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首页 形容词、副词 一、考点聚焦 1、形容词、副词的作用与位置 形容词是用来

形容词、副词 一、考点聚焦 1、形容词、副词的作用与位置 形容词是用来.doc

形容词、副词 一、考点聚焦 1、形容词、副词的作用与位置 形容…

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2017-09-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《形容词、副词 一、考点聚焦 1、形容词、副词的作用与位置 形容词是用来doc》,可适用于职业岗位领域

一、考点聚焦、形容词、副词的作用与位置形容词是用来修饰名词的常被放在名词前作定语或放在系动词后面作表语。而副词则用来修饰形容词、动词其他副词或者句子一般位于形容词之前动词之后或句子之首。以下属几种特殊情况须牢记()形容词短语作定语定语后置。alanguagedifficulttomaster,aleaningtoweraboutfeethigh()表语形容词(、、、、、等)作定语定语后置。如afraidalikealoneasleepawakealiveamanali。有些表身体健康状况的形容词如、、只作表语。既可作表语又可作定语如作定语意vewellfaintillsickill为。“bad”()用作定语修饰由不定代词、、、和构成的复合词如、onenoanysomeeveryanythingsomething等时通常后置。如:Ihavesomethingimportanttotellyou()常用作疑问代词和不定代词的后置定语。else()、修饰名词前置或后置程度副词一般位于形容词、副词前面修饰形容词、enoughnearbyenough副词时必须后置。()几个副词并列作状语时其顺序较灵活但一般是:方式地点时间。如:WehadagoodtimetogetheroutdoorslastSunday()频度副词如、、等在动词后行为动词前。oftenalwaysusuallybe()副词作定语定语后置。如:Thepersonthereiswaitingforyou()几个并列的形容词作定语其语序通常为:限定语(、)描绘性形容词(大小)TheAsizesha(形状)(年龄、时间)(颜色)(国籍、来源)(材料)peagecolororiginmaterialpurpo(目的)名词。如:seaheavyblackChinesesteelumbrella,theman’sfirsttowinterestinglittleredFrenchoilpaitings()以结尾的词性辨析。ly下列单词以结尾但却是形容词而非副词:、、、、、、、lylivelylonelylovelydeadlyfriendlyuglysilly、、等。likelybrotherlytimely表愿意(无)和引申意有的副词:ly(ly)深宽广高位置低deepwidehighlow深入地广泛地高度地地位卑微deeplywidelyhighlylowly有无意义大不相同的副词:ly完全绝对deadbedeadasleep非常deadlybedeadlytired相当prettybeprettycertainthat…漂亮地prettilybeprettilydressedclose近Don’tsitcloseclosely密切地Watchclosely!late晚、迟arrivelate,comelatelately最近Ihaven’tseenhimlately(recently)、复合形容词的构成()形容词名词edkindhearted好心的whitehaired白发的()形容词形容词redhot炽热的darkblue深蓝的()形容词现在分词goodlooking好看的easygoing随和的()副词现在分词hardworking勤劳的fastmoving快速转动的()副词过去分词hardwon得来不易的newlymade新建的()名词形容词lifelong终生的worldfamous世界闻名的()名词现在分词peaceloving爱好和平的funloving爱开玩笑的()名词过去分词snowcovered白雪覆盖的handmade手工的()数词名词edfourstoreyed层楼的threelegged条腿的()数词名词(名词用单数)tenyear年的,twoman两人的、形容词和副词的比较等级()原级的构成和用法。构成:形容词、副词的原级即本身。用法:表示双方在程度、性质、特征等某方面相等时用“as原级形容词副词as”的结构表示双方不相等时用“notso(as)原级形容词副词as”的结构表示一方是另一方的若干倍时用“倍数as原级形容词副词as”的结构。如:XiaoWangisastallasXiaoYuThisbuildinglooksnotso(as)highasthatoneMissXuspeaksEnglishasfluentlyasyouThisroomisthreetimesaslargeasthatone()比较级和最高级的构成。掌握比较级和最高级的变化规则熟记少数不符合规则的特殊形容词和副词。()比较级的用法。对方比较表示一方超过另一方时用比较级的结构表示。如:“than”Thispictureismorebeautifulthanthatone表示一方不及另一方时用原级的结构表示。如:“lessthan”Thisroomislessbeautifulthanthatone表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时可在比较级前加表示程度的状语如、、、、evenalotabitalittle、、、、等修饰。如:stillmuchfaryetbyfayHeworksevenharderthanbefore注意:英语的比较级前如无、或等时译成汉语时可用较或一些或不译出一般不可有更。evenstillyet“”“…”“”如:SheisbetterthanshewasyesterdayPleasecomeearliertomorrow另注意:通常用于强调最高级。用于比较级时一般放在比较级的后面如在前面应在二者中间加byfar“t。如:he”HeistallerbyfarthanhisbrotherHeisbyfarthetallerofthetwobrothers表示一方随另一方的程度而变化时用“the比较级(主语谓语)the比较级(主语谓语)”的结构(意为“越……越……”)。如:Theharderheworks,thehappierhefeels不与其他事物相比表示本身程度的改变时用“比较级and比较级”的结构。