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首页 中考英语 简单句的五种基本句型讲解及练习题

中考英语 简单句的五种基本句型讲解及练习题.doc

中考英语 简单句的五种基本句型讲解及练习题

衣小冬
2019-03-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中考英语 简单句的五种基本句型讲解及练习题doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

简单句的五种基本句型讲解及练习题一、句子成份英语句子成分有主语,谓语,宾语,宾语补足语,表语,定语,状语等。顺序一般是主语,谓语,宾语,宾语补足语,而表语,定语,状语的位置要根据情况而定。、主语:表示句子主要说明的人或事物,一般位于句首。但在therebe结构、疑问句(当主语不疑问词时)和倒装句中,主语位于谓语、助动词或情态动词后面。主语可由名词、代词、数词、不定式、动名词、名词化的形容词和主语从句等表示。例如:Countrymusichasbecomemoreandmorepopular(名词)WeoftenspeakEnglishinclass(代词)Onethirdofthestudentsinthisclassaregirls(数词)Toswimintheriverisagreatpleasure(不定式)Smokingdoesharmtothehealth(动名词)Therichshouldhelpthepoor(名词化的形容词)WhenwearegoingtohaveanEnglishtesthasnotbeendecided(主语从句)Itisnecessarytomasteraforeignlanguage(it作形式主语,真正的主语为后面的不定式)、谓语:谓语说明主语的动作,状态或特征。可以有不同的时态,语态和语气。)简单谓语:Westudyforthepeople)复合谓语:IcanspeakalittleEnglishWearereadingbooksHehasgonetoBeijing、表语:它位于系动词(比如be)之后,说明主语身份,特征,属性或状态。MysisterisanurseIsityours(代词)Theweatherhasturnedcold(形容词)Thespeechisexciting(分词)Threetimessevenistwentyone(数词)HisjobistoteachEnglish(不定式)Hishobby(爱好)isplayingfootball(动名词)Therulermustbeinyourbox(介词短语)TimeisupTheclassisover(副词)Thetruthisthathehasneverbeenabroad(表语从句)、宾语:宾语表示动作行为的对象,跟在及物动词之后,WelikeEnglishHowmanydictionariesdoyouhaveIhavefive(数词)Theyhelpedtheoldwiththeirhouseworkyesterday(名词化形容词)Itbegantorain(不定式短语)Ienjoylisteningtopopularmusic(动名词短语)Ithink(that)heisfitforhisoffice(宾语从句)有些及物动词可以带两个宾语,往往一个指人,一个指物,指人的叫间接宾语,指物的叫直接宾语。Hegavemesomeink有些及物动词的宾语后面还需要有一个补足语,意思才完整,宾语和它的补足语构成复合宾语。如:Wemakehimourmonitor(班长)、宾补:就是宾语补足语,就是补充说明宾语的IseeyoucrossingthestreetHisfathernamedhimDongming(名词)Theypainted(涂漆)theirboatwhite(形容词)Letthefresh(新鲜的)airin(副词)Youmustn’tforcehimtolendhismoneytoyou(不定式短语)Wesawherenteringtheroom(现在分词)Wefoundeverythinginthelabingoodorder(介词短语)、定语:在句中修饰名词或代词的成分叫定语。Heisanewstudent但副词,动词不定式,介词短语等作定语时,则放在被修饰的词之后。ThebikeintheroomoverthereismineGuilinisabeautifulcity(形容词)Chinaisadeveloping(发展中)countryAmericaisadeveloped(发达)country(分词)Therearethirtywomenteachersisourschool(名词)Hisprogress(进步)inEnglishmadeussurprised(代词)Ourmonitor(班长)isalwaysthefirsttoentertheclassroom(不定式短语)Heisreadinganarticle(文章)abouthowtolearnEnglish(介词短语)、状语:修饰动词,形容词,副词以及全句的句子成分,叫做状语。状语一般放在被修饰的词之后或放在句尾。副词作状语时可放在被修饰的词前或句首。HelivesinLondonLighttravelsmostquickly(副词及副词性词组)Hehaslivedinthecityfortenyears(介词短语)Heissorrytotrouble(麻烦)you(不定式短语)Heisintheroommakingamodelplane(分词短语)Once(一旦youbegin,youmustcontinue(状语从句)状语种类如下:Howaboutmeetingagainatsix(时间状语)Lastnightshedidn’tgotothedancepartybecauseoftherain(原因状语)Ishallgothereifitdoesn’train(条件状语)MrSmithlivesonthethirdfloor(地点状语)Sheputtheeggsintothebasketwithgreatcare(方式状语)Shecameinwithadictionaryinherhand(伴随状语)Inordertocatchupwiththeothers,Imustworkharder(目的状语)Hewassotiredthathefellasleepimmediately(结果状语)Sheworksveryhardthoughsheisold(让步状语)Iamtallerthanheis(比较状语)一、指出下列句子划线部分是什么句子成分:ThestudentsgotontheschoolbusHehandedmethenewspaperIshallansweryourquestionafterclassHisjobistotrainswimmersHetookmanyphotosofthepalacesinBeijingHiswishistobecomeascientistHewantstofinishtheworkintimeTomcametoaskmeforadvice(建议)HefounditimportanttomasterEnglishDoyouhaveanythingelsetosayWouldyoupleasetellmeyouraddressHesatthere,readinganewspaperItisourdutytokeepourclassroomcleanandtidyHenoticed(注意到)amanentertheroomTheapplestastedsweet简单句的五种基本句型英语句子看上去纷繁庞杂,但仔细观察不外乎五个基本句式。这五个基本句式可以演变出多种复杂的英语句子。