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首页 八年级下英语第一二单元知识点总结及联系【人教版】(可编辑)

八年级下英语第一二单元知识点总结及联系【人教版】(可编辑).doc

八年级下英语第一二单元知识点总结及联系【人教版】(可编辑)

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2018-06-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《八年级下英语第一二单元知识点总结及联系【人教版】(可编辑)doc》,可适用于高中教育领域

八年级下英语第一二单元知识点总结及联系【人教版】(可编辑)UnitWillpeoplehaverobots词汇()人民教育出版社fallvcomeorgodownfromforceofweight,lossofbalance,etcdropbecome落下跌落变成示例Thebookfellofftheshelf这本书从架子上掉了下来。用法fall用作动词时,主要有两种用法。一种是作为实义动词,可以和介词或副词搭配,表示“落下跌落”,例如:Ifellbackinmychair我跌坐到自己的椅子上。另一种是作为系动词,与形容词连用,表示进入某种状态,如:fallasleep入睡(进入睡眠的状态)。fall的动词过去式是fallen。fall用作名词时,表示“落下降低”,例如:Isatlisteningtothefalloftherainontheroof我坐着听雨点落在屋檐上的声音。fall还可以表示“秋天”,与autumn意思相同。词汇扩展常用搭配:fallasleep入睡fallbehind落后于(某人或某物)falldown跌落fallinlovewith喜爱爱上falloff掉下fallover跌落被绊倒谚语:Hewhodoesnotadvancefallsbackward不进则退。Pridegoesbeforeafall骄兵必败。aloneadvWithoutanycompanions独自地孤独地示例Idon'tlikegoingoutaloneafterdark我不愿意天黑后独自外出。用法解析along和lonely:()alone既可用作形容词,又可用作副词,意思是“独自的(地)单独的(地)”,侧重于说明独自一人,没有同伴或助手。alone和onone'sown,byoneself意思相近。alone用作形容词时,一般与be动词连用,在句中作表语。例如:Sheisaloneathome她独自一人在家。alone用作副词修饰动词时,放在动词后面作状语。例如:Iliketoworkalone我喜欢独自一人工作。alone用作副词时,也可作定语,意思是“只有仅仅”,但必须置于它所修饰的名词或代词之后。例如:Thisyearalone,we'vealreadyplantedtenthousandtrees仅是今年,我们已经载了一万颗树。()lonely只用作形容词,它在句中既可作定语,也可作表语,表示“孤独的寂寞的”。该词带有“孤寂”的感情色彩。用作定语时,意思为“孤单的荒凉的偏僻的”等。例如:That'salonelyisland那是一个荒凉的岛屿。Lonely用作表语时,可以表示“孤寂的寂寞的”。例如:IwasalonebutIdidn'tfeellonely我独自一人,但我并不感到孤独。词汇拓展常用搭配:letleavesomebodysomethingalone不干涉某人或某物听其自然letalone不管不必考虑谚语:Anevilchanceseldomcomesalone祸不单行dressvputclothesonyourselforsomeoneelse穿衣示例Issheoldenoughtodressherselfyet她会自己穿衣服了吗用法dress还可以用作名词,表示“女服连衣裙服装”。例如:Maryworealongreddresslastevening玛丽昨晚穿了件红色的连衣长裙。辨析dress,puton和wear:()用作动词时,dress既可以表动作,也可以表状态,常用人作宾语,意思是“„„穿衣服”,例如:SheisonlyagirlofthreeShecan'tdressherself她只是一个三岁的女孩,她还不能自己穿衣服。需要注意的是,在表示“给自己穿衣”时,我们通常说dressoneselfgetdressed当dress表示状态时,一般要用bedressedin结构,例如:Shewasdressedinaredcoat她穿着一件红色的上衣。()puton意思是“穿(戴)上”,强调动作。例如:Heputonhiscoatandwentout他穿上大衣就出去了。()wear意思是“穿(戴)着”,强调状态。例如:Lucy'smotheroftenwearsapairofglasses露西的母亲常常戴着一副眼镜。词汇扩展常用搭配:dresssomebodyupinsomethingassomebodyorsomething化妆打扮谚语:Eattopleasemyself,butdresstopleaseothers吃是使自己受用,穿是使别人受用。UnitWillpeoplehaverobots词汇()人民教育出版社unpleasantadjnotpleasantnotenjoyable使人不愉快的不合意的示例Thereisanunpleasantsmellfromthisroom这屋子里散发出一种难闻的气味。用法unpleasant可以表示“令人不快的讨厌的”,例如:Ifoundhismannerveryunpleasant我觉得他的态度讨厌极了。词汇拓展相关词:unpleasantlyadv厌恶地反义词:pleasantadj令人愉快的记忆导航unpleasant是由pleasant加上否定前缀un构成的。类似这种构词法的词还有:able有能力的unable没有能力的happy高兴的unhappy不高兴的。hundrednthenumberaverylargenumberofthingsorpeople(一)百许多(事物或人)示例Thetreewasprobablyahundredyearsold这棵树可能已经有一百年了。Hundredsofpeopleattendedthefamousdirector'sfarewellconcert好几百人出席了这位著名指挥家的告别音乐会。用法hundred用于数词或含有数量意义的词之后,一般不用复数形式,例如:threehundred,afewhundred等。