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首页 听力专升本听力点睛

听力专升本听力点睛.doc

听力专升本听力点睛

yang萍树
2019-06-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《听力专升本听力点睛doc》,可适用于综合领域

听力点睛之填空ThisistheVOASpecialEnglishHealthReportTheHNfluvirusthathasspreadaroundtheworldisespeciallyforpregnantwomenIftheybecome,especiallyafterthefirstthreemonthsofpregnancy,theycangetverysickorevendieCasesofdeathhavealsobeenreportedPregnantwomenfaceanriskevenduringoutbreaksofseasonalinfluenzaButthenewHNfluhasbeenaffectingaagegroupthanseasonalfluepidemicsTheWHOsayspregnantwomenshouldtaketheantiviraldrugTamifluassoonaspossibleaftertheyshowofillnessThedrugisalsocalledoseltamivirTheagencysaystreatmentshouldbeginimmediatelyandnotwaitfortheresultsoflaboratorytestsTheeffectsaregreatestwhengivenwithinButexpertssaythemedicinecouldstilldosomegoodevenifthereisadelaySinceApril,morethanonethousanddeathshavebeenfromtheHNvirus,commonlycalledswinefluButsofarthevirushasnotshownitselftobemoreseverethanTheWorldHealthOrganizationhaspredictedthattheHNviruswillinfectatleastpeopleinthenexttwoyearsAgencychiefMargaretChanhasexpressedconcernthereisnotagoodinplacetoproduceenoughvaccineagainstthevirusIntheUnitedStates,therearenowguidelinesfortheuseofHNvaccinewhenitbecomesAnadvisorycommitteeoftheCentersforDiseaseControlandPreventionsaidtherearegroupsthatshouldbevaccinatedfirstTheseincludepregnantwomenandpeoplewholivewithorcareforchildrenyoungerthansixmonthsTheyalsoincludeworkersinhealthcareand,andpeoplebetweensixmonthsandtwentyfouryearsofageThefifthgroupontheispeopletwentyfivetosixtyfourwithchronichealthproblemsIfvaccinesuppliesare,thenthecommitteesaystwogroupsofchildrenshouldbevaccinatedbeforeotherchildrenOnegroupisthosewhoaresixmonthstofouryearsoldTheotheristhosefivetoeighteenwithchronicconditionsInApril,afterthefirstcasesintheUnitedStates,officialstoldschoolstocloseatthefirstsignofanHNoutbreakThegovernmentlaterthosewarningsSincethenofficialshavebeenreportedworkingonfinalforwhenschoolsshouldcloseAndthat'stheVOASpecialEnglishHealthReport,writtenbyCatyWeaverI'mSteveEmberThisistheVOASpecialEnglishAgricultureReportExpertssaythatagricultureprovidesoftheworld'sgreenhousegasemissionseachyearThegasesreleasedincludecarbondioxide,amajorofglobalwarmingTwentyonenationsaroundtheworldrecentlyjoinedforcestobetterandpreventgreenhousegasemissionsfromfarmsTheGlobalResearchAllianceonAgriculturalGreenhouseGaseswasattheUnitedNationsconferenceonclimatechangeThemeetingtookplaceinCopenhagen,lastmonthAgriculturalexpertsblameanumberoffarmactivitiesforproducinggreenhousegasesForexample,andcattledigestivesystemsreleasemethanegasFertilizedsoilandtheburningofcropwastealsoreleaseharmfulgasesintotheairExpertssaysomeoftillingturningthesoiltoprepareforplantingalsoreleaseharmfulcarbondioxideAnoftheEuropeanCommission'sDirectorateGeneralforResearchsaysagriculturalgreenhousegasemissionscanbecutMaiveRutesuggestsfeedinganimalsadesignedtoreduceemissionsThenewagriculturalresearchgroupsaysprotectingagainstglobalwarmingisonlypartofitsItsaystheworldalsoneedstodevelopbetterfarmingmethodstofeedgrowingpopulationsinpoorcountriesUnitedStatesAgricultureSecretaryTomVilsacksaidnoonenationcanfightagriculturalgreenhousegasemissionsandincreasefoodproductionatthesametimeThisiswhytheisimportantforcombiningresourcesandfindingnewonesTheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculturewillincreaseonfarmemissionsresearchbyninetymilliondollarsoverthenextfouryearsThetotalwillreachdollarsTheUSDAwillsharetheresearchwithothercountriesintheGlobalResearchAllianceonAgriculturalGreenhouseGasesTheUSDAwillresearchersfromdevelopingcountriesthatbelongtotheallianceMoneyfromtheBorlaugFellowshipprogramwilllettheresearchersstudyagriculturalclimatechangewithAmericanMisterVilsacksaidthatjustasclimatechangehasnoborders,thereshouldbenobordersforresearchAndthat'stheVOASpecialEnglishAgricultureReport,writtenbyJerilynWatsonYoucancommentonourprogramsatvoaspecialenglishcomI'mSteveEmberThisistheVOASpecialEnglishEconomicsReportThisistheVOASpecialEnglishEconomicsReportManypeoplethinkthesearchforleadsonlytorenewableresourceslikesun,windandwaterButitalsoleadstoafossilfuelNaturalgasisconsideredthecleanestofthefossilfuels,thefuelscreatedbyplantandanimalovermillionsofyearsBurningitreleasesfewerthanoilorcoalThegasismainlymethaneItproduceshalfthecarbondioxideofotherfossilfuelsSoitmayhelpcuttheproductionofcarbongaseslinkedtoRussiaisfirstinwhatarecalled"reserves"ofnaturalgasTheUnitedStatesissixthOvertheyears,bigoilandgascompaniesrecoveredmuchoftheeasilyreachedsuppliesofgasinAmericaTheystraightdownintoformationswheregascollectsAsthesesupplieswereusedup,bigdrillerslookedforsimilarformationsinothercountriesButnowtheindustryistakingaCompaniesaredevelopinggassuppliestrappedinshalerockmetersundergroundTheydrilldowntotheshale,thengosidewaysandinjectwater,sandorothermaterialintotherockThiscausestherocktobreak,orfracture,releasingthegasHugefieldsofgasshalearebelievedtolietheAppalachianMountains,MichiganandthesouthcentralstatesGasshaleexplorationisbeingdonemainlybysmalltosizedcompaniesEricPotterisaprogramdirectorintheBureauofEconomicGeologyattheUniversityofTexasatAustinERICPOTTER:"ThetypesofthatareleftfornaturalgasexplorationintheUShavechangedSoit'sadifferentclassofresourcenotaseasytodevelop,andnotevenassomethingworthpursuing,say,twentyyearsago"HesaysmorethanhalfthegasintheUnitedStatesisnowcomingfromthesenewButhydraulicfracturing石油水力压裂canalsoproducedebateandangerovertheriskofpollutionThismethodofdrillingisnotfederallysupervisedundertheSafeDrinkingWaterActSomeinCongresswanttoendthatexemption解除,免除fromthelawNaturalgasprovidesAmericanswithaboutoftheirenergyAnd,unlikeoil,mostofitisproducedinAmericaGasproducersinvestedinreachingnewsupplieswhenpriceswerehighButpricesaredownnowbecausetherecessioncutdemandforenergySoenergyexpertEricPottersaysitistooearlytoknowhowthenewgasshalereserveswillthemarketAndthat'stheVOASpecialEnglishEconomicsReport,writtenbyMarioRitterI'mSteveEmberThisistheVOASpecialEnglishEducationReportWebfirstappearedoncomputersintheearlynineteenninetiesSincethen,theInternethaschangedthewaypeoplecommunicateButsometeachersthinkthechangesarenotallforthebetterEleanorJohnsonisanEnglishprofessoratColumbiaUniversityinNewYorkELEANORJOHNSON:"Ithinkthathasmadestudentsbelievethatit'sfarmoreacceptablethanitactuallyistojustmakeatrocious特别坏的spellingandgrammaticalerrors"ShesaysherstudentsoverthepastseveralyearshaveincreasinglyusedlessformalEnglishintheirwritingShesayswordsandlike"guy"and"youknow"nowappearinresearchpapersAndshenowhastotalkaboutanotherprobleminclass,shesaysworduseForexample,astudentsays"preclude"排除insteadof"precede"whentalkingaboutonecomingbeforeanotherItsoundslikeprecedebutitmeansProfessorJohnsonsuspectsastronglinkbetweentheriseofinstantandcommunicationonlineandanincreaseinwritingmistakesButshetheremaynotbemuchscientificevidence,atleastnotyetDavidCrystalisaBritishwhohaswrittenmorethanonehundredbooks,includingthebook"LanguageandtheInternet"HesaysthechangingnatureoftheInternetmakesitdifficulttostaycurrentinstudyingitseffectsButhebelievesitsinfluenceonlanguageisDAVIDCRYSTAL:"ThemaineffectoftheInternetonlanguagehasbeentoincreasetherichnessoflanguage,providingthelanguagewithanewsetofdimensionsthathaven'texistedinthepast"ErinJansenisfounderofNetlingo,anonlineofInternetandtextmessagingtermsShesaysthenewtechnologyhasnotchangedexistinglanguagebuthasgreatlyaddedtothe"Basicallyit'safreedomofexpression,"shesaysAndwhataboutteacherswhofindthesenewkindsofmistakesinandgrammarintheirstudents'workWhatishermessagetothemERINJANSEN:"Ialways,don'tgetangryorupsetaboutthat,getcreativeIfit'shelpingthestudentswritemoreorcommunicatemoreintheirfirst,that'sgreatThat'swhatteachersandeducatorswanttogetkidscommunicating"ButErinJansenandDavidCrystalwithEleanorJohnsononatleastonethingTeachersneedtomakesurestudentsunderstandtheusesandrulesofAndthat'stheVOASpecialEnglishEducationReport,writtenbyLawanDavis,withreportingbyRachelAbramsWewanttoknowwhatyouhavetosayabouttheeffectsoftheInternetonlanguageandwritingPostyourcommentsatvoaspecialenglishcomI'mBobDoughtyholdingcompany:n控股公司ThisistheVOASpecialEnglishEconomicsReportInrecentyears,acitygrewinthedesertofDubai迪拜(阿拉伯联合酋长国之一)onandevenofftheGulfcoastAnislandshapedlikeawasbuiltforhotels,homesandentertainmentInOctoberoflastyearthesamedeveloperannouncedplansfortheworld'stallestbuildingyetButtheeconomicsoonforcedtheNakheelcompanytosuspendthoseplansDubaiisintheUnitedArabEmirates阿联酋(阿拉伯联合酋长国),ayearoldfederation联盟ofterritoriesruledbyemirs酋长或统治者,特别是在中东地区But,unlikeitsneighborAbuDhabi阿布扎比(阿拉伯联合酋长国之一),oilhasnotfueledDubai'sOilisonlysixpercentofitseconomyInstead,thepropertyandserviceindustrieshaveleditsNowDubaifindsitselfinfinancialpainAnditsreactionhassomeinvestorsworriedLastweek,Dubai'slargestcompanycalledforasixmonthdelayinpayingsomeofitsdebtsDubaiWorldGroupisseekingtorenegotiatetermsondollarsindebtAllofitislinkedtoNakheel,whichispartofDubaiWorldThegovernmentownsDubaiWorldandwilltakecontrolofitsButDubai'sfinancechiefsaidthegovernmentdoesnotguaranteeitsdebtDubaiWorldowescreditorsaofsixtybilliondollarsThecompanyisnotaninvestmentforthegovernmentlikeasovereign国王的wealthfundItisaholdingcompanyforbusinessesinlanddevelopment,port,energyandfinancialservicesThegrouphasusedborrowedmoneyforeconomicdevelopmentGhiyathNakshbendiofAmericanUniversityinWashingtonnotesthattheproblemsarelinkedtoaworldwideinrealestatepricesGHIYATHNAKSHBENDI:"Emergingmarketsareasvictimtotheworldmeltdownasanyothereconomyandthereareno"HeexpectsthedebtrestructuringtobesuccessfulHesaysDubaianditsleadershavetoomuchtotoletcreditors债权人likebanksinBritainsufferlossesStill,lastweek'sannouncementwasaNowDubaiWorldisfacedwithsellingpropertiesatheavylossestoraisemoneySomeexpertsquestionhowAbuDhabiwillbetorescueDubaiTheirrelationshipissometimestenseGhiyathNakshbendisaysDubaiWorldwillhavetoitswaysGHIYATHNAKSHBENDI:"IthinkDubaiwentalittlebittoofastandtheyborrowedtoomuchmoneyinaveryperiodoftime"Ofcourse,Dubaiwasnotingatheringdebtduringtheeasycredit扩大信用yearsThereareworriesthatthecrisiscouldbethefirstofmoretocomeinotherpartsoftheworldAndthat'stheVOASpecialEnglishEconomicsReport,writtenbyMarioRitterI'mSteveEmberThisistheVOASpecialEnglishEconomicsReportToyota丰田becametheworld'slargestintwothousandeightButafteryearsofbuildingloyalty,theJapanesecompanymayhaveputitsqualityatrisk,atleasttemporarilyToyotaisrecalling召回millionsofcarsandtrucksaroundtheworldbecauseofcaseswherevehicleshavespedupLastAugust,adriverinCaliforniawasunabletostopThecrashhimandthreeofhisfamilymembersToyotasaystheproblemisandcausedbyacceleratorpedals油门踏板becomingstuckOnJanuarytwentysixth,thecompanysuspendedsalesofeightofitsvehiclesintheUnitedStates,itslargestmarketToyotadealershavebeenreceivingpartstomakeGeneralMotors汽车生产商通用andFordbothreportedsalesinJanuaryButToyotasalesintheUnitedStateshavefallen,andsohasitspriceToyotasaysitexpectscostsandlostsalesfromitsrecentrecallstototaltwobilliondollarsbytheendofMarchLouisLataifspenttwentysevenyearsinthecarindustryatFordNowheisoftheSchoolofManagementatBostonUniversity波士顿大学管理学院LOUISLATAIF:"It'sToyota'sbiggestsuchrecallIt'sincidentally顺便提及,it'snotmandated命令或要求So,inthatrespect,theyaredoingsomethingfairly,namely,takingthehitofshuttingproductionandthevehiclesthatareininventory存货清单onwhichtheyhavestoppedsales"Arecalllatelastyearinvolvedfloormats脚垫thatToyotasaidcouldtheacceleratortogetstuckOneofthevehiclesinthefloormatrecallwasthePrius丰田汽车品牌普锐斯,是一款油电混合动力车,theworld'stopsellinghybrid混合动力车NowAmericanofficialsarethebrakesystemonthetwentytenPriusTheTransportationDepartmentsaysithasreceivedmorethanreports,includingreportsoffourcrashesToyotasaysitfoundaproblemthatcouldbrieflyaffectthe"feel"oftheantilockbrakes防抱死制动(系统)onroughorslipperyroadsItsaysitthebrakeproblemlastmonthButagrowingnumberoflegalcasesclaimToyotaknewforalongtimeabouttheaccelerationissuewithothervehiclesTheproblemreportedlyhasledtomorethancrashesanddeathsinthepasttenyearsCongressispreparingforhearingsGregBonnerisamarketingprofessoratVillanovaUniversityHesaystoregain,ToyotawillhavetomakepubliceverythingitknowsabouttheproblemsandshowitacceptsTherecallhasalsointensifiedquestionsaboutallthecomputercontrolsystemsusedincarsAndthat'stheVOASpecialEnglishEconomicsReport,writtenbyMarioRitterI'mSteveEmber

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