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首页 2015职称英语考试用书理工类最全新增文章222

2015职称英语考试用书理工类最全新增文章222.doc

2015职称英语考试用书理工类最全新增文章222

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2018-06-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2015职称英语考试用书理工类最全新增文章222doc》,可适用于高中教育领域

职称英语考试用书理工类最全新增文章(Thenanimalsfeedupontheplants动物以AnEssentialScientificProcess植物为食。练习:Alllifeontheearthdependsupongreenplants(Inthefirstparagraphtheword“excess”Usingsunlight,theplantsproducetheirownfoodThenanimalsfeedupontheplantsTheymeanstakeinthenutrientstheplantshavemadeandAheavystoredButthat’snotallSunlightalsohelpsaBextraplantproduceoxygenSomeoftheoxygenisCgreenusedbytheplant,butaplantusuallyproducesDliquid(WhichofthefollowingdoesnotmovemoreoxygenthanitusesTheexcessoxygenisnecessaryforanimalsandotherorganismsthroughaplant’sstomatatoliveACarbondioxideTheprocessofchanginglightintofoodandBWatervaporoxygeniscalledphotosynthesisBesideslightCOxygenenergyfromthesun,plantsalsousewaterandDFood(Inthetitle,thetermEssentialScientificcarbondioxideThewatergetstotheplantthroughitsrootsThecarbondioxideentersProcessreferstotheleavesthroughtinyopeningscalledAphotosynthesisstomataThecarbondioxidetravelstoBtheformationofglucosechloroplasts,specialcellsinthebodiesofCglobalwarminggreenplantsThisiswherephotosynthesisDwatergettingtotherootsofplants(ThispassageisprimarilydevelopedbytakesplaceChloroplastscontainthechlorophyllsthatgiveplantstheirgreencolorAexplainingaprocessThechlorophyllsarethemoleculesthattrapBtellingastorylightenergyThetrappedlightenergychangesCcomparingandcontrastingwaterandcarbondioxidetoproduceoxygenDconvincingthereaderofplants’andasimplesugarcalledglucoseimportance(AnothergoodtitleforthispassagewouldbeCarbondioxideandoxygenmoveintoandoutofthestomataWatervaporalsomovesoutofAOxygenandCarbonDioxidethestomataMorethanpercentofwateraBPlantsandTheirRootsplanttakesinthroughitsrootsescapesCHowPhotosynthesisWorksthroughthestomataDuringthedaytime,theDWhyOurEarthNeedsWaterstomataofmostplantsareopenThisallowscarbondioxidetoentertheleavesforphotosynthesisAsnightfalls,carbondioxideisnotneededThestomataofmostplantscloseWaterlossstopsIfphotosynthesisceased,therewouldbelittlefoodorotherorganicmatterontheearthMostorganismswoulddisappearTheearth’satmospherewouldnolongercontainoxygenPhotosynthesisisessentialforlifeonourplanet关注微信订阅号号:hbwypx注释:ARecordBreakingRover(couldholdcluestoMars’sancientenvironment:含有与火星早期环境有关的线NASA’sMarsroverOpportunityhasboldly索。gonewherenoroverhasgonebeforeatleast练习:intermsofdistanceFOnJuly,afteryearsofmovingaboutonAIthasalsoprovidedscientistswithdataonMartianground,thegolfcartsizedtheplanet’satmosphere,soil,rocks,andOpportunityhaddrivenmorethanmiles,terrainbeatingthepreviousrecordholderaSovietBHeworksatNASA’sJetPropulsionroversenttothemooninLaboratoryinPasadena,California“ThisissoremarkableconsideringCScientistscallthissiteMarathonValley,Opportunitywasintendedtodriveaboutbecausewhentheroverreachesthearea,itkilometerandwasneverdesignedforwillhavetraveledthesamedistanceasthedistance,”saysJohnCallas,theMarslengthofamarathonsinceitsarrivalonMarsExplorationRoverProjectManagerDOpportunityhasbeenworkingonMarsB“ButwhatisreallyimportantlysinceJanuaryisnothowmanymilestheroverhasrackedup,ETheobjectiveoftheroverswastohelpbuthowmuchexplorationanddiscoverywescientistslearnmoreabouttheplanetandtosearchforsignsoflifesuchasthepossiblehaveaccomplishedoverthatdistance”OPPORTUNITYpresenceofwaterThesolarpoweredOpportunityanditstwinFSincearrivingontheRedPlanetin,rover,Spirit,landedonMarsyearsagoonaOpportunityhastraveledmiles,moremissionexpectedtolastmonthsthananyotherwheeledvehiclehasonanotherEworldSpiritstoppedcommunicatingwithEarthinMarch,afewmonthsafteritgotstuckinasandpitButOpportunityhascontinuedtocollectandanalyzeMartiansoilandrocksDuringitsmission,Opportunityhascaptured,andsentbacktoEarth,some,panoramicandmicroscopicimagesofMarswithitscamerasAMARATHONROVERTheroverdoesn’tseemtobereadytostopjustyetIfOpportunitycancontinueon,itwillreachanothermajorinvestigationsitewhenitsodometerhitsmilesCResearchersbelievethatclaymineralsexposednearMarathonValleycouldholdcluestoMars’sancientenvironmentOpportunity’scontinuingtravelswillalsohelpresearchersastheyplanforaneventualhumanmissiontotheRedPlanet关注微信订阅号号:hbwypxCToday’sRobotsandHowRealWorldRobotsTheyFunctionDModernDaySensors(ArtificialintelligenceWhenyouthinkofarobot,doyouenvisionashiny,metallicdevicehavingisthesamegeneralshapeasahumanAtheunnaturalwayinwhichbeing,performinghumanlikefunctions,robotsmoveandrespondingtoyourquestionsinaBavoiceless,boxshapedmonotonevoiceaccentuatedbymachinethatperformsrepetitivehighpitchedtonesandbeepsThisisthetaskswaymanyofusimaginearobot,butintheCsensorssuchasantennaeandrealworld,arobotisnothumanoidatallagyroscopeInsteadarobotoftenisavoiceless,Dacomputerprogramthatboxshapedmachinethatefficientlyimitateshumanintellectualcarriesoutrepetitiveordangerousprocessesfunctionsusuallyperformedbyhumans(ThelastparagraphsuggestsToday’srobotismorethananautomaticthatfuturerobotswillbemachinethatperformsonetaskagainandAmorehumanlikeinbehavioragainAmodernrobotisprogrammedwithandactionsvaryingdegreesofartificialBmorelikeautomaticmachinesintelligencethatis,arobotcontainsaCbetterabletomoveoninclinescomputerprogramthattellsithowtoDbetterequippedwithlaserperformtasksassociatedwithhumanlightsensorsintelligence,suchasreasoning,drawing(Thewriterbeginsthepassageconclusions,andlearningfrompastbycomparingexperienceAtheshapeofahumanbeingArobotdoesnotpossessahumanwithaboxshapeforthesimplereasonthataBamodemrobotwithatwoleggedrobothasgreatdifficultyfictionalrobotremainingbalancedArobotdoes,Canimaginarymachinewithahowever,movefromplacetoplaceonhumanwheelsandaxlesthatrollandrotateADacomputerprogramwithrobotevenhaslimbsthatswivelandmoveartificialintelligenceincombinationwithjointsandmotorsTo(Thewordhumanoidfinditswayinitssurroundings,arobotmeansutilizesvariousbuiltinsensorsAntennaeattachedtotherobot’sbasedetectAlackinghumancharacteristicsanythingtheybumpintoIftherobotstartsBanythinghavingthetoteeterasitmovesonanincline,aappearanceofahumanoidgyroscopeorapenduluminsideitsensesCbeingvoidorvacanttheverticaldifferentialTodetermineitsdistancefromanobjectandhowquicklyitDhavingahumanformwillreachtheobjecttherobotbouncesorcharacteristicsbeamsoflaserlightandultrasonicsoundwavesoffobstructionsinitspathTheseandothersensorsconstantlyfeedinformationtothecomputer,whichthenanalyzestheinformationandcorrectsoradjuststherobot’sactionsAsscienceandtechnologyadvance,therobottoowillprogressinitsfunctionsanduseofartificialintelligenceprograms(AnothergoodtitleforthispassagewouldbeARobots:TakingthePlaceofHumansBArtificialIntelligencePrograms关注微信订阅号号:hbwypxhospital,whereshewastreatedforbumstoLighteningStrikesherhead,handsandfeet,shewaspronouncedfitagainSincethattimeshehasbeenaThreeyearsagoaboltoflightningallbutdestroyedLynMiller’shouseinBThestrictlyfairweathergolferAberdeenwithhertwochildreninsidebestplacetobeisinsideacar!“Therewasahugerainstorm,”shesays,Thelargestnumberofpeopletobestruckbyrecallingtheterrifyingexperience“MylightningatonetimewasinSeptemberbrotherandIwereoutsidedesperatelywhenplayersonafootballpitchwerehitworkingtostopfloodwaterfromcominginsimultaneouslyThemostextraordinaryaspectthehouseSuddenlyIwasthrowntotheofthestrikewasthefactthatofthegroundbyanenormousbangDvictimssevenadultsandfourchildrenhadThedoorwasblockedbyrubble,butweburnpatternsoftinyholesatcentimetreforcedourwayinandfoundthechildren,intervalsoneachtoeandaroundthesolesofthankfullyunharmedLaterIwastoldtobetheirfeetstruckbylightningisachanceinamillion”HaroldDeal,aretiredelectricianfromSouthInfact,it’scalculatedatonechanceinCarolina,USA,wasstruckbylightning,Evenso,DrMarkKeysofAERyearsagoHewasapparentlyunhurt,butitTechnology,anorganisationthatmonitorsthelateremergedthatthestrikehaddamagedtheeffectsoflightning,thinksyoushouldbepartofthebrainwhichcontrolsthesensationsensible“Iwouldn’tgooutinastormbutoftemperatureFAnimalsarevictimsoflightningthenI’mquiteacarefulperson”Headvisestoo(Hundredsofcowsandsheeparekilledanyonewhoisunluckyenoughtobecaughtinastormtogetdownonthegroundandcurlupeveryyear,largelybecausetheygoundertreesInEastAngliain,sheepwerekilledintoaball,makingyourselfassmallasinstantaneouslybythesameboltoflightningpossibleLightningisoneofnature’smostawesomethathitthegroundandtravelledthroughthedisplaysofsheerpowerAentireflockLightningisalsoresponsibleforstartingmorethan,forestfireseachyearsago,BenjaminFranklin,theAmericanscientistandstatesmanprovedthatlightningyearworldwide练习:isaformofelectricity,butscientistsstilllackacompleteunderstandingofhowitworksANowondertheancientGreeksthoughtitEPositiveelectricalchargeswasZeus,fatherofthegods,throwingstreamingupwardsfromtreesorchurchspiresthunderboltsaroundinangermayglowandmakeabuzzingnoise,andBInfact,agolfcourseisoneofthemostpeople’shaircanstandonendAndifyoufeardangerousplacestobeduringathunderstormlightning,you’llbegladtoknowthataCLightninghaslongbeenhailedasoneofcompanyinAmericahasmanufacturedathemostimpressivedisplaysofnature’spowerDWhenIpickedmyselfup,theroofandthehandheldlightningdetectorwhichcandetectentireupperstoreyofthehousehadbeenituptokmsaway,soundawarningtoneandmonitorthestorm’sapproachdemolishedNancyWilderwasplayinggolfataclubinEOccasionallytherearewarningsignsSurreywhenshewashitbyaboltoflightningFSincethenthefreezingSouthCarolinaMrsWilder’sheartstoppedbeating,butshewintershaven’tbotheredHarold,sinceheiswasresuscitatedand,afterafewdaysincompletelyunabletofeelthecold关注微信订阅号号:hbwypx

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