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首页 名词性从句专项练习[1]

名词性从句专项练习[1].doc

名词性从句专项练习[1]

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2017-09-19 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《名词性从句专项练习[1]doc》,可适用于综合领域

名词性从句专讲专练I.引导词A.连词:that (没有实在意义不充当句子成份)whether(是否不充当句子成份可以引导各类名词性从句一般可以和or,ornot连用)if(是否不充当句子成份引导宾语从句。注意:它还可以引导条件状语从句表“如果”)asif(好像可引导表语从句。注意:它还可以引导方式状语从句。)because (因为可引导表语从句。它还可以引导原因状语从句。)B.连接代词:who  (谁在从句中作主语、表语)whom (谁在从句中作宾语、表语)whose (谁的在从句中作定语)what (在从句中充当主语、宾语、表语时泛指事物没有具体的含义但作定语时可以翻译为“什么”另外它还可以用来询问“价格人口等”表示“多少”)which (哪一个些在从句中充当宾语和定语一般强调在某一范围内的(哪个些…)whoever  (无论谁在从句中作主语、表语)whomever (无论谁在从句中作宾语)whosever (无论谁的在从句中作定语)whatever (在从句中充当主语、宾语、表语和定语时可以翻译为“无论什么”)whichever (无论哪一个些一般在从句中充当宾语、和定语而且强调在某一范围中的“无论哪一个些”)C.连接副词:(注意:所有的连接副词在从句中都是充当状语)when (什么时候)where (哪里在某处)why (为什么)how (、多么后接形容词或副词、怎么样如何修饰动词说明动作实行的方式)howmany(多少后接可数名词)howmuch(多少接不可数名词)howlong (多长指时间回答可用“for一段时间”)howfar  (多远指路程或距离)howsoon (多快指时间回答可用“in一段时间”)howfast  (多快指速度)however (、无论多么后接形容词或副词、怎么样如何修饰动词说明动作实行的方式)wherever (无论哪里)whenever (无论何时什么时候)Cfnomatterhow nomatterwhere nomatterwhen只能引导让步状语从句II各类名词性复合句的句型结构特点:     A.主语从句:主语从句 主句的谓语动词(宾语)状语或其他 Thathefailedthemathexamsurprisedallofus Thatyoujoinedusmadeallofushappy Thathedidn’tcareformoneywasalie Whetherwe’llgooutforanoutingdependsontheweather Whathedidaddedtoourdifficulty Whatsurprisedeverybodywasthathedidn’tcometothemeeting    B.宾语从句:   a主句的主语主句的谓语动词(vtviprepadv)宾语从句 Themanagercameouttoseewhatwasthematter Haveyoudecidedwhichsubjectyouaregoingtochoose Heaskedmehowsoonwewouldfinishthework Wehavetofindoutwhosefaultitwas     b主句的主语主句的谓语其他介词宾语从句 Theimportanceofbringinginnewmachinesliesinthattheycanhelptoproducemoreclothes Thesoldiersstoodtherestillexceptthathislipsweremoving Whatweeatnowisverydifferentfromwhatweusedtoeat FinallytheydecidedtosettleinwhatiscalledNewEnglandnow Givethebooktowhomeveryoumeetintheclassroom IknownothingaboutwhetherMrSmith’soperationhadbeensuccessful    C.表语从句:    主句的主语主句的谓语动词belinkv表语从句ThequestioniswhetherourmeetingshouldbeputoffHeisalazyboyandthatiswhyheisalwayslateforschoolD.同位语从句:  抽象名词同位语从句(一般用that引导陈述语气)常见的抽象名词有:truth fact news information ideaviewpointhaveanidea陈述语气havenoidea疑问语气 problem  question belieffaith  order command request  requirement  demand suggestion advice proposal insistence fear hope wish Thequestionwhetherhewillcomeornot isnotsettledDoyouhaveanyideawhenhewillsetoffIdidn’tknowthefactthathewasangryuntilyoutoldmeNothingcanchangehisfaiththathecanbe averysuccessfulmaninthenearfutureTheideathatwetryagainisagoodoneIII各类从句的特定句型:)主语从句:用it作形式主语的句型aItbeadjn主语从句**Itisnatural importantnecessarysurprisingstrangefunnythat引导的主语从句从句的谓语动词可以用(should)dobedone的形式ItisnaturalthatweshouldlearnEnglishwellItisimportantthatwe(should)keepthebalanceofnatureItisnaturalthatyou(should)forgetitfirstItisstrangethatyou(should)saynobItbeV(pp)主语从句ItisrequestedthatMissWang(should)giveaspeechatthemeetingItissuggestedthatwe(should)haveameetingnextweekItisorderedthatwe(should)gototheplacewhereweareneededbestcIt(so)happened主语从句ItsohappenedthatIwasatthespotatthattimeIthappenedthatIwasoutthatdaydItmattersmattered(muchlittle)主语从句ItmattersmuchwhetheryouaredeterminedornotifyouwanttosucceedeItdoesn’tdidn’tmatter主语从句Itdoesn’tmatterwhetherwehavemoneyornotfItseemsseemed(tosb)adjn主语从句ItseemstomequitestrangethatheshouldbesorudetohisclassmatesgItdepends主语从句ItdependswhetherwecandoitwithfewerworkersandlessmoneyhItisnowonderthat主语从句ItisnowonderthathegothighmarksintheexamItisnowonderthatyoumisunderstoodhimiItmakesnolittlegreat…difference主语从句Itwon’tmakeanydifferencewhethershewillaccepttheinvitationornotItmadegreatdifferencewhetherhewouldcometomybirthdaypartyornot)宾语从句:用it作形式宾语的句型jmakefindfeelthinkconsiderbelievesuppose adjn宾语从句IneverbelieveittruethatheisdishonestIthinkitwrongthattheyoungdon’trespecttheoldYou’dbettermakeitclearthatyouareonlyaboyDoyouthinkitapitythatshecan’tcometoourpartyb主句的主语主句的谓语it宾语从句IhateitwhenpeoplespeakwiththeirmouthfullIdislikeitwhenhespoketomelikethatNeverdependonitthatGodwillhelpyouWhydon’tyoubringittohisattentionthatyouaretoobusytodoitItdependson宾语从句主句的主语主句的谓语it宾语从句Ihearditsaidthathewaskilledinthebattle)表语从句:aItlookslookedasifclauseItlooksasifasthoughsomeonewererunningafterhernowItlooksasifasthoughsheweretwoyearsyoungertodayItlooksasifasthoughshehadn’tdonethatatallItlooksasifshewouldliveanotheryearsbItseemsseemedthatclauseItseemsthatheisverydisappointedcItappearsappearedthatclauseItappearedthathecoulddoeverythingpossibletohelpthepoordThat’sThisis表语从句ThatiswhatIwantedtosaytoyoueItisbecause…IfyouaskedmewhyIfiredyou,Iwouldsaythatitwasallbecauseyouwereaslazyasapig   )同位语从句:     a havenoidea同位语从句  Sorry,Ireallyhavenoideawhereshelives  HaveyouanyideawhensheisleavingforBeijing     b haveanideathat引导同位语从句 Ihaveanideathatshewon’tleavemewhateverhappens     c thereisnoneednodoubtthat引导同位语从句 Thereisnoneedthatyouworryabouthissafety,yousee,heisabigboynow Thereisnodoubtthatheisdevotedtoyou     d thereis(great)doubt同位语从句 Thereisgreatdoubtwhohavestolenthecar     e Wordcamethat引导同位语从句 (为了使句子结构更加平衡抽象名词作主语而后面接有一个同位语从句时往往把同位语从句后置。)WordcamethattheplaygroundinourschoolwouldbereplacedbyagymInformationhasbeenputforwardthatmoremiddleschoolgraduateswillbeadmittedintouniversitiesThequestioncameupatthemeetingwhetherwehadenoughmoneyforourresearchIV注意问题语气问题:所谓肯定语气就是从句本身不缺少任何句子成分只需要连接词that就可以表达一个完整的意思而所谓的疑问语气则是指主句本身包含有疑问的、或不清楚、不肯定的、或还没有决定等意向或者是从句还需要某个带疑问语气的连接词来充当某个句子成分才能表达一个完整的意义或概念这时不能用that来引导从句。(一般说来ever类词和that都是表达肯定语气的选择。)WhostolethenecklacewillbefoundoutsoonWhoeverbreaksthelawwillbepunishedIdon’tknowwhetherhe’llcometoourhelpWhatthedoctorreallydoubtiswhethermymotherwillrecoverfromtheseriousdiseasesoonWhatmadetheschoolproudwasthatmorethanofthestudentshadbeenadmittedtokeyuniversitiesThatfashiondiffersfromcountrytocountrymayreflecttheculturaldifferencesfromoneaspectThatJapanlieseastofChinaisknowntousallThatpeoplespendsomuchmoneyontheirpetssurprisesusalotHisabilityhasneverbeenindoubtthequestioniswhetherheispreparedtoworkhard语序问题:凡是从句都应该用陈述的语序。ThemanageraskedwhatwasthematterthetroubleThemanageraskedwhatwaswrongTheteacheraskedwhohadbrokenthewindow (上面三句话的引导词都充当主语语序不变。)TheteacheraskedwhyTomhadn’tturnedup主谓一致:一般说来单个的主语从句做主语主句的谓语动词用单数。