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首页 中国人民大学《新闻评论学》讲义(涂光晋)(Notes on Journalism…

中国人民大学《新闻评论学》讲义(涂光晋)(Notes on Journalism Review (Tu Guangjin), Renmin University of China).doc

中国人民大学《新闻评论学》讲义(涂光晋)(No…

何奇志
2018-10-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中国人民大学《新闻评论学》讲义(涂光晋)(Notes on Journalism Review (Tu Guangjin), Renmin University of China)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国人民大学《新闻评论学》讲义(涂光晋)(NotesonJournalismReview(TuGuangjin),RenminUniversityofChina)中国人民大学《新闻评论学》讲义(涂光晋)(NotesonJournalismReview(TuGuangjin),RenminUniversityofChina)NotesonJournalismReview(TuGuangjin),RenminUniversityofChinaThefirstchapterisaboutthecharacteristicsandfunctionsofnewscommentarySectionbasicconceptsofnewscommentaryFirst,thedefinitionsofnewsreviewsTherearemanydefinitionsofnewscommentarytherelationbetweenthechangeofnewscommentaryconceptandthechangeofnewscommentarypracticethenewscommentarytakesthedisseminationofopinioninformationasthemainpurposeandmeansTwo,thedisseminationsystemofnewscommentaryThemaingenresandbasicstylesofnewscommentarythespecialgenresandstylesofradio,TVandInternetreviewsThesecondsectionisaboutthecharacteristicsofnewscommentaryFirst,thedifferencebetweennewscommentaryandgeneralargumentationIntenselyjournalistic,distinctive,political,orideological,widelypublicTwo,thedifferencebetweennewscommentaryandnewsreportsThecontentofcommunicationisdifferent,thepurposeofcommunicationisdifferent,themodeofcommunicationisdifferent,andtherequirementsofcommunicationaredifferentThethirdsectionisaboutthefunctionofnewscommentaryFirst,thesocialfunctionofnewscommentaryCognitivefunctionsincludeunderstandingthenatureofthings,understandingthecauseandeffectofthings,predictingthetendencyoferrors,andimprovingthecognitiveabilityEducationalfunctionsincludepromotingsocialintegrity,advocatingsocialnorms,raisingmoralstandardsandpromotingsocialcivilizationSupervisoryfunctionsincludeoversightofauthority,supervisionofpublicrights,supervisionofinterestgroups,andthemaintenanceofsocialjusticeCoordinationfunction,includingregulatingpublicopiniontemperature,balancingsocialmentality,coordinatingsocialbehavior,andavoidingmisunderstandingTwo,thespecialfunctionofnewscommentaryGuidingfunction,includingguidingpublicopinion,guidingpracticalwork,guidingsociallifeandguidingaudience'sthoughtInterpretationincludesinterpretationofpoliciesandlaws,interpretationofnewsevents,analysisofsocialphenomena,andtheliftingofideologicaldoubtsStatementofaction,includingrepresentativesofthepartyorgovernment,onbehalfofthemediaposition,onbehalfofthepublicstandonbehalfofindividualsDeepentherole,includinginsightintothenatureofthings,makerationalanalysis,grasptheuniversalrelations,andpointoutthelawofchangeThesecondchapterisabouttheevolutionanddevelopmentofChineseNewsCommentaryThefirstsectionisabriefreviewofthehistoryofChineseNewsCommentaryAsource,Chinesenewscommentary:AncientessaysperiodFrompreQinperiodtoHan,WeiJin,TangandSongDynasties,theMingandQingDynasties,ChinaessaybriefreviewandintroductionoffamoushistoryTwo,Chinesenewscommentaryandevolutionofnewspapers,newscommentaryperiod"Chinesemonthlymagazine"andChinanewscommentaryhistoricalstatusandcharacteristicsofWangTao'spoliticalaffairsstyleandcharacteristicofLiangQichao'scommentary,theemergenceofThree,thematurityofChina'snewsreviewtheperiodofpresscommentaryFromtheRevolutiontotheMovement,thechangesofnewscommentary,theintroductionofrepresentativecriticsandtheircriticalworks,thedevelopmentofChineseNewsCommentarysincethefoundingofnewchinaFour,theexpansionofChina'snewsreviewthemultimediadevelopmentperiodofnewscommentaryTheenrichmentanddevelopmentofpresscommentarytheriseandmaturityofradioandtelevisioncriticismtheemergenceandprosperityofInternetspeechThesecondsectionisaboutthedevelopmenttrendofnewscommentaryFirst,theintegrationtrendTheinfiltrationandintegrationofnewsreportsandnewscommentaries,themutualreferenceandfusionofdifferentmediacommentariesstyles,theinterpenetrationandintegrationofdifferentgenresandstylesofthesamemediaTwo,personalizedtrendsTheindividualizationofacomment,comment,article(orprogram),individuality,orindividualityofareviewer(orpresenter)Three,opentrendThescopeofthesubjectisopen,theopeningofthetopic,theopennessofthewayofdiscussion,andtheopennessoftheconclusionFour,thetrendofspecializationThespecializationofcontentandscope,thespecializationofthesubject,andtheprofessionalismofthereviewmethodsThethirdchapterisaboutthetopicandargumentationofnewscommentaryThefirstsectionisaboutthetopicofreviewTheconceptoftopicselectionthetopicselectionisthefirstprocessofreviewFirst,thesourceofthetopicThestudyofpolicydocuments,theauthor'sfindings,mediacoverage,audienceprovision,andspecialplanningTwo,thetypesoftopicsEventtopicssocialtopicsregular(periodic)topicsSecondcommentsontheargumentTheconceptofargumentationtherelationbetweentopicselectionandargumentIthecoreoftheargument:JudgmentTheconceptofjudgmentthedivisionoftypesofjudgmentsthetypesofjudgmentsassociatedwithargumentsTwo,thepremiseoftheargumentUnderstandthefactsandbackgroundofthetopicgrasptherelevantpolicies,lawsandregulationscollectrelevantopinionsoropinionshaverelevantknowledgeoraccomplishmentThree,therequirementsoftheargumentTargeted,novel,accurate,prospectiveThefourthchapterisaboutthetitleandstructureofnewscommentaryFirst,thetitleofthereviewFirst,thedifferencebetweenthecommentheadlinesandthenewsheadlinesThetitleofdifferenttasks,accordingtodifferentmethods,thetitlestructureisdifferent,differentwritingrequirementsTwo,commentTitleFunctionPromptatopic,embodyanargument,showanattitude,arouseinterestThree,reviewthetitleoftherequestAppropriate,specific,distinct,refined,vividTherearemanywaystomakecommentsheadlines:changingtitles,sentencepatterns,usingidiomsandidioms,andusingrhetoricaldevicesskillfullyThesecondsectioncommentsonthestructure,principlesandbasicrequirementsThedefinitionofstructureandthespecialmeaningofstructureIthestructuralprinciplesofthereviewAccordingtothespecificcontentofthereview,theactualcapacityandthedemandoftheaudience,personalityandstyleofgenre,andtheauthor'scolumndeterminesthelogicalthinkingandlayoutreviewTwo,reviewthebasicrequirementsofthestructureReasonablelayout,clearlevelandsmoothlogicThree,themainstructureofthereviewInductive,deductive,parallelandprogressiveThefifthchapteriscolumnreviewSectionClassificationofcolumncommentsCharacteristicsofcolumncommentsStability,openness,age,publicityTwo,thetypeofcolumncommentAccordingtotheexistencecycleclassification,accordingtotheauthorconstitutestheclassification,accordingtothereviewgenreclassification,accordingtotheevaluationcontentclassificationSecondcolumncommentsFirst,thedevelopmentandchangesofsmallspeechesincolumnsTheconceptofsmallspeechthesimilaritiesanddifferencesbetweenZouTaofen'slittlespeechandcontemporarysmallspeechthedevelopmentandchangeofsmallspeechfromstothepresentTwo,columncharacteristicsofsmallremarksMiniature,impromptu,action,imageThree,severalproblemsshouldbedealtwithinsmallspeechwritingExperienceandnewsfactlittlechoice,theoverallfocusofdealingwithsmallstrokes,bothshortandbriefdiscussionThethirdsectioncommentaryThechangeanddevelopmentofacommentaryTheconceptandtheoriginofthedevelopmentofthenewscommentarysincemidscivilsocietyandcommentarywritingTwo,commentaryfeaturesandwritingrequirementsThefreshandefficientmaterialspecificthingsbydiscussiondiscussion,focusingonthejudgmentofyouropinions,individualityTheproblemscurrentlyexistinwritingcommentary,threeThetopicofdiversityandsimilarity,andthefactualmatterlogic,writingandwritingelitecitizensThesixthchapterisaboutHairstylesSectionEffectandapplicationofallotmentcommentsWhyshouldthenewsreportbeallottedTheneedfor,theneedfor,theneedforbalanceTwo,whichnewshashigherallotmentcommentvalueTherelationanddifferencebetweennewsvalueandcriticalvalueNewswithahighallotmentofcommentaryvalueincludestypicalpositivereports,typicalcriticalreports,typicalsocialorientationreports,andtypicalcontrastreportsThesecondsectioneditor'snoteThenatureandfunctionofnoteThebasicconceptoftheeditor'scommentstheoriginanddevelopmentofnoteAccordingtothenatureofthenote,canbedividedintoexplanatorynoteandpoliticalcommentNote:suggestedthattheevaluationfunctionincludingposition,tips,emphasisaddedThetypesandcharacteristicsoftwo,noteAccordingtotheeditor'scommentsinlinewiththeprocessofthelayoutandnewsreports,canbedividedintothefront,thenoteandnoteeditorandaftertheconceptandcharacteristicsoftheformerThreebasicrequirements,notewritingBasedonsomedetachedpromptandflexiblesobrightandsharp,concisestatementappallingpayattentiontoproprietyThethirddaynoticeFirst,theessayfeaturesThebasicconceptoftheessayMainfeatures:adapper,freshandunique,livelyandvivid,virtualpracticeTwo,essaywritingrequirementsTopicspecificthinginshort,ontherealpointfromreportedhigherthanthatreportedThefourthsection,moderatormoderator(radio,television,Journalism)First,thecharacteristicsofmoderatorcommentsThedefinitionofmoderator'scommentsthecharacteristicsofmoderator'scomments:personalization,personification,communication,followupApplytopersonalcomments,specialprograms,magazinecolumns,liveprogramsTwo,thescopeofthemoderatorcommentsTheuseofpersonalcommentarycolumns,theuseofspecialprograms,theuseofmagazinecolumns,andtheuseofliveprogramsThree,thehostcommentstheallotmentwayDiscussmattersbyborrowingargueaccordingtofactsaddemphasisdrawinferencesfromothersFour,themoderator'srequestforcommentWhataboutthefocusline,engagedinsinglefluentlanguage,withclearviews,incompleteTheseventhchapteriseditorialandcommentator'sarticleSectionimportantpositionofeditorialFirst,theconceptofeditorialAnauthoritativespeechonbehalfoftheeditorialofficeofthemassmediaithasdistinctivepolicyandguidanceTwo,theimportantpositionofeditorialathomeandabroadAbannerindicatingthepoliticalfaceofthenewspaperthecontroloftheeditorialpolicyresidesintheownershipofthenewspapertheeditorialpolicydependsonthemediaissuerThree,editorialpositionOnbehalfofnewspapersinourcountry,partynewspapersandeditorialsgenerallyrepresentPartycommitteesatthesamelevelFour,theeditorialtopicsoftheprocedure:Divisionoflabor,discussionsystemThesecondsectionisaboutthespecificationsandformsofthecommentator'sarticleFirst,thedefinitionandspecificationsofthecommentator'sarticleThespecificationsandauthoritythaneditorial(thisstagereview)andcommentaryoftenwithorwiththeformofnewsreportspublishedorbroadcastTwo,thetypeofcommentator'sarticleThisnewspapercommentator'sarticle,commentator'sarticle,observerreviewThethirdsectionisthebasicrequirementsofeditorialsandcommentatorsUnityofauthorityandproximityunityofpoliticalcommentandnewsunityofleadershipandpublicorientedunityofsolemnityanddecencyandpopularityTheeighthchapterisspeechSectionnatureofthespeechversionFirst,theconceptandfunctionofthespeech(Editorial)EditionTwo,theoverallevaluationofthespeechEditionInrecentyears,therapiddevelopmentofChinesenewspapersandphraseshasbroughtChinesenewscommentarytoanewstageofdevelopmentThespeecheditionhascreatedagoodenvironmentforspeechandmadethenewscommentarymorefullyreflectedItreflectsthespecialaggregationeffectofspeechandpromotesthedemocratizationofspeechcommunicationandacceptanceElementsofthesecondspeechpageContentelementsofthespeechEditionTheeditorialpageofinternationalmainstreamnewspapersfocusesontheeditorialpage,whichincludeseditorialcolumns,readers'letterscolumns,columnarticles,andcriticalcomicsTwo,formelementsofthespeech"Internalheader"isacommonformofforeignspeechFeaturesofthethirdspeechEditionFirst,theparticipationofmanysubjectsTwo,manyvarietiesofecologyThree,thereciprocationofthecalendarFour,theconflictofsynchronictenseThefourthsectionistheintroductionofthedomesticspeecheditioninrecentyears"ChinaYouthDaily""youthtopic""SouthernMetropolisDaily"commentary"BeijingNews"editoriallettereditionandcommentary"EconomicObserver"speechversionThefifthsectionisabouttheintegrationofopinionpagesinChinesenewspapersFirst,theopinionsofthenewspaperversionoftheintegrationofideasThepursuitofagingisrelativelystableandcontentsectionofthemonographrelativelyfixedandrelativelyopentherelativeconcentrationchangeswithdifferentperspectivesofviewandtherelativeclassificationviewpointscontendongenreTwo,thedomesticspeechversioninthethreeformsofopinionintegrationNoeditorialasthelayoutofthemaincharacteristicsofspeech,butthespeechbetweentheinnerthoughtsofcombinationcoincidewiththeversionofthespeechtoimitatesomeelementsofWesterneditorialform,butthelackoforganicintegrationofinternalinthelayoutformneartheWesternversionofspeech,paymoreattentiontotheintegrationofthought,viewThree,thecurrentproblemsinthenewspaperversionofourcountryRelativelynarrowspeechspacealargenumberoftopicsonthesametopicofreviewthequalityofspeechvariestherelativeshortageoftheauthorsTheninthchapterisaboutthemarginalgenreofnewscommentaryThefirstsectionisareviewFirst,thegenrepositioningofcommentaryTheconceptofcommentarythedifferencebetweencommentaryandnewsreportingandnewscommentaryTwo,reviewcharacteristicsAccordingtothereview,namedtheassessment,theassessmentbytheassessmenttoreviewtheyuThree,thetypesofcommentaryReviewofevents,socialcommentary,reviewofthesituationandreviewofthecharactersFour,reviewthebasicrequirementsTheselectionandanalysisofnovelconceptionthatheissensible,reasonableblendSecondsectionsofessayFirst,thestylisticpositioningofessaysThedefinitionofessaysthedifferencebetweenessaysandliteraryworksandthebasicgenresofnewscommentaryTwo,theoriginanddevelopmentofessaysThree,thecharacteristicsofessaysThestrongspiritofrationalcriticismvividandvigorousstyle,flexibleformFour,essaywritingrequirementsThetopicshouldbewide,thematerialshouldbestricttheanalysisshouldbeconcretetheemphasisshouldbedrawnthereasoningandtheimageshouldbetakeningoodstylethethoughtshouldbeprofoundandinterestingThetenthchapterisradioreviewSectionmediafeaturesofbroadcastThedefinitionofbroadcasting,theadvantagesanddisadvantagesofbroadcastingmediaThesecondsectionisaboutthecharacteristicsofradioReviewsQuick,simple,plainandvividThird,theuniqueformofradioreviewradiotalkFirst,thecompositionofradiotalksTheconceptofbroadcasttalkRadiotalkcanbedividedintotypeandimprovisationalbroadcastinginthebasicprograminthebroadcastmodeisdividedintotherecordingandbroadcasttypeTwo,thebasicformofradiotalkRamblingbroadcastdialogueconversationalradiotalkinterviewradiotalkforumbroadcastcommentaryFourth,auniquestyleofradioReviewsAudioReviewsCategoryofsoundinbroadcastcommentaryLivetalkambientacousticslatercommentarydatasoundTwo,theroleofsoundinthebroadcastreviewAsapretext,whichleadstothetopicprovideevidence,evidenceargumentthemeparticipateinthediscussion,explainthebackground,renderingtheatmosphereTheeleventhchapterisTVReviewSectionmediafeaturesoftelevisionThedefinitionoftelevision,theadvantagesanddisadvantagesofTVmediaThesecondsectionisaboutthecharacteristicsofTVReviewsFirst,thebasiccharacteristicsofTVReviewsAcombinationofaudiovisualcommentary,documentaryandspeculativecriticism,interpersonalcommunicationandmasscommunicationTwo,thetypesofTVCommentaryProgramsCommentsonbroadcastcommentscommentsonconversationstelevisioncommentaryThirdsymbolicsystemofTVcommentaryFirst,theconceptofsymbolsMultipledefinitionsofsymbolsTwo,theclassificationofsymbolsLinguisticsignsandnonlinguisticsigns:symbolicsystemsintelevisionnewscommunicationFourthuniquestylesofTVreviewsTVcommentaryFirst,theconceptofTVcommentaryThedefinitionoftelevisionreviewtheconnectionanddifferencebetweenTVcommentaryandothermedianewscommentaryTwo,theuseoftelevisionreviewsymbolsystemThefunctionandapplicationofpicture,voiceoverthesameperiod,voiceoverandstudioreview,screentextinTVcommentaryFifth,theuniquestyleofTVcommentarytalkcommentaryFirst,theconceptoftalkReviewsThedifferencebetweenTVtalkreviewsandradiotalkandotherTVcommentaryprogramsTwo,theformofTVtalkReviewsInterviewcommentsforumreviewsliveparticipatoryreviewsThetwelfthchapterisnetworkspeechSectionCharacteristicsofnetworkcommunicationFirst,theconceptofnetworkcommunicationMultipledefinitionsofnetworkcommunicationTwo,thecharacteristicsofnetworkcommunicationThetimelinessofinformationdissemination,therichnessofinformationcontent,thewiderangeofcommunication,thehyperlinkofthemodeofcommunication,andtheinteractivenatureoftheprocessofcommunicationThesecondsectionisaboutthecharacteristicsofInternetSpeechFirst,theconceptofnetworkspeechThedefinitionofInternetspeechthecompositionofInternetspeechTwo,thecharacteristicsofnetworkspeechThetimelinessandpassivityofthetopicthespontaneityandinteractionofthediscussionthepluralismandsentimentoftheviewthevarietyandrandomnessoftheformThethirdsectionistheformofnetworkspeechInetworknewsreviewThreeformsofnetworknewscommentary:networkmedianetworkmonographsnetworkforumcommentsTwo,networkspeakfromthetheoryThere,tothethreadformnotitle,writtenatrandom,meetintwowordsorthree,speakerstoexpresstheiropinionsanddemandsoftheemotionalcatharsis

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