanetcanprovideacomfortablesupportforall,peoplewillhavetoacceptmore“unnaturalfood”六、作文(分)关于孩子是否应该参加有偿劳动

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2008年山东大学考博英语试题回忆及考证

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