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首页 英语填空、翻译重点

英语填空、翻译重点.doc

英语填空、翻译重点

张子聪
2019-06-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语填空、翻译重点doc》,可适用于综合领域

填空UnitTheindependenceversusinterdependenceissuehasbeenwrittenaboutregularlyandisoftenintroducedasthemajorissueseparatingthetwoworldsofscientific)employmentacademicandindustrialFordecades,academiahas)paidlipservicetotheideaofcollaboration,buttheincentiveandrewardsystemhasbeenslowto)adjustDespitethewidespreadinterestincollaborationanditsobviousvalueinanacademic)setting,collaborationremainsinformalandisactually)discouragedbythetenureprocess,inwhichscholarsarepenalizedforsharing)creditfortheirworkwithothersLargescaleacademiccollaborationhastakenplacesuccessfullyinthepastthemanhattanprojectandcontemporaneousradarresearch,andnumerousexperimentalparticlephysicsprojects,to)citejustafewexamples,arenotperhapsacademicinthepurestsense,butthey)demonstratethatacademicscientistscanplaywellwithothersMorerecently,newsystemsbiologystudiesarebringingasenseof)teamworkintoacademiclifesciencelabs,buttherehavebeensomegrowingpainsstill,inmostofacademicscienceincludingthelifesciencethelonewolfstill)rulesUnitSnowwas)swirlingagainsttheicywindowsoncemoreChristmaswasapproachingfastHagridhadalresdlysinglehandedly)deliveredtheusualchristmastreestotheGreatHallgarlandsofhollyandtinselhadbeentwistedaroundthebanistersofthestairseverlastingcandles)glowedfrominsidethehelmetsofsuitsofarmorandgreatbunchesofmistletoehadbeenhungat)intervalsalongthecorridorsLargegroupsofgirlstendedto)convergeunderneaththemistletoebuncheseverytimeHarrywentpast,whichcausedblockagesinthecorridorsfortunately,however,Harry’sfrequentnighttime)wanderingshadgivenhimanunusuallygoodknowledgeofthecastle’ssecretpassageways,sothathewasoften,withouttoomuchdifficulty,ableto)navigatemistletoefreeroutesbetweenclassesRon,whomightoncehavefoundthenecessityofthesedetoursexcusefor)jealousyratherthanhilarity,simplyroaredwithlaughteraboutitallAlthoughHarrymuchpreferredthisnewlaughing,jokingRontothemoody,aggressivemodelhehadbeenenduringforthelastfewweeks,theimporovedRoncameataheavypriceFirstly,Harryhadtoputupwiththefrequent)presenceofLavenderBrown,whoseemedtoregardanymomentthatshewasnotkissingRonasamomenentwastedandsecondlyHarryfoundhimselfoncemorethebestfriendoftwopeoplewhoseemedunlikelyevertospeaktoeachotheragain“shecan’tcomplain,”hetoldHarry“ShesnoggedKrumSoshe’sfoundoutsomeonewantstosnogmetooWell,it’sfreecountryIhaven’tdoneanythingwrong”Harrydidnotanswer,butpretendedtobe)absorbedinthebooktheyweresupposedtohavereadbeforeCharmsnextmorningDeterminedashewastoremainfriendswithbothRonandHermione,hewasspendingalotoftimewithhismouthshuttightUnitImportantdaterespectdimensionwhomeversufficientessentialprerequisitehighlyromanticcandidatessuitableIfwelookatloveinothercountriesandcultures,wefindmanyvariationsInsocietieslikeIndia,loveisnotnecessarilya(n))prerequisiteformarriageEvenhighlyeducatedIndianmenandwomenwho)datenonindianswhilelivinginwesterncountriesoftenconsenttoarrangedmarriages)Respectforparents’wishes,familytraditions,anddutytotheskingroupandmore)importantthanloveMostmiddleanduppermiddleclasswomeninindiacanmarry)whomevertheywantMany,however,preferarrangedmarriagesandhavevetopoweroverundesirable)candidatesArrangedmarriagesareattractivebecausetheyoffermorestabilitythanloveAccordingtoone)highlyeducatedwomeninCalcuttawhohasbeenhappilymarriedforthreeyearstoamanshehadmetjustthreetimesbeforetheirengagement,loveisn’t)essentialformaritalhappiness:“ImetalotofpeopleIliked,butnoonewas)suitableformarriage,becauseIwaslookingforpracticalityalsoLoveisimportant,butit’snot)sufficientUnitMedicalpracticewritedescribementalstateofbeingexerciseincludepicturesoulindividuladaptexperiencecontrolfundamentalYogaisanancientsystemofrelaxation,exercise,andhealingwithoriginsinindianphilosophyEarlydescriptionsofYotaare)writteninSanskrit,theclassicalliterarylanguageofindiaThefirstknownworkisTheYogaSutras,writtenmorethanyearsago,althoughYogamayhavebeen)practiceduptoyearsagoTheinitialconceptshavebeen)adaptedovertimethroughtranslationandscholaryinterpretation,butthe)fundamentalprinciplesdescribingthepracticeofyogainthequestofthe)soulremainlargelyintactYogahasbeen)describedas“theunionofmind,body,andspirit”,whichaddressphysical,)mental,intellectual,emotionalandspritualdimensionstowardsanoverallharmonious)stateofbeingThephilosophyofyogaissometimes)picturedasatreewitheightbranchesTheseeightlimbsare:pranayama,asana,yama,niyama,dharana,prathyahara,dhyana,andsanadhiThereareseveralschoolsofyogapractice,suchashathayoga,karmayoga,bhaktiyoga,andrajayogaThereschoolsvaryintheproportionsofthe)exercisesoftheeightlimbsHowever,theyareallsimilarinworkingtowardsthegoalofselfrealizationand)controlofmental,physiological,andpsychologicalparametersthroughyogic)experiencesIntheUnitedStatesandEurope,hathayogaiscommonlypracticed,)includingpranayamaYogaisoftenpracticedbyhealthy)individualswiththeaimtoachieverelaxation,fitness,andahealthylifestyleYogahasalsobeenrecommenedandusedforavarietyof)medicalconditionsYogatechniquescanbelearnedinclassorthrhroughvideotapeinsructionClasslastfromtominutesandareofferedatvariousskilllevelsUnitNationlikelybalancecontributededicatedeephowpotentialexploreproductionThemoralimperativebeginsbyconsideringthevalueofeducationwhichismuch)deeperthanearningpotentialorbuildinghumancapitalEducationiswhatittakestoleadfullerlivesandto)contributetoournationandtheworldHighereducationinparticularaffordssdudentstheopportunitiesto)explorehistory,debateimportantissues,anddiscovertheirpassionsand)potentialOurfoundersunderstood)howimportanteducationistotheideaofAmericaasajust,equitbale,and)productivesocietyAnationofeducatedindividualsismore)likelytostrengthentheinstitution:ingovernment,inbusinessandintheschoolstheyrelyuponConsidergraduationratesFifteenpercentofourhighschools)producehalfofourdropouts,andtheseschoolsaredisproportionatelyinlowincomeareaswithmostlyminoritystudents)Nationally,oneofeverytwoAfricanAmericanandHispanicstudentsdropsoutofhighschoolIfweareanation)dedicatedtoequility,wecannotbesatisfiedwiththestatusquoHelpingmorestudentsmakeittocollegeandsucceedthereisamorallyurgentchallenge翻译Everycompanyhasahandfulofstaffinagivenareaofexpertisethatyoucancountontogetthejobdone每家公司都有少数几个这样的员工在某个专业领域你可以指望他们把活干好。“WeholdthemuptothestandardsweseeinourtoppeopleIfitlooksliketheyhavethesesametraits,we’llplaceabetonthem”It’sjustabitriskier我们把他们和公司顶级员工表现出的特质进行对照。假如他们看起来有同样特征的话我们就在他们身上赌一把只是这样有点儿冒险。Betterstill,developareputationinsideyourlabandwithpeopleyourlabcollaborateswithasapersonwhofostersandinitiatescollaborationsandmakesurethisqualitygetsmentionedbythosewhowilltakethosereferencephonecalls更为有利的是要在你的实验室内部以及在和你们实验室合作的人们之间培养一个良好声誉:一个鼓励并发动合作的人还要保证让那些会接听调查电话的人们谈及你的这个品质。HautheadsstrategyandbusinessdevelopmentforadivisionofMwithmorethan$billioninannualrevenuesHeisamongthosewhovalueasenseofurgency他在M公司一个部门负责策略和商业开发工作这个部门每年上缴的税收高达亿多美元。他就是一个重视急迫感的人。“Businesshappens,whichmeansthatcompetitionhappens,aswell,”saysHaut“Onewaythatcompanieswinisbygetting‘there’faster,whichmeansthatyounotonlyhavetomobilizeallofthefunctionsthatsupportabusinesstomovequickly,butyouhavetoknowhowtodecidewhere‘there’is!Thiscreatesarequirementnotonlyforpeoplewhocanactquickly,butforthosewhocanthinkfastwiththecouragetoactontheirconvictionsThisneedstorunthroughoutanorganizationandisnotexclusivetomanagement”“一年天一周天一天小时生意始终在进行那意味着一年天一周天一天小时竞争也同样在进行”豪特说“公司取胜的方法之一就是要更快地到达‘目的地’!