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首页 高考英语一轮复习课时跟踪检测53试题解析.doc

高考英语一轮复习课时跟踪检测53试题解析.doc

高考英语一轮复习课时跟踪检测53试题解析.doc

上传者: 刘志行 2018-06-14 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高考英语一轮复习课时跟踪检测53试题解析doc》,可适用于工作范文领域,主题内容包含高考英语一轮复习课时跟踪检测试题解析课时跟踪检测(BUnit)单项填空(Wecertainlivingthingsasbirdsnotbecause符等。

高考英语一轮复习课时跟踪检测试题解析课时跟踪检测(BUnit)单项填空(Wecertainlivingthingsasbirdsnotbecausetheyhavelonglegsorshortlegs,butbecausetheyallhavefeathersA(supposeB(classifyC(lookD(insist答案与解析:B句意:我们把某些生物划分为鸟类不是因为它们的腿长或腿短~而是因为它们都有羽毛。classifyas“把„„归类为„„”。(restorationofancientarchitecture,theChinesegovernmenthasinvestedalargesumofmoneyonitA(IncaseofB(InfavorofC(IntermsofD(Inhonorof答案与解析:C句意:在修复古建筑方面~中国政府已经投入了大量的资金。intermsof“就„„而论,在„„方面”~符合句意。incaseof“以防„„”,infavorof“赞成~支持~有利于”,inhonorof“为了向„„表示敬意,为纪念„„”。(Jimisperson,andeveryoneiswillingtobewithhimA(sokindafriendsB(soakindfriendsC(sokindafriendD(soakindfriend答案与解析:A句意:吉姆是如此好的一个人~以至于每个人都愿意和他交友。此题前者考查固定表达中冠词的位置~后者考查名词的用法。sokindaperson相当于suchakindperson。befriendswith“与„„友好,跟„„做朋友”。(ManyChinesepeopledonatemoneytohelpthosestudentsfinancialaidA(infavorofB(inhonorofC(infaceofD(inneedof答案与解析:D句意:许多中国人捐款来帮助那些需要经济援助的学生。inneedof“需要”~符合题意。infavorof“赞成,支持”,inhonorof“纪念„„”,infaceof“面临”。(Hewentbacktothehalltotryhisatfindinghislostgoldwatch,butneverfounditA(fortuneB(bestC(resultD(hard答案与解析:Atryone'sfortuneatdoingsth“碰运气做某事”。若选B项~应用tryone'sbesttodosth。(Becauseoftheircontinuousfailures,myenthusiasmforChinesefootballteamgraduallyA(fadedawayB(ranoutC(gaveupD(diedout答案与解析:A句意:由于中国足球接连不断的失败~我对他们的热情也逐渐消失。fadeaway“逐渐消失,消退”。runout“用完”~其主语通常是物,giveup“放弃”,dieout“灭绝”。(anambitiouspersonusuallyworkshardA(GeneralspeakingB(GeneralspokenC(GenerallyspokenD(Generallyspeaking答案与解析:Dgenerallyspeaking为固定搭配~意为“一般来说”。(HisdisabledlegshimtoawheelchairallhislifeA(condemnedB(fastenedC(appliedD(cast答案与解析:Acondemn“使„„注定”。(HealwaysbringsmeaprettygifthecomestovisitmeA(bythetimeB(sometimesC(everytimeD(attime答案与解析:C考查名词作连词的用法。句意:他每次来看我~总是给我带一份精美的礼物。空白前后为两个完整的句子~故缺少连词~而四个选项中只有C项用作连词~everytime“每次”。(HehiscountrytotheenemyandallthefriendshatedhimA(betrayedB(classifiedC(dismissedD(pronounced答案与解析:Abetrayhiscountry“背叛他的国家”。(TherestaurantisfarfromcleanTomythereareflieslandingondishwareoccasionallyA(disgustingB(disgustC(disgustedD(disgustful答案与解析:B句意:这个饭店一点都不干净。让我觉得恶心的是~不时地有苍蝇落在碟子上面。toone'sn“令某人„„的是”。