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首页 2012年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导.doc

2012年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导.doc

2012年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导.doc

上传者: 邓冰羽 2018-06-14 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2012年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导()个方向考查对观点态度的领会这类题目的题干中一般有theauthorargues,accord符等。

年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导()个方向考查对观点态度的领会这类题目的题干中一般有theauthorargues,accordingtotheauthor,ProfessorLintonBelievesthat,thepassagedecribes…inatoneof等明显标志。作者对某人事物的观点解题技巧:这种题目一般考查的是对文章主人公或主题事物的观点。以第一人称行文的文章作者的观点往往出现在带有第一人称标志词(I,we,my)的句子中。多数的文章则是以一种客观论述的手法行文作者的观点会在段落的首尾或者文章的首尾出现。EducatinggirlsquitepossiblyyieldsahigherrateofreturnthananyotherinvestmentavailableinthedevelopingworldWomen’seducationmaybeunusualterritoryofreconomists,butenhancingwomen’scontributiontodevelopmentisactuallyasmuchaneconomicsasasocialissueAndeconomics,withitsemphasisonincentives,porvidesguidepoststhatpointtoanexplanationforwhysomanygirlsaredeprivedofaneducation…QTheauthorarguesthateducatinggirlsindevelopingcountriesisArewardingBexpensiveCtroublesomeDlaborsaving【解析】选A。文章的第一句话就说在发展中国家让女性接受教育所能带来的回报比其他任何投资带来的回报都要高(quitepossiblyyieldsahigherrateofreturn)所以选A有回报的。年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导()作者的行文态度解题技巧作者的行文态度是作者在描述文章那个主题任务或事物时在文字中所表现出来的一种心理倾向。如果是描述一个问题那么从文章中列举的解决方法的效果、对未来的预期等可以判断作者的态度是悲观、谨慎或乐观。如果是介绍一个人或物从文章中谈到的优点或缺点、进步或退步等可以判断作者的态度是鼓吹、批判或中立。如果是纯粹的说明问(如科学研究介绍)行文态度一般都是客观的不带感情色彩的。练习Unlesswespendmoneytospotandpreventasteroidsnow,onemightcrashintoEarthanddestroylifeasweknowit,saysomescientistsAsteroidsarebiggerversionsofthemeteoritesthatraceacrossthenightskyMostorbitthesunfarfromEarthanddon’tthreatenusButtherearealsothousandswhoseorbitsputthemonacollisioncoursewithEarthBuy$millionayearforthenextyearstolocatemostofthespacerocksBythetimewespotafatalone,thescientistssay,we’llhaveawaytochangeitscourseSomescientistsfavorpushingasteroidsoffcoursewithnuclearweaponsButthecostwouldn’tbecheapIsitworthitTwothingsexpertsconsiderwhenjudginganyriskare:)howlikelytheeventis:and)HowbadtheconsequencesiftheeventoccursExpertsthinkanasteroidbigenoughtodestroylotsoflifemightstrikeEartonceevery,yearsSoundsprettyrarebutifonedidfall,itwouldbetheendoftheworld“Ifwedon’ttakecareofthesebigasteroids,they’lltakecareofus,”saysonescientist“It’sthatsimple”Thecure,though,mightbeworsethanthediseaseDowereallywantfleetsofunclearweaponssittingaroundonEarth“Theworldhaslesstofearfromdoomsdayrocksthanfromagreatunclearfleetsetagainstthem,”saidaNewYorkTimesarticleQ:Whichofthefollowingbestdescribestheauthor’stoneinthispassageAOptinmisticBCriticalCObjectiveDArbitrary解析选C。第一段第一句说我们必须投入资金来发展小行星以防某一颗撞击地球毁灭了声明。第一段主要描述了撞击的危险性和防撞的方法。第二段介绍投入资金的必要性。第三段说人们对防撞的方法有很大的顾虑。通关全文对于撞击的危险人们已经想出了方法来防止但是防止的方法却也有很大的危险性。可见作者是在客观地陈述防撞问题上存在的问题。年大学英语四级阅读理解辅导()文中人物的观点或态度《解题技巧》:文章中涉及的个人或组织的态度也是一个常考点。解答这类题目时应该用这些个人的姓名或组织的名称作为线索词急性定位找到原文中相应的段落或句子再根据文中的用词和句式进行判断练习:…Ofen,olderparentshearthetickingofanotherkindofbiologicalclockTherapistswhoworkwithmiddleagedandagedparentssayfearsaboutagingarenothingtolaughat“Theyworrythey’llbemistakenforgrandparents,orthatthey’llneedhelpgettingupoutofthoselittlechairsinnurseryschool,”saysJoannGalst,aNewYorkpsychologistButatthecoreofthoselittlefearsthereisoftenamuchibiggerone:“thattheywon’tbealiveenoughtosupportandprotecttheirchild,”shesays…Q:What’sthebiggestfearofolderparentsaccordingtoNewYorkpsychologistJoannGalstABeinglaughedatbyotherpeopleBSlowingdownoftheirpacesoflifeCBeingmistakenforgrandparentsDApproachingofdeath【解析】选D。