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首页 中考英语复习(短语、常用结构的归纳,比较详细)

中考英语复习(短语、常用结构的归纳,比较详细).doc

中考英语复习(短语、常用结构的归纳,比较详细)

吇甴呼晞900
2019-05-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中考英语复习(短语、常用结构的归纳,比较详细)doc》,可适用于综合领域

分数的表示:threefifthsonesixthabitof有一点儿abigdinner一顿丰盛的正餐abottleof一瓶acanof一听,一罐acupof一茶杯afew一些少数几个afewdaysago几天前aglassof一玻璃杯adropofwater一滴水afamilyofthreepeople一个三口之家agreatmany非常多的agreetodosth同意做某事ahalf一半akindof一种一类alargegreatnumberof许多alittle一点,少量(不可n)alittle比较级alongtimeago很久以前amomentlater片刻之后agoodplacetovisit观光的好去处anumberof若干的许多的apairofshoes(gloves,glasses,socks,trousers)一对一副apieceof一块(张,片,只)atypeof一种型号的……asleepingbaby正睡的孩子ashopassistant售货员,店员awasteoftime浪费时间accordingto根据acrossfrom对面anotherwayofsayingsth某物的另一种说法afterall毕竟afterclassschool下课后放学后againandagain再三地,反复地agreewithsb同意(某提议)agreewith与某人意见一致allowsbtodosth允许人做某事allday(long)一整天一天到睌allkindsof各种各样的allnight(long)整晚,彻夜allone’slife一生终生allover到处结束allovertheworld=alltheworldover全世界allright行了,好吧,(病)好了allthesame仍然allthetime一直始终老是allbyoneself单独,独自allyearround全年arriveatin到达某地as…as像……一样asusual照常as…aspossible尽量aslongas长达…assoonas一……就……aswellas也asaresult结果,因此,由于askfor请求,向(某人要(某物assoonasonecanassoonaspossible尽早,尽快atlast(finally,intheend)最后atleast至少arguewithsb与某人争论atthefrontbackof在…的前部后边attheageof在…岁时atthebeginningof…起初,开始attheendof…结束时(终点)atthemoment此刻正当那时atthesametime同时atthistimeof(the)day在这时attimes偶尔有时Bbaseon…以……为基础bangone’shead撞了下某人的头beabletodosth能够做某事beawake醒着的beafraidof(名词)ving害怕,恐怕beafraidthat恐怕,担心beangryat(about)sth生某事的气beangrywithsb生某人的气beamazedat对……感到惊讶beagainstdoingsth反对做某事bebadat拙于bebadfor对…有害的becareful小心becoveredwith盖满…,掩满bebusydoing(with)sth忙于做…bedifferentfrom和…不同beexcitedabout对……感到兴奋befamousfor…以…著名,出名befedupwith厌倦befilledwith=befullof装满befarfrom离……很远befordoingsth赞成做某事befriendlyto对……友好becomefrom来自于,是……人befullof充满着…begratefultosb对某人表示感激begood(bad)atsth(doingsth)善于begoodfor对……有益的beillsickinhospital生病,住院beinthehospital在医院里beintimefor准时beinterestedin对……感兴趣beknownto为……所熟知belatefor迟到begetlost迷失(道路)beproudof以……自豪bemadefrom用…制成的bemadein在某地制造bemadeof用……制造的bemadeby由……制造beniceto亲切的,体贴的bepleasedto做……感到愉快bepleasedwith(对…)高兴满意be(get)ready准备好bereadyforsth(getreadytodosthpreparefor)准备…beshockedat对……感到震惊besorryfor感到抱歉besure肯定确信besureof深信确信bestrictwith对某人要求严格bestrictin对某事要求严格besurethat确信besuretodosth一定要务必besupposedtodosth应该做某事besurprisedatby使…感到意外吃惊betiredfrom因…疲倦betiredof对…厌倦beup(时间等)到了,结束了beusedas(被)当作…来用beuesdin被用在beusedby人(被)…用beusedfor(被)用来做…beusedtodoing习惯于beusedtosth(被)用来…beworriedabout担心beworthdoingsth值得做…bestofall最,首先,尤其beforebreakfast早饭前beforelong不久以后longbefore很久以前both…and……和…都既…又borrow…from…从……借……breakdown损坏,拆散某物bringback带回by交通工具搭乘某工具by时间到……时间以前byair由航空bymistake错误地byaccident偶然地byairplane乘飞机bythen