(Encourageyourchildrentoreacha(n)betweenwhathewantsandwhatyouwantA(achievementB(appointmentC(compromiseD(adaptation答案与解析:C考查名词辨析。句意:鼓励你的孩子要在他所需和你所需之间达成和解。reachacompromise“折衷~达成妥协”。(Whenwhathisproblemwas,theboyloweredhisheadandkeptsilentA(askingB(askedC(havingaskedD(havingbeenasked答案与解析:B句意:当问到他有什么问题时~小男孩低下了头~不说话了。whenasked,whenhewasasked。(ItisreportedthattheoilreservesinthisregionarericherthaninotherplacesA(oneB(thatC(thoseD(ones答案与解析:C句意:据报道这个地区的石油储量比其他任何地方的储量要大。that可以代替不可数名词~也可以代替可数名词单数~代替可数名词单数时相当于theone,those只能替代可数名词复数~相当于theones。one则表示不确指~例如:Ihaven'tabookcanyoulendmeone,我没有书~你能借我一本吗,。(ThesecretaryisverycarefulandneveranylittlepointsA(noticesB(deletesC(overlooksD(undertakes答案与解析:C考查动词辨析。句意:秘书很细心~从不忽视任何细节。overlook“忽视~忽略”~符合句意。notice“注意”,delete“删除”,undertake“承担,保证”。完形填空TearscloudedmyeyesasIstoodinourwashingroom,holdingBrett'sjeansandshirtfullofburnholesTiredanddefeated,ItothefloorTheclotheswerejustonemorethingBretthadHeoftengotalmosteverythinginthehouseoutofManywindowsinourhouseneededrepairduetohisbreakingtostealmoneywhenhechosetoliveonthestreetYetnoneofthiscouldcomparetotheemotionalBretthaddonetoouroncequiethomeBrettcametolivewithuswhenhewasyearsoldDuringthenextfewyearsIhaddealtwithBrettasaspossible,butinsideIwasshouting,“Idon'twanthiminmyhouseanotherday,Lord!Ijustcan'thim~”Havingwipedmytears,IcontinuedhimasbeforeWhenBrettwasnearly,helandedagaininJuvenileHall(少管所)Afterthat,myhusbandandIhadtosendBretttoaboardingschoolforhelpingteensAttheceremony,eachgraduateheldawhiterosetogivetothepersonwhohadthemosttohimorherBrettspoketohisparentsandthenspoketome,“YoudidsomuchYouwerealwaysthere,nomatterMymomanddad,IamtheirkidButyou,troubledenoughbyme,alwaysmesuchloveAndIwantyoutoknowIloveyouforit”IstoodasBrettplacedthewhiteroseinmyhandandhuggedmeAtthatmoment,tearsinmyeyesagain,thistimenotfordisappointmentbutforAlthoughIhadstruggledwithsilenttowardmystepson,BretthadseenonlymyactionsLoveisactionWemaynotalwayshavepositivefeelingsaboutcertainpeopleinourlife,butwecanlovethemAsatBbentCsankDdroppedAlostBruinedCtornDbrokenAorderBplaceCtroubleDdangerAoffBinCupDawayApainBinjuryCharmDdamageApatientlyBwillinglyCstrictlyDrudelyAforgiveBstandCeducateDcontrolAfeedingBpardoningCcomfortingDparentingAlazyBdisappointingCtroublesomeDcarelessAopeningBofficialCgraduationDvictoryAaffordedBmeantCsuppliedDowedAsadlyBlovinglyCproudlyDnervouslyAwhereBhowCwhoDwhatAalthoughBunlessCbecauseDwhenAcostBlentCshowedDtaughtAAstonishedBPuzzledCEncouragedDInterestedAsurelyBtightlyCroughlyDfiercelyAfellBflowedCmovedDgatheredApityBluckChappinessDsuccessAloveBanxietyCcareDanger答案与解析:孩子的行为给作者带来了无尽的折磨~作者常常以泪洗面~但是她把愤怒无声地埋在心底~一如既往地履行母亲的责任。