下载

0下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载券
  • 上传内容扩展
  • 资料优先审核
  • 免费资料无限下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 中国对外贸易现状问题与对策建议(Suggestions Chinese problems and…

中国对外贸易现状问题与对策建议(Suggestions Chinese problems and Countermeasures of the current situation of foreign trade).doc

中国对外贸易现状问题与对策建议(Suggestions Chi…

过客初春的阳光
2018-11-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中国对外贸易现状问题与对策建议(Suggestions Chinese problems and Countermeasures of the current situation of foreign trade)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国对外贸易现状问题与对策建议(SuggestionsChineseproblemsandCountermeasuresofthecurrentsituationofforeigntrade)中国对外贸易现状问题与对策建议(SuggestionsChineseproblemsandCountermeasuresofthecurrentsituationofforeigntrade)China'sforeigntradesituation,problemsandcountermeasures,asof,ChinahassurpassedtheUnitedStates,hasbecometheworld'slargesttradingpowerButChinaisforeignThestatusquooftradeisstillnotoptimisticSince,theannualincreaserateoftwodigitshasshockedtheworldChinawasalsoawardedthetitleof"worldfactory",whichisworththinkingaboutmorethanthehugeamountofforeigntradeAfterChina'saccessiontotheworldtradeorganization,theoriginalandnewtradeproblems,suchasindustrialrestructuringandtradeFrictioncoping,etcthetotalimportandexporttradehasincreasedyearbyyearAccordingtothestatisticsoftheMinistryofCommerce,China'sforeignimportsandexportshavechangedIn,billionmillionUSdollarsincreasedtotrillionandbillionmillionUSdollarsin,andthetotalvalueofimportsandexportsinreachedevenmoretrillionandbillionmilliondollars,anotherhigh,thepatternofeconomicandtradehaschanged,buttherealexportproductsaremainlylaborintensiveproductsTheaddedvalueisnothighWithChina'smostimportanttradingpartner,theUnitedStates(plusHongkong'sentrepottrade,tradewiththeUnitedStatesaccountedforMorethanofChina'stotaltradeasanexampleTheUnitedStatesimportsgoodsfromChina,inspiteofthehugeamount,buttheownerofthegoodsWeshouldfocusonlaborintensiveindustrialproductsIn,thetradestructurebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStateswasinthetoptenHalfoftheproductsaretoys,clothing,bagsandsoonAndmotor,electrical,audioequipmentanditszeroattachedItisthelargestproductimportedbytheUnitedStatesfromChina,withatotalimportofUS$billionmillion,accountingforitstotalimportsOnthewhole,thecharacteristicsofChina'sexportstotheUnitedStatesarethatthetechnologyisnothigh,andthetwoisthatitisThemarketsubstitutionisstrong,andthreeistheconsumptionelasticityissmallThesurveycouldfindthefirsteightcategoriesofAmericanimportsfromChinaProductshavestrongsubstitutabilityTherearethreemainsubstitutesforAmericanimportsfromChina,oneisNorthAmericanfreedomCanadaandMexicointhetradingarea,CanadaandMexicoclosetotheUnitedStates,enjoyingtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeAreaThespecialpreferentialpolicytwo,theEuropeanUnionandJapanandothertraditionalmanufacturingpowers,whoseproductshavehightechnicalcontent,familiarwithThemarketenvironmentandcompetitivenessoftheUnitedStatesarenottobequestionedthreearedevelopingcountriesinASEANandSouthAsia,andtheyareinaccordancewiththeChineseClassicsThelevelofeconomicdevelopmentisclosetothatofChina,andthereiscompetitionandsubstitutionbetweenChinaandexportcommoditiesInaddition,themanufacturingindustryinIndiaIthasalsodevelopedrapidlyandbegantocompetewithChinafortheexportmarketofrelatedproductsAccordingtothedata,ChinaisoutoftheUnitedStatesThepatternoftextileandclothingbasedtextileshasbeguntochange,andtheshareofcomputercommunicationproductsisrisingHowever,accordingtothestatisticsoftheMinistryofCommerceofChina,themaintrademodesofChina'shightechproductsexportstillremainHowever,itistheprocessingtradecategoryLaborintensiveproductsarestillthemainindustry,industrialaddedvalueisnothigh,tradepartnersaretooconcentratedandlackofriskresistanceChina'stradingpartnersarestillrelativelyconcentratedinEuropeAsiaandAmerica,especiallysomeoftheworld'sleadingcountries,suchasJapan,theUnitedStatesandtheEuropeanUnion,arethetop,TheamountoftradebetweenthethreeaccountsfornearlyhalfofthetotalThispatternoftradedoesnothaveenoughriskresistancecapability,AnobviousexampleistherecentconservativeuseofthesemajortradingpartnersduetotheeconomicdownturnChina'sforeigntradevolumehasbeengreatlyaffectedbytradepolicy,andthetradesurplusintobillionmilliondollarsfellforsecondconsecutiveyearsofChina'stradesurplus,thetraditionaladvantageousindustriesaregreatlyinfluencedbytheinternationalmarketChina'straditionaladvantageousindustriesaremainlyoneSomelaborintensiveindustries,inrecentyears,theinternationalmarketoftheseindustrialgoodshasshrunk,thissituationTherearemainlythreereasonsfortheemergence:()therapideconomicdevelopmentoftheemergingcountriesonChina'sexporttradeShocks,suchastheimpactofMexicoonChina'stextileindustry()thedevelopedcountriesarerestrictedbytheirowninterestsForexample,theUnitedStates,inordertoprotectitsdomesticindustries,restrictsimports,andtheEuropeanUnionlimitstheinterestsofthenewlyjoinedcountries()withtheincreaseofChina'seconomiccapacity,foreigncountrieshavecancelledpreferentialpoliciestochinaSuchastheEuropeanUnionDecidedtoabolishtheGSPofsixcategoriesofproductssuchasmilkandeggproductsinchinaTheresultofthecombinationofthesethreefactorsisthattheEuropeanandAmericancountriescontinuouslycomplainaboutdumpingofmanykindsofcommoditiesinourcountry,whichmakesChina'sexportsgreatlyAsaresult,someleadingindustriesareshowingsignsofdeclineAfterChina'saccessiontotheWTO,accordingtotheWTO,ThecommitmentoftheorganizationandthebasicprinciplesoftheWTOhavefurtherimprovedtheeconomicmanagementsysteminChinaTheforeigntrademanagementsystemisbasicallyinlinewithinternationalstandardsAtpresent,China'seconomyisstillintheprimarystageofsocialistdevelopmentChina'sforeigntradehasenteredaturningpointinthetransitionfromtheoldtothenewDuetothemanagementsystemAtpresent,therearestillmanyproblemstobesolvedinthedevelopmentofChina'sforeigntrade:()theprevalenceofinternationaltradeprotectionismhasbecomeamajorobstacletothedevelopmentofChina'sforeigntradeInrecentyears,somedevelopedcountrieshaveadoptedenvironmentalprotectionstandards,qualitystandards,technicalstandards,healthstandardsandotherformsNontariffbarriersimposerestrictionsonimportsandabuseantidumpingmeasurestoprotectthedomesticmarketInternationally,aimatmeTheantidumpingandsafeguardmeasuresofChina'sexportcommoditiesaremoreandmoreserious,whichseriouslyaffectsthedevelopmentofChina'sforeigntrade(two)China'sexportmarketoflaborintensiveproductsoflowpricephenomenonisserious,andforeigntradeorderTobeimprovedWiththegradualliberalizationofforeigntrademanagementrights,moreenterprisestotheinternationalmarketButtosomeextent,ithasledtoBlindcompetition,lowprice,notthecredibilityofthephenomenonThemainexportoflowpriceisaffectedbythesourceofproduction",Industriesandenterprisesseriouslyaffectedbylow,scatteredanddisorderlyTheexportoflowpricephenomenoninourcountryinthemarketsystemDevelopeddevelopingcountriesandeconomictransitioncountriesareparticularlyserious(three)thequalityofforeigntradedevelopmentneedstobeimproved,andthegrowthmodeofexportisstillextensiveIn,exportsincreasedsharply,butfromtheperspectiveofspecificcommodities,theexportvolumeincreasedsharply,whiletheexportpriceincreasedsharplyThegridcontinuestodeclineThissituationisparticularlyprominentintraditionallaborintensiveproductsExportgrowthisstilllowThepatternoftheincreaseofcostandlowprice(four)theencouragingpolicyandsystemofChina'sforeigntradedevelopmentstillneedtobefurtherstraightenedoutThepolicyofencouragingthedevelopmentofforeigntradeinourcountryshouldbeinlinewiththeinternationalstandardsandmaintainstability,whichisthesustainedandrapiddevelopmentofforeigntradeConditionAtpresent,somesubsidypolicieshavenotyetmetinternationalnorms,althoughsomepoliciesareinlinewithinternationalnorms,buttheyarenotIftheexporttaxrebatemechanismisstillimperfect,itcannotkeepupwiththeneedsofforeigntradedevelopmentAccordingtotheabovesituation,Ithinkweshouldpayattentiontothefollowingpointsinforeigntrade:()thesubsidypolicytoencouragethedevelopmentofforeigntradeinChinaisfurtherimproved,anditisinlinewithinternationalnormsAccordingtotheprovisionsoftheworldtradeorganization,exportsubsidiesarestrictlyprohibitedSoourcountrywillbeadruminthefutureTheexportsubsidypolicymustbeadjustedtoeconomicleveragesuchasexchangerate,interestrateandtaxrateChinainthefutureGovernmentsubsidiesshouldbeinputtoprimaryproductionfactors,basictheoryresearchandhightechdevelopmentTalentandhighThelackofnewtechnologyisanimportantguaranteefortheenterprisestoimprovetheircompetitivenessintheinternationalmarket,buttheenterpriseslackfundsandbearthemThereisnoriskforhightechinvestment,sothegovernmenttakesvariousformsofbasiceducationandhighereducationItisnecessaryforenterprisestoincreasetheirinternationalcompetitivenessbysubsidizingresearchanddevelopment(two)thestateshouldpayattentiontotheproblemofforeigntradeimbalance,andstrivetodiversifytheexportmarketandincreaseimportsRawmaterialsandhightechnologymeettheneedsofthedomesticmarketandpromotethedevelopmentofthenationaleconomyTosolvetheproblemofbilateralimbalanceisaveryimportantissueinthedevelopmentofChina'sforeigntradeOrBreakthroughanddevelopthemarketwithpotentialdevelopment,Inparticular,weshouldincreaseexportstoChina'stradesurpluscountriesaccordingtoDomesticmarketdemandandChina'sgrowingpopulationdemand,increaseimportsofrawmaterialsandhightech,fromtheelementsFromthepointofviewofscarcity,Chinaisacountrywithshortageofresourcesandhightech,increasingimportresourcesandhightechItisbeneficialtothedevelopmentofournationaleconomy,theupgradingofindustrialstructure,andtheenhancementofChina'sinternationalcompetitiveness(three)weshouldvigorouslydeveloptheexportofChina'scompetitiveadvantageindustryproducts,andtransformourcomparativeadvantageproductsWiththedevelopmentofworldeconomyandtheimprovementofconsumptionlevel,theconceptofconsumptionischangingconstantlyDemandforcommoditiesischanging,tooChina'straditionalexportproductshavenotadaptedtotheneedsofmarketcompetitionStrivetoraiseThequalityandgradeofhighexportproducts,increasethevarietiesofcolor,meettheneedsofdifferentmarkets,differentlevels,notDevelopnewproductstomeetthechangeofconsumerdemand(four)strengthentheguidanceandcoordinationofexportproductprices,andstandardizetheexportmarketmanagementEstablishandstrengthentheroleofintermediaryorganizationsinexportmarket,strengthentheguidance,managementandcoordinationfunctionofthechamberofcommerceAccordingtotheexperienceofothercountries,manycountriesintheexportmarket,notonlythelawtoregulate,aswellasintermediaryOrganizationcoordinationandmanagement,exportenterprisesmustacceptcoordination,inordertopreventlowpricecompetition,cannibalisminordertoTostrengthenthemanagementofthemarket,ourgovernmentorchamberofcommerceshouldsetupintermediaryorganizationsintheexportmarketandenterintothemarketpriceTosupervise,guideandcoordinatethepunishmentofenterpriseswithlowpricecompetition,soastocreateafaircompetitionenvironmentAndnormalmanagementorderOverall,thegovernmentshouldincreasetheguidanceandadjustmentofinternationaltrade:()guideenterprisesfromthe"Chinesesystem"(two)toraisethethresholdofforeigninvestment,toeliminatethepooreconomicreturnsandtoconsumealargeamountofresourcesTheforeignfundedenterprises(three)haveactivelyimplementedtheplanofexpandingdomesticdemandanddoublingincomestodriveChinafrom"worldfactory"to"China'sworldfactory""Worldmarket"change

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

评分:

/10

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利