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首页 博士入学考试英语中常见的翻译词汇

博士入学考试英语中常见的翻译词汇.doc

博士入学考试英语中常见的翻译词汇

刘山凤
2019-05-31 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《博士入学考试英语中常见的翻译词汇doc》,可适用于综合领域

分类词汇homogeneous同质的homogeneous(<>heterogeneous)^homo***ual,hetero***ualmainstream主流主流的dialect方言(vsaccent)discrepancy差异misconception误解(misconception)=misunderstandingbarrier障碍(物)~bar,=barricadediscrimination区别,歧视racial***ualdiscriminationdiscriminate(against)hierarchy等级制度heirarch(govern)yinsularity岛国性质(insular,^island)Britishindustryhasoftenbeencriticizedforitslinguisticinsularitymicrocosm小天地microcosm(os)nostalgia=homesicknesspatriot爱国者(<>traitor)àpatriotic,patriotismnotoriety恶名(notorious)counterpart对应人,对等物Who’sGeorgeBush’scounterpartinChina^counterculture,counterbalancepeer同等的人凝视,窥视(~peep)subordinate下级下级的<>superiortactics战术,技巧vsstrategy(战略,策略)marketingstrategyvssellingtacticsnuanceasubtledifferenceinmeaningcompatriot同胞同胞的compatriotvernacular本地的,本国的本地话,本国话thevernacularlanguagesofIndiaHispanicAnAmericanwhosefirstlanguagewasSpanishimmigration移入~immigrant,immigratevsemigration(~emigrant,emigrate)antipodesAnytwoplacesorregionsondiametricallyoppositesidesoftheEarth“fromNorthAmericatotheAntiphetemptationof对…持欢迎态度takeawelcomingattitudeto对…情有独钟showspecialpreference(favor)to发挥…的聪明才智developone’sowntalentsandwisdom发挥潜力tapone’spotential繁荣文学艺术enableliteratureandarttoflourishpromoteflourishingliteratureandart反映中国的灿烂文化reflecttherichcultureofChina放下架子relinquishhaughtyairs(getoffone’shighhorse,throwoffone’sairs)腐蚀人的灵魂poisonone’smind改进教学improveteachingandlearning给学生减负alleviatetheburdenonstudents和…持相同观点shareviewssimilarto互派访问学者exchangevisitingscholars激发旅游热情stimulateenthusiasmfortraveling继承历史文化优秀传统carryonthefineculturaltraditionshandedfromhistorycarryonthefinehistoricalandculturaltraditions加强文化基础设施建设buildmoreculturalestablishments讲诚信,反欺诈honorcredibilityandopposecheating交换意见exchangeviews(ideas,opinions)教书育人impartknowledgeandeducatepeople经受住暴风雨的考验weatherthestorm精心编写教材compilethetextbookswithgreatcare净化因特网purifytheNet举办文化节(展览会)hold(conduct,give)culturalfestivals(anexhibition)举行学术会议holdanacademicmeeting开创假日经济initiateHolidayEconomy开发潜力exploitone’spotential开阔视野widenone’svision(horizon)开设课程offercourses开展对外文化交流conductculturalexchangewithothercountries开展群众性文化活动carryoutmassactivitiesonculture攀登事业的高峰climbone’scareerladder评估学业成绩evaluateacademicscores(achievements)破除迷信eradicatesuperstition普及九年制义务教育makenineyearcompulsoryeducationuniversal普及科普知识,传播科学popularizescientificandtechnologicalknowledge,spread思想,倡导科学精神scientificthoughtandadvocatethescientificspirit启发学生enlightenthestudents容纳三千名旅客accommodatepassengers扫除文盲eliminate(wipeout)illiteracy上网geton(haveaccessto,bewiredto)Internet实施以德育为核心、以创新carryonthequalityeducationcenteringonmoraleducation挑选选手chooseplayers同教练反应一致sharethesamereactionwiththeircoach为奥林匹克运动做出贡献makecontributiontotheOlympicsmovementandworldpeace卫冕世界冠军regainworldchampion吸引中国大学生优秀选手attractChina’stopuniversityplayers向世界顶级球队学习learnfromtheworld’stopteams与对手较量takeonanopponent与强队竞争competewithstrongteams增进友谊strengthenfriendship展示技能demonstratetheirskills展示中国足球的最新发展demonstrate(show)thelatestdevelopmentofChina’ssoccer支持北京申办年奥运会supportBeijing’sbidfortheOlympicGames主办奥运会hosttheOlympicGames主办中国大学生篮球联赛sponsortheChinaUniversityBasketballAssociationleague抓住练习和学习的机会graspthechancetopractiseandlearn响应号召respondtothecall修改法律amendthelaws宣布…召开announcetheopeningof徇私枉法bendthelawforthebenefitofrelativesorfriends依法治国governthecountryaccordingtolaw引起全国的关注arousetheconcernofthewholenation引起全世界广泛关注attractextensiveattentionworldwide赢得一个又一个胜利winonevictoryafteranother在…中起(至关)重要作用playamajor(crucial,animportant)rolein增强凝聚力enhancetherallypower增强综合国力和国际竞争enhancecomprehensive(overall)nationalstrengthandinternationalcompetitiveness展望伟大征程lookintothegreatjourney展现生机和活力displayone’svigorandvitality战胜无数的困难overcomenumerousdifficulties振兴西部revivethewest振兴中华民族rejuvenate(revitalize)ournation政企不分mixupthefunctionsofthegovernmentandenterprises政企分开separategovernmentfunctionsfromenterprisemanagement政务公开makegovernmentaffairspublic主张各国政府采取行动urgegovernmentsofallcountriestotakeaction抓住机遇seizetheopportunity转变政府职能transform(shift)thegovernmentfunctions追求进步pursueprogress追求真理seekthetruth走进新时代march(stride)intothenewera遵纪守法、廉洁奉公observetherelevantcodeofconductandthelawandhonestlyperformone'sofficialduties遵循规则followtheprinciples二、经济类爱岗敬业cherishpostsanddevotewholeheartedlytowork保持国民经济发展的良好势头maintainagoodmomentumofgrowthinthenationaleconomy保持国有股keeptheStateheldshares保证下岗职工的基本生活guaranteethebasicneedsoflaidoffworkers被指控接受贿赂beaccusedofacceptingbribes采取不同的办法adoptvariousmethods采取反垄断措施takeantimonopolymeasures承担风险bear(take)risk筹集足够的资金raiseenoughfunds(capital,proceeds)创收外汇earnforeignexchange(currency)刺激国内经济需求spurdomesticdemand刺激国内需求stimulatedomesticdemand从粗放经济转变为集约经济shiftfromextensiveeconomytointensiveeconomy从国外引进先进技术和管理introducefromabroadtheadvancedtechnologyand经验managementexpertise促进地区间的合作promoteregionalcooperation促进改革promotereform促进全球经济一体化fosterintegrationwiththeglobaleconomy打黑crackdownonspeculationandprofiteering打假takestrongmeasuresagainstfakeandshoddyproducts(crackdownoncounterfeitgoods)打破垄断breakthemonopoly对…提出控告(投诉)lodgecomplaintsagainst…对…造成(构成)威胁form(pose)athreatto…夺回失去的市场takebacklostmarket发挥自身优势givefullplaytoone’sadvantages防范和化解金融风险takeprecautionsagainstandreducefinancialrisks改善投资环境improvetheenvironmentforinvestment赶超先进surpasstheadvanced给…带来积极影响bringamorepositiveimpacton…根据市场作出调整gearourselvestothemarketorientation公证财产notarizetheproperties和…达成(签订)协议reach(sign)anagreementwith和…进一步合作furthercooperationwith和…有合作关系havecooperativetieswith活跃市场enliventhemarket集中精力把经济建设搞上去goalloutforeconomicdevelopment计算出准确的工资水平figureoutanexactsalarylevel加快经济发展和结构调整speedupeconomicdevelopmentandrestructuring加快竞争步伐acceleratethecompetition加快努力speedupefforts加强风险防范prepareoneselfagainstpossiblerisks加强管