根据题干中NewYorkpsychologistJoannGalst回到原文迅速定位题干中的biggest对应原文中的core和muchibiggerone。答案应在冒号后面的引文部分:“担心不能活到足够大的年岁一直抚养和保护孩子”。所以选Ddeath对应原文中的won’tbealive文教:学校教育NowletuslookathowwereadWhenwereadaprintedtext,oureyesmoveacrossapageinshort,jerkymovementWerecognizewordsusuallywhenoureyesarestillwhentheyfixateEachtimetheyfixate,weseeagroupofwordsThisisknownastherecognitionspanorthevisualspanThelengthoftimeofrwhichtheeyesstopthedurationofthefixationvariesconsiderablyfrompersontopersonItalsovaieswithinanyonepersonaccordingtohispurposeinreadingandhisfamiliaritywiththetextFurthermore,itcanbeaffectedbysuchfactorsaslightingandtirednessUnfortunately,inthepast,manyreadingimprovementcourseshaveconcentratedtoomuchonhowoureyesmoveacrosstheprintedpageAsaresultofthismisleadingemphasisonthepurelyvisualaspectsofreading,numerousexerciseshavebeendevisedtotraintheeyestoseemorewordsatonefixationForinstance,insomeexercises,wordsareflashedontoascreenfor,say,atenthoratwentiethofasecondOneoftheexerciseshasrequiredstudentstofixtheireyesonsomecentralpoint,takinginthewordsoneithersideSuchwordpatternsareoftenconstructedintheshapeofrathersteeppyramidssothereadertakesinmoreandmorewordsateachsuccessivefixationAlltheseexercisesareveryclever,butit’sonethingtoimproveaperson’sabilitytoseewordsandquiteanotherthingtoimprovehisabilitytoreadatextefficientlyReadingrequirestheabilitytounderstandtherelationshipbetweenwordsConsequently,forthesereasons,manyexpertshavenowbeguntoquestiontheusefulnessofeyetraining,especiallysinceanyapproachwhichtrainsapersontoreadisolatedwordsandphraseswouldseemunlikelytohelphiminreadingacontinuoustextQ:ThetimeoftherecognitionspancanbeaffectedbythefollowingfactsexceptAone’sfamiliaritywiththetextBone’spurposeinreadingCthelengthofagroupofwordsDlightingandtirednessTheauthormaybelievethatreadingArequiresareadertotakeinmorewordsateachfixationBrequiresareadertoseewordsmorequicklyCdemandsandeeplyparticipatingmindDdemandsmoremindthaneyesWhatdoestheauthormeanbysaying“butit’sonethingtoimproveaperson’sabilitytoseewordsandquiteanotherthingtoimprovehisabilitytoreadatextefficiently”inthesecondparapraphATheabilitytoseewordsisnotneededwhenanefficientreadingisconductedBThereadingexercisesmentionedcan’thelptoimproveboththeabilitytoseeandtocomprehendwordsCThereadingexercisesmentionedcan’thelptoimproveanefficientreadingDThereadingexercisesmentionedhasdoneagreatjobtoimproveone’sabilitytoseewordsWhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueAThevisualspanisawordoragroupofwordsweseeeachtimeBManyexpertsbegantoquestiontheefficiencyofeyetrainingCTheemphasisonthepurelyvisualaspectsismisleadingDTheeyetrainingwillhelpreadersinreadingacontinuoustextThetuneoftheauthorinwritingthisarticleisAcriticalBneutralCprssimisticDoptimistic解题思路C。事实细节题。第一段提到了影响视幅的因素:不同的人不同的阅读目的对材料的熟悉程度光线疲劳。C“一组词的长度”不是能影响视幅的因素是本题的答案。C。观点态度题。作者在第二段第二句提到眼睛训练课程只注重了阅读的视觉因素。倒数第二句书哦阅读要求具备理解单词间关系的能力。因此选项C“阅读需要大脑的深度参与”正确。作者没有否定阅读的视觉因素的必要性但是也没有说读者应该练习拓宽视幅加快阅读速度。所以AB两项都不正确。作者没有对大脑和眼睛在阅读过程中的重要性进行对比所以不选DC。作者在这句话中先是肯定了那些阅读练习提高看单词的能力然后提出了有效阅读概念。后面句中还指出有效阅读需要的是理解单词间的联系的能力。所以作者的意思应该是那些(训练眼睛的)阅读练习对与有效的阅读无益。B与文章相反。D句是蕴涵其中一个意思却不是作者想表达的方向。D。第二段最后一句说眼睛训练对于帮助读者阅读连贯文章无益所以D是错的是本题答案。A。参考前面的结构剖析作者写本文的主要目的是对那些只关注阅读的视觉因素的阅读能力课程进行批判所以答案应该是A。

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