下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 文献综述 模板

文献综述 模板.doc

文献综述 模板

黄不骄
2017-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《文献综述 模板doc》,可适用于职业岗位领域

OntheThemeofStruggleforSurvivalinSisterCarrie论《嘉莉妹妹》中挣扎生存的主题LiteratureReview级班Abstract:SisterCarrieisthefirstworkofTheodoreDreiser,whoisawellknownththnovelistinAmericanliteratureinthetransitionalperiodbetweentheandthecenturyThisnoveltellsushowacountrygirlCarriebecomesafamousstarinBroadwayfromasmallpotatoatthebottomofthesociety(ManypeoplehavemadecommentsonthenovelXiRong’spaperputsSisterCarrieintothecontextofAmericaconsumercultureattheturnofthethcenturyandfocusesontheaspectofculturecriticismtoexplorethewriter’smentalityinthenewconsumingideologyPanXinhuathinksthatSisterCarrieisagoodexampleofnaturalismWangRongpointsoutthatDreiseruseslargenumbersofsymbolismtoportraycharactersandexpressthethemeOnonehand,thecommentsofthescholarshavemademeunderstandthenovelbetterontheotherhand,theyhaveofferedgreathelpformypaperThen,thetitleofmypaperisonthethemeofstruggleforsurvivalinSisterCarrie摘要:《嘉莉妹妹》是十九世纪末二十世纪初美国杰出作家西奥多德莱塞的处女作。小说讲述的是农村少女嘉莉如何从社会底层的无名人士成为百老汇超级巨星的过程。许多人对该作品作了评论。席容把《嘉莉妹妹》放到十九世纪末二十世纪初美国的消费文化语境中来研究~以德莱塞和当时社会主流意识形态的关系为切入点~从文化批评角度来探讨和分析作者在作品中所描绘的生动场景。潘新华认为《嘉莉妹妹》就是其自然主义特征的一个范本。王蓉指出在这篇小说中德莱塞大量应用了象征修辞手法来刻画人物和表达主题。这些学者对这部小说的评论~一方面使我对这部小说有了更好的认识,另一方面~这些评论对我的论文有了很大帮助。我从他们的观点中提出了论文题目:《嘉莉妹妹》中在挣扎中生存的主题。SisterCarrieisthemostoutstandingnovelwrittenbyTheodoreDreiser(),oneofthegreatestwritersinthehistoryofAmericanliteratureItisalsooneofthegreatachievementsinAmericanliterature,andarousedathousandripplesinAmericancriticsimmediatelylikeastonetossedinwaterItisanimportantworksinAmericanliteraryhistoryThisnoveltellsushowacountrygirlCarriebecomesafamousstarinBroadwayfromasmallpotatoatthebottomofthesociety(InthenovelDreiserdescribesthelivingconditionsandemotionchangesofCarrieveryvividlyAlthoughthenovelhasbeenpublishedforalongtime,SisterCarriedoesnotloseitsgreatsignificanceManyscholarshavegivencommentsonTheodoreDreiser’sSisterCarrieEachofthemhastheirownviewsMostofthemanalyzethenovelfromdifferentkindsofaspectssuchasnaturalism,socialvalues,feminism,symbolism,consumerattitudesandsoon,whichgivemeagreathelptoresearchandcompletemypaperPanXinhuamakessomeresearchesonSisterCarrie,hispaperisentitledAnAnalysisandAppreciationofNaturalismonDreiser’sSisterCarrieAsanoutstandingrepresentativefigureoftheAmericannaturalistliterature,TheodoreDreisercreatesaneweraoftheAmericanliteraturebywritingitinnaturaliststyleDreiserregardsobjectivityandrealityasthebestcreativerule,givesprominencetolivingconsciousnessanddesireinstinctandemphasizesthedecisiveroleoftheenvironmentPanXinhua’spaperhasananalysisandappreciationofnaturalismonSisterCarrieHehasresearchedthenovelfromthreeaspectsFirst,hethinksthatSisterCarrierepresentsobjectivityandrealityofnaturalismbothinDreiser’sseriousattitudetowardslifeandaccuratedescriptionoflifeDreiserhasshownusanonmoralworldbyalargenumberofvividdescriptionBydescribingCarrie’slifeexperience,Dreisershowsacruel,brutalcapitalistsocietyattheendofthethcenturySecond,PanXinhuastatesthatDreiserhasaprofoundrespectforDarwinismDreiserregardsthecommunityasthejungle,andconsiderpeopleinsocietyasanimalsinthejungleHedescribesdifferentfatesofdifferentpeopledrivenbydesirevividlyWecanseeastronginstinctofpleasure,thedesireforobjectsfromtheheroandheroineThird,PanXinhuathinksthatDreiseremphasizesthedecisiveroleoftheenvironmentEnvironmenthasforcedCarrietopursuemoney,enjoymentandsuccessstepbystepPanXinhuasaysthatallthoserevealthenaturalisminSisterCarrieFromPanXinhua’sview,welearnthatSisterCarrieisaverysuccessfulnovelintheAmericannaturalistliteratureIn“OntheTechniqueofSymbolisminSisterCarrie”,WangRongpointsoutthatsymbolismisoneofthecharacteristicsofwritinginthenovelByanalyzingsymbolisminSisterCarrie,WangRongwantstoshowtheinfluenceofsymbolisminmappingreality,portrayingcharactersandtheenvironmentandrevealingthethemeWangRongresearchesthenovelfromfiveaspectsofsymbolism,namelymoney,clothes,newspapers,theatersandwindowsWangRongfindsoutthatmoneyplaysadecisiveroleinthenovelandhasitsspecialsignificanceforeachcharacterMoneyisasymbolofsocialstatusandidentity,whichwouldbereflectedvividlyfromCarrie’schangeableexperienceofprocessingmoneyAtthesametime,moneystandsfortheindifferentrelationshipofexchangingbetweenthefiguresinthenovelWangRongareimportantforbothmenandwomenthinksthatclothesTheysymbolizeaperson’ssocialclass,economicstatusandrearingbehaviorItseemsthatpeopleareabletounderstandthestatusofapersononlythroughtheperson’sclothesShestatesthatnewspaperisasymbolofthingsthathashappenedinthepastPeoplereadnewspapersarenolongerlookingforwardtothefutureorlookingforwardtorisingtothetopofthecommunityInherview,theaterisafrequentsymbolinthenovelTheateristhehighestformofentertainmentbeforefilmscomeintobeingActorsrepresenttheaudiences’normallifethroughtheuseofthestage,sotheaterisaplaceforpeopletorelaxButforCarrie,theaterrepresentsthedesireofherperformances,aswellasherultimatecareerWangRongthinksthatasasymbol,windowisawatershedwhichdividestheimaginaryworldandtherealworldWangRong’sviewcanhelpusappreciatethenovelbetterandhaveanunderstandingofDreiser’suniquewritingskillsXiRonghascommentedonSisterCarrie,herthesisisentitledSisterCarrie:ANovelofAmericaConsumerCultureattheTurnofthethcenturyHerpaper,differentfromthetraditionalcriticism,putsSisterCarrieintothecontextofAmericaconsumercultureattheturnofthethcenturyandfocusesontheaspectofculturecriticismtoexplorethewriter’smentalityinthenewconsumingideologyXiRongthinksthatinthisculture,commodityisnotmerelythenecessityusedtosatisfyhuman’sbasicneed,itisalsothesymbolofstatusanddignityConsequently,peopleshouldobeytheirinstinct,asconsumerstheyshouldregardenjoymentastheirdutyandakindofundertakingInaword,consumercultureclaimssatisfaction,treasureandhedonism,andmakespeoplebelievethattheyhavelefttheheroicproducingsectorforthehedonicsectorforexpenditureXiRongstatesthatDreisershowshisdissatisfactionandcriticismonsocialsystembydisplayingvulgarityandmorallaxityHowever,heisnotadangerouscriticwhowantstostainhiscountryanditsideologySoinSisterCarrie,usingmassesofdetailsclothing,money,manners,andactualnewitems,DreisercreatesamosaicofexperienceofthetwocentralcharactersinaspecifictimeandplaceThroughCarrie’sdesire,wecansaysheisarepresentativeofthenewideology,anddevotesherselftoconsumerculturedeeplyFromXiRong,Dreiser’sdescriptionofCarrie’spursuitofgoodsandluxuryalsoreflectshisownopinionsonsocialideologyXiRongalsothinksthatconsumerculture,asasocialphenomenon,hasitsownprocessofrisinganddevelopingSuchsocialelementsaspolitics,economyandculturegreatlycontributetotheincreaseofconsumercultureConsequently,thechangeofsocialvaluecausedbyconsumercultureisinevitableInXiRong’sopinion,thedevelopmentofsocietyandchangeoftimescallsforanewideology,andDreiserisjusttheonewhoadvocatesthenewconsumingideologyHeshowshisdissatisfactionandcriticismonsocialsystembydisplayingvulgarityandmorallaxityHowever,heisnotadangerouscriticwhowantstostainhiscountryanditsideologyInfact,accordingtohisownphilosophyaboutmorality,Dreiser,insteadofoverturning,isgoingtobalancetheinternalcontradictions,andisalsogoingtopropagatetheadvancedideology,whichisaccordingwiththedevelopmentofeconomytoconsolidatethepoliticalinstitutioninideologyFromXiRong’sview,welearnconsumerattitudesinSisterCarrie,andalsolearntheAmericaConsumerCultureattheturnofthethcenturyHerideascanhelpusunderstandthenovelbetterIhavereadtheircommentsonthenovel,theyhavetheirownviewsBasedontheirviews,IfindmyownthemeofthisnovelAttheverybeginning,itishardtofindasuitabletitle,later,ImakethedecisionthatthetitleisonthethemeofstruggleforsurvivalinSisterCarrieThenImakefulluseofthematerialstocompletemypaperInmypaper,thereareseveralpartsincludingintroduction,abriefinformationaboutthenovel,thethemeofstruggleforsurvivalinSisterCarrie,inspirationandconclusionBasedonwhatIhavelearnedfromtheircomments,IoffermyownviewsonthenovelSo,inthepartofintroduction,Iwillanalyzethenovel’ssocialinfluenceItisanimportantnaturalistworksinAmericanliteraryhistoryTheninthepartofabriefinformationaboutthenovel,ImakeageneralintroductionofTheodoreDreiserandththesocialconditionatthattimeinAmericaInthelateofthecentury,withthedevelopmentofscienceandtechnology,UnitedStateswasexperiencingarapidsocialchangewhichwasthetransitionfromfreecapitalismtomonopolyYetthegrowthofbusinessandindustryalsowidenedthegulfbetweentherichandthepoorDreiseristhefirstwritertodescribepoorlifeatthattimeInthepartofthethemeofstruggleforsurvivalinSisterCarrie,IwillanalyzethereasonsandmethodsforCarrie’sstruggleInthepartofinspiration,IwillanalyzethelawofthesurvivalofthefittestandthealienationwhichisembodiedinthenovelInaword,IhavemadegreateffortstocompletethepaperTherefore,IamabletofinishitintimeIhavereadseveralliterarycommentsonSisterCarrieFromtheirviews,IlearnhowtoappreciateliteratureAsareader,onecanobservesomephenomenainthesocietyfromtheliteratureFurthermore,onecananalyzethecausesandresults,finallyonecanknowmoreaboutthebackgroundoftheworksBibliographyDreiser,TheodoreABookaboutMyselfNewYork:BontandLiveright,Dreiser,TheodoreSisterCarrieBeijing:TheCommercialPress,Lingeman,RichardTheodoreDreiser:AnAmericanJourneyNewYork:GPPutnam’sSons,Moers,EllenTwoDreisersNewYork:Viking,Pizer,DonaldCriticalEssaysonThoedoreDreiserBoston:GKHallandCo,Pizer,DonaldNewEssaysonSisterCarrieBeijing:BeijingUniversityPress,Pizer,DonaldSisterCarrie:AnAuthoritativeText,BackgroundandSources,CriticismNewYork:Norton,Pizer,DonaldTheodoreDreiser:ASelectionofUncollectedProseDetroit:WayneStateUniversityPress,潘新华德莱塞《嘉莉妹妹》的自然主义解读湖州师范学院学报~,,,席容《嘉莉妹妹》:一个十九世纪末二十世纪初美国消费文化的文本河南大学学报~,,,王蓉《嘉莉妹妹》中的象征艺术山西高等学校社会科学学报~,,,

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/10

文献综述 模板

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利