理reinforcethemanagement减缓通货紧缩的压力easetheseriousnessofdeflation减轻…的负担reduce(lighten)theburdenof(on)减员增效downsizeforefficiencycutpayrolltoimproveefficiency剪彩cuttheribbon解除劳动关系severlaborrelation解放生产力emancipatetheproductiveforces(freetheproductivity)精简机构streamlinegovernmentorgans竟争上岗competeforthepost举报非法行为discloseanyillegalactivities开辟更多渠道openmorechannels开发(青睐)中国市场tap(favor)theChinesemarket开拓市场exploitmarkets控制通货膨胀controlinflation(keepinflationundercontrol)扩大贫富差距widenthegapbetweentherichandthepoor扩大消费市场expandconsumptionmarket留职停薪retainthejobbutsuspendthesalary面对可能的压力和竞争facepossiblepressureandcompetition牟取暴利seekexcessiveprofits平衡经济(的发展)balanceeconomy取缔非法收入banunlawfulincomes(illegalearnings)让…处于同一起跑线put…onthesameplatformandatthesamestartingpoint让位于竞争需要givewaytotheneedforcompetition申请专利applyforapatent实现目标realizethegoal适应…的发展adaptoneselftothedevelopmentof损失惨重suffergreatlosses缩小不平衡状态decreasetheimbalance缩小…间的距离narrowthegapbetween提高公务员工资raisethesalariesofcivilservants提高管理水平raisethemanagementlevel提高居民生活improveresidents’standardofliving调整产业结构adjusttheindustrialstructure推广科研成果turnlaboratoryachievementsintocommercial(mass精神和实践能力为重点的andemphasizingcreativityandpractice素质教育使英语达到更高水平pushone’sEnglishtoahigherlevel受到…的关注receiveattentionfrom疏导游客diverttourists疏通关系lubricaterelationships树立企业良好形象fosteragoodandhealthycompanyimage刷卡,划卡punchthecardstampthecard陶冶情操cultivateone’staste(temperament)提倡文明的生活方式advocatecivilizedlifestyle(wayoflife)提高公务员的综合素质improvetheoverallqualityofcivilservants提高全民反毒品的意识raisetheconsciousnessoftheentirepeoplevsdrugs提高知名度raiseone’sprestige提供受教育机会offerachanceofeducation通过资格考试passqualificationexaminations透过现象看本质seethroughtheappearancetoperceivetheessence推动人类文明进步pushforwardhumancivilization挖墙脚underminethefoundationofsth(cutthegroundfromundersb’sfeet)物质文明,精神文明一起抓payequalattentionto(placeequalemphasison)thematerialprogressandcultural(ethical)progress相互促进helpeachotherforward向世界展示中国文化建设introduceChina’sachievementsofculturaladvancementto的成就theworld向学生传授知识impartknowledgetostudents消除误解clearupmisunderstanding消除愚昧eliminateignorance形成文明、健康、崇尚科学formcivilized,healthyandscienceupholdingsocialpractice的社会风尚以全新的面貌进入新世纪enterthenewcenturywithabrandnewcolorfullook因材施教teachstudentsaccordingtotheiraptitude引起激烈争论sparkahotdebate营造良好的文化环境createahealthyculturalenvironment影响身心健康affectphysicalandpsychologicalhealth有力地推动教育的发展giveabigpushtothedevelopmentofeducation与各国人民交往communicatewithpeopleofallcountries增强自我保护意识strengthenone’sawarenessofprotectingone’sright找工作huntforajob值得重视(关注)deserveone’sattention制止盗版软件controlthepiratedsoftware重视(优先考虑)教育发展giveprioritytothedevelopmentofeducation重视实用性placestressonpracticality尊重知识,尊重人才respectknowledgeandrespectcompetentpeople四、科技环保类帮助减缓全球变暖速度helpslowdownthepaceofglobalwarming保持生态平衡keepecologicalbalance保持水土preservesoilandwater保护和改善生活和生态环境protectandimprovethelivingenvironmentandthe保护珍稀野生动植物protectrarewildanimalsandplants保留为自然耕地reserveasnaturalfarmland