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首页 COMMON MISTAKES IN GRAMMAR

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COMMON MISTAKES IN GRAMMAR

薛安荣
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《COMMON MISTAKES IN GRAMMARdoc》,可适用于外语资料领域

CommonMistakesofEnglishGrammar,Mechanics,andPunctuationDrJeffreyKahn,IllinoisStateUniversityThefollowingillustratesomecommonmistakesmadeinpaperswrittenbycollegestudentsThisisbynomeansanexhaustivelistofallofthemistakesthatcouldbemadewithrespecttogrammar,mechanics,andpunctuationRather,thisisalistofsomeofthemorecommonmistakesthatoccurAvoidusingsexistwording,suchas"he"or"his"whenyouaretryingtorefertobothboysandgirlsortobothwomenandmenWrong:Whenthesubjectreportedbeingfinished,theexperimenteraskedhimtocompleteasecondquestionnaireRight:Whenthesubjectreportedbeingfinished,theexperimenteradministeredasecondquestionnaireDonotcombinesingularandpluralformsofwordsinthesamesentenceWrong:EachsubjectratedtheirownmoodonthequestionnaireRight:EachsubjectratedhisorherownmoodonthequestionnaireRight: AllsubjectsratedtheirownmoodsonthequestionnaireWrong:AvarietyofissueswerepresentedatthemeetingRight:AvarietyofissueswaspresentedatthemeetingUsecommaswhenappropriateSometimesacommashouldbeomitted,whereasothertimesincludingacommamayhelptoimproveyourwritingUseacommawhenseparatingmainclauses:Wrong:WearehereonthisplanetonceandwemightaswellgetafeelfortheplaceRight:Wearehereonthisplanetonce,andwemightaswellgetafeelfortheplaceSetoffparentheticalmaterialwithincommasWrong:SometimespeoplegossipasBarbaraWaltershasobservedbecausetheywanttobeinterestingRight:Sometimespeoplegossip,asBarbaraWaltershasobserved,becausetheywanttobeinterestingAvoidunnecessarycommasWrong:Thefactswereselected,andorganizedwithcareRight:ThefactswereselectedandorganizedwithcareWrong:TheAirForcedebunkedUFOsightings,but,millionsofAmericansdidn'tlistenRight:TheAirForcedebunkedUFOsightings,butmillionsofAmericansdidn'tlistenDonotwritefragmentedsentencesEverysentenceneedsasubjectandapredicateWrong:Andfordaystriedtochangemymind(nosubject)Right:FordayshesheittriedtochangemymindDonotconfuse"its"and"it's""Its"isthepossessiveformof"it,"whereas"it's"isacontractionfor"itis"Wrong:ItstimeforachangeRight:It'stimeforachangeWrong:Whatisit'spurposeRight:WhatisitspurposeDonotconfuse"effect"and"affect""Effect"istypicallyanoun,meaningsomeconsequenceorresult"Affect"istypicallyaverb,meaningtobringaboutaneffect(Butnotethat"affect"alsocanbeanounmeaningemotionalexpression,and"effect"canbeusedasaverbtomeantocausesomethingtocomeintobeing)Wrong:TheexperimentalmanipulationcausedaninterestingaffectRight:TheexperimentalmanipulationcausedaninterestingeffectWrong:TheinterventiondidnoteffectthebehaviorofthetherapygroupRight:TheinterventiondidnotaffectthebehaviorofthetherapygroupUseapostrophesintheappropriateplacetoindicatepossessionAwordendingin"s"hasanapostropheattheendofthewordotherwise,placeanapostrophefollowedby"s"toindicatepossessionWrong:Thestudent'sfacultyadvisorwasverycommittedtotheirlearningRight:Thestudents'facultyadvisorwasverycommittedtotheirlearning(ifmorethanonestudent)Right:Thestudent'sfacultyadvisorwasverycommittedtoherlearning(ifonlyonefemalestudent)DonotuseanapostrophetoindicateapluralformofawordOnlyuseittoindicatepossessionWrong:Thestudent'sallhavebusyschedulesRight:ThestudentsallhavebusyschedulesUseahyphenwhenusingtwowordstoactasoneadjective(unlessthefirstwordendsinly)Wrong:ThecollegestudentsamplewassmarterthanthehighschoolsampleRight:ThecollegestudentsamplewassmarterthanthehighschoolsampleWrong:AcompletelynewproductwasputonthemarkettodayRight:Acompletelynewproductwasputonthemarkettoday

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