如:TheweatherisgettingcolderandcolderThegirlbecomesmoreandmorebeautiful某些以ior结尾的形容词进行比较时用to代替than。这些词有inferior(劣等的次的)、superior(较好的优于……)、junior(资历较浅的)、senior(资格较老的)、prior(在……之前)等。HeissuperiortoMrZhanginchemistry在比较从句中为了避免重复我们通常用that(those)、one(ones)代替前面出现的名词。that指物,one既可指人又可指物。that可代替可数名词单数和不可数名词而one只能代替可数名词。Thebookonthetableismoreinterestingthanthat(或theone)onthedeskAboxmadeofsteelisstrongerthanonemadeofwood倍数表达法。(A)Aisthree(four,etc)timesthesize(height,lengthetc)ofB这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(高)。Thenewbuildingisfourtimesthesize(theheight)oftheoldone这座新楼比那座旧楼大三倍(高三倍)。(B)Aisthree(four,etc)timesasbig(high,long,etc)asBAsiaisfourtimesaslargeasEurope亚洲比欧洲大三倍。(C)Aisthree(four,etc)timesbigger(higher,longer,etc)thanBYourschoolisthreetimesbiggerthanours你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。用times表倍数通常用于三倍以上两倍可以用twice或double()最高级的用法。三者或三者以上相比表示最高程度时用“the最高级”的结构表示。这种句式一般常有表示比较范围的介词短语。如:ZhangHuaisthetallestofthethreeHeworks(the)hardestinhisclass最高级可被序数词以及much、byfar、nearly、almost、bynomeans、notquite、notreally、nothinglike等词语所修饰。如:ThishatisbyfarmuchnearlyalmostnotnearlybynomeansnotquitenothinglikethebiggestHowmuchdidtheseconmostexpensivehatcost表示“最高程度”的形容词如excellent、extreme、perfect等没有最高级也不能用比较级。形容词最高级修饰作表语或介词宾语的名词、代词时被修饰的词往往省略。如:Heisthetallest(boy)inhisclass作状语的副词最高级前可以不加定冠词。如:Ofalltheboyshecame(the)earliest形容词和副词前面使用冠词的情况。()形容词最高级前一般要加定冠词副词最高级前可不加冠词。形容词最高级前有时加不定冠词或不加冠词不表比较表示非常。如:“”Heisamostcleveryoungpoliceman(amost=very)Thefilmismostinteresting(most=very)表示两者间较的一个比较级前加。如:“……”thewhoistheolderofthetowboys在比较级比较级结构中。“the…the…”在前一般要加。samethe有些形容词前加成为名词。如、等。thethepoortherich()由组成的形容词或副词短语。asso不可数名词数量。asmuchasEachstoneweighsasmuchasfifteentonsShecouldearnasmuchastendollarsaweek可数名词数量多达asmanyasIhaveasamanyassixteenreferencebooks早在asearlyasAsearlyasthetwelfthcenturytheEnglishbegantoinvadetheislandasfaras远到就……而知(论)Wemightgoasfaras(走到)thechurchandbackAsfarasIknow(就我所知)hehasbeentherebeforemay(might,could)aswell不妨、不如Thenyoumightaswellstaywithushereas…ascanbe到了最……的程度极其Theyareasunreliableastheycanbe他们极其不可信。as…asonecanHebegantorun,asfastashecouldas…aspossibleJustgetthemtofinishupasquicklyaspossible()几组重要的词语辨析。so…that…与such…that…的区别。so形容词副词that…so形容词a(n)单数可数名词that…somanymuchlittlefew名词that…sucha(n)形容词单数可数名词that…such形容词不可数名词that…such形容词复数名词that…注意:下列结构中只能用so不可用such,当名词前有many、much、little、few等表示“多、少”的词修饰时如somuchprogress、somanypeople、solittlefood、sofewapples等。但当little表示“小”时用such。如:Thesearesuchlittleboysthattheycan’tdressthemselves下列so的用法是错误的:soadifficultproblem,sodifficultproblems,sohotweather。其他几组词的辨析。()、表示以现在为起点的以前指以过去或将来的某时Aagobefore:ago“”before刻为起点的以前。泛指以前用而不用。()、、表示某事已经发“”“”beforeagoBalreadyyetstill:already生表示期待某事发生表示某事还在进行主要用于肯定句。yetstill、、和用于肯定句多用于口语多用于书面语用于否定句。(C)tooalsoeither:tooalsotooalsoeither、与不同的是作形容词只能在系动词后作表语表示身体状况好也作副词(D)goodwell:goodwell“”修饰动词。、作形容词皆表快。多指运动的物体含持续的意思。多指一次动作的(E)quickfast:“”fastquick敏捷、突然而且持续的时间较短。、形容词表真的。强调真实存在的而不是幻想的在(F)realtrue:“”real句中常作定语指与事实标准和实际情况相符合在句中作表语或定语。