采用环保技术adoptenvironmentalprotectiontechnique采用新的开采方法applynewexploitationmethods参加城市重建participateinthereconstructionofthecity参加环保运动takepartinenvironmentalprotectionactivities产生巨大的水文效应producegreathydrologicaleffects崇尚绿色生活方式pursuea“green”life创造良好的生态环境createapleasantecologicalenvironment促进城市可持续发展promotethesustainabledevelopmentofthecity发展太阳能developsolarenergy防治污染preventandcontrolpollution非常注重保护森林paygreatattentiontotheconservationofforest改善生态环境improvetheecoenvironment(ecologicalenvironment)关闭化工厂closechemicalplants加大污染治理力度strengthenpollutioncontrol加强城市绿化strengthenthegreeningofthecity加强环境保护strengthenenvironmentalprotection加强生态建设improvetheecoconstruction加强水土保持reinforcetheconservationofwaterandsoil坚持门前三包制度adhereto“thethreeresponsibilitiesinthegatearea”减少机动车辆reducethenumberofvehicles减少浪费reducewaste揭开人类生命的奥秘decodethesecretofhumanlife进一步加快环保规划furtherspeedupenvironmentalprotectionplans禁止露天焚烧prohibitburningoutintheopen开展保护野生动物宣传教育advocatetoeducatethepublictheprotectionofwildanimals开展绿色活动advocategreenactivities扩建管道网络expandthepipenetwork普及环保知识popularizeenvironmentalprotectionknowledge窃取密码snatchpassword窃取知识产权liftintellectualproperty实行严格的机动车排放标准implementstrictvehicleemissionstandards使电脑死机crashcomputers使用再生纸userecyclepaper探索…的奥秘probethemysteriesof淘汰或改造燃煤锅炉eliminateorconvertcoalburningboilers提高环境管理水平raisetheenvironmentalmanagementlevel提高居民的环保和生态意识improveresidents’environmentalandecologicalawareness提高清洁能源的比重increasethesupplyofcleanenergyresources投放电脑病毒unleashviruses完善城市基础设施建设perfecttheconstructionofurbaninfrastructure为大量野生动植物提供栖息地providehabitatsforahugenumberofwildanimalsandplants为人类提供水和食物supplywaterandfoodforhumanbeings享受国家一级保护enjoyfirstclassprotectionoftheState削减污物排放decreasethedisposalofpollutants抑制传染病的传播strainthespreadofinfectiousdiseases引发一系列的问题resultinaseriesofproblems预防爱滋病蔓延preventthewidespreadofAIDS增强环境意识enhancetheawarenessoftheimportanceof(raisetheconsciousnessabout)environmentalprotection战胜非典defeatSARS治理沙地和水土流失问题tackletheproblemsofsandandsoilerosion注重节约资源attachimportancetosavingresources五、人口类不服从父母disobeytheirparents倡导人力资源管理advocatethemanagementofhumanresources调查性和婚姻状况conductasurveyonsexandmarriage对子女寄予厚望pingreathopesontheirchildren反映人们的私生活reflectpeople’sprivatelives鼓励创建文明家庭encouragetheideaof“CivilizedFamilies”过孤独的生活leadanisolatedlife坚持计划生育的基本国策sticktothebasicstatepolicyforfamilyplanning进行全国人口普查carryoutnationalpopulationcensus禁止他人作克隆人的实验inhibitothersfromdoinghumancloningexperiments开辟人类历史新纪元startanewchapterinthehistoryofhuman控制人口数量(增长)controlthepopulationsize(growth)实现向低出生、低死亡、低bringaboutatransitiontothemodernpopulationreproduction自然增长的现代人口再生patterncharacterizedbyalowbirthrate,lowdeathrateand产类型的转变lownaturalgrowthrate损害人类社会的道德观damagethemoralityofhumansociety缩小代沟narrowthegap提倡晚婚晚育encouragelatemarriageandlatechildbirth提出离婚askforadivorce提高人口素质improvethepopulationquality维护和促进人民的生存权safeguardandpromotethepeople’srightstosubsistenceand和发展权development维护人权和不断改善人权状