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首页 四川电大2010春期管理方法与艺术形成性考核册答案2(Sichuan radio and TV…

四川电大2010春期管理方法与艺术形成性考核册答案2(Sichuan radio and TV University 2010 spring period management method and artistic formation examination book answer 2).doc

四川电大2010春期管理方法与艺术形成性考核册答案2(Sich…

上传者: xu佳j 2018-01-09 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《四川电大2010春期管理方法与艺术形成性考核册答案2(Sichuan radio and TV University 2010 spring period management method and artistic formation examination book answer 2)doc》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含四川电大春期管理方法与艺术形成性考核册答案(SichuanradioandTVUniversityspringperiodmanagementmet符等。

四川电大春期管理方法与艺术形成性考核册答案(SichuanradioandTVUniversityspringperiodmanagementmethodandartisticformationexaminationbookanswer)四川电大春期管理方法与艺术形成性考核册答案(SichuanradioandTVUniversityspringperiodmanagementmethodandartisticformationexaminationbookanswer)SichuanRTVUspringperiodmanagementmethodandartisticformationexaminationbookanswertxt"Managementmethodandart"examinationworktwoFirst,thenounexplanation:,theorganizationsystemoforganizationsystemareallmembersoftheunitsintheorganizationmustcomplywiththecodeofconduct,whichincludestheorganizationofthevariousstatutes,regulations,rules,regulations,procedures,measuresandstandardsAuthorization:theterm"authority"referstotheresponsibilityofthesupervisortoassignauthorityorresponsibilitytoasubordinate,andorderhimtoberesponsibleforadministrativeortransactionalwork,organizationalchange:organizationalchangeistheorganizationinordertoadapttochangesintheinternalandexternalenvironmentandconditions,theorganization'sobjectives,structureandelements,timelyandeffectiveadjustmentsandamendments,targetmanagement:objectivemanagementisgoaloriented,peoplecentered,resultsbasedstandardsandorganizationsandindividualstoachievethebestperformanceofmodernmanagementmethodsTwo,choice:(includingradioandoneormore),thedivisionofdepartmentsshouldfollowthe(ACD)principle,organizationalfunctionsinclude(ABCD),thesymbolofmeasuringcentralizationanddecentralizationis(ABCD),theorganizationalsystemincludes(ABCD),theteam'stypeincludes(ABC),theprocessoforganizationalchangeincludes(ABCD),thestageofteamdevelopmentincludes(ABCD),thebudgetis(D)plan,theroleofthetarget(ACD)Three,judgingandcorrecting,themostbasicinformationcommunicationisthroughthe"authority"toachieveRatherthan"hierarchy"",thecentralproblemoftheleadershipsystemistosolvetheproblemofthedivisionoffunctionsandpowersoftheleadershipYes,that'sright,themanagementrangeisthenumberofmanagerstomanageemployeesYes,that'sright,informalorganizationsarebasedonspontaneousformsYes,that'sright,theauthorizedpersontoauthorizetheuseofthe"shouldbearthecorrespondingresponsibility",ratherthan"noresponsibility"",organizationalconflictshaveanegativeimpactonorganizations,butconflictscanalsomotivatepeopletolookforimprovedwaystoproducebetterresultsConflictgivespeopleenergy,makesthemmorecreative,andconstantlyexperimentwithnewideasAtthesametime,theproblemsthathavebeenhiddenaremadepublic,andpeoplecanfaceandsolvethem,planningworkandothermanagementfunctionsareequallyimportantYes,that'sright,goodgoalsshouldreflectthecharacteristicsofadvancedandfeasibleYes,that'sright,targetmanagementattachesimportancetoprocessassessmentYes,that'srightFourMajorissues,thecharacteristicsandprocessoftargetmanagementAnswer:features:AttachimportancetohumanfactorsMBOisaparticipatory,democraticandselfcontrollingmanagementsystemItisalsoamanagementsystemthatcombinesindividualneedswithorganizationalgoalsUnderthissystem,therelationshipbetweensuperiorandsubordinateisequality,respect,dependenceandsupport,andthelowerlevelisconscious,autonomousandautonomousafterthecommitment,goalandauthorizationEstablishtargetchainandtargetsystemThegoalmanagementpassesthespeciallydesignedprocess,decomposestheorganization'soverallgoalbystages,transformseachunit,eachstaff'sgoalFromorganizationalgoalstobusinessunitgoals,andthentodepartmentalgoals,andfinallytopersonalgoalsIntheprocessoftargetdecomposition,thethreeelementsofpower,responsibilityandprofitareclearandsymmetricalThesegoalsareconsistentindirectionandcloselylinkedwitheachothertoformacoordinatedandunifiedgoalsystemOnlywheneachpersonhasachievedhisgoal,theoverallobjectiveofthewholeenterprisewillbefulfilledAttachimportancetoachievementsThegoalmanagementistodrawupthetargetasthestartingpoint,andfinishtheexaminationofthetargetcompletionWorkachievementisthestandardtoevaluatethetargetcompletiondegreeItisalsothebasisofpersonnelassessmentandawardevaluation,andistheonlysignofevaluatingthemanagementworkperformanceAsforthespecificprocess,approachandmethodofaccomplishingthegoal,thehigherlevelwillnotinterferemuchTherefore,underthetargetmanagementsystem,thesupervisionisfew,butthecontrolgoalrealizationabilityisverystrongProcess:SetupacompletetargetsystemThisworkstartswiththehighestauthoritiesintheenterprise,andthengoesupanddowntodefinegoalsTherelationshipbetweentheupperandlowertargetisgenerallya"objectivemeans"acertainlevel,needtousecertainmeans,thesemeanswillbecomethenextlevelofthetarget,accordingtotheinvertedpushdown,operationtargetuntiltheoperationlayer,soastoformachaintypetargetsystemSettinggoalsTheworkofsettinggoals,likeallotherplannedwork,requiresverymuchpreparationandpublicityThesearesomeguidelinesIftheguidelinesarenotclear,itisimpossibletohopethatthejuniorstaffwillworkoutreasonablegoalsInaddition,thetargetshallbenegotiated,andthesubordinateshallbeencouragedtoformulatetheirowngoalsaccordingtothebasicpolicyandthenbeapprovedbythehigherauthoritiesThegoalsystemshouldbeconsistentwiththeorganizationalstructure,sothateachdepartmenthasacleargoal,eachgoalisclearlyresponsibleHowever,organizationalstructuresareoftennotestablishedbytheorganization'sgoalsinagivenperiodoftime,sothereareoftendifferencesbetweenlogicalgoalsandgoalsaccordingtotheorganizationalstructureTheperformanceis,sometimesfromalogicalpointofview,animportanttargetbutcannotfindthisfullyresponsibleadministrativedepartments,andsomedepartmentsintheorganizationbutitisdifficulttodeterminetheimportantgoal,thissituationappearsrepeatedly,mayeventuallyleadtotheadjustmentoftheorganizationalstructureInthissense,MBOalsohelpstounderstandtheroleoforganizationalstructuresOrganizationandimplementationWhenthegoalisestablished,thesupervisorshouldletgoofthepowertothelowerlevelmembersandconcentrateonthecomprehensivemanagementThetargetdependsmainlyontheperformer'sselfcontrol,ifafterthegoal,asthesupervisorpersonnelalsolikehandson,andagainstthemaingoalofmanagement,couldnotobtainthetargetmanagementeffectOfcourse,thisisnottosaythatthehigherupswillbeabletoletgoaftertheyhavesettheirgoalsThemanagementofthehigherlevelshouldbemainlyconcernedwithguidance,assistance,questions,intelligenceandthecreationofagoodworkingenvironmentInspectionandevaluationTocompletethetargetatalllevels,itisnecessarytospecifythetimelimitinadvance,conductregularinspection,andcheckthemethod,andbeabletoflexiblyuseselfinspection,mutualinspectionandspecialdepartmentsforinspectionTheinspectionisbasedonpredeterminedgoalsForthefinalresultsshouldbeevaluatedaccordingtothetarget,accordingtotheevaluationresultsandrewardAfterevaluation,TargetmanagementintothenextroundofcycleprocessMethodsofplanningAnswer:themainmethodofpreparingaplanis:Theeconomicanalysismethodfirstanalyzedthebasicsituationofthebaseofthedevelopmentofthenationaleconomy,includingsocialproductionanddemand,thespeedofeconomicdevelopment,themainproportion,thescaleofconstruction,scienceandeducationdevelopment,andisexpectedtoschedule,tofindoutthecontradictionbetweeneconomicdevelopmentandtheexistingproblems,andtheproblemsintheplanningperiodmustcontinuetoaddresstheOnthisbasis,accordingtothestrategicobjectives,nationaleconomicdevelopmentgenerallineandthebasicprinciple,majormeasuresputforwardspecificobjectives,tasksandplanperiodshouldbetaken,andthefutureeconomicdevelopmentspeed,theratiobetweenthevariousmovements,variousfactorschange,analyzeandforecastthepossiblefavorableandunfavorableconditionsineconomicdevelopment,thenewsituationandproblems,andprovidethebasisforplanningComprehensivebalancemethodandmethodofconsciouslycoordinatingproportionrelationTherelevantindicatorsofnationaleconomyallkindsoffinancialandmaterialresources,humanresourcesanddemand,quantitativeanalysis,adjustedbycomparing,andovercometheweaknessesinthedevelopmentoftheeconomy,controlexcessively"longterm",themutualadaptation,balanceInthespecificapplicationofbalancemethod,topreparethebalancesheet,suchastheproductionanduseofnationalincomebalance,materialbalance,productionandtransportationofthebalancesheet,finance,credit,foreignexchangebalancesheet,laborforce,specializedpersonnelbalancesheetThisisthemainmethodofcompilingplansKeyissuesonthedevelopmentofthenationaleconomyinthespecialplanningofspecialresearchmethod,organizetherelevantdepartmentsandregions,andputsforwardtheplanningscheme,thenincorporatedintothenationaleconomicplan,thepriorityarrangements,alllocalitiesanddepartmentstoensuretimelycompletionofWiththedevelopmentofthenationaleconomyandtheprogressofscienceandtechnology,betweenthevariousdepartmentsofthenationaleconomyinvariousregionsanddepartmentsandregionaleconomicincreasing,becomeanimportantmethodforthepreparationofthenationaleconomicplanspecialplanningmethodEconomic,mathematical,andeconomicmathematicalmodelsMethodsofmakingplansusingeconomicmathematicalmethods,economicmathematicalmodels,andelectroniccomputertechnologyByusingthismethod,theeconomicrelationscanbequantified,theaccuracyoftheplanwillbeimproved,andthetrivialaffairsoftheplanningstaffwillbereducedUsingthemathematicalmodeltosimulatethecurrenteconomicmechanismcantestthecurrenteconomicpolicyWiththerapidoperationofcomputers,varioussolutionscanbeobtainedinashortperiodoftimefordecisionmakingbytheleadershipWiththedevelopmentofeconomy,societyandscienceandtechnology,theapplicationofthismethodwillbemoreandmorecommonProportionalmethod,indexmethodandquotamethodmustbeappliedinthesamewayas:proportionalmethodCalculatebytheratiorelationofsomeindexesRefertotheproportionofcoaltransportationvolumetotheoutputinthepastyear,calculatetheplannedperiod,coaltransportationvolumeandsoonSincetheproportionbetweentheindicatorsisnotfixed,therefore,inthespecificuseofthismethod,wemustcarefullyanalyzethechangesinvariousfactors,cannotbemechanicallyappliedIndexmethodThesameindicatorsarecomparedbetweentheyearandtheyear,theperiodandtheperiod,thechangeofvariousfactorsisanalyzed,andtheplanningperiodindexisdeterminedQuotamethodAccordingtothequotacalculationplanindexThismethod,Usuallyusedtocalculatetheneedsofpeople,money,goods,andtheuseofequipmentandresourcesThedeterminationofanyplanindexmustbebasedonacertainquota,butanyquotaisnotfixed,andthequotamustberevisedcontinuouslyaccordingtothechangeoftheactualsituationFactorsaffectingthescopeoforganizationalmanagementAnswer:AbilitytomanagebothpartiesManagershavehighcomprehensivequality,pleasantworkingenvironment,strongmanagementability,nohighersupervision,andlargermanagementscopeWorknatureManagersoftenfacedifficultproblemsordesigndirectional,strategicissues,dealingwithcomplex,globalaffairs,directjurisdictionisthenumberofpeopleshouldnotbetoomuchOnthecontrary,thenumberofpeopleunderjurisdictioncanbeincreased,andtheadministrativescopecanbeincreasedInformationcommunicationTheorganizationofinformationchannelsisunimpededandtheexchangeisquickandconvenient,andthemanagementscopecanbeexpandedOtherwise,thescopeofmanagementissmallerEmpowermentandstandardizationAppropriateempowermentreducesthesupervisor'stimeandeffortandincreasesthenumberofmanagersOntheotherhand,themanagementrangeisreducedGeographicalpositionThedistributionoftheorganizationinthespatiallocationcanincreasethemanagementrangeOntheotherhand,themanagementrangeisreducedThedevelopmentstageoftheorganizationIntheearlystagesoforganization,thescopeofmanagementisusuallysmallwhentheorganizationcontinuestomatureandtheknowledgeandexperiencehavebeenimproved,themanagementscopecanbeappropriatelyexpanded,thecharacteristicsandfunctionsofvariousfunctionsandpowersAnswer:lineauthority:itistherightofdirectleadership,commandandsupervisionofsubordinates,andhasthemostimmediateandfinalresponsibilityfortherightsexercisedStaffauthority:notonlyhasthecommand,consultation,advice,guidanceandassistance,andtheroleoftheconsultantservicesstaffauthoritybelongstothestafffromthelineauthority,belongstothelinearmechanismstaffauthoritydirectlytotheupperlevel(ratherthanone)responsiblefortheleadership,butthefirstlevelorganizationofhissubordinatestoheadthebosshascertaininfluenceandeffectthestaffcanonlymakethestaffintheirdutieswithinthescopeofrights,dutiescannotgobeyondthescope,thestaffauthorityistiedatthesamelevelThefunctionalauthoritycangrantstafforstaff,canalsobegrantedtothenextlevellinemanagerstoexercisetheonlyexerciseaccordingtothedivisionoflaborandthescopeofauthorizationandproceduresandregulationsmust,otherwiseitwilldamagetheintegrityoftheunifiedcommandlinebetweenthelinesbetweentheauthoritiesandstaffauthorityAsakindofspecialauthoritymustbecarefullyunderstoodanddefined,mastertheauthorizationstepsAnswer:AssigntasksToselectanauthorizedperson,hisabilitytohavethecorrectexerciseofpower,andcaneffectivelycompletethetasksecondly,tomeetspecifictasks,goalsandregulationsstandardstobeachievedandthecorrespondingrequirementsanddeadlinesConferringrightsToachieveequalrightsandresponsibilities,andmakesurethattheyareresponsibleforcertaininterestsNote:makecleartheboundariesofrights,fulltrust,fullsupportandfreeuseMonitoringandassessmentThenecessarysupervisionandcontrolshouldbecarriedoutinproperwaysandmeanssoastoensurethecorrectuseofpowerintherealizationoforganizationalgoalsAfterthecompletionofthetask,weshouldevaluateandevaluatetheeffectivenessofthework、teambuildingskillsAnswer:SetgoalsscientificallyThegoaloftheteamisnotonlythestartingpointanddestinationoftheteam,butalsothelinkbetweentheteammembers,cooperation,coordinationandunityBuildingteamcultureCommonvaluesandculturearethesoulofteambuildingPromotingcrossdepartmentalintegrationandcomplementaryskillsMaintainasmallteamRedesigntheinformationsystemTheredesignofcompensationsystemWemustbreakthetraditionalideasandrewardsystem,takeaknowledgeandskillsasthecenteroftheremunerationsystem,therewardlinkedtoteamperformanceandthewholeteam,benefitandrisksharing,sharingwealandwoe,totrulybecomeacommunityofinterests

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