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首页 [Word]英语音标及重音规则

[Word]英语音标及重音规则.doc

[Word]英语音标及重音规则

唐天伦
2017-09-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[Word]英语音标及重音规则doc》,可适用于娱乐时尚领域

Word英语音标及重音规则英语音标及重音规则关于语音的几个概念)字母:语言的书写形式。元音字母a,e,i(y),o,u,)音标:词的语音形式。)音素:音的最小的单位。英语中有音素。)音节:由元音和辅音构成的发音单位。ap'ple,stu'dent,tea'cher,un'der'stand)元音:发音响亮是乐音口腔中气流不收阻碍是构成音节的主要音。英语中有元音。)辅音:发音不响亮是噪音口腔中气流受到阻碍不是构成音节的主要音。英语中有辅音。)开音节:a)辅音元音辅音enamebikehomedueb)辅音元音he,go,hi)闭音节:a)辅音元音辅音bad,bed,sit,hot,cupb)元音辅音it)重读音节:单词中发音特别响亮的音节。元音:(注意:下面空方括号是电脑无法输入的音标))i:sea,he,see,piece,ceiling)isit,build,miss,myth)ebed,desk,head,)bad,land,bank,stamp)a:car,fast,class,plant,calm,aunt)hot,want)door,more,sport,ball,warm,author,court,bought,caught)u:good,who,blue,soup,)ulook,put,women,could)cup,come,blood,rough)girl,work,serve,nurse)cadre,ago,forget,polite,dollar,doctor,famous,Saturday)eicake,they,play,eight,great,)aibike,die,neither,light,try,find,height,eye)phone,cold,boat,soul,grow)auhouse,town)boy,oil)dear,idea,deer,here,fierce,)pear,care,there,fair)tour,poor,容易混淆的元音)ebedbadmen,manpen,panlendland)i:eirealrailgreet,greatmean,mainreadraid)eAIbetbiteredwritesaidside,head,hide)auhousehorseloudlordsouthsaucenownorcountcorncloudclause)aufoundfondgowngonedowndon辅音)ppen,)bbed,comb)ttell,)d,day,played,wanted)kcold,sky,quick,school,back,accept,box)gbig,go,guess,language)mman)nnine,knife,autumn)bank,uncle,English,sing,)lland,world)rread,write,)ffive,cough,laugh)vvoice,of)think,)this,bathe)ssit,miss,science,case,scarf)zzoo,close,)sure,she,social,nation)pleasure,)hhot,who,hour)wwall,what,answer)jyes)child,teach,catch)joke,bridge,)tsboats)dzgoods)trtree)drdream容易混淆的辅音)vwvetwetvestwestvinewineverywell)ssinkthinksortthoughtmissmythmassmath)zclosingclothingbreezebreathebaysbathes)nthinthingsinsingbanbangwinwingranrang读音规则)重读音节(见元音和辅音的例句))非重读音节banana,student,today,after,iorange,secret,evening,very,Monday特殊读音)音的连读:前面的词以元辅音结尾后面的单词以元音开头这样结尾的辅音要和开头的元音连读。例如:notatall,halfanhour,Iloveyouandallafterall)失去爆破:辅音爆破音或摩擦音后面跟的是爆破音、破擦音和摩擦等前面的辅音要失去爆破。例如:goodgirl,goodstudent,goodjob,expression,school,extreme)音的同化:两个特殊的音碰到一起会发出变异成特殊的音。例如:WouldyoudoitIamgladtomeetyouCan'tyouseeitlastyear,thisyear,重音)单词重音A)双音节词a)一般在第一个音节重读。letter,sorryb)有a,be,de,re,res,in,im,en,em,es,ex,con,com,dis,mis,pre,per,pro,trans等前缀的词第二个音节是重音。a'bout,be'lieve,ad'dress,de'cide,re'port,con'demn,res'pect,com'pare,in'form,dis'cuss,im'press,mis'take,en'force,pre'pare,em'ploy,per'mit,es'cape,pro'duce,ex'claim,trans'latec)有de,in,re,con,pre等前缀的重音与词义和词类有关,一般名词的重音在第一个音节上其它的词性在第二个音节上。'record,re'cord'insult,in'sult'conduct,con'duct'presentpre'sent'content,con'tentd)有些复合词和带有前缀re,ex,un,pre,post,等的词有两个重音。'out'side,'re'tell,'well'known,'un'real,'fif'teen,'Chi'nese,'pre'war,'post'warB)多音节词a)一般倒数第三个音节是重音。'difficult,'communist,'family,e'conomy,oppor'tunity,de'mocracyb)有一些双音节词加了前缀和后缀成了多音节但这些词按原来词根的重音读音。'carefully,in'definite,'comfortable,con'ductor,ac'cording,dis'turbance,'complicated,es'tablishment,c)词尾有eous,grahpy,ial,ian,ic,ics,ience,ient,ify,ion,ious,ity,ive后缀的词重音在这些后缀的前一个音节上。cour'teous,cal'ligraphy,edi'torial,his'torian,peri'odic,mathe'matics,ex'perience,suf'ficient,i'dentify,trans'lation,re'ligious,curi'osity,pro'tectived)词尾有ain,ee,eer,ese,ette后缀的词重音在该后缀上而且有一个次重音。enter'tain,emplo'yee,mountai'neer,Japa'nese,ciga'rette)句子重音A)英语的节奏:(轻)轻重轻(轻)或重轻(轻)(轻)重B)英语句子的长短:是由句子中的重读词的数目决定的而不是象汉语那样由句子中的汉字数目决定的。C)实词重读(副词重读)虚词轻读(冠词单音节介词单音节连词人称代词反代词物主代词关系代词相互代词助动词情态动词和系动词beD)实词不重读的特殊情况a)实词第二次出现Hethinksofthatasachildthinksb)一个名词被第二个名词修饰Imetherintherailwaystationc)代替词WhichbookdoyouwantThesmalloned)感叹词中的what和howWhatagooddayitis!Howbeautifulsheis!e)street在专有名词中WangfujingStreetf)this在这些短语中thismorningafternooneveningE)虚词重读的特殊情况a)情态动词助动词和系动词be在句首句尾和否定时。DoyoulikeitYes,IdoAreyouadoctorYes,IamCanyouhelpmeYes,IcanIdon'tlikeyouHeisn'taworkerb)情态动词表示可能惊奇和肯定时。TheymaycomethiseveningCanitbefivealreadyHemustbeintheroomc)介词在句首和句尾。Inthebox,hefoundaletterHeisthepersonItalkedwithd)引导复合句的连词在句首。Ifyouwish,I'llvisityouWhenhecomes,I'lltellhime)反身代词表示强调。Hecouldn'tcomehimself

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