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首页 专业四级英语考试辅导 - 语法

专业四级英语考试辅导 - 语法.doc

专业四级英语考试辅导 - 语法

刘至海
2017-09-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《专业四级英语考试辅导 - 语法doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

专业四级英语考试辅导语法专业四级英语考试辅导–语法时态ThestudentsaidtherewereafewpointsintheessayheimpossibletocomprehendAhasfoundBwasfindingChadfoundDwouldfind(年试题)间接引语中时态的一致ThestudentsaidtherewereafewpointsintheessayheimpossibletocomprehendAhadfoundBfindsChasfoundDwouldfind(年试题)Lindawastheexperimentamonthago,butshechangedhermindatthelastminuteAtostartBtohavestartedCtobestartingDtohavebeenstartingtobetodo=tobegoingtowastodosomething过去的计划tobetohavedone计划了未做wastohavedone…计划了未做Iwenttherein,andthatwastheonlyoccasionwhenIthejourneyinexactlytwodaysAmustmakeBmusthavemadeCwasabletomakeDcouldmakecould=abilitybeabletodo=realityJackfromhomefortwodaysnow,andIambeginningtoworryabouthissafetyAhasbeenmissingBhasbeenmissedChadbeenmissingDwasmissedmissing=lostmissed=丢失错过Jameshasjustarrived,butIdidn'tknowheuntilyesterdayAwillcomeBwascomingChadbeencomingDcamehasjustarrivedyesterdaybecoming说明是处于的状态。consciousofmymoralobligationsasacitizenAIwasandalwayswillbeBIhavetobeandalwayswillbeCIhadbeenandalwayswillbeDIhavebeenandalwayswillbe过去现在与将来断开始havebeen与willbe是相连的时间。waswillhavetobewillTheMinisterofFinanceisbelievedofimposingnewtaxestoraiseextrarevenueAthatheisthinkingBtobethinkingCthatheistothinkDtothinktobebelievedtodo()据信要干什么tobebelievedtohavedone()据信干了什么tobeknowntohavedonetothinkofsomething想到什么tobethinkingofdoing考虑什么打算干什么ThecommitteehasanticipatedtheproblemsthatintheroadconstructionprojectAariseBwillariseCaroseDhavearisenanticipated预见未来工程中的问题没有开工中的问题用将来时。Forsometimenow,worldleadersoutthenecessityforagreementonarmsreductionAhadbeenpointingBhavebeenpointingCwerepointingDpointed进行时表示动作持续了一段时间now决定了现在进行时YouAneedn’thavetoldBneedn’ttellCmustn’thavetoldDmustn’ttellneedn’thavedone本来不必做而做了YouMarkanythingItwasnoneofhisbusinessAneedn’thavetoldBneedn'ttelCmustn'thavetoldDmustn'ttell主谓一致Itisfutiletodiscussthematterfurther,becausegoingtoagreeuponanythingtodayAneitheryounorIareBneitheryounormeisCneitheryounorIamDneithermenoryouare逻辑上的单复数TenmilesisnothingtousTenmilesareaheadofus就近原则即谓语动词的单复形式取决于最靠近它的词语a)当therebe句型的主语是一系列事物时谓语应与最邻近的主语保持一致。Thereisapen,aknifeandseveralbooksonthedeskTherearetwentyboystudentsandtwentythreegirlstudentsintheclassb)当either„or„与neither„nor连接两个主语时谓语动词与最邻近的主语保持一致。如果句子是由here,there引导而主语又不止一个时谓语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。EitheryouorsheistogoHereisapen,afewenvelopsandsomepaperforyou单复数AllthePresident'sMenoneoftheimportantbooksforhistorianswhostudytheWatergateScandalAremainBremainsCremainedDisremaining书名ThestatisticsthatlivingstandardsintheareahaveimproveddrasticallyinrecenttimesAprovesBisprovingCareprovingDprovestatistics数字statistics统计学MrWells,togetherwithallthemembersofhisfamily,forEuropethisafternoonAaretoleaveBareleavingCisleavingDleavetogetherwith,aswellas的插入。ofthetwinswasarrested,becauseIsawbothatapartylastnightANoneBBothCNeitherDAll情态动词―Youborrowmynotesprovidedyoutakecareofthem,‖ItoldmyfriendAcouldBshouldCmustDcanprovided条件从句=if,从句中为一般现在时判定主句也是一般现在时can。