Thedoctordidalottoreducethepatient’sfearhewoulddieofthedisease Athat Bwhich  Cofwhich  DofthatTheideaweshouldhavemoreindustryinthisareaisagoodone Athat Bwhich Cwhat DhowWeexpressedthehopetheywouldcomeandvisitChinaagain Awhich Bthat  Cwhen  DifTheordercamethesoldiersthesmallvillagethenextmorningAthathadtoleave Bthat,shouldleave C,mustleave Dwhenshouldleave巩固性练习:、Itdoesn’tmatter     IrestornotA.if  B.whether C.that D.when、Ican’tunderstandis     hewantstochangehismindA.that,that B.which,what C.what,why D.what,that、  IwasfreethatdayA.IthappenedtoB.IthappenedthatC.Thathappened D.Itwashappenedthat、He   youarenotgoingabroadA.surprisedthatB.issurprisedwhetherC.issurprisedthat Dsurprisedat、Iwonderhowmuch       A.costthecoat B.doesthecoatcostC.thecoatcosts D.thecoatiscost、       IhavewillbeyourssoonerorlaterA.NomatterwhatB.WhateverC.Whether D.That、      inthenewspaperthattheJapaneseMinisterwillarriveinBeijingnextFridayA.Itsays B.Heissaid  C.Ithassaid   D.Itissaid、    wegoswimmingeveryday    usalotofgoodA.If,doB.That,doC.If,does    D.That,does、Isthis    wemetthemlastnight?      A.where B.placeC.placeinwhich D.placewhich、Weallknowthetruth   thereisair,waterandsunlighttherearelivingthingsA.where B.wherever C.that  D.thatwherever、Ithinkitis  you’reeatingtoomuchA.that B.because C.thereason   D.for、Itissaid       hasbeentranslatedintoFrenchA.thatthat B.which C.that  D.thatwhich、Itisstillaquestion       weshallhaveoursportsmeetA.why B.that C.when D.which、It’snotyetclear   ofthosewillbechosentogoabroadA.that B.which C.whom  D.who、Thesepicturesshowyou     A.WhatdoesourvillagelooklikeB.WhatourvillagelooksliveC.Howdoesourvillagelooklike D.howourvillagelookslike、Canyoumakesure      thegoldnecklaceA.whereAlicehadputB.wheredidAliceputC.whereAlicehasput D.wherehasAliceput、GoandgetyourglassesIt’s       youleftitA.thereB.whereC.therewhere  D.wherethere、Doyouremember       hecameYes,IdoHecamebytrain  A.how B.whenC.where D.that、  wecan’tgetseemsbetterthan   wehaveA.What,what B.What,that C.That,that D.That,what、Motheraskedme   A.whatwaswrongwithme B.what’swrongwithmeC.whatwrongwaswithme D.whatwrongiswithme、   theyhavewonthegamemadeusexcitedA.  B.That  C.What  D.Where、   IacceptthegiftorrefuseitisnoneofyourbusinessA.If B.Whether C.Evenif  D.When、   hesaysinhisreportisaveryinterestingquestionA.Whatall B.Allwhat C.What D.Whatthat、Whentheywillstart   notbeendecidedA.have B.is C.does D.has、   certainthathisinventionwillleadtothedevelopmentofproductionA.Thatis B.Thisis C.Itis  D.Ithas、   isunknowntousallA.Wheredidsheputit B.WheresheputitC.Thatwheresheputit D.Inwhichsheputit、   nothingtodowithusA.Whatshedidhave B.WhatshedidisC.Whatdidshedohas D.Whatshehasdonehas、Thetroubleis   weareshortofhandsA.what  B.that  C.how D.which、Energyis  makesthingswork  A.what B.everythingC.somethingD.that、Myhometownisnot itusedto  tenyearsagoA.whendo B.whatdo  C.whatbe  D.whenbe、Thereason  Ihavetogois   mymotherisillinbedA.whywhyB.whybecause C.whythat D.thatbecause、Thethought  hemightfailintheexamworriedhimA.which B.that C.when  D.sothat、Thatis     Ilostmypen A.when B.where   C.that   D.what、Haveyouanyidea       A.howfastdoeslighttravel B.howquicklighttravelsC.howsoonlighttravels D.howfastlighttravels、Hissuggestion  toseetheartexhibitioninterestedeveryoneofusA.thatwegoB.whichweshouldgo C.thatwewouldgo D.wewouldgo、Hewasinterestedin  hehadseenattheexhibitionA.which B.thatC.allwhat D.allthat、Heoftenthinksof  hecandomoreforhiscountryA.what B.how C.that  D.which、Hemade       quiteclearthathewouldn’tchangehismindA.this B.that  C.it D.what、Hegotangrywith       wasagainsthisopinionA.whom B.who C.whoever D.anyone、Idon’tknow       A.whatwasthematteroutside B.whatthematteroutsidewasC.whatwasoutsidethematter     D.whatwashappenedoutside、Hehascome,butIdidn’tknowthathe         untilyesterdayA.iscoming B.willcome C.wascoming D.wasn’tcoming、Heranbackintotheroomtoseeifhe       anythingbehindAhasforgotten BhadforgottenC.hasleft  D.hadleft、Thenews  hediedinthebattlehasgotroundinthevillageA.that B.which C.what    D.this   yousay,Iwouldn’tallowyoutodothat A.What B.Which C.Whatever D.However、Wearewondering       ourteacherwillcometothepartyornotA.if B.that C.why  D.whether、          hehasbeengettingonwellwithhisstudiesmakesallofushappyA.Which  B.How  C.What D.That、Thatis   hefailedtoarriveontime  A.where B.whether C.why D.when、Wefinallyfoundout         tohimAwhathadhappened B.whathashappenedC.whichtookplace D.whathasbeentakenplace、Nooneknowswhenandwhere        A.wassheborn  B.didshecomefromC.shework D.shewasborn、Thetruth      thefactorywouldbreakdownmadealltheworkersshockedA.ofwhich B.that C.aboutthat  D.what答案:~BCBCC ~BDDAD ~BACBB  ~CBAAA   ~BBCDC ~BDBAC ~CBBDA  ~DBCCA   ~CDACD ~DCADB提高篇:thereislifeonanotherplanetisalmostimpossibleAHow BThat  CWhy DWhetherthescientistwillgiveusalecturenextweekistrueAThat BWhere CWhy DWhoHowsurprisingheshouldhaverefusedtocomeAishethat Bheisthat Cisitthat DitisthatHasitbeenannouncedtheplanesaretotakeoffAwhen Bif  Cwhich DwhatItisstillnotdecidedshouldbeourheadmasterAwhich Bthat Cwho  DwhoeverIdon’tdoubthewillcome Thereisnodoubthewillcome IdoubthewillcomeIknownothingaboutherbutsheisfromCanada Ahow Bwhen Cthat  DwhyItdependsonwehaveenoughtime Aif  Bifornot Cthat  Dwhetherhedoesn’tlikethemisveryclear AWhat BThat  CWhich DWhereprovesthatmyadviceisright AItwillhappenthat BThathashappened CWhathashappened DWhenithappensWhatapityisyoudidn’tarrivebyday Atherebecause Bitthat Chewhen DthatforPleasegivethebooktowinsthefirstprize Awho Bwhom Cwhoever DwhomeverThequestionheaskedwastheelectricalequipmentshouldbestored Awhat Bwhich Cwhere DbecauseAman’sworthliesnotsomuchinhehasasinheis Athatwhat Bwhatwhat Cthatthat Dwhatthatstudieshardwillpasstheexamwithease AWhoever BAnystudent CWho DThosewhohewillbesenttoHainaniscertain AWhy BWhether CThat DHowThegentlemaninsistedthathethewallet Ahadnotseen Bnotsee Cwouldnotsee Ddidnotseethinkwilltakecareofthechildren AWhoyou Bwhodoyou Cwhomyou  Dwhomdoyougetthismachine ADoyouthinkwherecanwe BWheredoyouthinkwecan CWhereyouthinkwecan  DWherecanyouthinkweWhoisspokefirst Awhatthat  Bitthat Citit Dwhatwhat

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名词性从句专项练习[1]

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