、均表困难true(G)harddifficult:“”但通常指体力上困难则指智力或技能上的困难困难程度大于。它们都可作定语和表语。harddifficulthard二、精典名题导解,选择填空()ItisgenerallybelievedthatteachingisitisascienceNMETAanartmuchasBmuchanartasCasanartmuchasDasmuchanartas解析:答案为。本题可从考查形容词的同级比较点入手。在同级比较句式中如果后面的形容词Das…asas作定语且其所修饰的名词前有不定冠词时该冠词须置于形容词之后即形成形容词“asaan单数可数名词结构。这道题在名词专题中也有解析不同的是观察视角不同应注意培养发散思维。as”Itisalwaysdifficultbeinginaforeigncountry,ifyoudon’tspeakthelanguage(NMET)AextremelyBnaturallyCbasicallyDespecially解析:答案为。本题考查副词的词义辨析。注意掌握词语的准确含义结合语境进行分析。项意为极端地DA“”项意为自然地项基本上项尤其特别地。根据句意如果你不会讲(它的)语言在国外你就B“”C“”D“”“总会困难重重可知答案。”ProfessorWhitehaswrittensomeshortstories,butheisknownforhisplays(NMET)AthebestBmoreCbetterDthemost解析:答案为。本题考查副词的比较级和最高级。要把握句式之间的联系抓住句子的隐藏信息结合语境C进行分析。根据句意句中后应有一词组。同时应注意到前后两个分句把butbewellknownfor…prof的短篇小说和戏剧进行了对比故应用的比较级。essorWhitewell三、专项训练形容词ThisdictionaryisofthetwobooksAthickerBthickestCthickDthethickerthehotelis,theserviceshouldbeAThemoreexpensivethemorebetterBMoreexpensivethebetterCThemoreexpensivethebetterDMoreexpensivemorebetterDoyouenjoylisteningtorecordsIthinkrecordsareoftenactualperformanceAasgoodasorbetterthananBasgoodorbetterthanaClikegoodorbetterthananDasgoodasanyotherI’llgettherebysix,ifAnotsoonerBnosoonerCnotmorequicklyDnoquickThebananastasteandsellAgoodgoodBwellwellCgoodwellDwellgoodYourplanprovedAcorrectlyBtocorrectCtobecorrectedDcorrectWait!IhavetotellyouAsomethingofuseBusefulsomethingCsomethingusefullyDsomethingusefulTheexperimentistobedoneagainAworthBworthyCworthyofDworthofasthemathsproblemsis,IcanworkitoutADifficultBDifficultyCDifficultiesDThoughdifficultMybrotherisateacher,heisalsoawriterAnomorethanBmorethanCnotmorethanDlessthanNowtheprisonerfeltwithoutherfamilynorherfriendsAmuchmorealoneBfarmorealoneCverymorelonelyDevenmorelonelyWhatcanwedowiththeremainingmoneyWe’vegottobeandbuyonlywhatweneedAreallyBtrueCpracticalDpractisedThisisbeautifulcityI’veevervisitedAthemostBveryCtheveryDamostIfeltsothatIfellatonceAsleepilyasleepBsleepyasleepCsleeplessasleepDsleepysleepingYou’dbetterkeepthedoorandthewindowatnightAshuttingopeningBshutopeningCshutopenedDshutopenMaryisaprettygirlandTomisanaughtyboyAratherratherBfairlyfairlyCfairlyratherDratherfairlyAliceis,althoughshe’snotnearlyasoldAastallassheBastallasherCastallashersDtallasherThemusicsoundsAsweetandbeautifullyBsweetlyandbeautifulCsweetlyandbeautifullyDsweetandbeautifulThetwinslookveryAlikeBalikeCsameDlikelyMybrotheristhreeyearsthanIAsmallerBlessCyoungerDelderWehavetowaitforthenoticeAfurtherBfatherCfarDfarerOpenyoureyesnoticeanyoneenteringtheroomAwidelyBwideCmorewideDmorewidelyThesunisbelievedtobethemoonAverybiggerthanBmorebrighterthanCmuchlargerthanDmorebrightthanAfricaisthesecondcontinentintheworldAlargeBlargerCmorelargeDlargestThiskindofbikeischeaperthankindofbikeintheshopAotherBanyotherCanotherDanyofthebikesThisnewtypeofTVsetisverythin,anditisthanaonehundredpagebookAnothinnerBnothickerCnotthinnerDlessthanMikeisstillwithhisworkashewaswhenIsawhimlastAmorecarefulBthemostcarefulCascarefulDascarefullyAreyougoingtothefootballgameNo,theticketsareformeAterribleexpensiveBsomuchexpensiveCfartooexpensiveDhighlyexpensiveWestillloveourteacherAdeepBdearCdeeplyDhighYesterdayIboughtajacketbutitwassmallAalittletooBtoolittleCverytooDtooveryLastnightwemetwithrainonourwayhomefromourfactoryAaquiteheavyBtooheavyaCsuchheavyaDasoheavyThelecturewassothatallthepeopleinthehallwereAmovingexcitingBmovingexcitedCmovedmovingDmovedmovedAftertheflood,nohouseinthevillageAwasleftBleftstandingCremainedstandingDwasremainedstoodTheaccidentisfreshinmymemorythanwhenithappenedAlittleBalittleCnolessDmoreIthinkthisisIcandoforyouAbestlyBthebestCbetterDgood副词Thisoneistoolarge,givemeasmalleroneAfairlyBveryCsoDratherDon’tgooutbecauseitisrainingAdeeplyBthicklyCstronglyDheavilyYou’llbelateforschoolifyoudon’tputonyourclothesAquicklyBfastCsoonDrapidlyHaveyoureturnedhimthebookAstillByetCalsoDtooPricesforthenewtypeDVDcanruntodollarsAsohighlytoBsohighasCashighasDashighlyasThisisthebestfilmIhaveseenAalwaysBneverCoftenDeverThereisonlyalittletimeleftWehadtoruntocatchtheplaneAhardBhardlyCstronglyDwellwegetupbeforeo’clockANeverBSeldomCSometimesDAlwaysHeusedhiscarforgoingtotheshopsAmostBalmostCnearlyDmostlyYourgrandmotheristoneedadoctorAtooillBillenoughCsoillDenoughillHesaidtheTVsetwasthanhewantedAfairlylargerBratherlargerCratherlargeDfairlylargeIdon’tknowhimtoaskforhelpAwellenoughBgoodenoughCenoughsurelyDenoughwellThespeakersaidnothingworthlisteningtoAalmostBnearlyChardlyDmostlyJohntoldhisteacherallaboutthematterAmaybeBprobablyCpossiblyDperhapsOfallourschoolactivities,IlikedancingAmostBbestofallCbestDallthebestOurphysicsprofessorwenttwodaysagoAtoabroadBinabroadCtotheabroadDabroadWhereisLiPingHeisworkingAupstairsBinupstairsCattheupstairsDfortheupstairsSmokingissobadforhishealththathedoesn’tsmokeAnolongerBnomoreCanylongerDanymoreWemustleaveatonce,we’llmissthetrainAsoBthenCotherwiseDandWedon’tknowmuchaboutmathematicsAtooBneitherCalsoDeitherHeisthinkingofhowtomakemoremoneyAalwaysBusuallyCoftenDeverWhatdoyouknowthestrikebrokeforAupBoutCdownDonItisthathisarticleisperfectAsureveryBrightratherCcertainquiteDexactfairlyIsthebusstopfarfromhereIt’saquarter’swalk,AmoreandmoreBandsoonCalltogetherDmoreandlessThesportsshoesareformeAalittletoosmallBalittlesmalltoCtoosmallalittleDtooalittlesmallDoyouregretpayingfivehundreddollarsforthepaintingNo,IwouldgladlyhavepaidforitAtwicesomuchBtwiceasmuchCasmuchtwiceDsomuchtwice,themedicalteamismadeupoftwelvedoctorsAAltogetherBEntirelyCCompletelyDWhollyIdon’toftengetsick,butIdocatchcoldAhereandthereBagainandagainCnowandthenDoverandoverWhenyoudrivehome,youcan’tbecarefulAveryBtooCsoDonlyThoughhefailedintheexperiment,hedidn’tgiveupAbutBandyetCyetDstill参考答案形容词DCAACDDBABDCABDCADBCABCDBBCCCABBCDB副词DDABCDACDBCAABCDABCDABBDCAACBA

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形容词、副词 一、考点聚焦 1、形容词、副词的作用与位置 形容词是用来

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