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首页 中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chinese ancient and modern table manner…

中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chinese ancient and modern table manners).doc

中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chinese ancient and mo…

李柳清
2017-10-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chinese ancient and modern table manners)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chineseancientandmoderntablemanners)中国古今餐桌礼仪(Chineseancientandmoderntablemanners)ChineseancientandmoderntablemannersDiningetiquetteissuescanbedescribedaswellestablishedItisdocumentedthat,atleastintheZhouDaidietetiquettehasformedasetofquiteperfectsystem,especiallytheformerofficialConfuciusLuhighlypraisedandhasbecomeanimportantaspectoftheperformanceofthecountrydynastiesappearance,thecivilization,astateofceremoniesAsintheancientfeastoftraditionaletiquette,hasasetofprogram:MasterfoldinCambodia,temporaryvisitorfromoutsideWhentheguestsandgreeteachother,intothelivingroomtosit,withrefreshmentsAfterguestguidedemand,totheleft,asthechief,relativetothefirsttwo,thefirstunderforthree,twounderforfourTheguestswereseated,toastfordishesfromtheowner,theguestpolitelyxieBanquetservingwinealsohasteachersshouldpayattention:theelderlyandtheguest,andfinallythemasterTheendofthefeast,guideguestsintothelivingroomtosit,tea,untilthefarewellThistraditionalritualfeastremainintactinmostareasofChina,suchasShandong,HongkongandTaiwan,manyfilmandtelevisionworksreflectInfluencedbytheintroductionofWesternfoodinQingDynasty,somewesternetiquettewasintroducedSuchasvegetables,soup,wineandotherfoodalsobecauseofthewaythereasonablehealthisintroducedintheetiquetteChineseandWesternfoodandculturalexchangesmakecateringetiquettemorescientificandreasonableModernpopularChinesebanquetetiquetteisdevelopedbasedonthetraditionalandforeignetiquetteonTheseatingborrowwesterndinnerpartyforthelawontheright,thefirstguestsitrighttohost,secondguestflexibleprocessinginthemasterleftorright,thefirstguest,servingwine,guestsfromtherighttotheguest,afterthemaster,firstladies,afterthegentlemenPoureightcentsonthewine,butdon'tfillitupTheorderofservingremainstraditional,firstcoldandthenhotAlltheguestshouldbeoppositeseatsleftsingleordishesatMapleandsnackfirstguest,onthe,thesmalltailonmusclewillplaylungorBosongQianHuangChiWumetaproteinsashorarcUcallonlyallowsyoutoturnandshootreelingblanketsupportthescaleforYingratestrangeghostGanYingdecadentlasttheepiphysishaveHuanAoYunactsRareplayingtoeTuoLeMuChudepartmentusedTuanguessoligoreelingblamebackamaranthepiphysealmalerosechildrendownthedumplingssoasIntroductiontoChinesetablemannersTablemannersplayaveryimportantpartintheChinesepeople'scompleteorderoflifeTheybelievethateatingisnotonlyawaytomeetbasicphysiologicalneedsbutalsoasocialexperienceofthefirstimportanceForthisreason,itisimportanttomastertheknowledgeofcertainChinesedietaryrules,andyoumustmastersomerules,whetheryouarethehostoronlyaguestTheroundtableisverypopularSincemorepeoplecansitandeveryonecansitfacetoface,theidentityofthehostisnotclearlyrecognizedbyhisseatonthewesternlongtableGuestsshouldwaitforthehosttoinvitehimtositdownTheownermustbecarefulnottoasktheguesttositnearthetableThisisatabooYouhavetowaituntileveryoneisherebeforeyoustarteatinginanyformevenifsomeoneislateOnceeveryoneisinplace,thehostcanstarttheconversationItisperfectlyreasonableforthehosttotakeanactivepartinthemealurgingtheguesttoenjoyeatinganddrinkingatypicalChinesestyletablelooksquiteempty,particularlyintheeyesofwesternersAbowlplacedontheplateisvisibleinfrontofeachseatOntherightisasetofchopsticksandspoons,respectively,oneachseatOnformaloccasions,napkinsappear,mainlyonthekneesAtaformaldinner,thefoodismuchlikeaslideshow,eachservingadishSurprisingly,riceisnotthesamedishasitis,butyoucanchoosetoeatittogetherAseachdishhasitsowncharacteristics,itshouldbetastedindividually,andatonetimeonlyoneiseatenfromthebowl,notamixedtasteNodishestoeat,onlybowlsBonesandshellsareplacedinseparateplatesDirtydishesmustbereplacedwithcleanplatesExceptforthesoup,allthefoodonthetableisservedwithchopsticksKnivesmaybesupplied,butasaChinese,itisbettertousechopsticksChopsticksareeatingatool,sodonotplaywithchopstickstakethemwhenthedrumstickisaveryrudeway,butcannotusechopstickspointingtothepersonormakegesturesOfcourse,absolutelycannotsuckorthechopstickschopsticksinsertedintheSteamedRice,thisistaboothisislikethefuneralofincenseisconsideredunluckyAgain,donotusechopsticksinadishofnonstopchange,youshouldfirstuseyoureyestoseethefoodyouwanttotakeWhenyoupickupapieceoffoodwithchopsticks,trytoavoidtouchingotherfoodsUsethechopsticksandspoonsnexttoyou,ifpossibleWhenyouhavefinishedyourmealortakeyourfood,putthechopsticksbacktothechopstickholderAChineserestaurantwouldnotbeformalwithoutteaTodothis,itisadvisabletostoreasmuchteaaspossible,ensuringthatthemostastutetastesaretakencareofAsfortea,weshouldpayattentiontoafewkeythingsSeatsrecentlyteapotshouldbeheldresponsibleforotherpeopleandtheirzhenchazhenchaorderinaccordancewithage,fromlongesttotheyoungest,thelastpourforthemselvesWhenthepeopleyoupour,theprotocolshouldbeusedfingertappingonthetable,itiszhenchawhoexpressedgratitudeandrespectDiningisatoppriorityforhomelife,reflectingpersonalqualitiesandtastesEyesseefoodbeforemovingchopsticksZhenchaorderisveryexquisite,longafterthefirstchild,firstfemalemaleAreasonforpregnantwithsorrowChinesehasalwaysbeento"foodforthefirst",inadditiontodietistomeetthebasicneedsofthepeople,isalsoadheringtothetraditionalcustom,gatheredinthetablegobbledownThereasonforafeastiseithercelebrationormourningLunarnewyearweddingChinafestivalssuchastheMidAutumnFestival,Chinesewillbeayoungpartydinnertabletocelebratethefestiveseasonbutontheotherhand,ifsomeonedied,familywillset"comfortsolutionwine"atthefuneralafterdinnertoattendthefuneralofrelativesandfriends,toexpressmygratitudetothem,visibleChinesePartyattachesgreatimportancetothetabletosharejoyandsorrowThekitchengodChinesenotonlyrespecttheartandetiquettetoeat,andevenworshipby"Vulcan"derivedfromthe"KitchenGod",theythink"KitchenGod"canblessthekitchenfireandavoidtheunfortunateeventsoftheyear,thethdayofthetwelfthmonthoftheChineselunarcalendar,eachforameal,includinga"KitchenGod"serveonlywholechicken,pigs,vegetables,ricevariety,thanksto"KitchenGod"ontheirpastyearblessTheyareusuallyputinfrontofthestovetableplacedintheleft,putfoodonthetable,whichthenumberofhoursbeforetakefoodWhatistherelationshipbetweeneatingetiquetteandsuperstitionTheguestswiththetraditionalChinesefamilymealtable,respecttheculture,etiquetteandcustomoftheirmeal,carefulnottoviolatetheirtaboos,becauseChinesethinkthatdietiscloselyrelatedtothefateofindividualswithalmostameal,madeataboo,willcausebadluckForexample,eatfish,wheneatingfishside,don'tusechopstickstowholefishturnedtotheotherside,iftheythinkoveryourfishfish,itmeansthatthefishingboatswouldfanchen,thisisbecauseHongkongisafishingportintheearlydays,thefishermenareveryconcernedaboutthesafetyofthevesselsinaddition,Chinesefromnoendofsevendishmeal,becauseafterthefuneral"comfortsolutionwine"theremustbesevendishdonotusechopsticksverticallyintoabowlofriceforthecentral,thisisabitlikeintheworshipoftheancestorsafternotsay"Ieatameal",whichmeanstheyhavedied,willnothavetheopportunitytoeatbutitshouldbesaid,"I'mfull"toavoidthesoundtouchwheneatingbowlchopsticks,itisnotonlyimpolite,alsomeans"nofood"toeatlunchcultivatethehabitofabowlofrice,northeremaininginthebowl,Otherwisethefuturewifeorhusbandis"pox"doesnotrespecttheshameless,farmerstoilThesesuperstitiousdietarycustomshavebeenhandeddowntothisday,andmoreorlessbecomeChinesepeople'sdietaryetiquetteConventionalmealInthemealtheway,ChineseandWesternershavedifferentpoints,Westernerslovetheirtasteintheirfoodbefore,Chinesehasthecertainfoodregulations,theylovecallnumberplatedelicacies,onthecentralposition,eachonehasabowlofricetogetherwiththisnumberagainstdish,themealcanbeaddeddishdishesareusuallyplacedfirstintheirthericebowl,directlytothedishesintothemouthisnotpoliteinaccordancewiththeConvention,guestsattendingformalortraditionaldinner,willnoteatthefoodonthetable,lestthehostfamilymistakenlythinkthatthelackofpreparationandembarrassedthedishestablesettingDailymealsfurnishedisoneachseatplacedonabowl,apairofchopsticks,aspoon,adishofsaucefordinner,usuallygiveguestsahottowel,handtowelandwipethemouthinsteadofAllthedishesatthesametime,thecentralendofthetable,eachwiththeirownchopsticksdirectlyfromeachdishdishessharedtheirfoodwithapotofsouptheendofeachdrinkapotofsoupGuestscanhaveamealabsolutely"Dumbo"moveacrosstheriver,atthefarclipdishesSinceChinesepeopleliketoshareallthedishes,theirtablesaremostlyroundorsquareratherthanalongdiningtableforwesternersHowdoyouorderaChinesemealThefirstisacoldtostimulateappetite,thencalledapotofsoup,thesoupwillhelpincreasethebodytemperature,drinkingahotsoupandbegantotastethedish,usuallyaccordingtotheirowntastecalledentrees,butnecessarycallafullofspicydishes,itisappropriateforaChinesemeal,withspicydisheswithagainstaplainwhitericedishes,spicyandgentle,plainwhitericeandfragrantlightamealfoodisthefinaleofdessert,usuallysweetsoup,suchasredbeanpaste,sesamepaste,therearealsoothertypes,suchasBoudin,pancakes,icecream,alsosweetanddeliciousWaysofeatingStaycoolandhotsoupalittleattheentranceandnottolosethesoupspoon,aSIPapplicationvoicetoeatanddrinktobringjobsonthelips,usechopstickstoriceintothemouth,whichisoneofthemosteasytoeat,alsolovetoeatthatmealifamealdon'tmentionthejob,thatarenotsatisfiedwiththedishesonthetablebanquetChineserarelydrinksinthedailymeal,butthewineintheirfeastistoplayanimportantroleAtthebanquet,thehostfamilywillbethefirsttotoasttheguests,whentheguestsdrinkingspiritswillarisespontaneously,beerorsodacanbeusedtotoast,firstforotherstoaddwineorsoftdrinks,toaddtheirown,onlydecency,andwilladdtonearlyoverflow,toshowtheirrespectandfriendship,andfamilytoenjoydrunkguests,notetiquetteIfyoudonotwanttodrink,youshouldshowitatthebeginningofthebanquettoavoidembarrassmentThefeastisoverThelastgueststoenjoyafeastofdishes,thenofficiallyendedinthehostfamilyistheprotagonistwillstandup,saidthebanquetends,andwillstandattheentrancetothegueststosay"goodnight",aftertherestaurantmanagerwithothermembersoftheHousebill,sendtheguesttotakethecar,wavedandwatchedthecarsailawayDishMostChinesedishesisnotonlyamaterial,usuallywithotherdishesoringredientstodofoilentrees,excellentflavorandtasteofdishes,suchascookedpork,greenvegetableswithcrispZuobanvegetables,suchasceleryorgreenpeppers,foil,softpinkporkAmealisnotonlyadish,usuallyatendtwo,orevenfourdishes,andeachdishwillbedelicious,thelastorderistoenddishcollocationinthefirstplace,usuallysimilardisheswillalsoend,willnotendrespectivelybeforeandafterthemeal,allmuststressharmoniouscollocationDrinksTeaisadailydrinkChinese,soupisthebestdrinkwhentheirmeals,inthespecialdayoroccasion,ChinesedrinkWineorliquor,butnotwater,whichisdifferentfromwesternersChineseteaisthemaindrinkintheteahouseAlthoughthereareotherdrinksavailable,theythinkteaisthemostrefreshingandrefreshingbeverage,especiallyforgreasysnacksTeahelpstowashawaygreasyfoodOneortwoteapotsareprovidedateachtable,Andcanbeconstantlyaddedtodrinks,guestsonlyneedtoopenthecoverandputtheminthepotontop,thenaddboilingwatertocomewiththewaiternomatterhowmanyseatswiththecupoftea,onecanbeateaforothers,butremembertopourforothersfirst,andfinallypourtheirown,thisisinetiquetteTherearedifferentkindsofteaintheteahouse,andtheguestscanchoosethemaccordingtotheirownpreferencesDifferencesbetweenChineseandWesternDietaryCultureChineseandtheWestaredifferentinthedietculture,Chineseloveeverybodytotherestaurant,becausesnacksanddishestastemore,althoughtherestauranthavetwopeoplediningtable,butmostofthemareforfourormoredinerswithtableTeahouseusuallynoisynoisy,theatmosphereisnotlikewesternstylerestaurantromantic,iftwopeopleeat,canconsidernottochoosetogototeahouseChinesetablemannersaresummedupinthefollowingpoints:AseatetiquetteAsktheguestsseatedontheseatsPleaseelderlyguestsinattendancewereseatednexttotheseatfromtheleftintothechairDon'tmovetheirchopsticksWhatmoredonotcometobeepDon'tgetupandwalkaroundIfwhathappenedtogreetthemasterSecond,whenthemealAsktheguestsLongDongkuaiziDisheachlessFarawayfromtheirowntoeatsomevegetablesDon'tmakeasoundwhileeatingWhenthesoupisnotasoundsoupwithaspoonsuppingNotthebowltothemouthtodrinkhotsoupCooltodrinkDon'tblowafterdrinkingSomepeoplelovetoeatchewingfoodEspeciallyhardcrispchewingfood,averyclearvoiceThisisnotetiquettedemandsAndeveryoneiseatingtogether,asfaraspossibletopreventtheemergenceofthisphenomenonThird:donoteathiccup,othervoiceswillnotariseiftheresneezing,bowelandothercan'thelpthesound,itisnecessarytosay"Ifeelshy"sorry"pleaseforgive"withinthewordsToapologizeFourthifyouwanttogivetheguestsoreldersservingThebestuseofchopsticksmayalsobetheguestsoreldersfarawayfromthedishestotheirfront,accordingtothehabitoftheChinesenationDishisaoneofthetopIfthetableisleadership,theelderly,theguestssaidWheneveranewfoodlineletthemfirstDongkuaiziOrinvitethemtoDongkuaizirotationToshowtheirimportanceFifth:eatfishhead,fishbone,bonesandotherthings,donotspitoutside,anddonotgotothegroundstillSlowlytothehandtotaketheirdishes,orplacedclosetotheirtableoronthepreparedpaperSixth:toatimelymanneraboutthetimeandpeoplejustafewhumorous,toreconciletheatmosphereNoteat,regardlessofothers,nottoeatameal,nottodrinkSeventh:bestnottopickyourteethatthetableIfTiya,willuseanapkinorhandinfrontofhismouthEighth:toclearthemaintasksofthemealTocleartotalkbusinessFeelingsortothemaincontactOrtoeatIfitistheformer,weshouldpayattentiontointheseatingarrangementsThemainnegotiatingseatsneareachothertofacilitateconversationsordredgeemotionIfitisonlyneedtopayattentiontotheafterSomecommonsensecourtesyontheline,tofocusontheappreciationofdishes,Ninth:thelasttimeleftImustthankthehostAttheinvitationoftheownerortotheirownhomesafterthehousetoshowbackChineseistheetiquetteofhelp,hungerbreedsdiscontentment,eatingnorules!Althoughtalkingaboutnotpayingattentionisallthreemealsaday,butit'sbettertoknowthannevertoknow!Treattonotice,:'sold:,youcalledtheguests,notrightThehostfamilycannotbelateguestsshouldbeminuteslate,whichisveryconsiderateguestsoh,payattentiontothemaster,theyarelikenaturalIfsitroundatable,facingthedoorofthemainblocks,orbackwallcounterpayattentiontosomeofthehotel,withnapkinsdistinction,thehighestpositionnapkinscannotjustsitOh,unlessyouintendtotreatmyself:DThehost'srighthandsideisthehostguestandthelefthandsideisthesecondimportantguest*thedoorisfacingtheowner,NatureiscalledtheguestsiterrandsGuestsdonotcalldirectlypointingtoalacarte,obedientlywaitingforthemasterhomeorderifguestsreallyserioustaboosorhobbies,shouldbegentlytoldthehostfamily,theownerofnaturaltomakedecisionsforhim,meettherequirementsoftheguestslittleormuchHosthome,nopointorless,youneedtograsporholdthefood,suchascrabs,lobsterlegs,ribsandsoonThreesuchdishesarenotcuredatonemealWhatelseistheetiquette!Notreluctantlyoragainstothersalittlewinenowine,nofeast!Serveyourdrinks!Foreignerslovetoboastofskill,peoplemayboasttheirowndish,thehostfamilycarefullyobservedLiangcaiQi,everycuphavedrinkslater,whenimmediatelydranktowelcomethestartRotatingthediskorsignalingtherighthandsideofthehostandthefirstchopsticksDon'tTuirangmeetngstoolong,westomachsarehungry,eatyouopenit!Don'tforgettopraiseyourfoodAftereachdish,althoughthewaiterandtheownerwillstillgobeforethesubjectandobject,butnottooliberal,ifjustinfrontofme,andnobodyrotatingdisk,Iwilltrytoclipachopsticks!Thehostfamilytobeoftenthedisktotakecareofmostoftheguestspeiqiathenaddedserviceguestshandscannottouchthediskwhileeatingafullmeal,thentheyalllikeIfthereisnowaiter,foodorchopsticks,spoon,dish,youshouldfirstlookgood,cutnotusetheirchopsticksinthepickpick,pick,go,andevenstir!Noteveryone,likealover,doesn'tmindthedroolonyourchopsticks!IusuallyfindthenearestparttopickmydistanceItisbettertoletthefoodonthechopstickspassthroughthetrayCannotsoeagerratherlookWhenchewingfoodinthemouth,rememberthattheeventisclosedlips,sotospeak,fallingobjects,juicespills,andtoavoida"PumapumaJiJi"annoyancebeepNomatterwhenyouareeatingoreating,youshouldkeepyourbackstraightandtrytositbackinthechairinsteadof*Basically,bothhandsareabovethetableduringthemealTheownerofagoodappetite,andweightoftheguestsarenottheFanjuoh

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