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首页 肇庆学院英语(师范)专业毕业论文.doc

肇庆学院英语(师范)专业毕业论文.doc

肇庆学院英语(师范)专业毕业论文.doc

丁知刚 2018-02-14 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《肇庆学院英语(师范)专业毕业论文doc》,可适用于综合领域,主题内容包含肇庆学院英语(师范)专业毕业论文毕业论文院别外国语学院系别英语系专业英语(师范)年级学生姓名学号论文题目浅谈欲望驱动下的嘉莉妹妹指导教师完成时间年月符等。

肇庆学院英语(师范)专业毕业论文毕业论文院别外国语学院系别英语系专业英语(师范)年级学生姓名学号论文题目浅谈欲望驱动下的嘉莉妹妹指导教师完成时间年月肇庆学院教务处制SisterCarrie,DrivenByTheDesireAThesisSubmittedtotheSchoolofForeignLanguagesofZhaoqingUniversityinPartialFulfillmentoftheRequirementsfortheDegreeofBachelorofArtsBySupervisor:MayAbstractBytellingthestoryofCarrie’sprocessofactualizationfromapennilessgirltoanthelegantwoman,TheodoreDreisersuccessfullydrawsoutavividpictureofcenturyAmericaDrivenbyendlessdesires,CarriepaysaheavypriceforthissocalledsuccessshebreaksalltieswithherfamilyandbetraysthemenwhomshethinksshehaslovedWhat'spatheticisthataftershehasachievedallthematerialcomfortsshehasdreamedfor,shestillremainsunhappyandwillalwaysbeunhappyTherefore,thisthesismainlyappliesthetheoryofpsychoanalysisofMaslow'shierarchyofneedstostudythetragicfateofCarrieWhenclimbinguptheladderoftheupperstrata,Carriedoesnotwinherdreaminghappiness,onlytosufferfromendlesshopelessnessandmentaltortureKeywords:desirehierarchyofneedstragedyI内容摘要世纪末世纪初的美国正处在社会变革的历史时期工业化的出现让美国人们经历了社会生活层面和价rieTheideologyoftakingproductionasaprincipalthingisgraduallyreplacedbytheideologyofconsumptionTheconsumptionideologyemphasizesonconsumptionandpossession,whichweakenstraditionalmoralstandardsofthrift,saving,selfcontrolandsoonTheAmericanscholarDanielBellpointedoutthatthemassconsumptionofIslandTourPuritanethicsisreplacedbytheconsumptionhedonismThiskindofconsumptionhedonismadvocatesthewayoflifeofenjoymentandselfsatisfaction(LongWenpei,)ConsumptionideologyisaimedatinducingorencouragingpeopleforconspicuousconsumptionAtthattimegoodshasbecomeastatussymbolinsteadofthebasicneedsTherefore,peopleshouldfollowtheinstinctdrives"Peopleasconsumersmakehedonismasaduty,enjoymentandselfsatisfactionasacareer"(RobertP,)SisterCarrieisthetypicalworkofexpressionofthisconsumptionideologyPeopleshowinfinitedesireformaterialandgetthesatisfactionofdesireandpowerthroughpossessionItistherapideconomicdevelopmentofcitiesandtheprosperityofthesocietythatarousepotentialdesireofpeopleMeanwhile,thisrapiddevelopmentalsocausessomeunfairphenomenon,whichmakespeoplechasethesocalledsuccesswithunconventionalandunethicalmeansLiteratureReviewInUnitedStates,theresearchofTheodoreDreiserandhisworkshasbegunasearlyasthewriteraliveItwasnotuntilthattheBritishHeinemannPresspublisheditinLondonThebookgainedalotofvoiceofpraiseatatimeFrankNorrisfeltitwouldbeaworkacrossthecenturyafterreadingtheabstractofSisterCarrieTheBritishpublichaspraisedSisterCarrieisatruerealismnovelandreflectedpenetratedlife,whichprovedhattheauthorhasaspecialtalentAfterward,SitsterCarriebegantostirintheUK(PanQingling,)In,theUniversityofPennsylvaniaPresspublishedtheneweditionofSisterCarrieThebookstirsupawaveof"DreiserHot"ThenthereisaseriesofresearchworkaboutDreiser'slifeandhisworks,suchasabiographyofTheodoreDreiser:tostrayingfromthecitygateandTheodoreDreiser:traveloftheUnitedStateswrittenbyRichardLinJiman,andTheDiaryandDreiserandMenckencommunicationwrittenbyThomasRiggo,etcSuchdozensofresearchliteraturesarereservedinthelibraryofHarvardUniversityandbecomeahotspotintheresearchofthecurrentAmericanliteratureIngeneral,EuropeandtheUnitedStatesandothercountriesstartforthestudyofthenovelmoreearlyTheresearchdirectionismorecomprehensive,includingthenaturalism,feminismandmanyotheraspectsSincethenovelcomestothepublic,manyexpertsandscholarshaveusedavarietyofcriticismmethodtocarryonthethoroughresearchofSisterCarriefromthemultipleanglesThenoveldepictstherealityofAmericansocietyatthattimeaswellasthechoiceaboutlifechosenbydifferentcharactersinthenovelTheTheoreticalFoundationofPsychoanalysis:Maslow'sHierarchyofNeedsIn,AbrahamMaslow,theAmericanpsychologist,publishedthebookTheTheoryofHumanMotivationInthisbook,heputsforwardthefamoustheoryofMaslow'shierarchyofneedsThetheorydescribesthatpeoplehaveadevelopingdemandfromlowtohighlevelTheyarerespectivelyphysiologicalneed,safety,loveandbelonging,therespectedandselfactualizationPhysiologicalneedisthemostbasichumanneedsanddesiresWhenthelowerlevelneedsaremet,peoplewillbeeagertothehigherlevelneedsThisisacommontraitofpeoplePhysiologicalneedisknownasthelowestlevel,suchasfood,water,air,sexandhealthWhenthisbasicneedfailstobesatisfiedwith,peoplewillsacrificethefragilemoralconceptforlivingForexample,peoplewilldoanythingtograbfoodwheninneedoffoodSafetyalsobelongstothelowlevelneeds,includingpersonalsafety,lifestabilityandkeepingawayfromthetormentofpain,threat,orillnessandsoonPeoplewillfeelthreatenedbythingsaroundandfeeltheworldunfairanddangerouswhenthesafetyneedfailstobemetwiththedemandofpeopleLoveandbelongingbelongtoahigherlevelofdemand,suchastheneedforfriendship,loveandthesubordinaterelationsThosepeoplewhoarelackingthesesocialdemandswillunderestimatethevalueoflivingintheworldForexample,teenagerstrytogetinvolvedinasocialcircleandsacrificetheirdignityDemandtoberespectedbelongstothehigherlevelofdemand,suchasachievement,fame,statusandpromotion,etcDemandrespectincludesbothpersonalfeelingofachievementandselfworthandrecognitionandrespectofothersPeoplewhoareunabletomeetthedemandofrespectwillbeeasilyattractedbyvanitySelfactualizationisthehighestlevelofdemand,includingtruth,thedemandofthehighestrealmoflifeOnlywhenthefrontfourneedsaresatisfied,willthehighestlevelofdemandbeachievedItisakindofderivativedemand,suchasselfactualizationandtheabilitytofulfilltheirpotential,etcThecharacteristicoflackofselfrealizationisfullofemptinessinlifeInstead,Selfactualizationisthevalueofmorality,whichisbetterthanmoney,love,respectandsocialprejudiceCarrieDrivenbyDesireforMaterialWealthTheriseofbourgeoisieandtheindustrializationadvancementmakesthesocialrelationshipsbecomenakedmoneyrelationsTherelationshipoffamilymembersandfriendsareonlybackscratchingandmutualsuspicionInSisterCarrie,itisfilledwiththesocalledloveandattachment,butloveneverplaysitsroleinthetruesenseInthenovel,Carrieislongingformaterialcomfortswhenshehasn’tsetuptoChicagoTheemergenceofthesalesmanDrouetonthetrain"AllthetimeshewasconsciousofcertainfeaturesoutofhereyeFlush,colorfulcheeks,alightmoustache,agreyfedorahat"(Dreiser,)andthescenesheseeswhenCarriereallywalksinChicagomall"InthestoretheyfoundthatshineandrustleofnewthingswhichimmediatelylaidholdofCarrie’sheart"(Dreiser,)andtherichgirlsheseesonthestreet,ladieswearingbeautifulclotheswhogoinandoutofthetheatreandhighgradehotels,CarriewillsincerelyadmireanddesirealloftheseExistenceandSafety:TheGerminatingDesireThetimeofSisterCarriewasexactlythetimewhenconsumerculturebegantoprevailinAmericaConsumerculture,asthenamesuggests,referstotheculture―inwhichtherehasbeenagreatexpansion(somemightsayaveritableexplosion)ofcommodityproduction,leadingtosocietiesfullofconsumergoodsandservicesandplaceswheretheseconsumergoodsandservicescanbepurchased"(Berger,)Inconsumerculture,theruleofthe―game‖peopleplayisgettingasmuchasyoucan,andthepersonwhogetsthemostisconsideredsuccessfulWhatapersoncanafforddetermineswhohesheisorwhoothersthinkhesheisInthetraintoChicago,SisterCarrieisfullofdreamsofthematerialenjoymentCarrieisatypicalAmericanmiddleclassgirl,whohasastrongperceptionofpleasuresoflifeanddesirestoenjoyavarietyofmaterialcomfortHowever,thegapbetweenrealityandidealisverylargeHersister,Minnie,islivinginpovertyandisbusywiththehouseworkandchildcareHerbrotherinlawisataciturnyapwhoisworkingallday,readingthenewspaper,eatingandsleepingThehousetheyliveisverysmallandbrokenThereisnoentertainmenttoregulatethisboringlifeSo,therealitylikesapotofcoldwaterpoursoutCarrie’sdreamsSheevenissurprisedaboutthepresentsituationofhersister'slifeAtthesametime,CarriehastogoouttolookforajobtoearnmoneyAtthattime,Chicagoisintheperiodofindustrialandcommercialrapidexpansion,butasaruralgirlwithoutanytechnology,itisstillextremelydifficultforCarrietofindajobFinally,itisnoteasyintheshoefactorytofindajob,whichisalowpay,hardworkjobButshelosesthejobsoonWhat’sworse,herbrotherinlawisindifferencefromthebeginningtotheendTheMinnie’sfamilyasrelativesofsisterandbrotherinlawdon’tgiveCarrieanyconcernandcareInstead,theyforceCarrietopayforroomandboardOnthecontrary,CarrieisattractedbyawidevarietyofgoodsinthedepartmentstoreswhensheisloiteringonthestreetsinChicagoCarriewasaffectedbythoseremarkabledisplaysoftrinkets,dressgoods,stationary,andjewelryEachseparatecounterwasashowplaceofdazzlinginterestandattractionTherewasnothingtherewhichshecouldnothaveused–nothingwhichshedidnotlongtoownAlltouchedherwithindividualdesire(Dreiser,)Watchingthegorgeouswomengetinandoutofthetheater,Carrieisjealousofthemandshevaguelyrealizesthecitypossessions:wealth,fashionable,comfortable,allkindsofclothing,etcPeoplearefullofdesireforthewearandbeauty(LiXia,)Sotospeak,atthatmoment,Carrie’sdesireisverysimpleshejustwantstobelikeotherwomenwithdignitywalkinginthestreetComparedwiththePlightofMinnie’sfamily,CarrieiseagertocutofftheinterpersonalrelationshipwithMinnie’sfamilyOnlyinthisway,canCarrieachieveherbasicdesire―SuchapurelandwasyearnedforbyalmostallthosepoorpeoplewhodisplacedfromtheirhomesThere,thetreatmentofthecitizensisquitedifferentTheywereinaccordancewiththeirabilitiesandwerenotjudgedbytheiroriginsoftheirbirthplacesThere,theenterprisingpeoplewerewaitedbyunlimitedprospects‖(Dorfman,)Fromtheabovesentences,itcanbeeasilyimaginedthatwhatkindofhopethoseimmigrantswerelookingforwardtowhentheysettledhereatthattimeAsanyearoldruralgirlwholefthomealonetoChicago,thebasicneedofCarriewerefood,clothesandhouseOtherwiseshewashardtosurviveSo,inviewofthissituation,itcanreasonablyexplainwhyCarriewaseagertotheconcretematerialobject,especiallytoclothes,andwhysheoftenwanderedoutsideintheshopwindowLoveandBelonging:TheAchievedBasicDesireAsCarrieisaloneandhelpless,theemergenceofthesalesmanDrouetbecomesaturningpointofCarrie’sfate,whichmakesherdarksituationsuddenlylightupWhenDrouetputsthetwosoft,greentendollarbills(Dreiser,)toCarrie’shand,shefeelsabitashamed,butshedon’thaveenoughcouragetorefuseitbecauseoftheurgentneedXia,)EvenafterCarrieleft,Drouetsighs:my(LiGod,lettheyounggirlsotorturedItwastoounreasonableWinterwascomingtherehadbeennowarmclothes,too(LiXia,)Afterthat,DrouetattentivelystripsCarrietogotoarestaurantandwandersastoreandgenerouslybuysclothesforherInthestoretheyfoundthatshineandrustleofnewthingswhichimmediatelylaidholdofCarrie’sheart…Thesaleswomanhelpedheronwithit,and,byaccident,itfittedperfectly(Dreiser,)Whenshehearsthewordsofpraise,herreflectionisstaringherbigeyesandlookingatDrouethappilyApparently,CarrieisverysatisfiedthissimplematerialconsumptionAsaresult,shefeelscompletelychangedaftersheputsonthenewclothesInaddition,DrouetalsorentsathreeroomwithfurnitureforCarrieinAudensquare,whichisalush,airpureandsmallplaceCarriesettlesdowninsuchacomfortableplaceandgetsridofthepastoflifedifficultTheprevioustranceissweptawayAsanyearoldruralgirl,sheleaveshomealonetoChicagotomakeabetterlifeAtfirst,sheneedsfood,clothesandhouseOtherwisesheishardtosurviveThoughDrouetisverygeneroustoCarriewithselfishpurposes,hisactionrepresentsCarrie’sinnerdesire:welldressed,alifewithnosadnessWithDrouet,athreattothesurvivalofCarrieiseliminatedShedoesn’thavetoworryaboutworkandcanliveacomfortablelifeDrouetisastaticcharacter,untilintheend,hestillclingstothelifevaluesofmaterialpossessionandgorgeousappearanceUnderthegorgeousappearance,hedoesn'thavecomplexbehaviormotivationHisinsensitiveandshallowcharacterjustadaptstoCarrie’sfirstsimplecontentconsumptiondesireTherefore,atthebeginningofthenovelthefrontchapters,Carriewasdescribedasavainpersonwhomainlychasethebasicphysiologicalneedsofmaterialconsumption,andthelimiteditemscanmeetherbasicphysiologicalneedsForthis,Dreiseralsotookatolerantattitude―JudgingonCarrie,worldlypeopleactuallyarethesamepeoplelikethat‖(LiXia,)Respect:TheExpandingDesireCarriedreamsofthecomfortablelifeincityAsDrouet’smistressisnotwhatsheexpectedInpovertyandcomfortablelivingstyle,shechoosesthelatterTherelationshipwithDrouetisrepresentingCarrie’sdesireforthediligenceandappearanceandtherelationshipwiththebarmanagerHurstwoodrepresentsherdesireforwealthandstatusemergenceofHurstwoodignitesherdesiretopursueahigherlevellifestyleThroughThethreetimestovisitCarrie,HurstwoodsuccessfullyobtainsherheartThefirsttimeHurstwoodvisitsCarrieandDrouet,CarriepaysaverykeenattentiontothedressingofHurstwoodHurstwood’sshoeswereofsoft,blackcalf,polishedonlytoadullshineDrouetworepatentleatherbutCarriecouldnothelpfeelingthattherewasadistinctioninfavorofthesoftleather,whereallelsewassorichShenoticedthesethingsalmostunconsciously(Dreiser,)CarrieissoattractedbythegentleappearancedressedoftheclassymiddleclassofHurstwoodJustliketheDrouet’sirresistibleattractiontoCarrieatthebeginningonthetraintoChicagoLater,HurstwoodtakesCarrietogotothetheatertowatchtheperformanceTheenvironment,theadornmentofthebalconyandthepresenceofHurstwood,allofthesearelikeadreamscenarioforCarrieUndertheclearcontrast,theevaluationofDrouetisbecominglowerandlowerThesecondvisit,Hurstwood’sconversationisalmostentirelyaboutamanandavarietyofentertainment,hichmakesCarriewishtoexperiencethesethingsAfterHurstwoodleavesthatnight,wCarriebeginstoconsiderthesituationmorerealisticallyDrouetdoesn’twanttomarryher,andcan'tletherenjoytheupperclasslifeOntheotherhand,HurstwoodseemstobepossibletogiveheradecentlifeInfact,thehighersocialstatusandthesolideconomicstrengthofHurstwoodhaveamoreadvantageforCarrietostepintothehigherlevelofsocialsituationThatiswhywhenHursthoodusesliestocheatCarrietoelopewithhim,Carriedoesn’tstrugglewithhimAsCarrielookedoutupontheflyingsceneshealmostforgotthatshehadbeentrickedintothislongjourneyagainstherwill…ShedidnotfeelherselfdefeatedatallNeitherwassheblastedinhope…Shewassavedinthatshewashopeful(Dreiser,)Obviously,sheiswillingtoabandonDrouetandfollowHurstwoodCarrie'sneedforloveandbelonginggetstemporarysatisfactionAccordingtoMaslow'shierarchyofneeds,thecohabitationwithDrouetcannotmeettheneedofthesenseofbelongingandsocialidentityThus,attheappearanceofthewelldressedhotelmanager,CarriequicklyturnstothecharmingHurstwoodCarrieneedtoleadabetterlifeanddesireforahigherposition,shealsohopesthatHurstwoodcanmarryherandletherliveadecentlifeCarrieconstantlyupgradesherdesiresandpursuitsabettermaterialenjoyment,buttherisingmaterialdonotmakeherhappy,becausewhenadesireissatisfied,therewillbemoredesiretomeetPeopleonlypursuitthetruth,thegoodandthebeautiful,cantheyachieveselfrealizationSelfactualization:TheInsatiableDesireInNewYork,CarriemeetsaneighborMrsVance,ShebeginstoenvythecomfortablelifeofupperclassthatMrsVancelivesAtthismoment,theordinarylifecan'tsatisfyherexpandingdesireAfterseeingthehighgradevillas,sheisdeeplyashamedforthehousetheyliveComparewithMrsVance,shenoticesthatherownclothesarecheaperandoutoffashion,shedowanttobuyanewcoatShefeelstheluxurylifeoftherichinthehotelandalsosincerelyadmiresMrsVance―Ah,howfortunatewasMrsVanceyoung,beautifulandwelloffatleast,sufficientlysotocomehereinacoachWhatawonderfulthingitwastoberich‖(Dreiser,)Thus,itcanbeseenthatCarriedesperatelypursuesofbeingrespectedbyothersAfterHursthoodexperiencessomesetbacksandgivesuplookingforjobs,heisbecomingmoreandmorepoor,disheveled,andawkwardForcedbylifeandbeingeagertojointheranksofthesocietytorealizetheexpandingdesire,CarriebecomesmoreandmorefamouswiththeidentityofanactorThesuccessmakeshergraduallygetalotintheeconomicsuperiorityandtheinitiative,whichmakesthegapwithHurstwoodbecomegreater,andfinallythetwopeoplehavetobreakupintheendThroughunremittingefforts,CarriehasbecomeasuccessfulactressandrealizedherowndreamCarrieisnolongerentrustedtoanymanHowever,Carriewillneversatisfyherdesire,wanderingtopromoteahigherlevelandchasingfortheideologicalandspiritualpursuitAccordingtoMaslow'shierarchyofneeds,asaruralgirl,nowCarriehasmoney,statusandrespectfromthepeople,tosomeextent,shehasrealizedherselfactualizationButintheprocessofachievingonegoalafteranother,shefeelsemptyinherheartandcannotfindthemeaningoflifeReflectionsonCarrie’sPursuitofMaterialWealthThroughinteractionwithDrouetandHurstwood,Carriegetsmaterialwealthandbecomesrichenoughstepbystep,butherheartisstillemptyandsheevenhasnoexperienceofloveDrouetandHurstwoodisnotsomuchtheloverofCarriethansomeonewhoprovidesmaterialwealthforCarrieDrouetoffersclothestoCarriewhileHurstwoodmakesCarriegetuppersocialstatusandchangesherlivingareaInthisway,lovebecomesmaterializationandhasnothingtodowiththetruth,thegoodandthebeautifulEventuallyCarrielostinthepursuitofmaterialisticwealthinherlifeManycriticsarguethatCarrieisanevilwomanBecauseshefirstlybetraysthesalesmanandthenelopeswiththehotelmanageHersuccessofbecomingapopularactorgreatlyoverturnstheotherAmericannovelmoralboundariesandpromotesmoraldecayInfact,CarrieisamemberoftheordinaryAmericanunderclassLikemostpeople,shehasastrongpsychologicaldesiretoclimbtotheuppersocialstatesomedayByusingMaslow'shierarchyofneedsanalysis,itiscleartoknowthatCarrie’sdesireisinanupgradingprocessOnthewaytothepursuitofhappiness,CarrieencountersnumerousupsanddownsThesatisfactionofmaterialwealthmakesupforthespiritualemptinessButsheisalwaysstayingontheoriginoftheabsenceofhappinesswhetherpoororrichinmaterialInmaterialisticcapitalistsociety,theblindpursuitofmaterialenjoymentandsatisfactionbecome"socialfashion"Inordertoachievegoalsbyhookorbycrook,therelationshipbetweenpeopleandpeoplehavebeenmaterializedfornakedmoneyexchangeIntheend,allsheachievedwasonlyconfinedtomaterialthingsCarriedidn'tfindthehappinessshehaddreamedforSpiritually,shewasstilllostShefeltunsatisfiedanddesiredmorebutnotknowingwhatmoreshewantedThus,shewasforeverlostintheblindstrivingsofherheartConclusionSisterCarrieisDreiser’sfirstfulllengthwork,whichrevealstheprevailingsocialreality,andshowspeoplegetlostintheirowndesireinthematerialisticcapitalismAtthebeginningofthenovel,DreiserclearlydisplaysacharacterofCarrie:SheisatayoungageShedoesn’treceiveagoodeducationandhavemuchsocialexperienceHerobservationandanalyticalabilityisstillveryimmatureButherheartisfullofdesireforthebustlingcitylifeandlongingsforthefutureofabetterlifeAtthattime,thetraditionalmoralideasareconstantlyimpactedandchallengedbytherapideconomicdevelopmentInsuchaneraofstimulatingconsumptionandencouragingconsumption,manypeopleareinpursuitofmaterialsatisfactionandimprovementofpositionThepursuitofmateriallifeisinfinitelymagnified,whichmakespeopleignorethespiritualneedsAttheendofthenovel,Carriegetsmaterialsuccess,shegetswhatshepursuesButCarriesitsintherockingchairthatisstillshakingItiscleartoknowthatCarrielosesthepreviouslyinnocentandenergeticherselfforeverWithnofamilymembersorfriendswhoreallycareaboutheraround,allshehasnowisonlyemotionlessandmeaninglessmoneyandallshefeelsisonlylonelinessandinsignificanceoflifeHerballooningdesireandambitionnevergetsatisfiedInfact,CarriemakesthreemajorbreakthroughsintheprocessofselfactualizationTherelationshipwithCharlieDrouetmakesCarriegetridofthepoorcountrylifeandbegintoliveinbigcitiesThatinteractionmeetsherbasicdesireAndthroughtheimproperrelationshipwithGeorge,Carriestepsintoahigherlevelofsocialcircles,whichsatisfyhersenseofloveandbelongingFinally,Carriebecomesabeautifulyoungactor,whichachievesherselfactualizationHowever,eachtimethepursuitofhappinessandhardtryingjustmakeherdeeplyfallintothevortexofdesireSo,thelossofCarrieisapowerfulevidencetoshowthetragedyofCarrieDreiserfaithfullydescribedtheextensivesocialenvironmentindetailtopresentthemiserablelifeofpeoplelivingatthebottomofsocialladderandincontrast,revealtheluxuriousanddissipatedlifeofthecapitalistclass,thusexplainingthattherootcauseofthetragedyofAmericanlifewasthesharpconflictbetweenpeople'sendlessdesireandtheharshrealitiesinthematerialisticAmericansocietyatthetimeBibliographyBerger,ArthurAsaAds,Fads,andConsumerCulture:Advertising'sImpactonAmericanCharacterandSocietyMLanham:RowmanLittlefieldPublishers,IncDreiser,TheodoreSisterCarrieMNewYork:Penguin,Dorfman,JosephTheEconomicMindinAmericanCivilizationMNewYork:Viking,Freud,SigmundNewIntroductoryLecturesonPsychoanalysisMAnhuiLiteratureandArtpress,()Freud,SigmundNewIntroductoryLecturesonPsychoanalysisMNewYork:Norton,()Freud,SigmundTheInterpretationofDreamsMNewYork:BasicBooks,()Robert,PTheCycleofAmericanLiteratureMShanghai:ShanghaiEducationpress,()金元浦《接受反应文论》M山东教育出版社,()龙文佩德莱塞评论集M上海:上海译文出版社,()李献民夏长春译美西奥多德莱塞:嘉莉妹妹M呼和浩特:内蒙古人民出版社,()彭江浩论德莱塞小说中的城市书写D武汉:华中师范大学,()潘庆舲悠悠百年话嘉丽纪念《嘉丽妹妹》问世一百周年J上海大学学报(社会科学版)(
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