况safeguardhumanrightsandsteadilyimprovethehumanrightssituation享受优越的生活条件enjoygoodlivingcondition显示明显的差异displayamarkeddifference优化人口结构optimizethepopulationstructure优生优育bearandrearbetterchildren占总人口的accountforofthetotalpopulation造成不同的思想和观念resultinadifferentideologyandconcepts造福人类和科学benefitmankindandscience正确处理经济发展同人口、correctlyhandletherelationshipofeconomicdevelopment资源、环境的关系versus(with)population,naturalresourcesandenvironment征求父母的意见askforherparents’opinion挣零花钱earntheirpocketmoney重视人口老年化问题payattentiontotheproblemofanagingpopulation逐渐削弱长辈的权威underminetheauthorityoftheoldergeneration尊重和保障人权respectandguaranteehumanrights六、体育类避开与…比赛avoidplayingagainst标志一个历史时刻markahistorictime表现完美givesomeverygoodperformance剥夺冠军stripthegoldmedalofsomebody采取新的计分方法adoptanewscoringsystem参加火炬接力participateinthetorchrelay参加热身赛takepartinakeywarmupgame参加申办活动participateinthebiddingcampaign超过世界记录surpasstheworldrecord成为国家的骄傲becometheprideofthenation创新世界纪录setanewworldrecord达到国际体育标准reachthestandardforinternationalgames打败比利时队defeatBelgium打破恶性循环breakthewretchedcycle打破世界纪录beat(break,cut)theworldrecord(for…)担任中国国家队主教练serveastheheadcoachoftheChinesenationalteam夺冠takethecrown反对使用兴奋剂opposetheuseofperformanceenhancingdrugs符合举办奥运会的要求meettherequirementsofhostingtheOlympicGames更具进攻性becomemoreaggressive鼓舞队员的士气boostthemoraleoftheteammembers获得认可gainrecognition获得团体冠军wintheteamtitle激发中国青年的雄心壮志fueltheambitionsofChineseyouths急于获胜gainaneagernesstowin建立职业联赛和俱乐部setupaprofessionalleagueandclubs角逐世界杯competefortheWorldCup满意抽签结果satisfywiththedraw面对强手facestrongrivals鸣笛终止比赛blowawhistletostoptheendofthematch配备各种设施furnishandequipwithallfacilities取得经验gainexperience取得世界杯决赛资格qualifyfortheWorldCupfinals确保中国进入决赛ensureChina’sappearanceinthefinal申奥bid(apply)forbeingthehostcountryoftheOlympics失去男子单打冠军missoutonmen’ssinglesgold实现零的突破fulfillthezero(goldmedal,medal,etc)breakthrough使其他选手相形见绌dwarfotherathletes使生命焕发活力wakeupone’slife使中国以∶取胜givetheChineseavictory提出比赛建议makecommentsonthecontests提高中国队的水平raisetheleveloftheChineseteam精神和实践能力为重点的andemphasizingcreativityandpractice素质教育使英语达到更高水平pushone’sEnglishtoahigherlevel受到…的关注receiveattentionfrom疏导游客diverttourists疏通关系lubricaterelationships树立企业良好形象fosteragoodandhealthycompanyimage刷卡,划卡punchthecardstampthecard陶冶情操cultivateone’staste(temperament)提倡文明的生活方式advocatecivilizedlifestyle(wayoflife)提高公务员的综合素质improvetheoverallqualityofcivilservants提高全民反毒品的意识raisetheconsciousnessoftheentirepeoplevsdrugs提高知名度raiseone’sprestige提供受教育机会offerachanceofeducation通过资格考试passqualificationexaminations透过现象看本质seethroughtheappearancetoperceivetheessence推动人类文明进步pushforwardhumancivilization挖墙脚underminethefoundationofsth(cutthegroundfromundersb’sfeet)物质文明,精神文明一起抓payequalattentionto(placeequalemphasison)thematerialprogressandcultural(ethical)progress相互促进helpeachotherforward向世界展示中国文化建设introduceChina’sachievementsofculturaladvancementto的成就theworld向学生传授知识impartknowledgetostudents消除误解clearupmisunderstanding消除愚昧eliminateignorance形成文明、健康、崇尚科学formcivilized,healthyandscienceupholdingsocialpractice的社会风尚以全新的面貌进入新世纪enterthenewcenturywithabrandnewcolorfullook因材施教teachstudentsaccordingtotheiraptitude引起激烈争论sparkahotdebate营造良好的文化环境createahealthyculturalenvironment影响身心健康affectphysicalandpsychologicalhealth有力地推动教育的发展giveabigpushtothedevelopmentofeducation与各国人民交往communicatewithpeopleofallcountries增强自我保护意识strengthenone’sawarenessofprotectingone’sright找工作huntforajob值得重视(关注)deserveone’sattention制止盗版软件controlthepiratedsoftware重视(优先考虑)教育发展giveprioritytothedevelopmentofeducation重视实用性placestressonpracticality尊重知识,尊重人才respectknowledgeandrespectcompetentpeople四、科技环保类帮助减缓全球变暖速度helpslowdownthepaceofglobalwarming保持生态平衡keepecologicalbalance保持水土preservesoilandwater保护和改善生活和生态环境protectandimprovethelivingenvironmentandthe保护珍稀野生动植物protectrarewildanimalsandplants保留为自然耕地reserveasnaturalfarmland采用环保技术adoptenvironmentalprotectiontechnique采用新的开采方法applynewexploitationmethods参加城市重建participateinthereconstructionofthecity参加环保运动takepartinenvironmentalprotectionactivities产生巨大的水文效应producegreathydrologicaleffects崇尚绿色生活方式pursuea“green”life创造良好的生态环境createapleasantecologicalenvironment促进城市可持续发展promotethesustainabledevelopmentofthecity发展太阳能developsolarenergy防治污染preventandcontrolpollution非常注重保护森林paygreatattentiontotheconservationofforest改善生态环境improvetheecoenvironment(ecologicalenvironment)关闭化工厂closechemicalplants加大污染治理力度strengthenpollutioncontrol加强城市绿化strengthenthegreeningofthecity加强环境保护strengthenenvironmentalprotection加强生态建设improvetheecoconstruction加强水土保持reinforcetheconservationofwaterandsoil坚持门前三包制度adhereto“thethreeresponsibilitiesinthegatearea”减少机动车辆reducethenumberofvehicles减少浪费reducewaste揭开人类生命的奥秘decodethesecretofhumanlife进一步加快环保规划furtherspeedupenvironmentalprotectionplans禁止露天焚烧prohibitburningoutintheopen开展保护野生动物宣传教育advocatetoeducatethepublictheprotectionofwildanimals开展绿色活动advocategreenactivities扩建管道网络expandthepipenetwork普及环保知识popularizeenvironmentalprotectionknowledge窃取密码snatchpassword窃取知识产权liftintellectualproperty实行严格的机动车排放标准implementstrictvehicleemissionstandards使电脑死机crashcomputers使用再生纸userecyclepaper探索…的奥秘probethemysteriesof淘汰或改造燃煤锅炉eliminateorconvertcoalburningboilers提高环境管理水平raisetheenvironmentalmanagementlevel提高居民的环保和生态意识improveresidents’environmentalandecologicalawareness提高清洁能源的比重increasethesupplyofcleanenergyresources投放电脑病毒unleashviruses完善城市基础设施建设perfecttheconstructionofurbaninfrastructure为大量野生动植物提供栖息地providehabitatsforahugenumberofwildanimalsandplants为人类提供水和食物supplywaterandfoodforhumanbeings享受国家一级保护enjoyfirstclassprotectionoftheState削减污物排放decreasethedisposalofpollutants抑制传染病的传播strainthespreadofinfectiousdiseases引发一系列的问题resultinaseriesofproblems预防爱滋病蔓延preventthewidespreadofAIDS增强环境意识enhancetheawarenessoftheimportanceof(raisetheconsciousnessabout)environmentalprotection战胜非典defeatSARS治理沙地和水土流失问题tackletheproblemsofsandandsoilerosion注重节约资源attachimportancetosavingresources五、人口类不服从父母disobeytheirparents倡导人力资源管理advocatethemanagementofhumanresources调查性和婚姻状况conductasurveyonsexandmarriage对子女寄予厚望pingreathopesontheirchildren反映人们的私生活reflectpeople’sprivatelives鼓励创建文明家庭encouragetheideaof“CivilizedFamilies”过孤独的生活leadanisolatedlife坚持计划生育的基本国策sticktothebasicstatepolicyforfamilyplanning进行全国人口普查carryoutnationalpopulationcensus禁止他人作克隆人的实验inhibitothersfromdoinghumancloningexperiments开辟人类历史新纪元startanewchapterinthehistoryofhuman控制人口数量(增长)controlthepopulationsize(growth)实现向低出生、低死亡、低bringaboutatransitiontothemodernpopulationreproduction自然增长的现代人口再生patterncharacterizedbyalowbirthrate,lowdeathrateand产类型的转变lownaturalgrowthrate损害人类社会的道德观damagethemoralityofhumansociety缩小代沟narrowthegap提倡晚婚晚育encouragelatemarriageandlatechildbirth提出离婚askforadivorce提高人口素质improvethepopulationquality维护和促进人民的生存权safeguardandpromotethepeople’srightstosubsistenceand和发展权development维护人权和不断改善人权状况safeguardhumanrightsandsteadilyimprovethehumanrightssituation享受优越的生活条件enjoygoodlivingcondition显示明显的差异displayamarkeddifference优化人口结构optimizethepopulationstructure优生优育bearandrearbetterchildren占总人口的accountforofthetotalpopulation造成不同的思想和观念resultinadifferentideologyandconcepts造福人类和科学benefitmankindandscience正确处理经济发展同人口、correctlyhandletherelationshipofeconomicdevelopment资源、环境的关系versus(with)population,naturalresourcesandenvironment征求父母的意见askforherparents’opinion挣零花钱earntheirpocketmoney重视人口老年化问题payattentiontotheproblemofanagingpopulation逐渐削弱长辈的权威underminetheauthorityoftheoldergeneration尊重和保障人权respectandguaranteehumanrights六、体育类避开与…比赛avoidplayingagainst标志一个历史时刻markahistorictime表现完美givesomeverygoodperformance剥夺冠军stripthegoldmedalofsomebody采取新的计分方法adoptanewscoringsystem参加火炬接力participateinthetorchrelay参加热身赛takepartinakeywarmupgame参加申办活动participateinthebiddingcampaign超过世界记录surpasstheworldrecord成为国家的骄傲becometheprideofthenation创新世界纪录setanewworldrecord达到国际体育标准reachthestandardforinternationalgames打败比利时队defeatBelgium打破恶性循环breakthewretchedcycle打破世界纪录beat(break,cut)theworldrecord(for…)担任中国国家队主教练serveastheheadcoachoftheChinesenationalteam夺冠takethecrown反对使用兴奋剂opposetheuseofperformanceenhancingdrugs符合举办奥运会的要求meettherequirementsofhostingtheOlympicGames更具进攻性becomemoreaggressive鼓舞队员的士气boostthemoraleoftheteammembers获得认可gainrecognition获得团体冠军wintheteamtitle激发中国青年的雄心壮志fueltheambitionsofChineseyouths急于获胜gainaneagernesstowin建立职业联赛和俱乐部setupaprofessionalleagueandclubs角逐世界杯competefortheWorldCup满意抽签结果satisfywiththedraw面对强手facestrongrivals鸣笛终止比赛blowawhistletostoptheendofthematch配备各种设施furnishandequipwithallfacilities取得经验gainexperience取得世界杯决赛资格qualifyfortheWorldCupfinals确保中国进入决赛ensureChina’sappearanceinthefinal申奥bid(apply)forbeingthehostcountryoftheOlympics失去男子单打冠军missoutonmen’ssinglesgold实现零的突破fulfillthezero(goldmedal,medal,etc)breakthrough使其他选手相形见绌dwarfotherathletes使生命焕发活力wakeupone’slife使中国以∶取胜givetheChineseavictory提出比赛建议makecommentsonthecontests提高中国队的水平raisetheleveloftheChineseteam(共页
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