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首页 近义词比较

近义词比较.doc

近义词比较

jessica王丫
2019-06-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《近义词比较doc》,可适用于综合领域

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kafter照顾carryon继续carryout实施,执行Theydecidedtocarryouttheplandespitetheopposition他们决定实施计划,不管异议case事实,实情箱子案例病例incase(of)以防,万一Takemyumbrellaincase(连词)itrains拿我的伞以防下雨Inmostcases在大多数情况下、Innocase、innoway、bynomeans决不catchupwith、keepupwith、keeppacewith赶上,保持一致(be)inchargeof掌管,负责takechargeof掌管,负责charge…for…开价,要价TheshortmanthereisinchargeofourcompanyThehotelcharges$foradoubleroom宾馆要价双人间challenge挑战change零钱(n),换零钱(v)comfortvn安慰舒适,舒服comfortable舒服的,舒适的have…incommon有共同之处Althoughtheyaretwinstheyhavelittleincommon虽然他们是双胞胎,可几乎没有共同之处communicate传播,交流compare…to…把…比作…Poetslikecomparingtheirloverstoredroses诗人喜欢把他们的情人比作红玫瑰compare…with…把…与…相比Comparedwithbrain,computerstillhassomeshortcomings与大脑相比,计算机仍有缺陷complainofabout抱怨bemadeupof、becomposedof、consistof由…组成concentrateon、beengagedin集中注意力于asfaras…beconcerned就…而言Asfaraswagesareconcerned,I‘mverydissatisfiedwiththepresentjob就工资而言,我对当前的工作非常不满意Concerning=about关于contribute捐献contributeto有助于Computerswillcontributemanyconveniencestoourwork计算机有助于我们的工作outofcontrol失去控制undercontrol在控制之下convenient方便,便利的convince使相信信服convince…of…I‘mconvinced(=Ibelieve)thatwherethereisawill,thereisaway我相信有志者事竟成Hewasnotconvincedofhiswife‘sguilty他不相信自己的妻子有罪copewith、dealwith、handle处理,应付atthecostof以…为代价Hesavedthedrownchildatthecostofhisownlife他已自己的生命为代价救了溺水儿童attheriskof冒着…危险…cost、spendTheovercoatcosthim$Hespent$on(inbuying)theovercoatcounton、dependon、relyon依靠,依赖create创造custom习俗customs海关damage损坏(部分)destroy毁灭(全部)hurt伤害injure受伤ruin摧毁spoil破坏(心情,兴致等)Ourholidaywasspoiledbythebadweather坏天气破坏了我们的假期心情Theearthquakehasdestroyedthecityentirely地震完全摧毁了城市agooddeal、agreatdeal许多,大量degree学位程度=extenttosomeextent、tosomadegree在某种程度上demand、order、suggest、propose、insist等后that从句用虚拟语气(加动词原形)Thegeneralorderedthatthebridge(should)berepairedbeforedaybreak将军下令黎明前修好桥deny否认,拒绝(给予)Hedeniedbreakingthewindow他否认打坏玻璃WomenweredeniedtherighttovoteinthepastintheUS过去美国女人没有选举权indetail详细地Heexplainedthequestiontousin~devote…To…致力于Thescientistdevotedthewholelifetothestudyofchemistry科学家献出一生致力于化学研究doawaywith废除getridof摆脱、除掉have…todowith与…有关Ithasnothingtodowithwhatyouaretalkingabout与你说什么无关Doawaywiththelaw废除法律Hemanagedtogetridofthemanfollowedhim他试图摆脱跟踪他的人dropin=dropby=visit走访due到期的、(按计划,安排要)发生,到达的Thebookwillbeduenextweek书下周到期Whattimewillthenextbusdue下趟车何时到达Thenextmeetingisduetobeheldinthreemonths‘time下次会议三个月内召开dueto=becauseof=owingto因为,由于Hispromotionisduetohishardworking他的晋升源自努力工作Duetotheheavyrain,wehavetogiveuptheplanfortheweekends由于暴雨,我们不得不放弃周末的计划economic