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首页 口译笔记速记符号汇总及简写规则

口译笔记速记符号汇总及简写规则.doc

口译笔记速记符号汇总及简写规则

韩松梅
2019-05-30 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《口译笔记速记符号汇总及简写规则doc》,可适用于综合领域

口译笔记速记符号汇总简写规则目录Notetakingsymbolsandabbreviations关于缩略词关于字母和图像用箭头、数字符号、标点符号来表示Notetakingsymbolsandabbreviationsforyourreference:AbbreviationsinNotetakingUseonlytheabbreviationsthatfityourneedsandthatyouwillremembereasilyAgoodideaistointroduceonlyafewabbreviationsintoyournotetakingatatimeSymbolshelpfulinmaththesearecommonlyusedintextsandreferencesS=sumf=frequencyLeaveoutperiodsinstandardabbreviationscf=compareeg=exampledept=departmentUseonlythefirstsyllableofawordpol=politicsdem=democracylib=liberalcap=capitalismUseentirefirstsyllableandonlystletterofndsyllablepres=presentationsubj=subjectind=individualcons=conservativeEliminatefinallettersUsejustenoughofthewordtoformarecognizableabbreviationassoc=associatebiol=biologyinfo=informationach=achievementchem=chemistrymax=maximumintro=introductionconc=concentrationmin=minimumrep=repetitionOmitvowels,retainonlyenoughconsonantstogivearecognizableskeletonofthewordppd=preparedprblm=problemestmt=estimatebkgd=backgroundgvt=governmentUseanapostropheinplaceoflettersam't=amountcont'd=continuedgov't=governmenteducat'l=educationalFormthepluralofasymbolorabbreviatedwordbyaddingschpts=chaptersegs=examplesfs=frequenciesintros=introductionsUsegtorepresentingendingsckg=checkingestg=establishingdecrg=decreasingexptg=experimentingSpelloutshortwordssuchasin,at,to,but,for,andkeyAbbreviationsorsymbolsforshortwordswillmakethenotestoodensewithshorthandLeaveoutunimportantwordsLeaveoutthewordsaandtheIfaterm,phrase,ornameiswrittenoutinfullduringthelecture,substituteinitialswhenevertheterm,phrase,ornameisusedagainForexample,CenterforAerospaceSciencesbecomesCASthereafterUsesymbolsforcommonlyrecurringconnectiveortransitionalwords=andw=withwo=withoutvs=against=therefore==isorequalUsetechnicalsymbolswhereapplicablezb=German,forexampleibid=Latin,thesameworko=degreesHO=waterMorereference:Usestandardmaths,accounting,andsciencesymbolsExamples:plusparallelUsestandardabbreviationsandleaveoutfullstopsExamples:egexampleITdeptInformationTechnologydepartmentUKUnitedKingdomUseonlythefirstsyllableofawordExamples:marmarketingcuscustomercliclientUsetheentirefirstsyllableandthefirstletterofthesecondsyllableExamples:subjsubjectbudgbudgetindindividualTodistinguishamongvariousformsofthesameword,usethefirstsyllableoftheword,anapostrophe,andtheendingofthewordExamples:tech'gytechnologygen'iongeneralisationdel'ydeliveryUsejustenoughofthebeginningofawordtoformarecognisableabbreviationExamples:assocassociatedachachievementinfoinformationOmitvowelsfromthemiddleofwords,retainingonlyenoughconsonantstoprovidearecognisableskeletonofthewordExamples:bkgdbackgroundmvmtmovementprblmproblemFormthepluralofasymbolorabbreviatedwordbyadding's'Examples:custscustomersfsfrequenciessratiosUse'g'torepresent'ing'endingsExamples:decrgdecreasingckgcheckingestblgestablishingSpellout,ratherthanabbreviateshortwordsExamples:inbutaskeyLeaveoutunimportantverbsExamples:iswaswereLeaveoutunnecessaryarticlesExamples:aantheIfaterm,phrase,ornameisinitiallywrittenoutinfullduringthetalkormeeting,initialscanbesubstitutedwhenevertheterm,phrase,ornameisusedagainExample:JanuaryAdvertisingCampaignBudgetJACBUsesymbolsforcommonconnectiveortransitionwordsExamples:attoforandwwithwowithoutvsagainstCreateyourownsetofabbreviationsandsymbolsYoumaywishtodevelopseparatesetsofsymbolsandabbreviationsfordifferentcoursesorsubjectsOtherSymbolsandAbbreviationsasaresultofconsequencesof<>resultingin>andalsoequaltosameas=followingffmostimportantly*lessthan<greaterthan>especiallyesp一、缩略词英语当中缩略词使用的频率很高,如IMP:important,ASAP:assoonaspossible。很显然如果能熟练掌握缩略词,会对考试大有裨益。缩略词的写法一般为四种方式:F拿掉所有元音MKT:marketMGR:managerMSG:messageSTD:standardRCV:receiveF保留前几个字母INFOinformationINSinsuranceEXCHexchangeIoweyouIOUInsteadofIOF保留开头和结尾个发音字母WKweekRMroomPLpeopleF根据发音RareTHOthoughTHRUthrough高级口译听力常用英语缩略词表缩略词原词APTApartmentACCAccountantACDGAccordingACPTAcceptADAdvertisementADSAddressADVAdviceAMAPAsmuchmanyaspossibleAMTAmountAPVApproveASAPAssoonaspossibleBALBalanceBLDGBuildingCERTCertificateCFMConformCNCLCancelCNFConferenceCMICommissionCMPCompleteCMPECompetecompetitiveCMUCommunicationCONCConcernconcerningconcernedCONDConditionCOCompanyDEPTDepartmentDISCDiscountDPTDepartureEXCHExchangeEXPLNExplainEXTExtentFLTFlightFNTFinalFRTFreightFYRForyourreferenceGDGoodGUARGuaranteeHOHomeofficeINFOInformationIMPSImpossibleIMP(T)ImportantINCDIncludeINDIVIndividualINSInsuranceINTSTInterestedIOInsteadofIOUIoweyouIVOInviewofMANUFManufactureMDLModelMEMOMemorandumMGRMangerMINMinimumMKTMarketMSGMessageNCRYNecessaryNLTNolaterthanOBSObserveOBTObtainORDOrdinaryPATPatentPCPiecePKGPackingPLPeoplePLSPleasePOSNPositionPOSS(BL)PossiblePRODProductQLTYQualityQUTYQuantityRCVReceiveREFReferenceREGLRegularREPRepresentativeRESNReservationRPTRepeatRESPONResponsibleSECSectionSITNSituationSTDStandardTELTelephoneTEMPTemporaryTGMTelegraphTHOThoughTKSThanksTRDTradeTRFTrafficTTLTotalUYouURYourWKWeekWLWillWTWeightXLExtralarge二、字母、图像Z表示"人"peopleperson,因为"Z"看上去像个人头,它通常被写在一个词或符号的右上角。例如:日本人:JZ。C表示政府,统治:government,govern希腊字母C读ga:ma,近似government,所以就用C来表示govern,government。governmentalofficial可以表示为CZP表示政治:politics,political希腊字母P读pai,近似politics,political。那么politician就可以表示为PZE表示总数:total,totally,entire,entirely,onthewhole,allinall,tosumup,ectE数学符号表示总值。G表示效率:efficient,effective。G为效率符号。Q表示"通货膨胀":inflation因为这个符号酷似一个上升的气球。A表示农业:agricultureagriculture经常用到,所以用首字母代替。B表示商业:business。C×表示冲突,矛盾:conflict,confrontation"C×"中的"×"表示反对,字母"C"将反对的概念缩小为conflict和confrontation。