换言之,绝大多数英语句子都是由这五个基本句式生成的。这五个基本句式如下:S十V主谓结构主语不及物动词S十V十P主系表结构主语连系动词表语S十V十O主谓宾结构主语及物动词宾语S十V十O十O主谓双宾结构S十V十O十C主谓宾补结构判断类型和句子成分:ShecameShelikesEnglishSheishappyTheteacheraskedmetoreadthepassageSheboughtabookformeShegaveJohnabookMyheadachesShemakeshermotherangryThesunwasshiningThemoonroseTheytalkedforhalfanhour他们谈了半个小时。Thedinnersmellsgood午餐的气味很好。Everythinglooksdifferent一切看来都不同了。Heisgrowingtallandstrong他长得又高又壮。Hisfaceturnedred他的脸红了。Whoknowstheanswer谁知道答案Heenjoysreading他喜欢看书。Iwanttohaveacupoftea我想喝杯茶。HeboughtyouadictionarySheorderedherselfanewdress她给自己定了一套新衣裳。Shecookedherhusbandadeliciousmeal她给丈夫煮了一餐美馔。IshowedhimmypicturesIgavemycarawash我洗了我的汽车。Heshowedmehowtorunthemachine他教我开机器。Whatmakeshimthinkso他怎么会这样想ThechildrenareplayinghappilyTheGreensenjoylivinginChinaHebecameafamousdoctor他成为了一名著名的医生。Theapplepietastesreallydelicious苹果派吃起来真是好吃。基本句型一:S十V主谓结构这种句型中的动词大多是不及物动词:appear,apologize,arrive,come,die,disappear,fall,happen,rise,)学生们学习很努力。基本句型二:S十V十P主系表结构常见的系动词有:be(是)get(变得),become(成为),turn(变得),look(看起来),feel(感到),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来),sound(听起来),seem(似乎)A表示状态的连系动词。这些词有:be,look,seem,appear,smell,taste,sound,keep,remain,等等。)Weshouldanytime我们在任何时候都应该保持安静。)这种食物尝起来很糟糕。B表示转变或结果的系动词。这些词有:become,get,grow,turn,go,come,prove,等等。如:)SpringcomesItis春天到了,天气变得越来越暖和。)Don'thavethefood不要吃那种食物,它已经变质了。基本句型三:S十V十O主谓宾结构)我昨天看了一部电影。)Theyhaveofthechildren这些孩子他们照看得很好。基本句型四:S十V十间接宾语“人”十直接宾语“物”结构间接宾语前需要加to的常用动词有:bring,give,hand,lend,offer,pass,pay,read,sell,send,show,teach,tellwish,write等。间接宾语前需要加for的常用动词有:buy,choose,make,order,paint,play(演奏),sing,等。)Yesterdayherfatherasabirthdaypresent昨天她父亲给她买了一辆自行车作为生日礼物。)TheoldmanintheLongMarch(正在给孩子们讲故事)这种句型还可转换为:动词直接宾语fortosb)Pleaseshowmeyourpicture==Please请把你的画给我看一下。Ithesalt=Ithesalt我把书递给他。基本句型五:S十V十O十C主谓宾补结构此句型的句子的共同特点是:动词虽然是及物动词,但是只跟一个宾语还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补充成分来补足宾语。call(叫),choose(选),find(发现),make,name,(命名))Keep,please请让孩子们安静下来。)Theypainted他们把门漆成绿色。Wemust我们必须保持我们的学校洁。Heaskedmesoon他要我早点回来。)我们发现他是一个懒惰的人。注意:动词have,make,let,see,hear,notice,feel,watch等后面所接的动词不定式作宾补时,不带to。如:)Thebossallday(迫使他劳动)Wesaw(他出去)。考点突破训练、IamsorrytohavekeptyouAtowaitBwaitCwaitedDwaiting、IfeltsomebodymeAtouchBtouchedCtotouchDtouches、HetaughtmespeakEnglishAhowshouldBhowChowcanIDhowto、IshallmakeyourdreamAcomingtrulyBcometrueCtocometrueDcomestrue、HetoldhomeAusnottogoBwenotgoCusnotgoDustonotgo、IthinkagoodhabittogetupearlyAthisBitCthatDits、RosesinbloomsmellAsweetenBsweetlyCsweetDsweetness()TheweatherAwetandcoldBiswetandcoldCnotwetandcoldDwerewetandcold()TheappletastedAsweetsBsweetlyCnicelyDsweet()HegotupyesterdaymorningAlatelyBlateClatestDlatter()wereallverytired,butnoneofwouldstoptotakearestAWe,usBUs,weCWe,ourDWe,we()Ithinknecessary(必要的)tolearnEnglishwellAitsBitCthatDthatis()Thedogmad(疯的)AlooksBislookedCisbeinglookedDwaslooked判断下列句子是简单句、并列句还是复合句:WeoftenstudyChinesehistoryonFridayafternoonTheboywhoofferedmehisseatiscalledTomThereisachairinthisroom,isn’tthereMybrotherandIgotoschoolathalfpastseveninthemorningandcomebackhomeatsevenintheeveningHeisinClassOneandIaminClassTwoHewasfondofdrawingwhenhewasyetachildNeitherhashechangedhismind,norwillhedosoWhathesaidatthemeetingisveryimportant,isn’titThefarmerisshowingtheboyhowtoplantatreeBothTomandJackenjoycountrymusic

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中考英语 简单句的五种基本句型讲解及练习题

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