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首页 大学英语六级阅读提高篇05

大学英语六级阅读提高篇05.doc

大学英语六级阅读提高篇05

小熙的秘密大姑娘
2019-06-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《大学英语六级阅读提高篇05doc》,可适用于综合领域

PassageFive(KillingintheNameofGodUgandanDeathsSpotlightRiseofCults)HowcouldfaithbegetsuchevilAfterhundredsofmembersofaUgandancult,theMovementfortheRestorationoftheTenCommandmentsofGod,diedinwhatfirstappearedtobeasuicidalfireinthevillageofKanungutwoweeksage,policefoundbodiesburiedinacompoundusedbythecultinBuhunga,milesawayWheninvestigatorssearchedthehouseofacultleaderinyetanothervillage,theydiscoveredbodies,manyburiedundertheconcretefloorofthehouseThenscoresmoreweredugupatacultmember’shomeSomehadbeenpoisonedothers,oftenyoungchildren,strangledByweek’send,Ugandanpolicehadcountedvictims–includingatleastwhoburnedtodeathinsidethesealedchurch–exceedingtheJonestownmasssuicideandkillingsbyfollowersofAmericancultleaderJimJonesthatclaimedlivesAuthoritiesbelievetwoofthecult’sleaders,JosephKibwetere,ayearoldformerRomanCatholiccatechismteacherwhostartedthecultin,andhis“prophetess,”CredoniaMwerinde,bysomeaccountsaformerprostitutewhoclaimedtospeakfortheVirginMary,maystillbealiveandontherunThepairhadpredictedtheworldwouldendonDec,Whenthatdidn’thappen,followerswhodemandedthereturnoftheirpossessions,whichtheyhadtosurrenderonjoiningthecult,mayhavebeensystematicallykilledTheUgandancarnagefocusesattentionontheproliferationofreligiouscultsinEastAfrica’simpoverishedruralareasandcityslumsAccordingtotheinstituteforthestudyofAmericanreligion,whichresearchescultsandsects,therearenowmorethan,indigenouschurchesinAfrica,somewithapocalypticorrevolutionaryleaningsOnesuchgroupistheJerusalemChurchofChristinNairobi’sKawangwaraslums,ledbyMarySnaidaAkatsa,or“mommy”assheisknowntoherthousandsoffollowersSheprophesiesabouttheendoftheworldandaccusessomemembersofbeingwitchesOnedaythebroughta“specialvisitor”tochurch,anIndianSikhmansheclaimedwasJesus,andtoldherfollowersto“repentorpaytheconsequences”MostexpertssayAfrica’shardshipspushpeopletoseekhopeinreligiouscults“Thesegroupsthrivebecauseofpoverty,”saysCharlesOnyangoObbo,editoroftheMonitor,anindependentnewspaperinUganda,andacloseobserverofcults“Peoplehavenosupport,andthey’resusceptibletoanyonewhoisabletotapintotheirinsecurity”Additionally,theysay,AIDS,whichhasravagedEastAfrica,mayalsobreedafatalismthathelpsapocalypticnotionstakerootSomeAfricansturntocultsafterrejectingmainstreamChristianchurchesas“Western”or“nonAfrican”AgnesMasitsa,,whousedtoattendaCatholicchurchbeforeshejoinedtheJerusalemChurchofChrist,saysofCatholicism:“It’sdull”CatholiciconsYet,theUgandandoomsdaycult,likemanyofthesects,drewonfeaturesofRomanCatholicism,astrongforceintheregionCatholiciconswereprominentinitsbuildings,andsomeofitsleadersweredefrockedpriests,suchasDominicKataribabo,,whoreportedlystudiedtheologyintheLosAngelesareainthemidsHehadtoldneighborshewasdiggingapitinhishousetoinstallarefrigeratorpolicehavenowrecoveredbodiesfromunderthefloorandfromafieldnearbyPoliceareunsurewhetherKataribabodiedinthechurchfireStill,thereisthequestion:HowcouldsomanykillingshavebeencarriedoutwithoutdrawingattentionVillagerswereawareofKibwetere’ssect,whosefollowerscommunicatedmainlythroughsignlanguageandapparentlywereapprehensiveaboutviolatinganyofthecult’scommandmentsThereweresuspicionsUgandanpresidentYoweriMsevenitoldtheBBCthatintelligencereportsaboutthedangerousnatureofthegrouphadbeensuppressedbysomegovernmentofficialsOnThursday,policearrestedanassistantdistrictcommissioner,theRevAmootiMutazindwa,forallegedlyholdingbackareportsuggestingthecultposedasecuritythreatNow,therearecallsforAfricangovernmentstomonitorcultsmorecloselySaysGilbertOgutu,aprofessorofreligiousstudiesattheUniversityofNairobi:“Whencultleaderslosesupport,theybecomedangerous”WhydidsomayUgandansdieinfaithAManyofthemwerekilledforaskingforthereturnoftheirpossessionsBTheyfoundthecult’sleadershadcheatedthemCTheylostfaithincultsDTheyarewillingtodieThemainreasonofpeople’sjoiningthecultsisApovertyBinsecurityCAIDSDfatalismWhatdoesMarySnaideAkatsaprophesyASheprophesiestheworldwillbefloodedBSheprophesiestheworldwillbeinfireCSheprophesiesabouttheendoftheworldDSheprophesieshefollowersshoulddieinfaithWhydosomeAfricansrejectChristianChurchesATheyfeelChristianityisdullBTheyrejectChristianChurchesasWesternornonAfricanCTheyaresusceptibleDTheyaredangerouspersonsHowcouldsomanykillinghavebeencarriedoutwithoutdrawingattentionAThecultactedsecretlyBThegovernmentofficialsdidnotseethroughitsdangerousnatureCTherewerenopreventivemeasuresDPeoplewerefrightenedVocabularybeget产生,引起,招致cult祭礼,狂烈的崇拜(者),迷信,邪教compound院子,场地strangle扼死,闷死carnage残杀,大屠杀,成堆的尸体catechism教理问答prophet预言者,先知ontherun在逃proliferation扩散,繁殖indigenous本土的,土生土张的apocalypse(基督教)启事(录)《圣经新约》besusceptible易受人影响ravage蹂躏,劫掠fatalism宿命论apocalyptic预警的icon(东正教)圣像doomsday世界末日Jerusalem耶路撒冷,喻:天堂Kenya肯尼亚Nairobi内罗毕,肯尼亚首都mommy嬷嬷=motherrepent忏悔Sikh锡克教(信徒)defrock免去…圣职的。这里指:免去圣职的牧师sect宗教小组pose提问难句译注…theMovementfortherestorationoftheTenCommandmentsofGod…【结构简析】Tencommandments十戒,是圣经中上帝再西奈山上给予摩西(犹太人的古代领袖)十大行为的神圣准则:a)havenoothergodb)Donotmakeorwarshipidolsc)Donottakethewordofthelordinvaind)KeeptheSabbathholye)Honorone’sfatherandmotherf)Donotkillg)Donotcommitadulteryh)Donotsteali)Donotgivefalseevidencej)Donotcovetanother’spropertyorwife这十戒为犹太教、基督教的教条。【参考译文】这是乌干达回复上帝十戒运动头目以上帝的名义在年屠杀了名信徒。theJonestownmasssuicideandkillingsbyfollowersofAmericancultleaderJimJonesthatclaimedlives这是指美国的一个邪教组织――人民圣殿教。年月日教徒在教主JimJones的蒙骗或胁迫下在圭亚那集体自杀或扼杀(或强制和下KoolAid)或遭袭击而死。人数高达。此后Jones一词意为残忍的人。杀人的地点就成为Jonestown。theyaresusceptibletoanyonewhoisabletotapintotheirinsecurity【参考译文】他们易受任何人的影响,这些人能利用他们不安的情绪。drewonfeaturesofRomanCatholicism【参考译文】利用罗马天主教义等特点。写作方法与文章大意文章以因果写作方法,先提出各种邪教残害的人数,然后一一点出邪教兴起的原因:人民贫穷、艾滋病之猖獗,为宿命论提供了温床。加上邪教头目种种欺骗手段:如世界末日来临利用一些正教教义或以基督、圣母玛利亚的身份出现控制、麻木信徒,一旦欺骗手段暴露信徒就惨遭杀害。答案详解A许多人由于要归还他们的财产而遭到杀害。答案见第二段倒数第二句,这一对邪教领袖曾预言世界将于年月日借宿――世界末日来临。结果并没有发生,追随者就要求归还他们在入教时献上的一切,而遭到有计划有步骤地杀害。B他们发现邪教头目欺骗他们。这只是起因之一,如果发现后不吭声也许不会遭劫。C他们对邪教失去了信任。D他们愿意去死。A贫穷。主要原因就是穷。答案见第四段。许多专家认为非洲之艰苦生活促使人民在邪教中寻找希望。这些邪教群体之兴起就是因为贫穷。人民没有支柱、保障,很容易受影响。任何人都可利用他们不安的情绪。其次艾滋病在东非之猖獗,培育出宿命论观点,从而帮助预示可怕事情即将来临的思想扎根于心灵。B不安全。C艾滋病。D宿命论。C她预言世界末日。A她预言世界将遭水淹。B她预言世界将烧光。D她预言她的追随者将死于信仰。B他们把基督教会视为西方的或非非洲的而拒之门外。见第五段:有些非洲人在把基督教会视作西方的或非非洲的而拒之门外后皈依邪教。A认为基督教非常沉闷单调。C他们易受影响。D他们是一伙危险人物。A邪教行动神秘。例:第一段中描述的好几百乌干达邪教组织成员死于初看好像是自杀性的火焰之中(自焚),在一个场院诱发现了具尸体,在搜查邪教头目的房子中又发现了具尸体,许多埋于房子的混凝土地板下面,还有好几十具从邪教成员家中挖出,其中有些人被毒死。其他,特别是孩子都是扼杀(窒息而死)。共计人,至少有人烧死在封闭的教堂里。倒数第三段,乌干达世界末日邪教一个头目――免去圣职的牧师,据说年代中他研究神学,他告诉邻居他在家挖一个地窖放冰箱。现在警察发现地板下具尸体,附近一场地具尸体。上述两例都是神秘杀害,至于要归还财产之人更遭神秘杀害了。B政府官员没有看出邪教的危险性(原因之一)。C没有防范措施。D人民害怕。

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