但当hundred表示“成百的许多的”意思时,它面前不用具体数字,而常用hundredsof结构。注意hundred在这个结构中要用复数形式,前面可加some,afew,several等词修饰。例如:Hercoatcosthundredsofdollars她的大衣价值几百美元。类似的搭配还有thousandsof数以千计的许多的,millionsof数以百万计的无数的。词汇拓展谚语:Onegoodheadisbetterthanahundredstronghands上百双有力的手,不如一个聪明的头脑。Tohearahundredtimesisnotsogoodastoseeonce百闻不如一见。suchadjofthesamekindasthethingorpersonwhichhasalreadybeenmentioned这(那)样的这(那)种示例HenoticedhernecklaceSuchjewelsmusthavecostalot,hethought他注意到了她的项链。他想,这样的首饰肯定价格不菲。用法辨析such和so:()such是形容词,意思是“这(那)样的这(那)种如此的”,修饰名词。例如:Ihaveneverseensuchabeautifulplacebefore我从未见过这么美的地方。需要特别注意的是,such修饰单数可数名词时,应该按照如下词序:suchaan形容词单数可数名词。()so是副词,意思是“这(那)么这(那)样如此地”,修饰形容词、副词和分词。例如:Ihaveneverseensobeautifulaplacebefore我从未见过这么美的地方。同样,需要特别注意的是,so修饰单数可数名词时,应该按照如下词序:so形容词aan单数可数名词。此外,当名词前有few,many,little,much等修饰词时,要用so。例如:somanypeople,sofewdays,somuchtime,solittlemoney等。词汇拓展常用搭配:suchas例如suchandsuch某某这样那样的谚语:There'snosuchthingasafreelunch世上没有免费的午餐。UnitWillpeoplehaverobots词汇()人民教育出版社inprep在„„之后(用于将来时)inyears在一百年后Peoplewillhaverobotsintheirhomesinyears一百年以后,人们家中会有机器人。比较:after在„„之后(用于过去时,表示从过去某时间起一段时间之后)Hewillcomebackintwohours他两小时后会回来。Hecamebackaftertwohours他是两小时后回来的。less,fewer比较少more比较多less是little的比较级,修饰不可数名词fewer是few的比较级,修饰可数名词more是much和many的比较级much修饰不可数名词,many修饰可数名词Ihavelessmoneythanhehas我的钱比他的少。Therearemorebuildinginthiscitythaninthatcity这个城市的楼房比那个城市多。fallinlovewith爱上„„LastyearIvisitedtheartexhibitionandfellinlovewiththeworkofPicasso去年我参观了艺术展,爱上了毕加索的作品。akindof一种somekindsof几种akindofbook一种书fivekindsofflowers五种花manydifferentkindsofgoldfish各种不同的金鱼(fish单复数相同,此处是复数)aswellas也与too同义Helikesthisbookandhelikesthatbook,tooHelikesthisbookaswellasthatbook他喜欢这本书,也喜欢那本书。Shecancomehere,tooShecancomehereaswell她也能来。worthadj值„„值得„„相当于„„价值Thishouseisworth$这个房子价值一万美元。bewellworthdoingsth(很)值得做Thatfilmiswellworthseeing那部电影(很)值得看。Thesebooksareworthreadingtwice这几本书值得看两遍。knockdown击倒,撞倒拆除knockdownthepins击倒球柱knockdownthemachine拆除机器knock组成的词语还有:knockonatthedoor敲门knockintosb撞了某人knockup叫醒UnitWillpeoplehaverobots词汇()人民教育出版社predictionn预言,预测predictvpredictthat后接从句,如Theweatherforecastpredictssunshinefortomorrow天气预告说明天阳光明媚。Ipredictthathewillwin我预测他会赢。papermoneypapern纸,纸张,是不可数名词,如apieceofpaper。papermoney中paper是名词做定语,表材质,只用单数。newspapern报纸,可数名词spacen表示“宇宙,空间时”,不可数名词通常前面不用冠词。Therearemanystarsinouterspace在太空中有很多恒星。Travelthroughspacetootherplanetsinterestsmanypeople现在很多人对穿越太空去其他星球旅行感兴趣。besidesprep除了„„还相当于aswellas,inadditionto。如:Besidesbasketball,healsoplayssoccerwell除了打篮球以外,他踢足球也踢得很好。AllofuspassedbesidesJohn除了约翰外,我们也都及格了。IalsowenttherebesidesMary除了玛丽我也去了。UnitWillpeoplehaverobots语言要点广东省教育厅教研室WhatdoyouthinkSallywillbeinfiveyearsIthinkshe'llbeadoctorWhatdoyouthinklifewillbelikeinyearsEveryhomewillhavearobotWillkidsgotoschoolNo,theywon'tThey'llstudyathomeTherewillbefewertreesrobot,creditcard,leisuretime,pollution,astronaut,apartment,rockets,spacestation,moon,fewer,less,fallinlovewith,WorldCup,inthefuture,thesameas,helpwithUnitWillpeoplehaverobot写作人民教育出版社学校要举办Myfutureisnotadream的演讲比赛,请你写一篇演讲稿参加比赛。