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首页 影像—放射医学职称考试题(Image-radiological medical title ex…

影像—放射医学职称考试题(Image-radiological medical title exam).doc

影像—放射医学职称考试题(Image-radiological…

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2017-10-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《影像—放射医学职称考试题(Image-radiological medical title exam)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

影像放射医学职称考试题(Imageradiologicalmedicaltitleexam)影像放射医学职称考试题(Imageradiologicalmedicaltitleexam)RadiologicalmedicaltitleexamAccordingtotheprincipleofCT,theXlinepassesthroughthebodyWhichofthefollowingreceives(C)AcomputerBarrayprocessorCdetectorDthediskEcameraThemainadvantagesofHRCTscanningare(D)AimageedgeblurBHigherrelativedensityresolutionCLownoiseDImprovedrelativespatialresolutionEalloftheaboveTheimportantadvantageofspiralCTscancomparedwithtraditionalCTscanis(D)AscanspeedBdordimagingresultsaregoodCRapidreconstructionDVolumescanningEsingleormultipleconsecutivescanningWhichofthefollowingisnotCTAdvantage(B)AHighdensityresolutionBHighspatialresolutionCHighanatomicalresolutionDEnhancedscanningisconducivetoqualitativechangesEcanbereconstructedinmultipledirectionsComparedwithMRI,whichofthefollowingisCT(D)ADirectmultiaxialsurfaceimagingBChemicalimaging,largeamountofinformationThedensityishighDHighspatialresolutionEiodineisdangerousComparedwithMRI,whichofthefollowingisCT(C)AnoradiationdamageBThesafetyfactorofcontrastagentislargerCSensitivetocalcificationandbonestructureDDirectmultiaxialsurfaceimagingEchemicalimaging,largeamountofinformationTheadvantagesofthefollowingspiralCTscanare:whichoneisnot(B)AshortenscantimeBObviouslyimprovespatialresolutionCreducethenumberofpatientsreceivingXraysDvolumescanningEReduceimagemovementartifactsRadiatedartifactsofCTimagesusuallyproduce(E)ApatientautonomyorinvoluntarymovementInsufficientXraydoseCComputerprocessingfailureDThecircuitisunstableEthehighdensitystructureorforeignbodyofthepersonbeingexaminedDuringthescan,thescanningsiteisrandomlyandnotThemovementofmeaning,Generation(A)AMobilestripyartifactsBcuppseudoshadowCcircularartifactDhatEalloftheaboveMinimalimpactofCTimagedensityresolutionThefactoris(E)ASignaltonoiseratiomedicineAllOnlineWebsiteProvideBstayinshapeCDensityofobjectDnoiseEscanparametersTheCTvalueoffreshbleedingshouldbe(D)A~hu,B~hu,~hu,cD~hu,E~hu,Whichisthefollowing"bushallergy"Mostdangerous(B)AfacialflushBThethroatisitchyCitchyskinDsneezeEpimplesSpiralCTscan,arterialenhancementearly,lowerOrganizationalstructure,Oneoftheearliestpatchesofinhomogeneousplaquereinforcement(B)AtheliverBthespleenCthepancreasDthemusclesEabdominalaortaTheovalcenteris(A)ASubcorticalfiberBSubcorticalgraymatterCprojectionfibreDconnectfibreEbowfibreWhichofthefollowingdoesnotbelongtothebasalgangliastructure(E)CaudatenucleusBPisoliticnucleusCScreenshapednucleiDamygdalaEthethalamusThecerebellumdoesnotinclude(D)AcerebellarhemisphereBthevermisCthevermisDquadriassictonsilThelargerbrainpoolwithnormalvariationis(D)AVisualcrossingBThepoolinthesaddleCringpoolDthebigpoolEthegreatveinofthebrainTheoutsideofthescreennucleusis(B)AOutersacoutermostCinsulaDWhitemarbleECaudatenucleusBrainenhancementCTscanisnotappropriate(E)AAcutehemorrhageBcomapatientCliverandkidneydamageseverityDAcutecraniocerebraltraumaEalloftheaboveDiagnosticcriteriaforboneseamingseparationare(D)A>mmB>mmC>mm>mmE>mmNormalthreeventriclesareabout(D)AmmorlessBmmorlessCmmorlessDmmorlessEmmorlessThemostfavorableCTfindingsareforthelocationofthebraintumor(B)AtheboundaryisnotclearBThecerebralcortexiscompressedCthetumorwassignificantlyenhancedDMiddlelineshiftEtheskullisthinningCerebralinfarctionisgoodfor(B)AAnteriorcerebralarterialbloodsupplyBThearterialbloodsupplyareainthebrainCPosteriorcerebralarterialbloodsupplyDvertebralarterysupplyareaEbasilararterysupplyareaTheheadtraumawasdays,CTshowedsphenoidsinusfluidPlane,intracranialaccumulationofgasDiagnosisis(C)AacutescreensinusitisBSphenoidsinusitisCskullfractureDSuppurativesphenoidsinusitisEfrontalfractureCTmanifestationsofcerebralhemorrhageandcerebralinfarctionarebelievedtobein(E)AhyperacutephaseBAcutephaseCSubacuteearlystageDsubacutestageEslowtimeAniodinecontrastagentcanhaveanallergicreaction,exceptwhichisamildreaction(B)AnauseaandvomitingBshortnessofbreathCflushDDizzinessandheadacheEurticariaThecommonlyusedcontrastagentinthedigestivetractis(D)AIodizedoilBPanopylamineCyoukuDbariumsulfateEampericTheadvantageofCTis(A)AHighdensityresolutionBspatialresolutionishighCtimeresolutionishighDspatialresolutionislowandtimeresolutionishighEdensityresolutionislowandspatialresolutionishighRegardingtheuseofcontrastagent,whichitemiswrong(C)AcholangioglucosaminecholangiographyBBariumsulfatedigestivetractimagingCIodizedoilangiographyDairventriculographyEWhichofthefollowingiodineallergytestmethodsiswrong(A)AsubcutaneoustestBeyeconjunctivatestCtonguetestDOraltestEintravenoustestWhattypeofexamination(D)shouldbeusedfortheactualorganlesionsintheabdomenAtheperspectiveBradiographyArthurctDbsuperEcerebrovascularimagingThevalueofCTexaminationinpatientswithlungdiseaseis(E)AConfirmthelesionanddiagnosisofXraychestXrayBfoundslightorconcealingsexCidentifyatypicalmanifestationsandspecifictypesofatelectasisontheXraychestDidentifythecauseoflungdiseaseEalloftheaboveiscorrectTherootcauseoftheexpansionofimagingdiagnosisbyCTscanningis(A)AHighdensityresolutionBThescopeofthedisplayislargeCCanobtainthecrownandsagittalimageDpatientsreceivedlessXrayEspatialresolutionThegradedifferenceoftheheightsignaldisplayedbytheCTmonitoriscalled(E)ACTscaleBmatrixCwindowwidthDawindowEgrayscaleTheadvantagesofCTscanarenotincluded(C)AHighdensityresolutionBQuantitativeanalysisCHighresolutionDDirectimageofthesectionETheinterferenceofthestructureoutsidetheleveloftheimageCommonCTscanandhelicalCTscansimilarity(E)AthefollowingarenotBContinuousXraysCContinuousmovingbedwhenexposedDContinuoussamplingTheEXpiperotatescontinuouslyInCTimagedisplaytechnology,themostimportanttechnologyis(C)AamplificationBlackandwhitereversalCthewindowDimagerotationEdimagereconstructionThequalityparametersofCTimagesarenotincluded(A)AscanningvisionPartialvolumeeffectCSpatialresolutionanddensityresolutionDNoiseandartifactsEPeripheralspacephenomenonTheorganizationofCTvalueofis(D)AboneBfatCtheairDwaterEbraintissueChestCTscan,withaproneposition(E)AobservetheformofthelungtumorBmeasurethelesionsizeCStagediagnosisoflungcancerDObservationofpulmonarydiffuselesionsEUnderstandingofchestwatermobilityApplicationofpulmonaryCTisnotincluded(D)ADiffuselesionsinthelungsBhaemoptysisCemphysemaDwidepneumothoraxCancerstagingThetechnicaldescriptionoflungCTwasincorrect(D)AInhalationofcalmbreathingwithoutbreathscanningBTherangeisthetipofthelungtothebottomofthelungCThicknessandclearancearemmDNeedforenhancedscanningESupinepositionTheprojectionfiberis(E)ArcuatefibreBcorpuscallosumCAnteriorcommissureDseahorseEinnersacandoutersacSecretoryinhibitionofpubertyhormone(E)AthethalamusBthepituitaryglandCthehippocampusDWhitemarblepinealIt's(A)thatdoesn'tbelongtotheventricularsystemAmesencephalonBLateralventricleCthirdventricleDfourthventricleEThemiddlecerebralaqueductCerebrospinalfluidnoseleakiscommonin(A)AethmoidfractureBButterflyfractureCfrontalfractureDTemporalbonefractureEnasalfractureSubacutesubduralhematomais(D)A~dayBweektoweeksCdays~weeksDdaystoweeksEdaystoweeksSubduralhematomawasshown(B)AspindleBcrescentshapeCdiffusedbraingrooveDVentricleEmixeddensityflakyshapeWhatisthedistributionofcerebralinfarction(E)AbrainparenchymaBWhitematterClobesDthesulciEcerebrovascularareaCommonsitesofhypertensionhemorrhageare(E)AshellnuclearhemorrhageBThalamushemorrhageCcaudatehemorrhageDInternalcystichemorrhageEbasalgangliaThemostcommonsiteofagermcelltumoris(D)AareaofsaddleBsaddleareaCbridgecerebellumcornerareaDpinealareaEbrainroomCalcificationofcraniopharyngealaneurysm(B)AthemassiveeggshellCdisperseincalcificationDWoolballsampleEpopcornThemostcommontumorintheskullis(A)AGliomaBMyoblastomaCMeningiomaDPinealtumorEGermcelltumorAftertheinfarction,the"fuzzyeffect"isoftenseenin(C)AweekWeekC~weeksDWeekE~weeksSubarachnoidcavityThemainCTfindingsofbloodare(C)AThelateralventriclehasAhighdensityshadowBThethreeventricleshaveahighdensityshadowCThelateralfissureisseeninhighdensityshadowDbasesectionofthebaseEtheoccipitallobeseeshighdensityshadowTheindirectsignofbraintumoris(E)ThedensityofABthesizeoftheCformDhowmuchEbrainedemaThefollowingdescriptionsoftheinternalsymptomsofthebrainare(D)AadjacentcranialplasiaBAdjacentcranialplatesweredamagedCWhitematterextrusionDtumoredemaEGapwidthsAstrocytomasubgradeIastrocytoma(A)AoftennoenhancementBMassenhancementCCorollasenhancedDTheperipheraledemaofthetumorwasobviousThereisaplaceholdereffectThesignofabenignastrocytomais(E)AShallowpositionBslightedemaCslightenhancementDcalcificationEBleedingandnecrosisEpendymaltumorisbestsentto(C)AleftventricleBRightventricleCventricleDventricleEAqueductEpendymaltumorwaswelldistributed(A)AadolescentBmiddleagedCtheelderlyDMiddleageEanyageTheareawheremeningiomasdonotoccuris(E)ANexttothebrainsickleBCerebrumCCurtainnotchDbridgecerebellumcornerareaElateralventricleofthelateralventricleThewrongdescriptionofacousticneuromais(E)AbraintumorBInternalauditorydaoistenlargementCAlwayshavetostrengthenDNecroticandcysticchangesEgenerallynotaffectingthefourthventricleTheCTofpituitarytumorwasincorrect(C)AbutterflysaddleexpandsmedicineAllOnlineWebStationProvidedThebottomofthesaddlesankCtumoredemaDThetumorisstrengthenedEpituitarystalkshiftTheerrorofCTincraniopharyngealangiomawas(C)AcircularorellipticallowdensityshadowBPlaqueoreggshellcalcificationCcommontumoredemaDOutsideofthebrainECancausehydrocephalusIntracranialchordomaiswelldistributed(A)AbutterflysaddleBslopeCcranioconcaveDbridgecerebellumcornerareaEthejugularholeareaInconsistentwiththeCTperformanceofmetastatictumor(E)AThedensityoftheringandsoonBmultiplenodulesCtheedemaofthelesionwasobviousDlocationisshallowEnoreinforcementInthefollowingsaddlearea,thelumenwasshowninthemixeddensityshadow(E)AaneurysmPituitarytumorCcraniopharyngiomaDMeningiomaEchordomaWhatisthewrongdescriptionofanacutesubduralhematoma(E)AThehematomaoccurredwithindaysoftraumaBacrescentofhighdensityCTranscendingcranialsutureDthereisaplaceholdereffectEoedemaofovensTheerrorinthesignofsubduralhematomaundersubduralhematomais(E)Aunilateralsulcus,narrowbrain,andevendisappearanceBCompressiondeformationoftheventricleandshiftofmiddlelinestructureCWhitematterextrusionDEnhancedscanninghematomawasnotenhancedELowdensityintheforeheadItisnotthecharacteristicoftheepiduralhematoma(E)ASpindleshapedBtheinneredgeissmoothandsharpCoftenbrokenbonesDThemiddlelinestructureisshiftedlighterEcangooverthecranialseamTraumaticbrainhematomadescribestheerror(D)ACommonsitesarefrontalandtemporallobesBItcanbebrokenintotheventricleCAhighdensitymassDperipheralhematomaisabsorbedfasterthanhematomaEOfteninthebraincontusionareaThemisrepresentationofbraincontusionis(D)AHighdensityhemorrhageinlowdensityedemaareaBObviousoccupationeffectCthelocalbrainpoolofthelesionissmalleranddisappearsDCanoccurinwhiteorgraymatter,andcannotbeaffectedatthesametimeEMaybeaccompaniedbysubarachnoidhemorrhageThethicknessofthenormallyscannedeyeandorbitis(B)AmmBmmCmmDmmEmmThebestmethod(B)todiagnoseanorbitalfractureAXsliceBCTcrownscanCCTcrossscanDsagittalreconstructionEMRIWhicheyeforeignbodyCTisnotthepreferredexaminationmethod(C)ALowdensityforeignmatterBForeignobjectsintheboundaryofthewalloftheeyeMetalobjectDmanydifferentthingsEsmallforeignmatterThepopcornsamplecalcificationis(B)AtuberculosisballBHamartomaCsilicosisDPleuralmesotheliomaElungcancerThemostcommoncauseoflungdiseaseis(B)ArespiratoryweaknessBbronchialobstructionCexternalcompressionofthelungsDinflammationrestrictionElungtumorTheCTfindingsofthepulmonarylobuledonotinclude(C)AlungvolumeconstrictionBSmallerchestCmediastinaldisplacementDElevationofthesamediaphragmaticmuscleEParietalpleuraldisplacementIrregularcalcification,voidsandbronchialdilationcanbeseenintheuntenablelung,mostlyin(B)ApneumoniaBtuberculosisClungcancerDsilicosisEhistoplasmosisThemostcommoncauseoflimitedobstructivepulmonaryemphysemais(B)AbronchiectasisBbronchiallungcancerCchronicbronchitisDbronchialasthmaElobularpneumoniaInthediagnosisoflungcancer,themostsignificantCTfindingsare(B)AburrBpointsleavesCcavitationDbronchialaerationsignEpleuraldepressionWhichofthefollowingcharacteristicsofcarcinoticcavitationisexcluded(E)AeccentricvoidsBTheouterwallshowsthedividingleavesCwallthicknessexceedscmDemptydiameterisgreaterthancmEThinwallemptysurroundinglungareavisiblefibercableThemostcommoncauseofpericardialeffusionis(B)ArheumatismBtuberculousCsuppurativeDrheumatoidEcardiacmetastasesCommonbenignnodulescalcificationtypesdonotinclude(C)ADensecalciumnestinthecenterBconcentriccircularcalcificationCsandlikecalcificationDPopcornsamplecalcificationEcenterdiffusecalcificationBronchialpneumoniaispronetobirth(E)AUpperlobeoftwolungsBrightmiddlelobeTwolungpointsDleftlobeElowerlobeoftwolungsPulmonaryhoneycombchangesareseenin(D)ApulmonaryedemaBMycoplasmapneumoniaClymphomaDrheumatoidlungsEcarcinoidlymphaticproliferationNotbreastcancersign(C)AnipplesBskinchangesinorangepeelCTheedgeofthemassissmoothandtransparentDCalcificationofclustersEthemassisburrThemediastinaltumorofbonesandteethisshown(D)AneurogenictumorBronchialcystCmalignantlymphomaDTeratomaEEsophagealcystsThemostcommonoccurrenceoffemalegenitaltuberculosisis(A)ATubaltuberculosisBendometrialtuberculosisCTuberculousintrauterinemembraneinflammationwithovarytuberculosisDovariantuberculosisEcervicaltuberculosisWhichofthefollowingcystsisnotinmediastinum(E)AesophagealcystBdermoidcystCPericardialcystsDBronchialcystsElungcystsNobrainmeans(D)AnoheadandbraintissueBskulldevelopmentisnormalwithoutbraintissueCorgandevelopmentiscompleteandintellectualisextremelylowNocranialparietalandcranialgrowthiscompleteENoskullbaseandtotalcranialdevelopmentThepathologicalclassificationofnonprimaryhepatocellularcarcinomais(E)ABlocktypenodulesCdiffusedtypeDsmallcancertypeEenvelopedtypeThemostcommoncharacteristicofchronicschistosomiasisliverdiseaseis(B)AcirrhosisandportalhypertensionBExtensivelinecalcificationoftheliverCIntrahepaticmanifold,lowdensityrangeandcentralvascularshadowDportalsystemcalcificationEmergerofliveroccupiedInconsistentwiththeCTfindingsofcirrhosis(E)AThevolumeoftheliverwasreducedandtheproportionofeachleafwasmaladjustedBdensityCsplenomegalyDascitesEportalveindiameter<mmThepathologicalfeatureofbuddchiarisyndromeis(C)AhepaticarteryocclusionBportalveinocclusionChepaticveinocclusionDPortalveindilationEhepaticveindilationTheCTfindingsofbileductstoneswerewrong(E)AInnerringorrounddenseshadowinthebileductBtargetcharacterCcrescentDEtheexpansionofbileductsuddenlybreaksandseessofttissueblockshadowThebestplaceforbiliaryobstructionis(C)AliversegmentBupperpartofthepancreasCPancreaticsegmentDpotbellyNotsureTheCTfindingsofacutepancreatitisareinconsistentwith(D)PancreaticenlargementBThethickeningoftheduralfasciaCcellulitisandpseudocystformationDpancreasandpancreaticductcalcificationETheabscessandbleedingcanbecombinedTheCTfindingsofpancreaticcancerareinconsistentwith(D)ApancreaticmassBPeripancreaticfatdisappearedCTumorinvasionandbloodvesselsobstructitsdeformationDOftencombinedbleedingandabscessEPancreaticductandbileductexpansionThemostcommoncauseofsplenomegalyis(A)AportalhypertensionBleukemiaCAmyloidosisDSarcomaEsplenicinjuryThediagnosticcriteriaforsplenomegalyare(B)A>cmupanddown,>intercostalunitsB>cmupanddown,>intercostalunitsC>cmupanddown,>intercostalunitsD>cmupanddown,>intercostalunitsE>cmupanddown,>intercostalunitsbeforeandafterThefollowingarenotcongenitalmalformations(C)AsinglekidneyBectopickidneyCpolycystickidneyHorseshoekidneyErepeatkidneyIntheCTofthefollowingrenalcysts,theerrorwas(E)Aroundoroval,withsmoothappearanceBthecystandrenalparenchymaaresharpandclearCthewallofthecystisverythinandcannotbemeasuredDUniformdensityandclosetowaterEInjectioncontrastagent,mildreinforcementTheincorrectdescriptionofrenalmetastasisis(D)AfrequentfrequenthairBThefocalpointisequaldensityCEnhancedtolowdensityrangeDrenalinfunctionEHalfisbilateralDiagnosticsignificanceofCTdiagnosisofrenalangiomyolipoma(C)AtherenalparenchymaisclearandunevenlydistributedBEnhancedpartialtumortissueenhancementCthereisafatcomponentinthetumorDthreecomponentsarenecessaryEconsolidationofnodulesThebestpartofthehairtransplantcellcarcinomais(C)AthekidneysolidBrenalcalyxCrenalmengDUreterEthebladder

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