这就是说你不仅要把所有能支持公司快速运转的功能都调动起来而且还得知道如何决定‘目的地’在哪里。这样不仅对那些行动快速的人们也对那些思维敏捷并有勇气按自己的想法行事的人们都提出了要求。这需要全公司各部门的运作而不仅仅是管理部门的工作。”Inabusiness,youneedtounderstandtheprocess,butyouendupfallinginlovewiththeanswerandthentakeariskbasedonwhatyourthinkthatanswermeanstoyourbusiness在企业里你需要了解过程但最终你会迷上答案然后根据你认为该答案对你的企业所具有的意义来冒风险。Thescientistwhoistransitioningintothebusinessworldmustprioritizehisorherrelationshipassetsabovetheirtechnicalassets想转行到企业界的科学家们必须优先考虑他们的社会关系资源而不是技术资源。Tosuddenlybevaluedandmeasuredbyyourmasteryofhumanrelationshipscanbeaveryscarypropositionforapersonwhohasbeenvaluedandmeasuredonlybyhismasteryofthings对一个以前一直根据专业知识水平被评价的人来说突然之间要根据他的人际交往能力来评价他真是十分令人恐惧。Indeed,the,keyplayersI’vemetwhoworkatthebenchinindustryhavesucceededingreatmeasurebecausethey’vebeenabletoworkwithabroadvarietyofpersonalities,upanddowntheorganization。事实上我所遇见的在企业工作的核心员工们之所以取得成功很大程度上是因为他们能够与公司上下各种各样的人共事。Withafristprintingofmillioncopiesandadvanceorderstoppingmillion,HarryPotterandtheGobletoffire,thefourthinstallmentoftheseries,promisestobreakeverybooksellingrecord《哈利波特》系列丛书的第四册《哈利波特与火焰杯》初版万册加上高达万册的订单有望创造新的畅销书销售记录。NotunitI’drereadwhatI’dwrittendidIrealizethatthathadbeentakenentirelyentirelyfromhowIfeltaboutmymother’sdeath直到我自己重读我写过的东西我才意识到这个情节完完全全完完全全地来自于我对母亲去世的感觉。Lovehasbeenasourceofinspiration,wrywitticisms,andevenpoliticalactionformanycenturies几百年来爱都是灵感、俏皮的揶揄、甚至是政治活动的来源。Love,especiallylongtermlove,hasnothingincommonwiththeimagesofloveorfrenziedsexthatwegetfromHollywood,television,andromancenovels爱特别是长久的爱和我们从好莱坞、电视、或爱情小说获得的对爱和狂热的性爱的印象完全不同。Yogastretchesareusedbyphysicaltherapistsandprofessionalsportsteams,andthebenefitsofyogaarebeingtoutedbymoviestrasandfortuneexecutives瑜伽已被广泛应用于身体治疗和专业运动队的日常训练做瑜伽的好处也被电影明星和《财富》杂志世界强企业的总裁们争相吹捧。Manyyogisareamazedathowrapidlyyoga’spopularityhasspreadinAmerica,consideringthelegendthatitwaspasseddownsecretlybyhandfulsofadherentsformanycenturies许多世纪以来瑜伽只是在极少信徒的言传身教中得以流传而今它在美国快速普及这使许多瑜伽师感到很惊异。ThatfaithisbasedonaconvictionthatthevitalityoftheUnitedStates,itscreativeanddiverseculturallife,itsstaggeringlyinventiveeconomy,itsnationalsecurityandtherobustnessofitsdemocraticinstitutionsowemuchtothequalityofinstitutionsofhighereducation这一信念是在这样一个深信不疑的基础上确立的即美国的活力、它富有创造性和多样化的文化生活、它具有惊人独创力的经济、它的国家安全以及它健全的民主制度极大地依赖于其高等教育机构的质量。Inreturnforthisbroadsupport,societyrightfullyexpectscertainthingsfromusItexpectsthegenerationofnewideasandthediscoveryofnewknowledge,theexplorationofcomplexissuesinanopenandcollegialmannerandthepreparationofthenextgenerationofcitizensandleadersIntimesoftrouble,itisespeciallyimportantthatweliveuptotheseexpections社会当然期望我们能有所作为以回报这种广泛的支持。社会期望我们产生新思想开发新知识以一种开放和共同协作的方式探索复杂的问题培养未来一代公民和领导者。当处于困境的时候我们不辜负这些期望就尤为重要。Itsscholarsandteachersaremeanttomoveinandoutoftheacademyinpursuitofopportunitiestousetheirexpertiseinpublicservice,Inpursuitofcreativeworkthatwillgiveusilluminationandinsightandinpursuitofwaystoturnlaboratorydiscoveriesintousefulthings学者和教师必定要周旋于学院内外以寻觅运用他们的才能为公众服务的机会寻觅能给我们带来启发和见识的创造性工作寻觅把实验室的研究发现转化为实际应用的途径。Ourstudensengagetheworldwithastrongsenseofcivicresponsibility,andwhentheygraduatetheybecomealuminiwhodothesameThisisasitshouldbe我们的学生在事社会活动时怀有一种强烈的公民责任意识并且当他们毕业若干年后成为老校友时仍然会这样做。这些都是理所当然的。Justaswehaveanobligationtosearchwidelyforknowledge,sowealsohaveanobligationtoensurethatthescholarlyworkoftheacademyiswidelydisseminated,sothatotherscancorrectitwhennecessary,orbuildonit,oruseittomakebetterdecisions,developbetterproductsorconstructbetterplans就像我们有义务广泛寻求新知识一样我们也有义务确保我们的学术研究能够被广泛地传播。只有这样别人才能对其做出必要的修正或将其发扬光大或依据它来作出更好的决定开发出更好的产品或构建出更好的规划。

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