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首页 舒张压高(Diastolic pressure)

舒张压高(Diastolic pressure).doc

舒张压高(Diastolic pressure)

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2017-11-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《舒张压高(Diastolic pressure)doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

舒张压高(Diastolicpressure)舒张压高(Diastolicpressure)Diastolicpressureistheminimumvalueofarterialpressureattheendofdiastolewhenthechamberisrelaxedandtheaorticpressuredrops,alsoknownas"lowpressure""ThenormalbloodpressureinhypertensivepatientsiswithinThemostimportantanddirectfactorofthediastolicpressureisthehighresistanceoftheperipheralvesselsInasense,itismoredangerousthanthehighpressureInadditiontothesmallresistanceoftheperipheralvascularlumen,therelaxationofthevascularsmoothmusclecanalsosignificantlyaltervascularresistanceInprimaryhypertension,theresistanceisincreasedbyincreasingthecaliberofresistancevessels,increasingthevolumeofpressorsubstances,andincreasingtheresistancetoperipheralbloodvessels,leadingtoincreaseddiastolicbloodpressureCerebralischemia,highsaltdietandstresscanleadtosympatheticnerveactivity,promotethereleaseofnorepinephrine,andactivationofthereninangiotensinaldosteronesystem,vasoconstriction,increasedperipheralresistance,resultinginincreaseddiastolicbloodpressureLossofblood,shock,orsecretionofsomehormonespromotingthecontractionofthebloodvesselscausedbytheendocrinetumorsyndromeDiastolicpressureishigh,indicatingthatthewallofthevesselispoorinelasticityWhenthepersonisold,theelasticityofthelargearterydrops,andthesamesystolicpressurecanrelievethetension,andthepressureisespeciallyhighWhendiastolicheartdoesnotmaintaindiastolicbloodpressureeffectively,theelasticityofthelargearterydecreasesinelderlypatients,whichischaracterizedbysimplesystolichypertension,mainlybecauseoftheelasticityofthegreatarteriesMedicationAbetablockerispreferred,suchaspropranolol,atenolol,MeiTOROM,betaxolol,pindololetcTwo,angiotensinconvertingenzymeinhibitors(ACEI),suchasKatoPury,BennerPury,BeaKnappLeigh,fosinopril,perindopriletcThree,angiotensinreceptorantagonist(ARB),whenACEIisnottolerated,ARBcansignificantlyreducecardiovascularmortalityandmortality,suchasvalsartan,losartan,candesartanandsoonFour,calciumchannelblockers,suchasnifedipine,nimodipine,nitrendipine,amlodipine,felodipineetc,Five,diureticsandotherdrugs,canbeusedaccordingtotheconditionsofthepatients,asappropriate,suchashydrochlorothiazide(HCT),furosemide,mannitolOfcourse,whatkindofmedicineorcombinationofthesedrugsneedtobediagnosedbyahospitalspecialistBecausediastolicbloodpressureishigher,hypertensionismoredifficulttocontrolthansystolicbloodpressure,sopatientsneedtotakemedicationontimeReasonablediet,inordertoreducesodiumsalt,reducedietaryfat,andaddappropriateamountofhighqualityprotein,supplementcalciumandpotassium,eatmorevegetablesandfruits,quitsmoking,drinking,drinkingwaterastheprincipleDiettreatmentDietshouldbelight:advocatevegetarianbased,vegetariandietcanreducebloodpressureinpatientswithhypertensionTherefore,patientswithhypertensionshouldbelightdiet,highvitamin,highfiber,highcalcium,lowfat,lowcholesteroldietThetotalfatislessthanofthetotalcalories,andtheproteinaccountsforaboutofthetotalheatAdvocatetoeatmoreroughage,grains,freshvegetables,fruits,beanproducts,leanmeat,fish,chickenandotherfoods,promotevegetableoil,eatlesslard,greasyfoodandsugar,spicy,strongtea,coffeeandsoonRelatedreading:highbloodpressurecancalciumReducetheamountofsalt:eatingtoomuchsodiumisapathogenicfactorofhypertension,andcontrollingintakeofsodiumsaltisgoodforloweringandstabilizingbloodpressureClinicaltrialsshowthatthedailydoseofsaltinhypertensivepatientsisreducedfromgramstograms,whichcanreducethesystolicpressurebyanaverageofmmhgSmokingcessationandalcoholabstinence:tobaccoandalcoholaretheriskfactorsofhypertensionSmokingandalcoholmayincreasetheriskofhypertensioncomplicatedbyheartandcerebrovasculardiseases,andalcoholcanalsoreducethereactionofpatientstoantihypertensivedrugsTherefore,peoplewhohavedifficultyinquittingsmoking,drinkingordrinkingalcoholshouldalsolimittheirdrinkingFourth,dietFestival:dothreemealsadaydietregularlyquantitative,nottoohungry,toofull,notovereatingEverydaytodothefollowingarrangement:carbohydratedietgrams(equivalenttostapletwo),gramsoffreshvegetables,fruitgrams,cookingoilgrams,gramsofmilk(ML),highproteinfood(eachtogramsofleanmeat,Oregg,ortofugrams,orchicken,duckgrams,orfishandshrimpgrams~eggsperweekareavailableScientificdrinkingwater:thehardnessofwateriscloselyrelatedtotheoccurrenceofhypertensionResearchshowsthatcontainmorecalciumandmagnesiumionsinhardwater,whichisanimportantregulatorinvascularsmoothmusclecellsvasomotoricityifthelackofeasytomakevascularspasm,resultinginincreasedbloodpressureinhypertensivepatients,therefore,trydrinkinghardwater,suchasspringwater,deepwater,naturalmineralwateretcHypotensivefoodTheleafyvegetables:celery,chrysanthemum,amaranth,Shantouvegetables,leek,lily,LevinmustardandspinachTherhizome:wildrice,asparagus,radish,carrot,waterchestnut,chestnutFruitsandmelons:watermelon,waxgourd,tomato,hawthorn,lemon,banana,fruit,reddates,mulberryandeggplantFlowers,seeds,nuts:chrysanthemum,Apocynum,sesame,peas,beans,mungbeans,corn,buckwheat,peanuts,watermelonseeds,walnuts,sunflowerseeds,lotusseedsheartTheaquaticproducts:kelp,seaweed,jellyfish,seacucumber,greenvegetables,seaweed,oysters,abalone,shrimp,whitebaitTheanimalandothercategories:milk(skim),pigbile,bezoar,honey,vinegarandsoyproducts,blackfungus,whitefungus,letinousedodes

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