经济的economical节俭的effective有效的efficient效率高的else其它的somethingelse别的东西somebodyelse别人intheend最终(结果)atlast最后(经过很长时间)Ihavefinishedtheessayatlast最后我完成了短文WewerethinkingofgoingtoEngland,butintheendwewenttotheUSA我们曾考虑去英格兰,但最终去了美国enjoyoneself=haveagoodtime玩的开心helponeself随便establish=setup=found建立、创立evident=obvious=apparent明显的、显而易见的forexample=forinstancebeexhausted=betiredout=bewornout筋疲力尽的exist存在expose暴露、受影响Beingexposedtothesunforsometimecandogoodtoyourhealth暴露于阳光下一段时间,对你的健康有好处Manyoftoday‘steenagershavebeenexposedtoomuchtoviolenceandsex很多的今日青少年被暴力和黄色影响太多faceupto(勇敢)面对befacedwith面临encounter面临infact、asamatter、asafact实际上、事实上befamiliarwithbyfar非常,最(修饰比较级和最高级)sofar迄今为止(完成时态)farfrom远非(否定)Inmyopinion,heisbyfarthemostsuitableoneforthejob依我看,他是最适合这个工作的一个Hesentoutalettertoapplyforthejob,buthasreceivednoanswersofar为了应征那份工作他发个信函,但迄今为止没受到回复MyEnglishisfarfromperfect我的英语不好fare交通费fee费用tuition学费dosbafavor帮…个忙infavorof赞成I‘minfavorofhissuggestionthatapowerplant(电厂)bebuilt我赞同他的关于建造发电厂的提议Wouldyoudomeafavortocarrytheboxupstairs你能帮我搬这盒子到楼上么feellikedoingsth、wouldliketodosth喜欢想做…field田野,领域fillin填写befilledwith充满Wouldyouliketofillinyouraddressandtelephonehere你愿意在这儿填写你的地址及电话么fine罚款fire解雇catchfire着火setfireto点火focus…on…使集中,以…为中心befondof=like喜欢I‘mfondofnovelswrittenbyDHLaurence我喜欢DH写的小说lookforwardto盼望Wearelookingforwardtoyourcoming我们正盼望着你来ingeneral、inshort、inaword、onthewhole总的说来generationgap代沟getongetoff上下车(船…)getonwith、getalongwith和…相处givein屈服,让步giveup放弃giveoff发出Thegasgivenoffbyautomobilesisharmfultopeople‘shealth汽车发出的气体对人们的健康有害Don‘tgiveupuntilyousucceed成功之前不要放弃Hegaveinfinallyunderthepressure最终在压力面前他屈服了goontodosth接着做(另一件事)goondoingsth继续做(同一件事)goonadiet节食goover复习take…forgranted对…想当然,对…习以为常Weusuallytakeitforgrantedthatthegovernmentshouldworkforthewelfare(福利)ofthepeople我们通常把政府为人们的福利工作当成理所当然growup成长grownup成年人handin上交handinhand联合ononehand一方面ontheotherhand另一方面hardly几乎不hardly…when…=nosooner…than…刚…就…ThetownhaschangedsoquicklythatIcanhardlyrecognizeit城镇变化很快,我几乎不能认出Hardlyhadwereachedhomewhenitbeganraining我们刚到家就开始下雨了dogoodto…对…有益doharmto…对…有害learnbyheart记住loseheart失去信心can‘thelpdoingsth禁不住做…Shecouldn‘thelpcryingwhensheheardthenewsthatherfatherpassedaway当她听到她父亲去世的消息时,禁不住哭了holdback控制住(感情等)holdup阻止,妨碍inahurry立即innohurry不着急insist从句用shoulddo,should可以省略相同用法的词:suggest,order,demand,propose…Heinsistedthatwegotheretogether他主张我们一起去那儿insteadof代替,相反I‘mstillwonderingwhyheaskedJohnforhelpinsteadofTom我仍很惊讶,为什么他要J帮他而不是Tintendtodo想要做involve……in……介入,卷入Idon‘twanttobeinvolvedintheirquarrel我不想被卷入他们的争吵bekeenon热心热衷于keytoaquestion、answertoaquestion、solutiontoaproblem(解决问题的)办法late、latest最新的,最近的later…以后latter后者,后半的thelatestnews、twoyearslater=aftertwoyearslay放置laidlaidlie躺laylain说谎liedliedleave