参考句型及词汇:Intenyearsormore,Iwilltry,studyhard,keepfit,workwell,makeachievement,achievesuccess写作点拨:写演讲稿时应注意:就本文来说可先描述对未来的畅想,然后写为了实现这样的梦想应该如何去做,最后表明自己的决心。畅想未来时,应用一般讲来时。参考范文:MyFutureisnotadreamFuture!Whatanexcitingword!VeryoftenIaskmyself:"Whatwillthefuturebelike"SometimesIsitatmydesk,daydreamingCouldImakegreatachievementinthefutureWillmyfuturebeabedofroseCanIgraspthechanceswhentheycometomeIntenyearsormore,willIbeworkingasascientist,ateacherorasoldierAfterwork,whatotherthingscanIdoMaybeIcangotomanyplacesandseetheworldAndI'llhavemoreleisurehoursforbooksTherearesomanybooksIwanttoreadI'llgoswimmingintherealsea,andtoskateonrealice!Facingthefuture,Icouldn'thelpfeelingexcitedAsajuniormiddleschoolstudent,firstofallImuststudyhard,keepfitandworkwellFurthermore,IwilllearnEnglishwellI'lldomybestandI'msureI'llachievesuccessIfeelconfidentformyfutureUnitWillpeoplehaverobots阅读()人民教育出版社ReadthefollowingpassageandChoosethebestanswers读短文,选择最佳答案。PeoplebegantomakerobotsaboutseveralhundredyearsagoInthepast,someoftheearlyoneslookedlikeanimalsorhumansHowever,theycouldn'ttalkandwereprettydumbTheyworkedlikeclocksanddidthesamethingsoverandoverNowmodernrobotsdon'talwayslooklikepeopleSomearelikebigmachinesothersarenothingbutlongarmsattachedtoboxy箱子般四方bodiesHowever,modernrobotsaresmartSomecansolveproblemsontheirownTheirbrainsarecomputersandtheireyesaresensors传感器Motors发动机helpthemmoveInthefuture,robotswilllearnfromtheirmistakesmorethantheydonowTheywillbesmarterIt'spossiblethatwewillhaverobotjudges,robothouseholdworkers,androbotfactoryworkersRobotswillhelppeopletodomorethingsHowlongisthehistoryofrobotsAHundredsofyearsBSeveralhundredyearsCSevenhundredsyearsWhat'sthepossiblemeaningof"dumb"ATalkinglikepeopleBCleverCUnintelligentMostrobotslooklikepeopleAInthepastBNowCInthefutureWhichofthefollowingisfalseaboutmodernrobotsASomerobotscansolveproblemsontheirownBSomerobotsarelikebigmachinesCSomerobots'brainsaresensorsWhatcan'trobotsdointhefutureaccordingtothepassageATheycanhelppeopledohouseworkBTheycanworkinfactoryCTheycanhavebrainsaspeople参考答案:BCACCUnitWillpeoplehaverobots阅读()人民教育出版社WriteTfortrueorFforfaIseforeachsentenceaccordingtothepassage根据短文判断对错。RobotsseemverynewtomostpeopleButtheyhavealonghistoryThefirstonewasmadebyaGreekinventorYoumayseerobotsinsomefilmsTherobotsinthesefilmsarestronger,fasterandclevererthanpeopleInreallife,mostrobotsareusedinfactoriesTheyareusedtodomanydangerous,difficultorboringjobsSomepeoplecan'tlookafterthemselvesandrobotsareusedtohelpthemForexample,somepeoplecan'tsee,manyofthesepeopleuseadogtohelpthemselvesmovearoundThisdogiscalledaguidedogScientistsaremakingarobottohelpthemInthefuture,robotdogsmighttaketheplaceoftheseguidedogsRobotsarealsousedinAmericanhospitalsAtonehospital,arobottakesmealsfromthekitchentothesickpeople'sroomsItneverlosesitswaybecauseithasamapofthehospitalinitscomputersystemInthefuture,robotswillworkinspaceButrobotswillnevertaketheplaceofhumanhelpTheycan,however,helpUSinalotofdifferentwaysRobotshavealonghistoryThefirstrobotwasinventedbyaGreekRobotscanonlybeseeninfilms。