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首页 《大学英语IV》期末预测试卷No

《大学英语IV》期末预测试卷No.1(附答案

《大学英语IV》期末预测试卷No

形色男女吧
2019-05-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《《大学英语IV》期末预测试卷Nodoc》,可适用于综合领域

重庆交通学院《大学英语IV》期末预测试卷NoPartIListeningComprehension()(略)PartIIReadingComprehension()Directions:TherearefourreadingpassagesinthispartEachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatementsForeachofthemtherearefoursuggestedanswersmarkedA,B,CandDChoosethebestanswertoeachquestionThenyoushouldmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterPassageQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:ItisoftenclaimedthatnuclearenergyissomethingwecannotdowithoutWeliveinaconsumersocietywherethereisanenormousdemandforcommercialproductsofallkindsMoreover,anincreaseinindustrialproductionisconsideredtobeonesolutiontotheproblemofmassunemploymentSuchanincreasepresumesanabundantandcheapenergysupplyManypeoplebelievethatnuclearenergyprovidesaninexhaustibleandeconomicalsourceofpowerandthatitisthereforeessentialforanindustriallydevelopingsocietyThereareanumberofotheradvantagesintheuseofnuclearenergyFirstly,nuclearpower,exceptforaccidents,iscleanAfurtheradvantageisthatanuclearpowerstationcanberunandmaintainedbyrelativelyfewtechnicalandadministrativestaffThenuclearreactorrepresentsanenormousstepinourscientificevolutionand,whatevertheantinucleargroupsays,itiswrongtoexpectareturntomoreprimitivesourcesoffuelHowever,opponentsofnuclearenergypointoutthatnuclearpowerstationsbringadirectthreatnotonlytotheenvironmentbutalsotocivillibertiesFurthermore,itisquestionablewhetherultimatelynuclearpowerisacheapsourceofenergyTherehave,forexample,beenverycostlyaccidentsinAmerica,inBritainand,ofcourse,inRussiaThepossibilityofincreasesinthecostofuranium(铀)inadditiontothecostofgreatersafetyprovisionscouldpricenuclearpoweroutofthemarketInthelongrun,environmentalistsargue,nuclearenergywastesvaluableresourcesanddisturbstheecologytoanextentwhichcouldbringaboutthedestructionofthehumanraceThus,ifwewishtosurvive,wecannotaffordnuclearenergyInspiteofthecaseagainstnuclearenergyoutlinedabove,nuclearenergyprogramsareexpandingSuchanexpansionassumesacontinualgrowthinindustrialproductionandconsumerdemandsHowever,itisdoubtfulwhetherthisgrowthwillorcancontinueHavingweigheduptheargumentsonbothsides,itseemstherearegoodeconomicandecologicalreasonsforsourcesofenergyotherthannuclearpowerTheadvocatesofnuclearenergyclaimthatnuclearenergyisA)extremelydangerousB)vitalinoursocietyC)exhaustibleandexpensiveD)primitiveandcheapSomepeoplethinkthatnuclearenergyisessentialbecauseA)thereisaseriousshortageofmanpowerB)itprovidesaperfectsolutiontomassunemploymentC)itisimpossibletoreturntomoreprimitivesourcesoffuelD)itcanmeetthegrowingdemandofanindustriallydevelopingsocietyWhichofthefollowingstatementsdoesthewritersupportA)ThedemandforcommercialproductswillnotnecessarilykeepincreasingB)UraniumisagoodsourceofenergyforeconomicandecologicalreasonsC)NuclearenergyprovidesaninexhaustibleandeconomicalsourceofpowerD)GreatersafetyprovisionscanbringabouttheexpansionofnuclearenergyprogramsThefunctionofthelastsentenceistoA)reflectthewriter’sattitudeB)advancethefinalargumentC)reversepreviouslyexpressedthoughtsD)showthedisadvantagesofnuclearpowerWhatisthewriter’sattitudetowardnuclearenergyA)IndifferentB)FavorableC)TolerantD)CriticalPassageQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:Thereseemsnevertohavebeenacivilizationwithouttoys,butwhenandhowtheydevelopedisunknownTheyprobablycameaboutjusttofivechildrensomethingtodoIntheancientworld,asistoday,mostboysplayedwithsomekindsoftoysandmostgirlswithanotherInsocietieswheresocialrolesarerigidlydetermined,boyspatterntheirplayaftertheactivitiesoftheirfathersandgirlsafterthetasksoftheirmothersThisistruebecauseboysandgirlsarebeingprepared,eveninplay,tostepintotherolesandresponsibilitiesoftheadultworldWhatisremarkableaboutthehistoryoftoysisnotsomuchhowtheychangedoverthecenturiesbuthowmuchtheyhaveremainedthesameThechangeshavebeenmostlyintermsofcraftsmanship,mechanics,andtechnologyItistheuniversalityoftoyswithregardtotheirdevelopmentinallpartoftheworldandtheirpersistencetothepresentthatisamazingInEgypt,theAmericas,China,JapanandamongtheArctic(北极的)peoples,generallythesamekindsoftoysappearedVariationsdependedonlocalcustomsandwaysoflifebecausetoysimitatetheirsurroundingsNearlyeverycivilizationhaddolls,littleweapons,toysoldiers,tinyanimalsandvehiclesBecausetoyscanbegenerallyregardedasakindofartform,theyhavenotbeensubjecttotechnologicalleapsthatcharacterizeinventionsforadultuseTheprogressfromthewheeltotheoxcarttotheautomobileisadirectlineofascent(进步)Theprogressfromarattle(拨浪鼓)usedbyababyinBCtooneusedbyaninfanttoday,however,isnotcharacterizedbyinventivenessEachrattleistheproductoftheartistictastesofthetimesandsubjecttothelimitationsofavailablematerialsThereasonwhythetoysmostboysplaywitharedifferentfromthosethatgirlsplaywithisthatA)theirsocialrolesarerigidlydeterminedB)mostboyswouldliketofollowtheirfathers'professionsC)boysliketoplaywiththeirfatherswhilegirlswiththeirmothersD)theylikechallengingactivitiesOneaspectof"theuniversalityoftoys"liesinthefactthatA)technologicaladvanceshavegreatlyimprovedthedurabilityoftoysB)theimprovementofcraftsmanshipinmakingtoysdependsontheeffortsofuniversitiesC)theexplorationoftheuniversehasledtothecreationofnewkindsoftoysD)thebasiccharacteristicsoftoysarethesametheworldoverWhichofthefollowingistheauthor'sviewonthehistoricaldevelopmentoftoysA)ThecraftsmanshipintoymakinghasremainedessentiallyunchangedB)ToyshaveremainedbasicallythesameallthroughthecenturiesC)ThetoyindustryhaswitnessedgreatleapsintechnologyinrecentyearsD)Toysareplayinganincreasinglyimportantroleinshapingachild'scharacterRegardedasakindofartform,toysA)followadirectlineofascentB)alsoappealgreatlytoadultsC)arenotcharacterizedbytechnologicalprogressD)reflectthepaceofsocialprogressTheauthorusedtheexampleofarattletoshowthatA)intoymakingthereisacontinuityintheuseofmaterialsB)eventhesimplesttoyscanreflecttheprogressoftechnologyC)itoftentakesalongtimetointroducenewtechnologyintotoymakingD)evenasimpletoycanmirrortheartistictastesofthetimePassageQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:WhenPresidentClintonheldapressconferenceinJunetomarkwhatwasbilledasoneofthemostimportantscientificmilestonesofthecenturythecrackingofthehumangeneticcodetwomenstoodtogetheronaWhiteHousepodium(讲台)tosharethecreditAsleadersofcompetinggenome(基因组)projects,FrancisCollins,directoroftheNationalHumanGenomeResearchInstitute,andJCraigVenter,presidentofCeleraGenomics,wererecognized,correctly,asthetwomostimportantplayersintheworldwideefforttospelloutthebillion“letters”ofthehumangenomethebiochemicalrecipe,encodedinourDNA,formanufacturingandoperatingacompletehumanbeingYetwhilescientificdiplomacyrequiredthatVenterandCollinsgetequalrecognitionforthisepochalachievement,insidersknewthatonemanwasmoreequalthantheotherThegenomewouldcertainlyhavebeensequencedifCraigVenterhadneverbeenbornButifhehadn’tdecidedtoattacktheproblemwitharadicalapproach,usingthemostsophisticatedcomputertechnologyavailable,andtodrivetheeffortwiththefullforceofhisrebelliouspersonality,itwouldhavetakenyearslongertocompleteByforcingCollinsandhiscolleaguestodoubleandredoublethepaceoftheirwork,VenterguaranteedthatthescientificrewardsandpotentiallylifesavingmedicaltreatmentsderivedfromdecodingourgeneswouldstarttopourinalmosthalfadecadeearlierthananyonehadexpectedVenter’scontribution,assertsVictorMcKusick,theJohnsHopkinsresearcherwhoisconsideredthegrandfatherofmedicalgenetics,was“spectacular”ThatisanunderstatementHavingthegenomeinhandwillalmostcertainlybeseenasoneofthecrowningachievementsofthenewcentury,nomatterwhatelsehappensinthenextyearsThegenomeor,moreprecisely,theindividualgenesitcontainsspellouttheinstructionsforconstructingtheproteinbuildingblocksofeverycellineverytissueofthebodyThissocalledbookoflifewillinevitablyrevealsecretsofbothhealthanddisease,promisingnewtreatmentsforvirtuallyeverymaladythatafflictsusTheword“bill”(line,paragraph)mostprobablymeansA)tosendalistofchargestoB)toclaimsomethingashavingsomequalitiesC)tomakeknownbypublicnoticeD)tobesuitableforVenterandCollinssharethecreditforA)thediscoveryofDNAB)thecrackingofthehumangeneticcodeC)thesuccessofthepressconferenceheldinJuneD)theinventionofanewlanguageTheauthorisoftheopinionthatA)Venter’scontributionisasgreatasCollin’sB)CollinswasignorantofthemostsophisticatedcomputertechnologyC)withoutVenter,thegenomewouldneverhavebeensequencedD)itisVenterwhoquickenedthepaceofgenomeresearchWhatdoestheauthorimplywhenhesays“Thatisanunderstatement”A)Venter’scontributionisfarmoreimportantB)ThevalueofthegenomeisunderestimatedC)WeshouldfocusonsomethingmoreimportantD)ThestatementisnotfairandshouldbeforgottenInthelastparagraph,“thissocalledbookoflife”referstoA)aninstructionB)abuildingblockC)thegenomeD)asecretPassageQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:Theriseofmultinationalcorporations(跨国公司),globalmarketing,newcommunicationstechnologies,andshrinkingculturaldifferenceshaveledtoanunparalleledincreaseinglobalpublicrelationsorPRSurprisingly,sincemodernPRwaslargelyanAmericaninvention,theUSleadershipinpublicrelationsisbeingthreatenedbyPReffortsinothercountriesTenyearsago,forexample,theworld'stopfivepublicrelationsagencieswereAmericanownedIn,onlyonewasTheBritishinparticulararebecomingmoresophisticatedandcreativeArecentsurveyfoundthatmorethanhalfofallBritishcompaniesincludePRaspartoftheircorporate(公司的)planningactivities,comparedtoaboutonethirdofUScompanies,ItmaynotbelongbeforeLondonreplacesNewYorkasthecapitalofPRWhyisAmericalaggingbehindintheglobalPRraceFirst,AmericansasawholetendtobefairlyprovincialandtakemoreofaninterestinlocalaffairsKnowledgeofworldgeography,forexample,hasneverbeenstronginthiscountrySecondly,AmericanslagbehindtheirEuropeanandAsiancounterparts(相对应的人)inknowingasecondlanguageLessthanpercentofBursonMarshall'sUSemployeesknowtwolanguagesOgilvyandMatherhasaboutthesamepercentageConversely,someEuropeanfirmshavehalformoreoftheiremployeesfluentinasecondlanguageFinally,peopleinvolvedinPRabroadtendtokeepaclosereyeoninternationalaffairsInthefinancialPRarea,forinstance,mostAmericansreadtheWallStreetJournalOrerseas,theircounterpartsreadtheJournalaswellastheFinancialTimesofLondonandTheEconomist,publicationsnotoftenreadinthiscountryPerhapsthePRindustrymighttakealessonfromTedTurnerofCNN(CableNewsNetwork)Turnerrecentlyannouncedthatthework"foreign"wouldnolongerbeusedonCNNnewsbroadcastsAccordingtoTurner,globalcommunicationshavemadethenationsoftheworldsointerdependentthatthereisnolongeranysuchthingasforeignAccordingtothepassage,USleadershipinpublicrelationsisbeingthreatenedbecauseA)anunparalleledincreaseinthenumberofpublicrelationscompaniesB)shrinkingculturaldifferencesandnewcommunicationstechnologiesC)thedecreasingnumberofmultinationalcorporationsintheUSD)increasedeffortsofothercountriesinpublicrelationsLondoncouldsoonreplaceNewYorkasthecenterofPRbecauseA)BritishcompaniesaremoreambitiousthanUScompaniesB)BritishcompaniesplacemoreimportanceonPRthanUScompaniesC)BritishcompaniesareheavilyinvolvedinplanningactivitiesD)fouroftheworld'stoppublicrelationsagenciesareBritishownedTheword"provincial"(Line,Para)mostprobablymeans""A)limitedinoutlookB)likepeoplefromtheprovincesC)rigidinthinkingD)interestedinworldfinancialaffairsWelearnfromthethirdparagraphthatemployeesintheAmericanPRindustryA)speakatleastoneforeignlanguagefluentlyB)areignorantaboutworldgeographyC)arenotassophisticatedastheirEuropeancounterpartsD)enjoyreadingagreatvarietyofEnglishbusinesspublicationsWhatlessonmightthePRindustrytakefromTedTurnerofCNNA)AmericanPRcompaniesshouldbemoreinternationallymindedB)TheAmericanPRindustryshoulddevelopglobalcommunicationstechnologiesC)PeopleworkinginPRshouldbemorefluentinforeignlanguagesD)PeopleinvolvedinPRshouldavoidusingtheword"foreign"PartIIIVocabularyandStructure()Directions:ThereareincompletesentencesinthispartForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheONEanswerthatbestcompletesthesentenceThenyoushouldmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterHewrotetothegraduateschooltoaboutthedoctoratestudyinWashingtonUniversityA)acquireB)requestC)inquireD)requireMyschoolwastraditional,butmorethanotherpublicschoolsA)longB)craftyC)lastingD)liberalTherefugeeswouldn’tsurvivethewinterA)vigorousB)tediousC)flatD)harshTheyhappilytheexistenceofopinionscontrarytotheirownA)resistB)sustainC)tolerateD)undergothesecriticism,IshallattempttojustifymyactionA)MindfulofB)AwkwardofC)IgnorantofD)ShyonDifferentpeoplehavethemostideasaboutwhatisimportantinlifeA)versatileB)verbalC)vagueD)variedBrookhasbeenBaldwin’smostdangerousandadversaryformanyyearsA)conservativeB)considerateC)considerableD)consistentThatwasaterriblepieceofworkyoutheotherdayIcouldhardlybelieveitwasyoursA)turndownedB)turnedupC)turnedtoD)turnedinTheenemyaretheiroffensivecapacityalongtheborderA)buildingonB)buildingupC)buildingoutD)buildingoffSuccessorfailureherewouldbecrucialtohisfutureA)proposalsB)promisesC)prospectsD)privilegesTheytothepublictasteforsentimentalplaysA)satisfyB)caterC)provideD)supplyItmusthavehimunconsciousforaconsiderableperiodA)renderedB)tookC)grewD)turnedWhatwouldyoudoifyoufacedacarefullypremeditatedandcarefullycrimeA)presidedB)administeredC)masteredD)executedTheplansforanewairporthavebeenscrappedanextensiontotheoldoneA)inlinewithB)inhonorofC)inplaceofD)infavorofIamwellawarethatwealltoonestereotypeoranotherA)adhereB)conformC)reflectD)satisfyThelaborunionahourweekinordertocreatemorejobsA)sponsorsB)contributesC)advocatesD)performsIshouldhatetobewithinthefourwallsofanofficealldayA)limitedB)restrictedC)confinedD)restrainedhimasawriterIdonotlikehimasamanA)AsImuchadmireB)MuchadmireasIC)MuchasIadmireD)HoweverImuchadmireinterestingtous,butalsoitsEnglishwillhelpusincompositionA)NotonlythenovelwillbeB)NotonlywillthenovelbeC)NotonlywillbethenovelD)OnlywillthenovelbeIt’sabouttimethatsomebodyyoutobehaveyourselfA)teachB)taughtC)willteachD)teachesIwouldn’tbeaslave,Iwouldn’tbeamasterA)So……,astoB)Neither……,norC)Notonly……,butalsoD)As……,soWomenwearingthegownswerereportedtolooktheyhadjuststeppedoutofbedA)likeB)asC)astoD)asifTravelwhereveryouwanttoreturnattheendofthemonthA)becauseB)howeverC)onlyD)andManislimitednotbyhistoolsbyhisvisionA)somany……asB)somuch……asC)aswell……asD)asmuch……asThereisnothingseriousIhadjumpedoutofthewindowwhenthebombexplodedA)concerningB)asIamconcernedC)whereIconcernedD)whereIamconcernedOccasionallysheandPhiliplittlepicturesA)wouldgooutandpaintB)couldgooutandpaintC)wereusedtogoingoutandpaintingD)usedtogoingoutandpaintingdisappointthemhedidtwoquicktricksA)RatherthanB)NeitherC)InsteadD)OtherthanstudyingEnglish,youshouldreadwidelyandspeakmoreA)RegardlessofB)AsregardC)WithregardtoD)WithregardingThepolicesuggestedthatthemotiveforthecrimejealousyA)isB)shouldbeC)beD)wasEveryattentionmustbepaidtohim,lesthethatheisinferiortomyotherguestsA)feelB)feltC)wouldfeelD)feelsPartⅣCloze()Directions:ThereareblanksinthefollowingpassageForeachblanktherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C),andD)ontherightsideofthepaperYoushouldchoosetheONEthatbestfitsintothepassageThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswersheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterThetaskofbeingacceptedandenrolled(招收)inauniversitybeginsearlyforsomestudentsLongtheygraduatefromhighschoolTheseStudentstakespecialtoprepareforadvancedstudyTheymayalsotakeoneofmoreexaminationsthattesthowpreparedtheyarefortheuniversityInthefinalyearofhighschool,theyapplicationsandsendthem,withtheirstudentrecords,totheuniversitieswhichtheyhopetoSomehighschoolstudentsmaybetohaveaninterviewwithrepresentativesoftheuniversityNeatly,,andusuallyveryfrightened,theyaretoshowthattheyhaveagoodattitudeandthetosucceedWhenthenewstudentsarefinally,theremaybeonemoresteptheyhavetobeforeregisteringforclassesandtoworkManycollegesanduniversitiesanorientation(情况介绍)programfornewstudentstheseprograms,theyoungpeoplegettoknowtheforregistrationandstudentadvising,universityrules,theofthelibraryandalltheotherservicesofthecollegeoruniversityBeginninganewlifeinanewplacecanbeveryThemoreknowledgestudentshavetheschool,theeasieritwillbeforthemtotothenewenvironmentHowever,ittakestimetogetusedtocollegelifeA)asB)afterC)sinceD)beforeA)coursesB)disciplinesC)majorsD)subjectsA)deeplyB)widelyC)wellD)muchA)fulfillB)finishC)completeD)accomplishA)attendB)participateC)studyD)belongA)acquiredB)consideredC)orderedD)requiredA)decoratedB)dressedC)coatedD)wornA)decidedB)intendedC)settledD)determinedA)powerB)abilityC)possibilityD)qualityA)adoptedB)acceptedC)receivedD)permittedA)makeB)undergoC)takeD)passA)gettingB)puttingC)fallingD)sittingA)offerB)affordC)grantD)supplyA)ForB)AmongC)InD)OnA)processesB)proceduresC)projectsD)provisionsA)applicationB)usageC)useD)utilityA)majorB)prominentC)keyD)greatA)amusingB)misleadingC)alarmingD)confusingA)beforeB)aboutC)onD)atA)fitB)suitC)yieldD)adaptPartVWriting()Directions:Forthispart,youareallowedminutestowriteacompositiononthetopic:SchoolorMajorYoushouldwriteatleastwordsandyoushouldbaseyourcompositionontheoutlinebelow:选择报考的高校时,有人先考虑大学的名气,有人先考虑专业是否热门。如果两者不能兼顾,你先考虑哪个为什么重庆交通学院《大学英语IV》期末预测试卷No答案PartIIReadingComprehension()(pointsper)BDAADADBCDBBDACDBACAPartIIIVocabularyandstructure()(pointper)CDDCADDDBCBADDBCCCBBDDCBDAACDAPartIVCloze()DACCADBDBBCAACBCADBDPartVWriting()SchoolorMajorRecentyearshavewitnessedasteadyincreaseinthepopularityofsuchmajorsasinternationalfinance,financeandaccountancy,internationaltradeandbusinessadministrationInthemeantime,whethertochoosegooduniversityoragoodmajorhasprovokedadebateItistruethatgraduatesfromprestigiousuniversitiesarepopularintalentmarkets,so,manystudentswouldsparenoeffortstobeenrolledingooduniversitiesTothem,enteringagooduniversitymeansstandingonthethresholdofapromisingcareeraftergraduationBut,agooduniversitycangiveyouconfidenceaswellasmuchcompetitivepressureandeventhebestuniversityhasunpopularmajors,thusintoday'sjobhuntingsociety,graduatesfromthesemajorscouldencountermuchdifficultyinfindingajob,letaloneagoodone,whichmeanstheyareoutofjobimmediatelyaftergraduationHowaboutagoodmajorMaybeyouarestudyinginacommonuniversity,butyourmajorisofgreatcompetition,thendoyoustillneedtoworryaboutyourfutureAgoodmajorcanensureyourfuturesuccessbasedonyourindustryandmasteryofyourmajorIfyourmajorisexclusivetoonlyseveraluniversities,yousurelywillbecomeascarcetalentDonotalwayspursueagooduniversitychoosingagoodmajorsuitabletoyouiswiser

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《大学英语IV》期末预测试卷No

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