把…忘在…leaveout漏掉Ihaveleftmykeysathomeinlightof、inviewof鉴于,由于likely可能的ItislikelythatcomputerwillcomeintoeveryfamilyinChinainthenearfuture在不久的将来计算机将可能进入每个家庭liveon靠…生活earnone‘sliving谋生belocatedin=besituatedin位于aslongas只要beforelong不久longbefore很久以前nolonger不再longfor渴望HeislongingforthedayhecouldgototheUSA他正渴望某天他能够去美国Youareboundtosucceedaslongasyoukeeptrying你一定会成功,只要你继续努力lookafter=takecareof照顾lookdownuponon看不起lookfor寻找lookinto调查lookup查(字典)bemadeupof=becomposedof=becomprisedof=consistof由…组成makefor朝…走去managetodo设法做了…trytodo设法去做…trydoing试着做……manner、way、method、means方式,方法manners礼貌manya许多(谓语用第三人称单数)agreatmany许多Manyastudentinourclasshasseenthefilmmorethanthreetimes我们班许多学生超过次看过这电影nomatterhowwhatwherewhenwho…无论如何什么哪何时谁takemeasurestodo、takestepstodo、takepainstodo采取措施…keepinmind=bearinmind=remember记住makeupone‘smind决定bymistake错误地mistake…for…把…误当成…Ioftenmistakehimforhistwinbrother我常把他当成他的孪生兄弟themomentminute一…就…atthemoment此时HesaidhewouldinformmethemomenthearrivedBeijing他说一到北京他就通知我moreorless或多或少mood心情beinthemoodtodo想要做I‘minnomoodtoread我想要阅读mutual相互的,共同的mutualunderstanding相互理解mutualbenefits互惠互利It‘snecessaryimportantvitalthat………从句中用动词原形donotnecessarily不一定atnoonmidnighto‘clock…nothingbut=only只有Wecandonothingbutwaitforhelp(我们能做的只有等待救援)除了等待救援,我们什么也不能做nowthat=since既然Nowthatyou‘veacceptthejobyou’dbetterdevoteyourselftoit既然你已接受这工作,你最好努力去做anumberof一些thenumberof数量objectto=beopposedto反对occasion场合,时间ontheoccasion借此…之际在那时在…场合借此occupy占领,占据notonly…but(also)注意:连接主语,谓语数的变化连接两个句子,notonly后用倒装Notonlytheteacherbutalsothestudentsareallinterestedinthemovie不但老师而且学生都对电影感兴趣Notonlythestudentsbutalsotheteacherisinterestedinthemovie不但老师而且学生都对电影感兴趣NotonlyshouldwelearnEnglishbutweshouldlearnitwell我们不仅要学英语,而且也要学好它inone‘sopinion在…看来Inmyopinion,smokingshouldbebannedinpublicplaces在我看来,公共场所将被禁止吸烟operateon做手术or和unlessGetoutofthebed,oryou‘llbelateforthetrain(否则)起床,否则你将误了火车You‘llbelateforthetrainunlessyougetoutofthebedimmediately(除非)你会误了火车,除非你马上起床inordertothat为了origin起源,血缘oughttodosth应该overcomeadifficult克服困难playapartin=playarolein起作用takepartin=participatein参加inparticular特别地takeplace=happen发生taketheplaceof代替,取代inplace适合的,恰当的outofplace不适合的,不恰当的plentyof许多,大量Plentyofwaterplentyofbooks修饰可数及不可数名次postpone=putoff推迟prefertodo更喜欢preferdoing喜欢preferdoingsthtodoingsth乐意做…prefertodosth更乐意做…宁可做…ratherthandosth宁可…也不愿…preparefor、makepreparationsfor为…准备atpresent目前,当前preventfrom、keepfrom阻止、制止takepridein=beproudof引以为傲、以…为傲makeprogress取得进步pulldown拆除puton穿上putaway收好,放好putupwith忍受、容忍outofthequestion不可能outofquestion没有问题、毫无疑问Yoursuggestionisoutofthequestionsincewedon‘thaveenoughhands你的建议不可能,因为我们没有做够的帮手ratherthan而不是otherthan除了regretrememberforgettodo遗憾记得忘了要做…regretrememberforgetdoing遗憾记得忘了做过remind使…想起,使…记起remind…of…使…想起,使…记起occur想起Thepictureoftenremindsherofthefiveyearsshespentinthevillage照片常唤起她在村庄的年回忆ItoccurredtomesuddenlythatIhadleftmykeysathome我突然想起,我把钥匙放在了家里asaresult(of)因此(因为)Asaresultofhispersistence(毅力),hesucceededincompletinghisstudy由于他的毅力,他顺利完成了他的学业regard…as…、view…as…、thinkof…as…、consider…(tobe)…把…看作Thestudentsallregardhimastheirfriend学生把他看作他们的朋友robsbofsth抢了…stealsbsth偷…runinto撞上runout(of)=useup用完,耗尽Mycarhasrunoutofgas我的车已经耗尽了燃料Iusedupmymoneyforthismonthinhalfamonth半个月之内,我用完了整月的钱forthesakeof为了Hedidallthisforthesakeofyou他为你做了一切thesame…as与…一样Shewearsthesameskirtasyesterday她穿了与昨天一样的衣服seeoff送行seethrough看穿,识破inasense、inaway某种意义上toaextent、toadegree一定程度上Inasense,whathesaidisimportant在某种意义上,他说的很重要Iagreewithyoutosomeextent我同意你的观点,在一定程度上sensible理智的sensitive敏感的setoff出发setup=establish建立beshortof=lack缺乏…atfirstsight乍一看catchsightof看见besimilarto与…相似soastodo为了sothat为了TheytoldmetovisitherandIdidso他们要我去看望她,我照做了(doso)sometime改天,将来某一时刻sometimes有时,间或assoonas一……就…soonerorlater迟早source源头,起源resource资源stand=putupwith=bear=endure=tolerate忍受stickto坚持Isticktomyopinion我坚持自己的观点subjectto遭受Thefamilyissubjectedtothelossoftheirson整个家庭都在遭受失子之痛besuperiorto好于,优于Themooncakesproducedbytheirfactoryaresuperiortoours他们工厂做的月饼好与我们的doyoursuppose=doyouthinkbesupposedtodo应该做…takeapart拆开takeoff起飞takeup占领,从事takeover接管atthesametime同时fromtimetotime不时地ontime准时intime及时takeone‘stime别着急onceuponatime从前cometrue实现Hisdreamofbecominganelectronicengineercametrue他想成为电子工程师的梦想实现了Todayallyourdramswillcometrue今天,你所有的梦想都将实现taketurns轮流inturn轮流,反过来turndown拒绝turnonoff开关turnout生产,结果是Weusuallytaketurnswhilewaitingforthebus当等公共汽车时,我们通常轮流Thehelpwegivetootherswillinturngiveourselvespleasure我们给他人的帮助将给我们自己带来快乐Thepartyturnedouttobeagreatsuccess聚会结果非常成功untiltill到…才put…touse使用,利用makeuseof=takeadvantageof利用useup用完avarietyof=allkindsof许多,各种各样Therearealargevarietyofbooksforyoutochoosefrom有许多书供你挑选warmup热身bytheway顺便问一下bywayof以…方式inaway某种意义上makeone‘sway走,挤while在…时候,而,尽管Thereisnowhereforhimtousehismoney,whileIhavenomoneytouse当我没钱用时,他没有地方花钱Whiletherearemanydifficulties,weareconfidenttocarryouttheplan当有困难时,我们有信心完成计划will意志,遗言inotherwords换句话说,即inaword总而言之keepone‘sword遵守诺言workout算出,理解,明白putforward提出Hedidn‘tworkoutthelastquestionintheexam他没有算出考试的最后一题Heputforwardasolutiontotheproblematthemeeting会议上他提出了一个解决办法beworthdoing、beworthyofdoing值得Thenovelisworthreading这小说值得读Theissue(问题)isworthyofconsidering这问题值得考虑yet多用于否定,疑问句中,放在动词后still可用于肯定,疑问句中,亦可在否定句中在be后,但在其它动词前Hehasn‘tfinishedhisbreakfastyet他仍没有做完早餐Hedoesn‘tunderstandyet他仍不理解Shestilldoesn‘tunderstand她仍不理解Heisstillinbed他仍在床上leavesthsomewhere把…忘在…Hehadlefthistextbooksintheclassroom他把他的课本忘在了教室

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