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首页 论文格式-医学论文的种类及撰写规范(Format of papers - Types and w…

论文格式-医学论文的种类及撰写规范(Format of papers - Types and writing standards of medical papers).doc

论文格式-医学论文的种类及撰写规范(Format of pap…

李洪波
2018-11-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《论文格式-医学论文的种类及撰写规范(Format of papers - Types and writing standards of medical papers)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

论文格式医学论文的种类及撰写规范(FormatofpapersTypesandwritingstandardsofmedicalpapers)论文格式医学论文的种类及撰写规范(FormatofpapersTypesandwritingstandardsofmedicalpapers)Medicalpapersareanimportantcomponentofscientificandtechnologicaldocuments,animportantsourceofinformationforthedevelopmentofmedicine,andahistoricaldocumentfortheprogressofmedicineStatisticaldatashowthattoday,theworldeveryyearthroughvariouspublicationspublished~scientificandtechnicalpapers,ofwhichaboutpublishedinperiodicalsThus,scitechperiodicalsplayanimportantroleinspreadingscientificresearchachievements,exchangingpracticalexperience,inspiringacademicideasandpromotingsocialprogressAsamedicaljournal,thereaderisthemainbody,withoutreaders,thejournallosesvitalitytheauthoristhesource,thebasicmaterialofthejournal,theauthorneedstoprovideTherefore,inordertobecomeanexcellentwriterofmedicaljournals,wemustunderstandandunderstandthetypesandspecificationsofmedicalpapers,andwritemedicalpapersfreelyandactivelyparticipateinmedicalacademicexchangesTherearemanykindsofmedicalpapers,differentgenres,whichcanbedividedintosevencategories:()reviewcategories()books()briefingcategories()casereports()reviewandlecturecategories()meetingminutes()newsdynamicclassesReviewclassThecommoncolumn:reviews,monographs,editor'snotefromtheeditor,editorial,etc(a)reviewandcommentonspecifictextsistheauthororeditorforaresearchprojectorresearchtopicsaremoreextensiveandindepthandinsightfulcomments,butalsoindepthMonographsononeaspectRequiresaclearpointofview,targetedJournaloftheChineseMedicalAssociationcommonreviewcolumn:review,expertreview,expertmonographs,expertforum,forumfocusetc(two)editor'snote,editor'snotefromtheeditorandthreearefromthepointofviewofaneditorofamagazineoragroup,aspecificarticletocommentorexplanation()theeditor'swordsgenerallyinvolveawiderange,andthecontentisrelativelycomprehensiveCanbetheeditorinthebeginningofthenewyearofpublicationoftheplan,arrangement,orwiththehopeofthereaderandtheauthorcanalsoreviewandsummaryofworkayearorforaperiodthecontentsofthearticleareintroducedandcommented()editorandeditorofthehighlytargetedIngeneral,forspecificarticlesorarticlesinapointofviewormethod,putforwardtheeditor'sclearpointofviewandviewsorfromspecificarticlesleadtoproblemswithuniversalsignificance,andguidereaderstodiscussEditor'snotefromtheeditorandtherequirementsofconciseandtothepointandclearperspective,conciseandaccuratewordscarefullyTwo,monographsManytypesandformsofmedicalpapers,butoneofthemostbasicandmostrepresentativeoftheworks(originalarticle)ortheoriginalmedicalworksincludeexperimentalresearch,clinicalresearch,clinicalreport,fieldinvestigationandsoon,areonetimeliterature,isreportedbasedstorageandpreventionofclinicalresearchandpracticalexperiencetheacademicpapers,theyconstitutethecoreofavarietyofmedicalacademicjournalsTheauthormasteredthebasicfeaturesofworksandwritingnorms,othermedicalpaperscandrawinferencesbyanalogy()thebasicrequirementsandthequalityandlevelofmedicaljournalsdependmainlyonthequalityandlevelofacademicpaperspublishedAhighqualityandhighlevelworkshouldmeetthefollowingrequirements:,ideological:weshouldfollowtheideologicallineofdialecticalmaterialism,andimplementthepartyandthestate'spolicyandpolicyonhealthworkComplywithscientificethicsandpreventpoliticalmistakesandleaksoriginality:requiringnewdiscoveriesorinventionsinthecontentofpublishedliteratureBasicresearchrequiresnewtopics,advancedmethods,newideasclinicalresearchrequiresmorecollectionofcases,observationandresearchismoreindepth,diagnosisandtreatmentmethodshaveinnovation,bettereffect,newideasandsoonInthepast,manymanuscriptswerenotacceptedafterthepublication,mainlybecausetheauthoronlyrepeatedthepastliteratureorthecontentoftextbooks,butlackednewideasororiginalideasScience:()thetopicshouldhavesufficientscientificbasis()usingthemethodofmaterialselectionandhavefullcomparabilityandthenecessaryrandomness()reflecttheresearchprocess,provideaccurateobservationdata,acomprehensiveanalysisofresearchdata()reasoningwithlogicTheconclusionemphasizesrigor、inadditiontoasmallnumberofpurelytheoreticalresearchpapers,mostmedicalworksshouldbecombinedwithclinicalpracticeandpreventionworkThegreaterthepracticalvalueofthework,thestrongertheguidingrole,themorewelcomethereadersreadability:theliteralexpressionofmedicalworksshouldbeaccurate,conciseandsmoothStandardizedscientificandtechnologicalstylesshouldbeusedEnablereaderstoobtainthemostknowledgeandinformationattheleastamountoftimeDonotmeettheaboverequirementsofworks,editorshavetherightofrejection(two)thewholestructureofthetreatise,formanyyears,themedicaltreatisehasformedafixedformat,namely:preface(Introduction),materialsandmethods(materials,and,methodsm),result(results)anddiscussion(discussion),Foreigncountriestaketheirinitialletters,referredtoas"IMRAD",whichwecall"fourparagraph""Formostmedicalworks,thefourparagraphmethodisuniversalandapplicablePreface:orintroductionItmainlydescribesthebackground,purpose,researchideas,theoreticalbasis,researchmethods,expectedresultsandsignificanceofthestudyCertainstudiesarenecessarytoaccountfortheyearinwhichthestudybeganGivethereaderageneralunderstandingofthesubjectandbackgroundofthisarticleTheprefacecallsforthethemeandthecenterAsmallnumberofimportantreferencescanbecitedandanalyzed,buttheyshouldnotbetracedbacktohistoryandpublishedDonoteasilyuse"homeandabroadinitiative","literaturehasnotbeenreported","predecessorshavenotstudied"andotherproposals,topreventinappropriateselfevaluationTheprefacetolessthanwordsmethod:Itmainlyintroducestheselectionandresearchmethodsofsubjects(humanorexperimentalanimals,includingcontrolgroup)Commonlyusedtitlesarematerialsandmethods,objectsandmethods,dataandmethods,etc()therapeuticstudiesshouldshowwhetheritisaprospectiverandomizedconcurrentcontrolledstudydiagnosticstudiesshouldspecifythegoldstandardofdiagnostictests,thetheoreticalbasisandmethodsofthenewtrial,andsoonClinicalstudiesmustintroducethesourcesofcasesandcontrols,thecriteriaforselection,andthegeneralsituation,andshouldindicatewhetherornottheparticipantshaveinformedconsent()thename,species,rank,quantity,origin,sex,age,weight,feedingconditionandhealthstatusoftheanimalsshouldbeexplainedintheexperimentalstudy()themethodofindividualcreationshouldspecifythedetailsofthemethodinorderforotherstorepeatitTheimprovedmethodshouldgivedetailsoftheimprovementandgivethesourceoftheoriginalmethodbycitingreferencesDirectreferencetoothers,shouldbebasedonthereferencemethodoutjectionwayofliteraturesource,doesnotneedtoexpandthedescription()thechemicalnameshallbeusedforthedrugandreagent,andthedosage,unit,purity,batchnumber,productionunitandproductiontimeshallbeindicated()thename,type,specification,productionunit,precisionorerrorrangeoftheinstrumentandequipmentshallbeindicatedThereisnoneedtodescribeitsoperatingprinciple()thespecificstatisticaltreatmentmethodsandtheirselectionshouldbeexplainedItshouldbenotedthatthemethodsofclinicalresearchmustbebasedontheprinciplethattheinterestsofthepatientsarenotimpairedExperimentalresearchmethodsshouldbeofpracticalsignificanceinclinicalpracticeresult:ThisisthecoreoftheworkTheacademicvalueoftheworkdependsmainlyonthispart()theresultsshouldnotsimplylistavarietyofrawmaterialsanddataobtainedinthecourseofthestudy,butmustbesummarizedandanalyzed,drawthecorrespondingconclusions,andthenusewordsorchartsandtablestoexpress()thestatementoftheoutcomerequirestruthfulnessandaccuracyWhethertheresultispositiveornegative,positiveornegative,thesuccessorfailureofclinicalapplicationshouldbetruthfullyreflected()allthedatainthetreatiseshouldbeprocessedbystatisticsTheaveragenumberandpercentageshouldbeexaminedsignificantly,otherwiseitwillleadtofalseappearanceAttentionshouldbepaidtothedifferencebetweenthestructuralindexandthestrengthindex(rate)WhenthestatisticalsignificancetestshowedthatthePvalue,<or<,shouldbemarkedas"significantdifference"or"verysignificantdifference""discussion:Thissectionmainlycarriesontheappraisal,theexplanationandtheinferencetothisarticleresearchresultDependingonthecontentofthispartofthetext,including:()explaintheprincipleandmechanismoftheresearchworkinthispaper()explainthecharacteristicsandgainsandlossesofthematerialsandmethodsinthispaper()comparetheresultsofthispaperwiththoseofothers,andanalyzetheiradvantagesanddisadvantages()makeatheoreticalsummaryoftheresearchresultsandputforwardnewideas()compareandevaluatevariousviews()putforwardthedirection,prospectandsooninthefutureOfcourse,theaboveproblemscan'tbeexhaustiveineacharticle,becauseaccordingtohavingsubstanceinspeechThediscussionshouldbecloselylinkedtotheresultsofthisstudyhighlightthenewdiscoveriesandnewideas,toavoidduplicationofthecontentandthepreviousliteraturehasreportedthecontent,butalsonotonlydescribedas"consistentwithothersreport"and"consistent"etcDon'tdiscussthegeneraldiagramandtable(three)thearrangementofthelayoutofthetreatiseessayquestions:Tomakethefinishingpoint,summarizesthefulltextofthesubjectInChinese,thequestionsareusually<wordsTheEnglishquestionsshouldbeconsistentwiththeChineseonesPunctuationisnotusedintheessayAsmanysubtitlesaspossibleAvoidusingunknown,acceptedabbreviations,characters,codes,etcUsetheoriginaltextinthetitleofaforeignertheauthor'snameandthenameoftheworkunit:()theauthorsignedastatementthatheisresponsibleforthecontentofthethesis,andthathealsorespectstheauthor'scopyrightTheundersignedshouldnotbetoomany,mustparticipateinallormajorworkersberesponsibleforthecontentofthisarticleandcananswertherespondent()theauthorsortaccordingtothecontributionsize,atthetimeofthemanuscripttodetermine,donotallowrandomadditionsanddeletionsorchanges()theauthorshouldwritefullnameandpostalcodeMarktheeMAILaddressofthecorrespondentasmuchaspossible()thedecisiontouse,shouldbeinvitedtoalltheauthorauthorization"ononebyoneinthesignature"theexclusiverighttouse,therighttousetheproprietaryChineseMedicineAssociationawardedChineseandEnglishabstracts:()Abstractinthetext,relativeindependenceandselfTheJournaloftheChineseMedicalAssociationusuallyusesstructuredabstracts,consistingoffourmajorelements,namely,purpose,method,resultandconclusion()inthethirdperson,Englishabstractwriting,notdiagram,table,noreferences,withoutcommentandexplanation()ifEnglishabbreviationsareusedinChineseabstracts,thefullnameofEnglishandChineseshouldbegivenforthefirsttimeabbreviationsusedinEnglishabstractshouldbegiveninEnglishforthefirsttime()ChineseinaboutwordscanbeomittedEnglishAbstractdetails,inwordsorsoconsistentwiththemaincontents,EnglishabstractKeywords:inordertofacilitatetheliteratureindex,literatureretrievalandreading,andselectthewordsandphrasesthatreflectthethemeofthearticle()eachessayisrequiredtoselect~keywords(subjectwords)andputthemintheabstractTrytowritefromtheNationalLibraryofMedicine'slatest"medicalthesaurus(medicalsubjecttheadingsMeSH)"intheselectionoftranslationcanrefertoinformationoncariesChineseChineseAcademyofMedicalSciencescompiled"Meshaal"ThekeywordsintraditionalChinesemedicineshouldbeselectedfromtheChinesemedicinesubjectheadingscompiledbyInstituteoftraditionalChinesemedicineofChineseMedicineResearchInstituteofChina()weshouldpayattentiontotheselectionofthefirstterm,andthefirsttermshouldreflectthemaincontentofthewholetext()usewordsthatarenotincludedinthevocabularyasnecessaryforkeywordusewhennecessarytext:()payattentiontotheclearhierarchyThetitlesof"materialsandmethods","results","discussion"and"references"arecenteredinthetitle,withoutserialnumbers,inboldfacetypeIneachsection,theordernumberisusedsuccessively:oneortwo,(numberbycomma)(a)(two)(nopunctuationafterserialnumber)(followedbydots)()()(nopunctuationafterserialnumber)Ifnecessary,theserialnumbercanbeusedskipInadditiontooneortwo,()(two)Afterthetitleisnotconnectedwiththetext,therestofthetitlecanbefollowedbytext()thelengthoftheworksisaboutwordsAmongthem,theintroductionofaboutto,materialsandmethodsandresultsaccountedforto,discussedaboutto()tables,figuresandcharactersareusedinconjunctionThecontentofthethreeshouldnotberepeated,whilethemaincontentofthetextTable:simple,subjectpredicateclear,clearhierarchy,completestructure,withringingofTheChineseMedicalAssociationseriesofjournalsusethethreehorizontaltable,whichisbasedonthetopline,theheadlineandthebottomlineofthehorizontallinesasthebasicframeworkofthetableEachtableshouldhavebothtableandtablequestionsTheheadingiscomposedofsubject,indexandpredicateSubjectheadingsverticalcolumninthetableontheleftcorner,whichreflectsthefollowingsubjectmarkthattheabscissa,transversehorizontalsubheadingnumbersortextthepredicatelongitudinalheadingslistedintabletop,indicatingnumbersortextmeaningofeachcolumnThedata,quantities,units,symbolsandabbreviationsintheformmustbeconsistentwiththetextTherequirementsforillustration:acleartheme,toillustrateandcomplementtheroleofthetext,withringing,onlyseethepictures,figurecaptionsandlegends,donotreadthetext,youcanunderstandthepictureLinedrawinglines,additionalobservationclearuniformrequirementsVerticalaxisshouldbeverticalandhorizontalVerticalandhorizontalaxeslineshouldbemarkedinthemedialaxisThenameofaverticalandhorizontalscaleisusuallyaquantityoratestitemanditsunitsymbolsareplacedinthemiddleoftheyaxisaxisandtheaxisoftheabscissaaxis,respectivelyThewritingoftheleftandrightordinatenamesisfrombottomtotop,topleft,bottomright,andabscissanamesarewrittenfromlefttorightThequantities,units,symbols,abbreviations,etcinthedrawingsmustbeconsistentwiththetextPathologicalpicturesshouldbemarkedwithstainingmethodsandmicroscopicmultiples()correctuseofgrammarandrhetoricThelanguageisaccurate,conciseandfluent,consistentwithgrammarandrhetoric()payattentiontostandardizationThemedicaltermisapprovedandpublishedbythenationalscientificandtechnicaltermexaminationandApprovalCommitteeTheterm"medicalterm"andrelatedsubjectspublishedbytheSciencePressisthestandardYetthroughsubjectterminology,canusethelatestversionof"medicalsubjectheadings(MeSH)","Meshaal","ChinesemedicineThesaurus"inthenounAnountermthathasnotyetbeenusedintranslation,IndicatetheoriginalwordorcommentwhenitappearsfirsttimesinthetextThenamesofChineseandWesternmedicinesshouldbebasedonthelatesteditionofthePharmacopoeiaofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaandthegeneralnameofChinesemedicinepreparedbythePharmacopoeiaCommissionofthePharmacopoeiaofChina,andthecommoditynameisnotallowedTheunitsofmeasurementmustcarryoutthenewlypromulgatedunitsofmeasurementandmeasurementofthepeople'sRepublicofChinaaccordingtotheStateCouncil,andshallberepresentedbyunitsymbolsSpecificusecanrefertotheChineseMedicalAssociationeditedandpublishedthe"legalunitofmeasurementinmedicalapplications"bookForthefirsttimeinthetextofthepubliclyrecognizedChineseandEnglishabbreviations,parenthesesshouldbemarkedinbothEnglishandChineseabbreviationsandacronymsReferences:theauthorquotesreferencestoreflectthescientificbasisofthethesisandreflectstheattitudeofrespectingotherpeople'sresearchresultsLiteraturedescriptionprinciple:()referencesshouldbereaddirectlybytheoriginalauthor,ratherthanindirectlyquotedtheotherstoreadtheoriginaltexttonearly~yearsofliterature()unpublishedpapersaregenerallynotrecommended()avoidcitingabstractsasreferences()referencesarenotcitedintheabstract()whenthedocumentsareprinted,theyshouldbewrittenintheformoftheformerauthor,thefirstname,theabbreviationintheback,andonlythefirstauthors,andlateron"()theplaceofpublicationinthebookisthenameofthecitywherethepublisherislocatedWhentherearemanyplacesofpublicationinthebook,thereisonlyoneplacewherethepublicationisfirstpublished()thetitlesintheEnglishliteratureareallcapitalsofthefirstword,andtheothersareinsmallcase()referencesareinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofGB,usingsequentialcodingsystem,andtheformatofthecatalogueshallbereferredtotherequirementsofbibliographiccatalogueofChineseMedicalAssociationseriesfootnotes:lineupinthelowerleftcornerofthemainpageWorkunits,postalcodes,Emailaddresses,fundfundedprojectsandfundnumbersoftenusedtoindicateauthorsandcorrespondenceauthorsacknowledgments:thereisasubstantialcontributiontothisarticleorhelptheresearchandwritingprocess,butitisnotenoughfortheorganizationorindividualauthors,shouldbeintheendofacknowledgmentsAllvolunteersmustobtainthewrittenconsentoftherecipientandthedateofreceiptbytheeditorialeditor:attheendofthispaperindicateandeditthenameForexample,(date:accepted),tomark(theeditor:***)Three,briefingcategoryCommoncolumns:works,summaries,presentations,etcThiskindofmanuscriptisthemanuscriptthattheimportanceinthetreatiseisrelativelypoororsimilarcontentalreadyreported,butstillhascertainacademicvaluetobeabletodrawlessonsfrom,publishwiththeformofbriefreportorabstractThelanguageisconciseandhighlyabstract,andmajorresearchmethods,importantresultsdata,newinsightsandconclusionsshouldbeprovidedThefulltextshouldbenomorethanwords(sides)Publishedinasummaryorsummaryforminapublication,theauthormaypublishitinhisjournalFourcasereportCommoncolumn:casereport,caseanalysis,clinicalpathology(case)discussionGeneralintroductiontoasmallnumberoftypicalcasesofdiagnosisandtreatmentexperienceThiskindofmanuscripthaspracticalvalueandisverypopularwithreadersEspeciallythefirstreportofadiseasehasimportantinfluencebothathomeandabroadThecontentisexact,thecasedataiscomplete,thediagnosishasscientificbasis,andthediscussionispertinentFive,summaryandlectureclassCommoncolumn:summary,lecture,systemtutorial,continuingeducation,garden,etc()thecharacteristicsofthereviewAsummaryisapresentationthatreflectstheprogressordynamicsofafieldoraparticulartopicItcanbeasummaryofdomesticorforeignliterature,andcanbesummarizedathomeandabroadThereviewcallsfortheintroductionofthelatestliteraturetothereadersassoonaspossibleThecontentsofthepresentationshouldbeassuitableaspossiblefortheworkalreadycarriedoutinChinaortheneedsoftheworktobecarriedoutThedraftsummarymustbethereferenceslistedinthispaper,inordertomarkthecorner()featuresoflectures,tutorialsandfurthereducationLectures,tutorials,andcontinuingeducationprojectsarebasicknowledgeofaparticularsubjectorresearchtopicRequirementsaredeeperandnovelthanthecontentofthetextbookContentshouldbeunderstoodinlayman'sterms,andwhennecessary,withthemap,tablepublishedThiskindofmanuscripthasguidanceandenlighteneffecttobasiclevelreaderSix,minutesofmeetingsSummaryofmeetingsisacommonformofreportinginmedicaljournalsIncludingnationaleditorialboardminutesandimportantacademicmeetingminutesEditorialboardminutesareusuallywrittenbyeditorsofjournals,andminutesofacademicmeetingscanbewrittenbyeditorsorparticipantsBasicrequirement:()toexplainthebasicsituationofthemeeting,includingthespecifictimeandplaceofthemeetingandthenumberofparticipants()describethemaintopicsofthemeeting,theimportantsubstantivecontent,theresultsofthediscussions,theresultsofthemeetinganditsoverallevaluation()weshouldobjectivelydiscussthedifferentopinionsandargumentsoftheparticipants()thenumberofminutesofmeetingsshallbedeterminedaccordingtothecontent,andshallbesubjecttothesummaryandobjectivereflectionoftheconferencethemeSeven,messagedynamicclassThecommoncolumn:academictrends,researchnewsletter,medicalnews,newsletter,information,news,conferencesetcParticularemphasisshouldbeplacedontimelinessinsuchapresentationCharacterizedbytimelyreporting,speed,brevity,andbrevityTrytoreportitsacademiccontent,expressit,andpayattentiontoconfidentialityThepurposeofwritingapaperistopublishBeginnersshouldstepbystep,writecases,reports,reviewsandothermanuscripts,toaccumulateexperience,andthenwritearticles,whichiseasiertosucceedBeforesubmissionmustbereadcarefullyofrelevantjournals,andstrictlyabidebytheprovisionsofTheinitialcontributionhasnotbeenaccepted,donotbediscouraged,shouldmakepersistentefforts,repeatedtraining,improve,eventuallytherewillbesuccessThesiswritingisaserious,serious,painstakingandmeaningfulworkIhopethatalltheauthorsoftheophthalmologythesiswillthinkdeeply,practicehard,sumupexperienceconstantly,andstrivetowritemoreexcellentpapersforthevastnumberofeyereaders

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论文格式-医学论文的种类及撰写规范(Format of papers - Types and writing standards of medical papers)

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