W表示工作,职业:work,employ等。它是work的第一个字母。所以WZ就可以用来表示worker,而W(Z在字母上方表示employer,在字母下方表示employee)。i表示工业:industry,industrial字母i像只烟囱,所以用来可以用来表示工业。UU看酷似一个酒杯,在笔记中表示合同、协议(treaty,agreement)一般只有在谈判成功、协议成交后才会表示"举杯祝贺"。如果在U内填入××××,就可以表示为bilateral(双边的),填入表示为trilateral(三边的)。填入在U中填入表示:Unilateralism(单边主义),填入m(multiple)表示多边主义。如果在U上加一个""××××表示谈判破裂。O表示"国家"、"民族"、"领土"等:country,state,nation,etcgO表示进口,Og表示出口这个符号酷似一把椅子,可以表示主持、主办:chair,host,presideover。那么在此符号上加Z表示主席,主持人:chairman,host,etcT表示"领导人":leader,head那么headofgovernment,headofcompany便可以表示为CT⊙圆圈表示一个圆桌,中间一点表示一盆花,这个符号就可以表示会议、开会等:meeting,conference,negotiation,seminar,discussion,symposiumk这个符号看上像条鱼,所以表示"捕鱼业"等合fishery有关的词汇。O圆圈代表地球,横线表示赤道,所以这个符号就可以表示国际的、世界的、全球的等:international,worldwide,global,universal,etcJ表示开心:pleasant,joyful,happy,excited,etcL表示不满、生气unsatisfied,discomfort,angry,sad,etcEO表示听到、总所周之:asweallknow,asisknowntoall,asyouhavealreadyheardof,etcO表示漠不关心、无动于衷:indifferent,apathetic,unconcern,don'tcaremuch,etc三、箭头g表示到达、传达:gointo,arriveat,giveto,sendto,presenttoetc表示导致、引导:leadto,resultin,inthedirectionof,etc表示屈服:submittof表示来自于:becomefrom,return,receivefrom,etc表示追溯到:comegobackto,originateh表示上升:upupwardrise,increase,arise,ascend,etc表示发射、投放市场、发行:launch,open,start,etc表示发展、加强、推进:develop,strengthen,promote,etc表示"波折":upsanddowns,twistsandturns,etc四、数学符号表示"多":many,lotsof,agreatdealof,agoodmanyof,etc()表示"多"的比较级:more表示"多"的最高级:most表示"少":little,few,lack,inshortofbeinshortageofetc×表示"错误"、"失误"和"坏"的概念:wrongincorrect,somethingbad,notorious,negative,etc>表示"多于"概念:biggerlargergreatermorethanbetterthan,etc表示"高"概念:superiorto,surpass,etc<表示"少于"概念:lesssmaller,etc表示"低"概念:inferiorto,etc=表示"同等"概念:means,thatistosay,inotherwords,thesameas,beequalto,etc表示"对手"概念:amatch,rival,competitor,counterpart,etc()表示"在之间":among,within,etc≠表示"不同"概念:bedifferentfrom,etc表示"无敌"概念:matchless,peerless,etc~表示"大约"概念:aboutaround,orso,approximately,etc表示"否定","消除"等概念:crossout,eliminate,etc五、标点等:表示各种各样"说"的动词:say,speak,talk,marks,announce,declare,etc表示"问题":question,issue,例如:台湾问题:tw(dot)这个""点的位置不同表示的概念也不一样"d"表示yesterday,"y"表示lastyear,"m"表示twomonthago。"y"表示thisyear,"y"twoyearlater"nextweek",可以表示为"wk"∧表示转折√表示"好的"状态,rightgood,famouswellknown,etc表示"同意"状态,standupfor,support,agreewithsb,certainaffirmative,etc☆表示"重要的"状态:important,exemplary(模范的)best,outstanding,brilliant,etcn表示"交流"状态:exchange,mutual,etc表示"和","与":and,togetherwith,alongwith,accompany,alongwith,furthermore,etc∥表示"结束":end,stop,halt,bringsthtoastandstillstop,etc六、较长单词的处理办法ism简写为m例如:socialismSmtion简简写为n例如:standardization(标准化)stdncian简简写为o例如:techniciantechoing简写为g例如:marketing(市场营销)MKTged简写为d例如:acceptedacptdableibleble简写为bl例如:availableavblment简写为mt例如:amendmentamdmtize简写为z例如:recognizeregzful简写为fl例如:meaningfulmnfl

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口译笔记速记符号汇总及简写规则

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