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首页 新标准大学英语视听说4课本原文

新标准大学英语视听说4课本原文.doc

新标准大学英语视听说4课本原文

刘喻义
2019-04-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新标准大学英语视听说4课本原文doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

UnitOutsideviewConversationLi:Whatawonderfulview!Thisissuchagreatcity!DoyouevergettiredoflivinginLondon,AndyA"WhenamanistiredofLondon,heistiredoflife,forthereisinLondonallthatlifecanafford"Li:That'saquotationbySamuelJohnson,isn'titA:Correct,sodoyouhaveanyplanswhenyoufinishatOxfordLi:I'vegotanotheryeartogoandthenIsupposeI'llgobackhomeAAndyouwillfindajobLi:IthinkIhavetodomyMaster'sbeforeIlookforworkButImustadmitLondonisveryspecialDoyouthinkyouwouldeverleaveLondonA:Sure,I'dlovetocometochinaoneday,andIliketravelingButithinkI'llalwayscomebackhereLi:Well,yourrootsarehereandtherearesomanyopportunitiesAButhaveyoueverthoughtoflivinginLondonforayearortwoLi:Yes,butwhatcouldIdohereIhadplannedtobecomeateacherButihaveoftenthoughtiftherewasajobicoulddohereinpublishing,maybeasaneditor,I'llgoforitA:That'ssoundslikeagreatideaIthinkthatwouldreallysuityouLi:MaybeIshouldupdatemyCVandsendittooneortwopublisherA:Don'tmakeitlooktoogoodLi:WhynotAWell,ifyouenjoyworkingwithLondonTimeOff,wedon'twantyouworkingwithanyoneelseLi:Oh,workingwithyouandJoeit'sgreatfunandreallyinterestingIcouldn'tthinkofabetterwaytofindoutaboutacityASomaybeyoushouldthinkaboutapplyingforajobwithusLi:ButdoyouthinkI'dstandachance(有可能,有希望)Imean,I'mnotsureifJoelikesmeA:Don'teventhinkaboutit!JoeisverystraighttalkingandIpromiseyouthatyou'dknowifhedidn'tlikeyouLi:PerhapsweshouldbothupdateourCVsandlookforjobstogetherA:Hey,right!ThatwouldbefunConversationLi:Talkingaboutfutureplans,howdoyouseeyourcareerdevelopingA:MycareerWell,IlikeworkingforLondonTimeOffIt'sapartofalargermediacompanycalledLiftoffUSA,sotherearelotsofopportunitiesButLi:ButWhatA:It'snotalwaysveryeasyworkingwithJoeImean,Ikindofthinkhehasadifferentagenda(differentwayofthinkingfromAndy不一样的想法)Ilikehiswork,butsometimesIdon'tthinkhisheartisinhisjobLi:HowdidheendupinLondonA:HedidmediastudiesintheStates,andthenfoundworkasagofer(杂工)atLiftoffUSAinNewYorkLi:What'sagoferA:Goforthis,goforthatIt'sawordfortheleastexperiencedpersoninthefilmandTVindustryThenhecametoLondonandgotaproperjobasaresearcheratLiftoffUK,andthenafterafewyearshegottheproducer'sjobinLondonTimeOffLi:Heisgoodathisjob,isn'theA:Yes,heisconfidentandcompetentatwhathedoes,sothepeoplewhoworkwithhimratehimquitehighly(speakhighlyof)Li:ExceptyouA:No,IratehimtooAndIgetonwithhimquitewell,althoughwearenotbestbudiesoranythinglikethat,it'sjustIwanthisjob!Li:NowweknowyourlittlesecretIpromiseIwon'ttellanyoneA:Janet,therewassomethingIwasgoingtoaskyouLi:Sure,whatisitA:Iwaswonderingoh,it'snothingAnyway,allthistalkaboutyourfuturecareerismakingmethirstyLet'sgoforadrinkLi:WhoisroundA:YouOutsideview:HowtogetajobGraduationWhatabigday!Yourlifeisabouttobegin!Andthenyourparentssay"Getajob"Itellyou!LookingforyourfirstjoboutofcollegecanbeprettyhardReadingallthejoblistingissoannoyingEventryingtofigureoutwhattheactualjobiscanbedifficultSearchingthroughthewantadscanbesoboringAndwritingyourresumeisreallyhardwork"Idon'thavethatdayopen"Gettingajobinterview,andthengoingonitthewholeprocessisprettytough"SorrytokeepyouwaitingUh,haveaseat""Ihaveyourresumehere,andyouareinterestedintheassistant'sposition""Yeah,yeah""Well,therightcandidateforthisjobhastobeveryoutgoingandsociableAfterallitisasaleposition""Well,I'marealextrovert(性格外向的人)Definitely""AndtherightcandidatehastohavegreatselfconfidenceCustomersneedtofeelthatyouknowwhatyou'retalkingabout""Well,I'mreallyselfconfidentUmIknowwhatI'mtalkingaboutandIthinkIcanprojectthat""So,whatskillswouldyoubringtothisjob"""Well,IrealizethatI'mcompletelyoverqualifiedforthispositionImean,um,inmylastjob,Iwasrunningthewholeplace""Oh,soyou'vesupervisedpeople""Yep,fiveofthemSo,obviouslyIcoulddothisjob,noproblemIalsohavereallygoodcomputerskillsUmwhatelsedoyouwanttoknowaboutme""Eh"EventhoughIwastryingreallyhard,eventhoughIhadsentoutaboutresumes,eventhoughIaskedallmyfriendandrelativesiftheyknewofanythingIwasn'tgettinganywhere!Despiteallmybestefforts,Iwasstillunemployed"Please,whydon'tyouseeacareercounsellor(顾问)I'llpayforitAnythingtohelpyougetajob!""Samantha,I'mPhyllisSteinWelcome""Oh,hi,PhyllisNicetomeetyou"SoIfigure,heck,whynotImetwithPhyllisStein,aprofessionaljobcoach"Interviewingisvitaltogettingthejobthatyouwant"SheshowedmehowtoprepareforaninterviewbydoingresearchonthepositionandthecompanyAndlatter,shecoachingmeonmyinterviewingskills"Iamgoingtopretendtobeyourinterviewer,andthenwe'llstopitandreplayitandlookatthevideoandseewhatwecouldlearnfromthatOK""Idon'tthinkthatyoushouldgointoaninterviewhavingnotpractisedwithsomeofthequestionsthatareprettystandard""Tellmeaboutyourself""Well,myparentsmymomisasocialworker,andmydadisanengineer""Yourpreparationisreallyimportant""Whatdoyouknowaboutourorganization""Well,Isawon,um,ontheInternetthat,youdobusinesspublishingRight""Thereisawholerangeofthingsthathavetodowithhowyoupresentyourself""WhyshouldIhireyou""Oh,well,um,I'mareallyoutgoingperson,andIlike,IlikepeoplealotI'mresponsibleandnice""Youneedtothinkaboutwhattheinterviewerisactuallylookingfor""Samantha,whatwasamajorproblemthatyou'veencounteredandhowdidyousolveit""Ihaven'treallyhadanyproblemstodealwith""ThankyouNowlet'slookatyourmockinterviewonvideotape""Ithinkitboilsdown(归结为)topreparation,presentation,andunderstandingwhattheinterviewerislookingfor"(Watchingthevideotape)"Anotherwayofansweringitisnottellingaboutyourself,buttellingyourrelationshiptothejob"So,theydon'tcaresomuchaboutyourparentsandthatyouwanttoliveinCambridgeTheymayneedyoutobeabletobeatroubleshooterYouusesomeexamplesinyourlifefrombeingatroubleshooter""Oneofthethingsthatsomeonewhoisanassistantinatradeshowisdoing,isdealingwithproblemsYouneedtobesurethatyoustay,sortof,ontargetwithpreventing,presentingyourselfinthestrongestpossibleway"ThistimeIfeltalotmoreconfidentwhenIwentinfortheinterview"IhavedevelopedstrongcommunicationskillsIncollegeIworkedontheschoolpaperandIbroughtsomewritingsamplestoshowyou""Ialsoworkedeverysummeratabedandbreakfast""IworkedalotwithourguestsIbookedreservationoverthephone,gotthemwhattheyneeded,andhandledanycomplains""Well,IfeellikeIdidreallywellWe'llsee"MakingagoodfirstimpressionisthemostimportantpartofajobinterviewArrivingontimeandbeingconfidentarethemostimportantpartsofajobinterviewIt'sveryimportantthatyouarebeingconfidentandyou'rebeingclearinyouranswersandlisteningcarefullyNotfidgeting(坐立不安,烦躁)andbeingconfidentarethemostimportantthingsinajobinterviewWritingathankyounoteisthemostimportantthingyouwanttodoafterajobinterviewAndgointherewithafirmhandshakeListeningin"It'snotenoughtoaskwhatsuccessfulpeoplearelikeItisonlybyaskingwheretheyarefromthatwecanunravelthelogicbehindwhosucceedandwhodoesn't"ThisisthebasicideaofanintriguingbookcalledOutliers,bytheAmericanjournalistMalclomGladwellThebookexploresthefactorswhichcontributetopeoplewhoareextremelysuccessfulintheircareers,forexample,therolethefamily,cultureandfriendplayGladwellexaminesthecausesofwhythemajorityofCanadaicehokeyplayersareborninthefirstfewmonthsofthecalenderyear,whatthefounderofMicrosoftBillGatesdidtoachievehisextraordinarysuccess,andwhytheBeatlesmanagedtoredefinethewholeofpopularmusicinthesGladwellpointsoutthattheyouthhockeyleagueinCanadarecruitsfromJanuarythefirst,sothatplayersbornearlyintheyeararebigger,strongerandbetterathletesthanothersbornlaterintheyearAndbecausetheyhavethisadvantageatthestartoftheirsportscareer,they'regivenextracoaching,andsothere'sagreaterchancethatthey'llbepickedforanelitehockeyteaminthefutureHecallsthisphenomenonaccumulativeadvantage(积累优势),abitliketheideathattherichgetricherandthepoorgetpoorerSuccessdependsontheprocessbywhichtalentedathletesareidentifiedasmuchasitdoesontheirownabilitiesAnotheraspectwhichcontributestosuccessisthehourruleGreatsuccessdemandsanenormousamountoftimeforpractiseandtrainingForexample,theBeatlesperformedliveinHamburgGermanymorethantimesoverfouryears,muchmorethanthehoursGladwellclaimisnecessaryforgreatsuccessSobythetimetheyreturnedtoEngland,theyhaddevelopedtheirtalenteandsoundedcompletelydifferentfromanyothergroupInthesameway,BillGateshadthousandsofhours'worthofprogrammingbecausehehadaccesstoacomputerathishighschoolHealsobecameateenagerjustattherighttimetotakeadvantageofthelatestdevelopmentsincomputertechnologyOutliershasmetwithextraordinarysucess,matchedonlybyGladwell'sowncareerforyearsinjournalismAsaresult,manyciticshaveseenitasanautobiography,inwhichthewriterappearstobeapologizingforhisownpersonalachievementsButtheidesthatyouhavetobebornattherightmoment,intherightplaceandintherightfamily,andthenyouhavetoworkreallyhardisathoughtprovokingwayofrevisitingourtraditionalviewofgeniusandgreatachievementIt'scertainlyworthreading,aslongasyoudon'ttakeittooseriouslyListeninginP:Hi,wearetalkingabouttypicalworkinghoursintheUSandinBrazilEricumyou'refromtheStates,tellmewhatarethetypicalworkinghoursintheStatesE:Ertraditionallypeoplegotoworkato'clockinthemorningandtheyfinishatabout,sosortofatoP:And,andPennyIIknowyou'reEnglishbutyouworkinBrazil,whatarethehoursinBrazilPenny:Umvariesslightly,sometimesyoucanstartumonanearlyshift,say,o'clockinthemorningtoumoruntilButinBraziloftenpeoplewillworklongerhoursthanthisP:Right,rightokAndwhatkindofclothesdoyouwearImeandoyoudressupformallyorinarelaxedwayE:ItusedtobethatyouwouldwearajacketandtietoworkforformenbuternowadaysanopenshirtisokYoudon'tnecessarilyhavetowearatieandsometimesonaFridayyoucanwearapairofjeanstoworkP:Oh,rightthedressdownFridayE:ThedressdownFridaythat'srightP:DoesthatstillhappenE:Yes,yessureitdoesP:AndhowaboutinBrazilPenny:Um,it'sfairlycasual,quiteinformal,umImeanyouneedtolookneatandtidyobviously,butyou,youhaveyourownchoicerelyonwhatyouwouldwear,therearenorulesandregulationsIt'simportanttolooksmartbutcomfortableP:Right,yeahdoyouhavemealbreaksoristhatyoujustfitinmealswhenyoucanorE:Lunch,lunchisusuallyanhoursometimesalittleshorterifyouhavetodoalotofworkfromyourdeskP:Yeah,howaboutBrazilPenny:That'sthesame,aboutanhourP:And,andwithovertime,Imean,ifyouImeanyou'reobviouslycontractedtodoacertainnumberofhoursWhathappensifyoudomorethanthehoursthatyouthat'sinyouthatareinyourcontractE:IhavetomakeafairlyumstrictrecordofmyhourssoifIgobeyondo'clockonmostdaysIputinforovertimeP:RightE:Andit'sthefirsthourisoneofovertimeandthenthere'sIthinkminuteperiodsafterthatSoIcouldworkanhourandaquarterP:Andyou'dbepaidforthequarterhoursE:That'sright,bythequarterhourP:HowaboutinBrazilPenny:It's,it'salotlooserinBrazilactuallyWeweoftenendupdoingovertimebutunfortunatelynotpaidP:FineThat'shardluckAndwhataboutholidays,whataboutintheStatesYoudon'thavemuchholidaysintheStatesdoyouE:NoWhenyoustartatacompanyyougettwoweeksholidayortwoweeksvacationaswesayP:YeahE:Umthenit'susuallynotuntilyou'vebeenatthecompanyforaboutfiveearsthattheygiveyouanotherweekSoyougetthreeweeksafteryou'vebeenthereforfiveyearsP:AndwhataboutinBrazilPenny:Umit'squitegoodactuallydaysP:SoundsverygenerousPenny:YeahIcanpopbackto继续阅读

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新标准大学英语视听说4课本原文

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