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二.冠词

许心芳
2019-06-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《二doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

二冠词一不定冠词、不定冠词放在姓名前=acertain,意为“某一(个)”。Sorry,wrongnumberThereisn’taMrSmithhere不定冠词放在序数词前表“再一,又一”。Hedeterminedtotryathirdtime再试一次抽象名词具体化和不可数名词具体话常加定冠词asuccessfailureshamesurprisehonorpleasure常考不定冠词使用搭配amostimportanttip,athcenturycottage,haveagiftfor,acollectionof,aworldof,givesbaride(载某人一程),keepupagoodstateofmind(处于良好的状态或情形),beataloss,inamess,ameansof,makealiving,haveabetterunderstandingof…,therewasatimewhen…,makeadiscovery,withoutsayingaword,onsecondthought,haveabreak,makeastudyof,makeastir(产生轰动),takehaveawalk,allofasudden,keepitasecret,developaninterestin,inahurry,payavisitto,anaverageof…,manyan(不止一个)二定冠词the可数名词单数特指某一类别。注意:man表示“人类”时只能用单数,不能加冠词。Newtonmadeadiscoverywhichcompletelychangedman’sunderstandingofcolor发明创造物前加定冠词the。表示方位的名词前加定冠词the。但在atowneastofChongqing等结构中方位名词前不用冠词。按…方式的表达中。getpaidbythehourtheday…注意:besoldbyweighttime…bythe度量衡单位名词=in名词复数by度量衡名词常考定冠词的固定搭配knockofftheprice(打九折),onthephone,thesame,theformer…thelatter…,breakthesilence,intheSouthofChina,forthemostpart(整体上,多半),theChineseJapaneseFrenchlanguage,thefirstone,thelargestone,theSmiths,nonethe比较级(一点也不比…),thecityofLondonShanghai,makethemostof,forthemoment(暂时),intheeventof…(=incaseof),playthepiano,thesunmoonuniverse,intheday,inthemorningafternoonevening,thedaybeforetomorrowyesterday,thenextmorningweekmonthyear,intheskywaterfieldcountry,inthedark,intherain,inthedistance,inthemiddle(of),intheend,onthewhole,bytheway,gotothetheatre(cinema)三零冠词在学科名词前不用冠词。在专有名词、物质名词、抽象名词前不用冠词。如:Australia,wool,air,life,love,education,society,failure等等。但注意抽象名词具体化前加冠词。独一无二的头衔、职位名词作表语,补语或同位语。HewaselectedpresidentoftheUSA补语JorgeBush,presidenttotheUSA,isvisitingChina同位语word表“消息”man表“人类”前不用冠词。WordcomesthatChinahaswontheFIFAWorldcup、turndoctorteacher在as引导的让步状语从句中,提前的名词前无冠词。Childasheis,…零冠词的常考短语leaveschoolcollege,incaseoffire,withoutdoubt,bytrainbus=inabus,onfoot,takeoffice(就职),inquantity(批量地),indanger,introuble,underpressure,gotobed,turndoctor,putsbinprison,outofdate,takesbprisoner,listentomusic,liveinpeacewith…,beinuse,atsea,underconstruction,indebt,cometopower,ingoodcondition,intimeof,inhonorof纪念,infavorof支持,atnight,gotoschool,attable,atwork,atschool,athome,watchTV冠词的位置、howthat(那么)soasadjaann、quiteratherwhatsuchmanyaan(adj)n、allbothhalftwicethen…例如:soheavyabox=suchaheavyboxthatexpensiveacar=suchanexpensivecarallthestudentstwicethesizeofHeisasgoodastudentasyouShesangquiteabeautifulsong

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