毕业典礼上~当孩子把玫瑰送给她时~她情不能己~流出了幸福的眼泪。(C第一段中提到作者在洗手间泪流满面~再结合本句前半句中的内容可知作者“倒”在了地上。sinktothefloor表示“倒在地上”。(B上一段的后半部分中提到他的牛仔裤和衬衫上到处都是烧的洞~由此可知Brett经常“毁坏~糟蹋”东西。C项“撕毁”~D项“打破”~都与第一段后半部分中的内容不符。(A根据Brett烧毁衣服的这种行为和第二段第三句可推知他经常把房间中几乎所有的东西搞得乱七八糟。此处outoforder“出故障~不整洁”。outofplace“不合适~不协调~格格不入”,outoftrouble“脱离困境”,outofdanger“脱离危险”~都不符合语境。(B房子的很多窗户需要修理~因为他从窗户“闯入”房子去偷钱。breakin“闯入”。breakoff“(使)分离~停止”,breakup“(使)破碎~(使)破裂”,breakaway“突然离开~放弃”~都与所给语境不符。(D然而~所有这一切都不能和Brett对我们曾经安静的家造成的感情“伤害”相比。emotionaldamage“感情伤害”。(A根据本句后半句中的内容可推测在随后的几年中~作者尽可能“耐心地”对待他。(B本句中的but表示的是转折意义~且从“Idon'twanthiminmyhouseanotherday”可知~作者在内心深处无法“忍受”他。(D作者把满腹心酸和愤怒埋在心底~擦干眼泪~像昔日一样一如既往地对他尽到父母的责任。此处的parent用作动词。(C他再次进入少管所表明他经常招惹是非~作者和丈夫把他送往帮助这些“令人烦恼的”青少年的寄宿学校。(C上一段后半部分提到Brett被送到寄宿学校~可知这里是在“毕业”典礼上。(B每一个毕业生都把一支白色的玫瑰送给对自己来说最重要的人。mean“意味着~表示„„的意思”。(B根据下文中他所说的话可知他“深情地”与亲生父母和作者说话。(D他所要表达的意思是无论发生什么事~你总是在我身边。后半句可理解为“nomatterwhathappened”。(A“虽然”我给你添了许多麻烦~可是你总是无微不至地关怀着我。此处是“althoughyouweretroubledenoughbyme”的省略形式。(CBrett认为自己给养母添了不少麻烦~可是她始终对他“表现出”至诚的关爱。(A作者完全没有想到他竟然把玫瑰送给了自己~并且说出了这样的话~所以感到无比“震惊”。(BBrett是在表达自己内心的感激~发自肺腑~所以“紧紧地”拥抱作者。D项“猛烈地”~语意不恰当。(D在那一时刻~作者非常感动~眼中的泪水越来越多。gather“聚集”。(C此时此刻~作者流出的不是失望的泪水~而是因为“幸福”而流泪。(D此处与第三段中间部分的内容相呼应~表明作者过去在心里对他表示过无声的“愤怒”。阅读理解Doctors'moonlightingisbecomingpopularinhospitalsaroundChinaIthasnotonlyraisedalotofheateddiscussionsinthemedia,butalsohascaughttheattentionofthecentralgovernmentinBeijingOnDecember,aspokesmanoftheMinistryofHealthstressedthattheministrywasfirmlyagainstdoctors'moonlighting,whilestrictregulationsshouldbeappliedtodoctorstakingparttimejobs,theXinhuaNewsAgencyreportedLastyear,theMinistryofHealthsentoutanoticetoavarietyofhealthorganizationstospeedupthereformoftheirpersonnelsystemsAccordingtothenotice,medicalorganizationscanhiremedicalexpertsasparttimedoctors,butsuchactivitiesshouldtakeplaceunderthehospital'smanagementandregulationsAsformoonlightingmeaningthatadoctorprovidesmedicalservicewithoutthepermissionoftheoriginalhospitalsuchactivitiesgoagainsttheLawonPracticingDoctorsofthePeople'sRepublicofChina,theXinhuaNewsAgencyreportedInChina,doctorsusedtobecontrolledbyhospitalsandtheycouldworkforonlyonehospitalHowever,asChina'smedicalpersonnelsystemreformdeveloped,ithasbeenrecognizedthatmedicalhumanresources,justlikehumanresourcesinotherareas,shouldbesharedbythewholesocietyButontheotherhand,doctors'takingparttimejobsshouldfollowtherelativeregulationsappliedinthemedicalfieldFirstofall,theyshouldfollowrelativegovernmentlawsandregulationsTheyshouldalsofollowtherulesandregulationssetbythemedicalorganizationstheyworkforInaddition,theyshouldpaytaxesfortheirincomefromtheparttimejobsWhatmattersmostisthattheyshouldfirstfinishtheirregularjobsasrequiredandberesponsibleforpatientstoensurequalifiedandsafemedicaltreatmentWhatisthegreatestdifferencebetweenmoonlightingandtakingparttimejobsADoctorscanearnmoremoneybymoonlightingthanbytakingparttimejobsBDoctorspayfewertaxesforthemoneymadebymoonlightingthanbytakingparttimejobsCTakingparttimejobsispermittedbyhospitalswhilemoonlightingisagainstthepresentregulationsDDoctors'parttimejobs,insteadofmoonlighting,areencouragedbyhealthorganizationsFromthispassageweknowthatdoctorsareallowedtonowadaysAonlyworkforonehospitalBworkformorethanonehospitalCworkanytimewhentheyarefreeDbeoutofcontrolofhospitalsThepassageistakenmostprobablyfromAanoticesentoutbytheMinistryofHealthBregulationsmadebyhealthorganizationsCtheLawonPracticingDoctorsofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaDamagazineoranewspaperAccordingtothepassage,wehavegottoknowthatAalldoctorsaroundChinaprefermoonlightingtoparttimejobsBmoonlightinghasbeenpermittedbytheLawonPracticingDoctorsofthePeople'sRepublicofChinaCtaxesshouldbepaidforthemoneydoctorsgetfromtheirparttimejobsDstrictmanagementpolicieshavebeenadoptedtodirectthemoonlighting答案与解析:本文是一篇时文报道类文章。文章讲述了一种现象~即很多医生违反规定~做一些兼职工作赚外快。文章告诉我们:医疗单位可以根据规定聘请兼职医生~但是不顾单位规定外出赚外快则是违法行为。(C推理判断题。根据文章第四段“AsformoonlightingmeaningthatadoctorprovidesmedicalservicewithoutthepermissionoftheoriginalhospitalsuchactivitiesgoagainsttheLawonPracticingDoctorsofthePeople'sRepublicofChina,theXinhuaNewsAgencyreported”可知~医生的这种行为是违法的~而根据第三段最后一句话可知~医疗单位可以根据规定聘请医疗专家作为兼职医生。由此可知~医生兼职是合法的。因此正确答案是C项。(B推理判断题。根据第三段最后一句话“Accordingtothenotice,medicalorganizationscanhiremedicalexpertsasparttimedoctor,butsuchactivitiesshouldtakeplaceunderthehospital'smanagementandregulations”可知~根据有关规定~医疗机构可以雇用兼职医生~也就是说医生可能不是在同一家医院工作。由此可以推断B项正确。(D推理判断题。根据文章内容~尤其是第二、四段最后说的“根据新华社报道”可知~这是一篇报纸或者杂志上的报道。故D项正确。(C推理判断题。由第六段第三句话“Inaddition,theyshouldpaytaxesfortheirincomefromtheparttimejobs”可推断出~医生兼职是要付税的~故答案为C项。

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