Could也可以用于表示客气的语气但不用在条件句中。LoudspeakerswerefixedinthehallsothateveryoneanopportunitytohearthespeechAoughttohaveBmusthaveCmayhaveDshouldhavesothat引导的状语从句中主句是过去时从句中用过去时mightcouldshould。IamsurprisedthiscityisadullplacetoliveinAthatyoushouldthinkBbywhatyouarethinkingCthatyouwouldthinkDwithwhatyouwerethinkingshoulddo表示惊讶奇怪欢欣等。ItisstrangethatheshouldwinthegameHewasdisappointedthatsheshouldloveaboythreeyearsyoungerthansheamazingstrangeoddridiculoussurprisingunthinkable在forfearthat(以备)incase(lest)后谓语用shoulddo虚拟语气非真实条件句主句werehaddidwould现在时someonehaddonewouldhavedone过去时Hadsomeonedoneweretodowould将来时shoulddoWerehetodo…Shouldhedo…couldhavedonewouldhavedonemighthavedoneshouldhavedone均用于本应发生而未发生的状况Heunwisely,buthewasatleasttryingtodosomeAmayhaveactedIfyouexplainedthesituationtoyoursolicitor,heabletoadviseyoumuchbetterthanIcanAwouldbeBwillhavebeenCwasDwereifIhadarrivedyesterdaywithoutlettingyouknowbeforehandAWouldyoubesurprisedBWereyousurprisedCHadyoubeensurprisedDWouldyouhavebeensurprisedHadJudybeenmorecarefulonthemathsexam,shemuchbetterresultsnowAwouldbegettingBcouldhavegotCmustgetDwouldgetHewouldhavefinishedhiscollegeeducation,buthetoquitandfindajobtosupporthisfamilyAhadhadBhasChadDwouldhaveifIhadarrivedyesterdaywithoutlettingyouknowbeforehandAWouldyoubesurprisedBWereyousurprisedCHadyoubeensurprisedDWouldyouhavebeensurprisedAllofuswouldhaveenjoyedthepartymuchmoreiftherequitesuchacrowdAweren’tBhasn’tbeenChadn’tbeenDwouldn’tbe条件句中的倒装forthefactthatshebrokeherleg,shemighthavepassedtheexamAHaditnotbeenBHadn’titbeenCWasitnotDWereitnotyoufurtherproblemswithyourprinter,contactyourdealerforadviceAIf,hadBHave,hadCShould,haveDIncase,hadShould…do,pleasecontact…这是经常用于行政与商务公文中的用语。Ifyourcaranyattentionduringthefirstmonths,takeittoanauthorizeddealerAshallneedBshouldneedCwouldneedDwillneedBeherichorpoorI'llmarryhimallthesameAWasherichorpoorBWhetherrichorpoorCWereherichorpoorDBeherichorpoorIfonly但愿表示愿望用虚拟语气(时态上的向过去推移)Ifonlythepatientadifferenttreatmentinsteadofusingtheantibiotics,hemightstillbealivenowAhadreceivedBreceivedCshouldreceiveDwerereceivingIfonlyIplaytheguitaraswellasyou!AwouldBcouldCshouldDmightItistimewewent该干什么Itistimewewent该干什么It’shightime…someonedidIt’sabouttime…someonedidIt'shightimewecuttingdowntherainforestsAstoppedBhadtostopCshallstopDstop―Whatcoursesareyougoingtodonextsemester‖―Idon’tknowButitsabouttimeonsomething‖AI’ddecideBIdecidedCIdecideDI’mdecidingIfyouhavereallybeenstudyingEnglishforsolongIt’sabouttimeyouAshouldbeBwerethefirsttimesomeone…不属于这种结构ThatwasnotthefirsttimeheusIthinkit'shightimewestrongactionsagainsthimAbetrayedtakeBhadbetrayedtookChasbetrayedtookDhasbetrayedtakethat从句中的动词文书用语AdjItisimportantthatsomething(bedo动词原型美语)(shouldbeshoulddo英语)essentialnecessaryimperativepossibleimpossibleurgentadvisableVerbadvisedemandaskorderrequireurgerecommendsuggestinsistNounadvicearrangementdecisionordersuggestionrecommendationItwassuggestedthatallgovernmentministersshouldinformationontheirfinancialinterestsAdiscoverBuncoverCtellDdiscloseItisimperativethatstudentstheirtermpapersontimeAhandinBwouldhandinChavetohandinDhandedinItisimperativethatthegovernmentmoreinvestmentintotheshipbuildingindustryAattractsBshallattractCattractDhastoTheopeningceremonyisagreatoccasionItisessentialforthatAforustobepreparedBthatwearepreparedCofustobepreparedDourbeingprepared推测句Probabilitymusthavedone肯定的推测句(过去时)mustbedoing(现在时)couldn’thavedone否定的推测句can’tbedoingShefiftyorsowhenIfirstmetherattheconferenceAmustbeBhadbeenCcouldbeDmusthavebeenWhichofthefollowingsentencesexpresses"probability"AYoumustleaveimmediatelyBYoumustbefeelingrathertiredCYoumustbeherebyeighto'clockDYoumustcompletethereadingassignmentontime独立主格主语doingdone,(没有助动词)从句与主句中的主语不一致。独立主格一般在日常生活语言中不使用。它过于书面化。名词(代词)现在分词、过去分词Agricultureisthecountry'schiefsourceofwealth,wheatbyfarthebiggestcerealcropAisBbeenCbeDbeingTime,thecelebrationwillbeheldasscheduledApermitBpermittingCpermittedDpermitsWorkdone,workerswereallgoneLeghurt,Icouldn’tgooutthesedays非谓语动词–分词逻辑主语与从句中动词的主动与被动的关系。atinhisway,thesituationdoesn'tseemsodesperateALookingBLookedCBeinglookedDTolookIfnotwiththerespecthefeelsduetohim,JackgetsveryilltemperedandgrumblesallthetimeAbeingtreatedBtreatedCbetreatedDhavingbeentreatedThisisanillnessthatcanresultintotalblindnessleftuntreatedAafterBifCsinceTherenothingmorefordiscussion,themeetingcametoanendhalfanhourAtobeBtohavebeenCbeingDbe,hecannowonlywatchitonTVathomeAObtainingnotaticketforthematchBNotobtainingaticketforthematchCNothavingobtainedaticketforthematchDNotobtainedaticketforthematchenoughtimeandmoney,theresearcherwouldhavebeenabletodiscovermoreinthisfieldAGivingBTogiveCGivenDBeinggivennotcounting=notincluding不算(视为固定用法)Considering…考虑到…Judgingby…从…判断Thereareonlytenapplesleftinthebaskets,thespoiltonesAnotcountingBnottocountCdon'tcountDhavingnotcounted非谓语动词–动名词ThemeetingwasputoffbecauseweameetingwithoutJohnAobjectedhavingBwereobjectedtohavingCobjectedtohaveDobjectedtohavingobjectto中的to很容易被误认为是不定式的to。avoidappreciateadmitpermitdenyforbidconsidrWhat'sthechanceofageneralelectionthisyearAtherebeingBtheretobeCtherebeDthergoingtobeisnotaseriousdisadvantageinlifeATobenottallBNottobetallCBeingnottallDNotbeingtall非谓语动词–不定式ItisnotuncommonforthereproblemsofcommunicationbetweentheoldandtheyoungAbeingBwouldbeCbeDtobeessentialimportantforsomeonetheretodoTheMinisterofFinanceisbelievedofimposingnewtaxestoraiseextraAthatheisthinkingBtobethinkingCthatheistothinkDtothinkAIDSissaidthenumberonekillerofbothmenandwomenoverthepastfewyearsinthatregionAbeingBtobeCtohavebeenDhavingbeentohavebeen和tohavedone表示过去的动作ProfessorJohnsonissaidsomesignificantadvanceinhisresearchintheAhavingmadeBmakingCtohavemadeThethreementriedmanytimestosneakacrosstheborderintotheneighbConlytobecapturedonlytodo放在句尾表示“其结果反倒是…”的意思限定词冠词、不定代词、指示代词、名词、代词所有格、数词、形容词性的物主代词限定词的重叠问题manyofhisfriendsWhichofthefollowingisINCORRECTAAllhislectureswereboringBHalfhismoneywasgoneCHerfewfriendsareallfondofdancingDHeinvitedmanyhisfriendstotheparty定语从句Theparty,Iwastheguestofhonour,wasextremelyenjoyableAbywhichBforwhichCtowhichDatwhichAbovethetreesarethehills,magnificencetheriverfaithfullyreflectsonthesurfaceAwhereBofwhoseCwhoseDwhichTheyovercameallthedifficultiesandcompletedtheprojecttwomonthsaheadoftime,issomethingwehadnotexpectedAwhichBitCthatDwhatHeisquitewornoutfromyearsofhardworkHeisnotthemanhewastwentyyearsagoAwhichBthatCwhoDwhomHaveyoueverbeeninasituationyouknowtheotherpersonisrightyetyoucannotagreewithhimAbywhichBthatCinwhereDwhereHe’sasa―bellyacher‖he’salwayAwhoisknownBwhomisknownDwhichisknown名词从句ThegovernmenthaspromisedtodoliesinitspowertoeasethehardshipsofthevictimsinthefloodstrickenareaAhoweverBwhicheverCwhateverDwhereverQualityiscountsmostAwhichBthatCwhatDwhereShemanagedtosaveshecouldoutofherwagestohelpherbrotherAhowlittlemoneyBsolittlemoneyCsuchlittlemoneyDwhatlittlemoneyAfterseemedanendlesswait,itwasherturntoenterthepersonnelAthatBwhatCthereDit状语从句dullhemaybe,heiscertainlyaverysuccessfultopexecutiveAAlthoughBWhateverCAsDHoweverHoweversomeonemaybe……形容词、副词不管多么仍然Howeverslowlyhewalks,heisnowcapableofmanaginghisownlife,MrWellsisscarcelyinsympathywiththeworkingclassAAlthoughheisasocialistBEvenifheisasocialistCBeingasocialistDSinceheisasocialist从Scarcely=hardly(不)判定主句的含义与从句中的socialist的含义是不一致的从句“让步从句”的意思是“虽然”。I'llmarryhimallthesameAWasherichorpoorBWhetherrichorpoorCWereherichorpoorDBeherichorpoorBeherichorpoor完整的应该为:(Nomatter)Whetherheisrichorpoor,Beitheavenorhell,不管是天堂还是地狱Beitknownthat…特告知…(法律)(祈使句)倒装句Heisnotunderarrest,anyrestrictiononhimAorthepolicehaveplacedBorhavethepoliceplacedCnorthepolicehaveplacedDnorhavethepoliceplacedbothsidesaccepttheagreementalastingpeacebeestablishedinthisregionAOnlyif,willBIfonly,wouldCShould,willDUnless,wouldWhowascomingtoseemeinmyofficethisafternoonAyousaidBdidyousayCdidyousaythatDyoudidsayYousaidhewascomingnextweekDidyousayhewascomingnextweekWhodidyousaywascomingnextweekWhatdidyousayhewasdoingnextweekWhendidyousayhewascoming反意问句usedtodo反意问句中用didShewouldhavebeenmoreagreeableifshehadchangedalittlebit,Ahadn'tsheBhasn'tsheCwouldn'tsheDdidn'tsheThereusedtobeapetrolstationnearthepark,Adidn'titBdoesn'tthereCusedn'titDdidn'tthere祈使句中反意问句用willyou…Whenyouhavefinishedwiththatbook,don'tforgettoputitbackonmydesk,AdoyouBdon'tyouCwillyouDwon'tyouLetus中用shallwe副词MydaughterhaswalkedeightmilestodayWeneverguessedthatshecouldwalkfarABsuchCthatDasThat=…()那么~意指彼此都明白的程度This=这么…!(用手形象地比划)ThefishisthisbigIdon’tthinkitisthatbigsuch=如此之Thisissuewasofsuchimportancethatwecouldnotignoreit代词Ourassociation,whichhasconsistentlypressedforgreateremploymentopportunitiesforthedisabled,willpublishproposalsinthenearfutureAtheirBourChisDitsYourideas,,seemunusualtomeAlikeherBlikehersCsimilartoherDsimilartoherselflikehers=heridea形容词副词比较级moremuchlessthemore…themoreas…as…Heisasgreatascientistasany(不亚于…)Thelessthesurfaceofthegroundyieldstotheweightofafullyloadedtruck,tothetruckAthegreaterstressisBgreateristhestressCthestressisgreaterDthegreaterthestressLanguagebelongstoeachmemberofthesociety,tothecleanertotheprofessorAasfarasBthesameasCasmuchasDaslongasnotmore(后面是名词)a…than…OverpopulationposesaterriblethreattothehumanraceYetitisprobablyathreattothehumanracethanenvironmentaldestructionAnomoreBnotmoreCevenmoreDmuchmoremuchof=称得上等于形容词Heismuchofagoodcooknotmuchof=算不上Heisnotmuchofagoodactormoreof=更称得上DoyouknowTim'sbrotherHeisthanTimAmuchmoresportsmanBmoreofasportsmanCmoreofsportsmanDmoreasportsmanmore…than…(与其说…毋宁说…)HeismorekindthanhonestSheismorewisethandiligentAsmuchofNounas…=asmuchadjas…正如…一样Itwasasmuchofasuccessaswehadhoped=ItwasassuccessfulaswehadhopedItwaswehadhopedAmoreasuccessthanBasuccessmorethanCasmuchofasuccessasDasuccessasmuchasHeistoomuchof…todosomething太…而不能…HewastotellthetrutheventohisclosestfriendAtoomuchofacowardBtoomuchthecowardCacowardenoughDenoughofacowardnotasmuch…as…notsomuchasnotsomuch…as…与其说…还不如说…ExperienceshowsthatsuccessisnotassomuchduetoabilityastozealItisnotmuchthelanguageasthebackgroundthatmakesthebookdifficulttounderstandAthatBasCsoDveryThattrumpetplayerwascertainlyloudButIwasn'tbotheredbyhisloudnessbyhislackoftalentAsomuchasBratherthanCasDthannoless…than=as…as……(和一样)HeisnolessthanabeeJohnishardworkingthanhissister,buthefailedintheexamAnolessBnomoreCnotlessDnosoMuchas=although让步从句Ilikeeconomics,IlikesociologymuchbetterAAsmuchasBSomuchCHowmuchDMuchashewantedtogooutwithhisfriendsattheweekend,hehadtostaybehindtofinishhisassignmentAMuchthoughBMuchasCAsmuchDThoughmuchMuchas,Icouldn’tlendhimthemoneybecauseIsimplydidn’thavethatAIwouldhavelikedtoBIwCIshouldhavetolikeDIAs与than作关系代词Aswaspredicted,theteamdidwinthegameThenewbuildingwascompletedearlierthanwasexpectedthanTheresearchrequiresmoremoneythanAhavebeenputinBhasbeenputinCbeingputinDtobeputinTheexperimentrequiresmoremoneythanAhavebeenputinBbeingputinChasbeenputinDtobeputinThereoughttobelessanxietyovertheperceivedriskofmountainclimbingAexistsBexistCexistingTheindoorswimmingpoolseemstobeagreatdealmoreluxuriousthanAisnecessaryBbeingnecessaryCtobenecessaryDitisnecessaryasThereareasgoodfishintheseaevercameoutofitAthanBlikeCasDsoTheystoodchattingtogetheraseasilyandnaturallyasAitcouldbeBcouldbeCitwasDwasFoolJaneis,shecouldnothavedonesuchathingAwhoBasCthatDlikeShedidherworkhermanagerhadinstructedAasBuntilCwhenDthoughbutanythingbut一点也不决不Heisanythingbutapoet他决不是个诗人。Iknowhefailedhislasttest,butreallyhe'sstupid他一点也不笨。AsomethingbutBanythingbutCnothingbutDnotbutnothingbut只是Heisnothingbutaliar他只是个骗子。someanynosuchsometypeofsomekindof某种(不是一些)Becausefuelsuppliesarefiniteandmanypeoplearewasteful,wewillhavetoinstallsolarheatingdeviceinourhomeAsometypeofBsometypesofaCsometypeofaDsometypesofandnosuchthingas…(诸如…此类的)ThereisnosuchthingasfreelunchLandbelongstothecitythereisthingasprivateownershipoflandAnosuchaBnotsuchCnotsuchaDnosuchtobesuchasto…如此之…以至于…tobesuchthat…比较soastodo…(目的是…)作状语tobesuchasto如此之…以至于…HisremarkswereannoyeverybodyatthemeetingAsoastoBsuchastoCsuchtoDasmuchastoHisstrongsenseofhumorwasmakeeveryoneintheroomburstoutlaughingAsoastoBsuchastoCsothatDsuchthatthisthat指示代词亦可用作副词thatkindoftree那种树thatfarThefollowingareallcorrectresponsesto"Whotoldthenewstotheteacher"EXCEPTAJimdidthisBJimdidsoCJimdidthatDJimdidWhyareyoustaringI'veneverseentreebeforeAkindofBthatkindofCsuchkindDsuchsuchkindoftree这种树,但是试题中Csuchkind后面没有of。D项中的such后suchatree。面应有冠词AistoBwhatCistoDNineistothreethreeistooneAwhenBthatCwhichDwhatIntellectistothemindsightistothebodyAwhatBasCthatDlikeinthat=在于MendifferfromanimalstheycanthinkandspeakAforwhichBforthatCinthatDinwhichBarryhadanadvantageoverhismotherhecouldspeakFrenchAsincethatBinthatCatthatDsothat

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专业四级英语考试辅导 - 语法

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