到那时bythetime到…时候为止Ccall(up)sb打电话给某人callone’sname点名carryon坚持下去,继续下去catch(a)cold着凉catchabus赶公共汽车catchupwith追上,赶上cleanup清出,收拾干净changeone’smind改变想法checkout检查,查看checkout收款台cheerup使高兴起来climbup攀登,爬上comealong来,随同comedown下来comein(into)进入,进来comeof……所生的,由…产生comeon赶快,来吧,动手吧comeout出来,出版comeover(to)过来,顺便来访cometo变成cometooneself苏醒,恢复知觉comeup过来comeupwith提出concentrateonsth全神贯注considerdoingsth考虑做某事cutdown砍倒,切断Ddayafterday日复一日地,天天daybyday一天天地,逐日deservetodosth值得做,理应…domorningexercise做早操It’snotnecessaryforsbtodo…doone’sbest(todo)尽最大努力doone’slessons做功课dosomecleaningcookingshopping扫除做饭买东西dosport运动dowellin做得很好,成功Don’tmentionit别提它。dress(oneself)穿衣服drinkup喝完dropoff放下(某物),下车Eeachother互相eatup吃完,吃光either…or不是…就是enjoyVing喜欢做某事enjoyoneselfhavefunhaveagoodtime过得愉快enoughtodo…足够做……eversince从那时起,此后一直evenso即使如此eventhoughif即使everyotherday每阁一天everyminutes每分钟(阁s)Ffallbehind落后,跟不上fallill生病falloff跌落,下降fallover向前摔倒farfrom距…远farmoreenjoyable有乐趣得多fastasleep睡得很熟fasterandfaster越来越快feelgoodaboutlife享受生活feellikedoing想要做某事feeltired感到疲劳fillin填写,填空firstname=givenname名firstofall首先fivedaysaweek一周五天finishmiddleschool中学毕业fixup修理findout查明,发现forawhile一会儿flykites放风筝flyto飞向flyaway飞往,飞跑flyup向上飞forever永远forlong长久forthefirsttime第一次forsometime一会儿forgetdoingsth忘记曾做过…forgettodosth忘记做…fromdoortodoor挨家挨户frommorningto(till)night从早到晚fromnow(on)从今以后,今后fromplacetoplace从一个地方到另一个地方fromthattimeon从那时起from…to…从…到…Ggetreceivealetterfromsb收到某人的来信getalong(on)with和睦相处getalong(with)前进,进展getangrywithsb对…生气getback返回,取回getdown下来,落下,记下来getdressed穿衣服getherehome到这儿家getholdof抓住,握住,拿住getinto(in)进入,搭乘,陷入getlong变长getonoff上车,下车,起飞getonwell(with)生活,与(某人)相处,(活动)有进展getout(使)逃走getoutof从……出来getready准备getreadytodosth准备做某事getsbinto使某人陷入getsthdown叫某人做某事getsick生病getto到达gettodosth有做某事的时机getasleep=fallasleep入睡gettogether集合getwarm(long)变暖长getmarried结婚giveacallring给……打电话giveaway赠送giveback归还,送回givesbacallring打给某人givesbahand给某人帮助giveout分发giveup=stopdoing放弃,戒除goalong进行goacross穿过,横过goaway走开,离开goby经过……旁边gofor为了……而去goforawalk去散步gotobed睡觉(并未入睡)goondoing(with)sth继续做某事goontodosth接着做gostraightalong沿着一直走gotosleep入睡gotothecinemamovie看电影gotraveling去旅行go(the)wrong(way)走错路Hhadbetterdosth最好做某事halfanhour半小时handout发放handsup举起手来hangout闲逛happentobe碰巧是haveabad(hard)time过得困难haveabath洗个澡,淋浴haveacough咳嗽haveachancetodo=haveanopportunitytodo有机会做某事haveadance跳舞haveadrink(of)喝一点,喝酒haveagoodjourney旅途愉快haveagoodtrip一路顺风haveatry努力,尝试haveawalktest散步测验,haveawash洗(手,脸)havebeento曾经去了(已回来了havegoneto已经去(现还没回来havebreakfastsupper吃早晚饭havelessons(classes)上课havesthwithsb把某物带在某人身边hearfromsb收到某人的来信hearof听说helpsb(to)dosth帮助某人做某事helpsbwithsth在…帮助某人helpeachother互相帮助hereandthere到处highjump跳高longjump跳远holda(sports)meeting举行(运动)会holdon在…等一等,坚持,继续holdone’sbreath屏住气,不出声hopethat…期望…,希望…hopetodosth希望……hourafterhour持续地howfarlong多远长久howmanymuch多少钱howmanytimes多少次(对次数howoften多久一次(对频度副词howsoon多少时间之后(对一段时间状语提问howtallhigh多高hurryoff匆匆离去,赶快去II’dliketo…我想要,我愿意I’mafraid(that)我恐怕I’msorrytodosth对做某事而抱歉It’shardtodosth做事感到困难Itseemsseemedtosbthat…在某人看来It’sgoodbadforsb对某人有益有害It’stimefor…到…的时间了inadayortwo一两天内inafewdaysweeks几天周后inaminute一会儿,立刻inahurry匆忙,立即inall总共indifferentways以不同的方式inthesameway同样的inanhour一小时以后inbackof在……后面indanger处于危险之中,濒危infact实际上,事实上infront在前方(面),在正对面infrontof在……前面ingroups分小组ingeneral大体上,一般地inhalf分成两半inthefrontof在……前部inone’slife在有生之年内inone’sfifties某人多岁时inthefrontof在…的前头in(the)future今后,将来inthehospital在这所医院里inthemiddleof在…中间inonthewall在墙上inthenorth在…北部intheeastof的东部(内)inafewyears’time几年后intenminutes十分钟后(与将来时态连用)inthetree在树上(非树本身)inthewall在墙上(凹进去)inthepast在过去intheskysun在空中阳光下inthefirstsecondhalf在上下半场intheworld在世界上inthelastfewyears在过去几年里introuble陷入困境,陷入麻烦中invitesbto…(邀)请某人…it’sone’sturntodosth轮到某人做某事interestsbinsth使某人对感兴趣Jjoinin参加,加入jumpacrossthrough跳过jumpdownoff跳下来jumpinto跳进jumpoutof跳出来jumpover跳过去jumpthequeue插队justaminutemoment等一会儿justnowrightnow刚才,现在justthen正在那时Kkeepbusy(一直)忙碌keepdoingsth持续做某事keephealthy保持健康keepsbdoingsth让某人做某事knockaton敲门窗knock…into…把…敲进keepondoing继续做keepadiary坚持写日记keepaneyeoutforsb关注某人Llastweakend上周lateron以后,过后leadsbthrough…(aplace)带领某人穿过某地leadsbto(aplace)带人去某地learnsthbyheart默记,背诵learnfrom向……学习lendto=lendsbsth把借给lessthan少于,不到…morethan多于,比…更多leavefor离开某地去,动身去…leave…behind…把…遗留在leaveschool毕业letdown使失望liveon靠…为生,继续存在listentotapes听磁带lookaround向四周看,四处张望lookforwardtodoingsth期盼着lookfor寻找lookinto往…里看looklike看起来像lookout(for)注意,小心lookout(of)往外看lookover检查lookthrough浏览lookthesame看起来很像lookup查阅,仰望Mmakemoney赚钱makeacontributionto为做贡献makeadecision做出决定makeit约定,做到makeatelephonecall打电话makeprogress(取得)进步makea(any)noise吵makefriendswith与…交朋友make…from由…制造make…of…由…制造makesure务必,务请makesbdosth使某人做某事makesbadj使某人变得makethebed整理床铺makeupone’smind下定决心morethan比…多moreandmore越来越多moveaway搬开,搬走moveto搬到moreorless多少有点,或多或少muchasleep睡得很熟muchtoo太…(adj)multiply…by……乘以…Nneither…nor…既不…也不neckandneck并驾齐驱nexttime下次nolonger不再nomore再也不nomatterwhat无论什么notafew相当多的notalittle不少的notuntil直到才not…anylonger不再not…anymore再也不notas…as…不如,不像not…atall一点也不,根本不Notatall不用谢,别客气notonly…butalso不但…而且notso…as不像,不如nothing…but…除…外一无所有nothingmuch非常少,没什么not…until…直到…才…Ooneafteranother一个接一个地,onebyone陆续地onduty值日onthetree在树上(果实等)onthewestof的西部(外连)onshowdisplay展览,被陈列着onandon一直不断地(持续做…ontheearth在地球上onTV在电视上onweekends在周末ontheone’sway在途中,路上ontheway(to)在去…的路上ontime按时,准时onsthright=ontherightof在…的右边oneanother互相one…theanother一个…另一个onceuponatime从前,很早以前onlyafew几乎没有onlyalittle很少outof在…之外,从…里头overthere在那边,在对面Ppasson传递payattentiontosb对某人注意placeofinterest名胜playwith玩耍playajokeon戏弄人,恶作剧playagainst与……对抗交手plentyof许多,充分的pickup拾起,捡起pointatto指向practisedoingsth练习做某事pull…upfrom把…从…拉上来putaway把…收拾起来putdown放下putoff推迟,拖延puton挂上,张贴,穿上puton(off)穿,戴上,上演putsthdown把…放下来,写下putup张贴pullup举,升起,张贴pulloutof从…拉出来promisetodosth答应做某事providesbwithsth向某人提供某物preferdoingsth宁愿做某事prefer…to…比起来更喜欢prefertodo…ratherthando宁愿而不愿prefersbtodosth宁愿人做某事Rremindsbofsth使某人想起事remindsbthat提醒某人rightawaynow立刻,马上ringsb(up)给某人打电话ringup给某人打电话ratherthan宁可regard…as…把…当作…runaway跑开,流失,逃走runafter追赶runoutof用完runoff跑掉rushout冲出去Ssayhelloyesnothankssorrytosb向…问候savemoney节省钱seeyouagain(later)再见sendaway开除,解雇seemlike看起来像seemtodosth看起来像是在做sendsthtosb把某物送给某人sendaway送走,开除sellout售完seriousabout认真、严肃setout出发setoff激起,出发setone’smindtodo一心想做…sharesthwithsb与人分享某物shakehands握手shouldn’tdosth不应该做某事showsbroundsomewhere领某人参观某地showsbthat…做给某人看shoutto对……大声叫喊shootat对准某人物射击shutdown把……关上slowdown放慢,下降sofar到目前为止someday未来的某日somethingwrongwith出了毛病speaktosb与…讲话speakhighlyof高度赞扬spendmoneyonsth(in)doingsth花钱在某事上(做某事)spendtimeindoingsthonsth在…上花费时间spendtimewithfamilies和家人共度时光sthhappentosb某事发生在某人身上standup站起,起立standin(a)line站队,排队stayup熬夜startfor从某地出发去某地startout出发stopdoingsth停止做某事stopsbfromdoingsth阻止某人做某事stoptodosth停下来去做某事such…that如此…以致suchas诸如此类的像…一样的summerholiday暑假suchanexcitingmatch一场如此激动人心的比赛Ttakeabath洗个澡takealookatsth看一看,看一眼takeamessage捎信,带信takeapicturephotos照相takearest休息takearight右转takeaseat坐下,就座takeatripwalk旅行散步takecareof(lookafter)照顾takeaway拿走takeafter与相象takeback带回,送回takedown取下takeplace发生takeiteasy放心好了,放松takeoff脱掉衣物takeout拿出来takeone’stime不急,慢慢干,用去(某人)时间takeone’splaceseat坐某人的座位,代替某人的职位takeone’stemperature量体温takeone’stimedoing不慌不忙地做take…outof…取出,把(某物)拿出来把(某人)带出来takepartin参加takethetrain坐火车takesbto把某人带往某地takesthwithsb把某物带在某人身边taketurns轮流takethefirstturningontheright第一个路口右拐弯talktosbaboutsth和某人谈论事talkwithtosb与…谈话tastelike尝起来像teach…notto教人不要做某事teachoneself自学tellthetruth说实话telephonesb给某人打电话tellsbaboutsth告诉某人关于tellsthtosb把某事告诉某人thanks…for…因…而感谢…“thankyou”letter感谢信thecapitalof的首都(省会)themore,thebetter越多越好thenumberof…的数目thelendof…之乡(都)theother名词别的theotherday前几天theother(s)另一个(其他的themeaningof………的含义theyearofpig猪年thinkabout考虑thinkover仔细考虑thinkof就…思考,考虑…,认为thisway这种方法,这条路请走这边toone’ssurprise令人惊呀的是tobesure诚然,的确tothesouthof的南面(外阁)toomuch太多(n)trekthrough在中穿过trydoing试着做tryout试验,尝试tryon试穿,试试看trytodo尽力去做tryone’sbest尽力turnupdown调大,调小UYuseup用完waitaminute稍等一下waitamoment稍等一下waitfor等候,等待waittodosth等着做某事wait(for)one’sturn排队等候轮到自己waitinaqueue排队等候walkthrough走过wakeup叫醒,醒来watchout(for)注意,小心wearout穿坏,穿旧用尽welldone做得好willbeableto能够withone’shelp在(某人)帮助下withthesewords说着这些话withone’sbestwishes致以(某人)最良好的祝愿withinanhour一小时内wintheprizeanaward获奖wishtodosth希望做某事workon从事…工作继续工作workout制订出,计算,发展worryabout担心着急wouldlike(love)todosth想要做某事hopetodosth希望做某事

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中考英语复习(短语、常用结构的归纳,比较详细)

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