RobotscanhelpsomepeoplelookafterthemselvesToday'srobotshavequiteafewdifferentusesArobotcooksmealsforthesickpeopleatanAmericanhospitalRobotscanhelphumansalotbothnowandinthefuture参考答案:TTFTTFTUnitWillpeoplehaverobots测试人民教育出版社VocabularyChoosethephrasestofillintheblanks,accordingtothesentencesAinBmorepeopleCfewerholidaysDmorefreshairEafterwefinishmiddleschoolFtenyearsfromnowGlesspollutionHbetterhospitalsIinthefutureJnextyearA:WhatdoyouthinkourcitywillbelikeB:TherewillbeChoosethecorrectanswersIthinkkidswillstudyathomeoncomputerstenyearsAatBforCafterDinHurryup!ThetrainintwominutesAgoBwentCwillgoDgoesMyfatherwasthanheisnowAthinnerBthinClessDfewTheboyoffthebikeandhurthislegyesterdayAfallBfellCfallsDwillfallIhavehomeworktodothanyouAmuchlessBmuchCverylittleDfewerDoyoulikeplayingfootballorplayingviolinAthe,theBthe,C,theD,IthinkthatEnglandnexttimeAwillwinBwonCiswinningDwinsHismotherinavillagefiveyearsagoAlivesBlivedCislivingDwillliveseemsveryhardtoworkoutthisproblemAThatBThisCIDItThereisonlytimeleftWemusthurryALittleBaittleCfewDafewFormsentencesess,in,will,years,there,pollution,be,won't,be,any,there,money,paperwill,there,time,more,leisure,bethe,which,win,World,country,will,next,Cupthink,you,weather,what,the,do,like,will,be,tomorrowFillintheblankswiththesephraseslike,worth,interesting,more,less,creditcard,spacestation,aswellasIwillbeareporterandmeetmanypeopleAistheplacetoliveinspaceEveryonewillhaveatobuythingsinyearsTheworkofPicassoiswellbuyingWhatwillyourifebeintenyearsSkiingisinterestingexcitingTherewillbemoneycomingtothetsunami海啸areaIhaveleisuretimethistermbecauseIhavealotofhomeworkVReadingcomprehensionATomandFredaretalkingabouttheyear"Whatwillourworldbelikeintheyear""Idon'tknow"saysFred"Whatdoyouthink""Well,nooneknows,butIt'sinterestingtoguess""IntheyeareveryonewillcarryapocketcomputerThecomputerwillgivepeopletheanswerstoalltheirproblemsWeshallallhavetelephonesinourpockets,too,andwe'llbeabletotalktoourfriendsallovertheworldPerhapswe'llbeabletoseethematthesametime""AlotofpeoplewillliveandworkundertheseaPerhapstherewillbebigtowns,factoriesandfarmsunderthesea,too""Machineswilldomostofthework,andsopeoplewillhavemoreholidays,perhapsthey'llworkonlytwoorthreedaysaweekThey'llbeabletoflytothemoonbyspaceshipandspendtheirholidaysthere""I'mlookingforward期待totheyearIhopetogotothemoon!""AndIhopeI'llbeabletoliveunderthesea"saysFred"Won'tthatbeveryinterestingJustlikeafish!"TomandFredtalkedaboutAtheirschoollifeBsomeinterestingnewsCtheirlifeinthepastDtheirlifeinthefutureMachineswillAdomostoftheworkinsteadofpeopleBdosomeoftheworkinsteadofpeopleCdoasmuchworkaspeopleDdoasittleworkaspeopleFromtheirtalk,weknowthatAonlyFredhopestoflytothemoonBbothofthemhopetoflytothemoonConeofthemhopestoflytothemoonDneitherofthemhopestoflytothemoonFredsaidAhelikedfishverymuchBhewouldliketoliveunderthesealikeafishChewouldgofishingundertheseaDhewouldspendafewdaysonthemoonWhichofthefollowingstatementsisNotmentionedAPeoplewillbeabletoflytothemooninaspaceshipBPeoplewillhavemoreholidaysCManypeoplewillliveandworkundertheseaDAllthefactoriesandfarmswillbebuiltundertheseaBPeopleusemoneytobuyfood,booksandhundredsofotherthingstheyneedWhentheywork,theyusuallygetpaidinmoneyMostofthemoneyusedtodayismadeofmetalorpaperButinthetimelongago,peopleusedtouseallkindsofthingsasmoneyOneofthefirstkindsofmoneywasshellsInChina,clothandkniveswereusedasmoneyElephanttusks牙,monkeytailandsaltwereusedinsomepartsoftheworldRicewasalsoakindofmoneyusedbythepeopleinsomeislandsSomeanimalswereusedasmoney,tooThefirstcoppercoinsweremadeinChinaTheywereroundandhadasquareholeinthecenterDifferentcountrieshaveuseddifferentmetalsfortheirmoneyLater,somecountriesbegantomakecoinsofgoldandsilver银ButgoldandsilverwereheavytocarrywhenpeopleneededalotofcoinstobuysomethingexpensiveTheChinesewerethefirsttousepapermoneyThefirstpapermoneylookedmorelikeanotefromonepersontoanotherthanthepapermoneyusedtodayMoneyhashadaninterestingstoryfromthedaysofshellmoneytilltodayPeopleusuallyusemoneyAtobuygoldBtogetsomethingtheywantCtobuyshellsDtobuysomethingexpensiveLong,longagopeopleallovertheworldusedasmoneyAthesamemetalBthesamepaperCthedifferentmetalsDallkindsofthingsInthepast,theancientChineseusedtohaveclothandknivesAasatoolBasmoneyCasagiftDasakindofgoodswasalsoakindofmoneyusedbythepeopleinsomeislandsAGoldBAnimalsCRiceDKnivesThefirstpapermoneyAlookedlikethesameasthepapermoneyusedtodayBookedinterestingCookedlikeanoteDhadasquareholeinthecenterWritingImaginewhatyourschoolwillbelikeinyearsWriteaboutittothenewspaperputer,library,playground,activity,beautiful,happyDearEditor,Yours,ErmaUnitWillpeoplehaverobots测试参考答案人民教育出版社VocabularyA:A,E,F,I,JB:B,C,D,G,HChoosethecorrectanswersDCABACABDBFormsentencesTherewillbelesspollutioninyearsTherewon'tbeanypapermoneyTherewillbemoreleisuretimeWhichcountrywillwinthenextWorldCupWhatdoyouthinktheweatherwillbeliketomorrowFillintheblankswiththesephrasesinterestingspacestationcreditcardworthlikeaswellasmorelessWritingADACBDBBDBCC八年级下册UnitWhatshouldIdo单元笔记一丶重点短语arguev争论争吵arguewithsb与某人吵架Iarguedwithmybestfriend我和我的好朋友吵架了。eitheradv(用于否定句)也Hedoesn’thaveanymoney,andIdon’t,either他没有钱,我也没有。Ican’tplaychessShecan’t,either我不会下国际象棋,她也不会。too也(用于肯定或疑问句)I’mateacherHeisateacher,too我是老师,他也是老师。ask(sb)forsth向某人寻求某物要„„Don'taskforfoodeverydayGoandfindsomework别天天要饭,找点儿工作做。Idon’tthinkyoushouldaskyourparentsforsomemoney我想你不应向父母要钱。thesameas与„„相同(注意前后两个比较对象的属性保持一致)Theclothes

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