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首页 第三次印巴战争期间 美国曾请求中国支援巴基斯坦(During the third Indo Pa…

第三次印巴战争期间 美国曾请求中国支援巴基斯坦(During the third Indo Pakistani war, the United States asked China to support Pakistan).doc

第三次印巴战争期间 美国曾请求中国支援巴基斯坦(During …

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2017-10-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《第三次印巴战争期间 美国曾请求中国支援巴基斯坦(During the third Indo Pakistani war, the United States asked China to support Pakistan)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

第三次印巴战争期间美国曾请求中国支援巴基斯坦(DuringthethirdIndoPakistaniwar,theUnitedStatesaskedChinatosupportPakistan)第三次印巴战争期间美国曾请求中国支援巴基斯坦(DuringthethirdIndoPakistaniwar,theUnitedStatesaskedChinatosupportPakistan)DuringthethirdIndoPakistaniwar,theUnitedStatesaskedChinatosupportPakistanIndiaPu(Poona)theseventeenthcavalryregimenttankaceHanut,amajorSinghandhisSikhmenintheKooshabareaandthemainequipment"Centuriontanks",thegrouphasparticipatedinthesecondIndoPakistaniwarandreceivedawardsinthethirdIndoPakistaniwarinthebattleofBasantardestroyedthearmytanks(datasheet)In,duringthethirdIndoPakistaniwar,theUnitedStates,inordertocontaintheaggressionofIndia,persuadedChinatosendtroopstoIndiatohelpPakistanThedeclassifiedfilesoftheUSgovernmentrevealtheinsandoutsoftheincidentKissinger"misinformation"messageambushpenSinceindependencein,IndiaandPakistanonterritorialissueshastwotimesthewar,PakistanwasdividedintotwopartsofSeba,Dongba,acrossthemiddleofIndiaAtthebeginningof,theDongbapoliticalturmoildemandedautonomyInMarch,India'scabinetandparliamentapprovedtheresolutiontosupporttheestablishmentof"Bangladesh"bydongbaInJuly,IndiaformulatedthewarplanfortheliberationofbangladeshThewarcloudedSouthasiaAtthattime,theSovietUnionsupportedIndia,andtheUnitedStatesadoptedthepolicyof"heavyIndiaandlightIndia"Frompersonalfeelings,AmericanpresidentNixonandIndiaPrimeMinisterIndiraGandhihateeachotherIn,whenNixonvisitedIndiainanunofficialcapacity,hewassnubbedbyMrsGandhiNixonregardedMrsGandhiasacunning"Diaowife",andMrsGandhithoughtshecouldhaveagoodrelationshipwithanyoneexceptNixon"So,TheUnitedStatesisnothopeIndiaandPakistanbecausePakistanmilitarycannotmeetonthebattleground,withtheIndiaantiphaseInJuly,,relyingonthehelpofPakistan,KissingersecretlyvisitedChinaforthefirsttimeOnJulyth,KissingerreturnedtoFortHoodandexchangedtalkswithPakistaniPresidentYahyaKhan,takingtheinitiativetotalkaboutthesituationintheSouthAsiansubcontinentKissingerreportedthatChineseleadershaveindicatedthatChinawilluseforcetointerveneifIndiaadoptsanyarmedactionagainstPakistanAsamatteroffact,Kissinger'sremarksareamisrepresentationofChina'spositionBecauseinJuly,,ChinaambassadortoPakistanZhangTongsubmittedalettertoprimeministerZhouEnlai'slettertoPakistan,wrote:"primeministerZhouEnlaitoDrKissingerindicatedthatifIndiainvadedPakistan,ChinawillsupportPakistan,willnotstandbyIhopetheUnitedStateswillplayaroleinpreventingaggressionbyIndiaIfIndialaunchedabrutalaggression,willsurelysuffer"AlthoughChinapromisedtosupportPakistanintheIndiaPakistanwar,itdidnotspecifytheformofsupportAndKissingercannotfailtounderstandthemeaningofZhouEnlai'stalkHechosetomisunderstandChina'sposition,andtherootcauseisthathehopestostopIndiafromwagingwarthroughthefirmstanceoftheChinesesideOnJulyth,whenNixonheldtheNationalSecurityCouncil,heaskedKissingerwhatattitudeChinawouldtakeinthewaragainstIndiaandPakistan,andKissingermadeaclearanswerthatChinawouldinterveneinthewarSubsequently,KissingerrepeatedlywarnedIndia,"iftheoutbreakofIndiaPakistanwar,China'sintervention",IndiawillnotexpecttogetAmericanhelptofightChinalikeitdidin"BangladeshipeoplearekillingProPakistanmilitiasBangladeshwasatitspeakintheearlysbecauseoftheunfairtreatmentgiventoBangladeshbyethnicgroupsinethnicpolicyandculturalintegrationinPakistanTheBangladeshregioncontributedagriculturalincometoPakistan,butreceivedonlyoftheincometheofPakistan'spopulationspeaksBengali,butPakistanisUrduasthesoleofficiallanguage,whichleadtostrongdissatisfactionandautonomousregiondongbaAstheautonomydemandedtobeoverruledbythefort,theinternalforcesoftheDongbaforcesdecidedtouniteIndia,overthrowtheauthoritiesandestablishanindependentstate(datasheet)TheAmericanwarningdidn'tworkInAugust,IndiaandtheSovietUnionsignedamilitaryalliancewiththenatureofthe"Treatyofpeaceandfriendship",theSovietUnionbegantosendmilitarytechnicalpersonneltoIndia,carryingweaponsandequipment,andtoensurethatifChineseintervened,theSovietUnionwilltakeactiontocontainChineseintheSinoSovietborderWithSovietbacking,IndiainNovemberstoftheDongbaoutrageouslyprovokedwar,DecemberrdwarexpandedtotegucigalpaInDecemberth,MrsGandhidecidedatacabinetmeeting,theIndianarmycombathasthreegoals:"Bangladeshliberation"occupiedPalestiniancontrolledpartsofKashmirdestroythemainPakistanarmy,whichneverposeathreattoIndiaThetopsecretinformationwasobtainedfortheUnitedstatesBecauseNixonandKissingersawIndiaasanagentfortheSovietUnioninSouthasia,ThefearofIndia'ssuccesswouldleadtotheSovietexpansioninSouthAsia,sotheUnitedStateshastakenmeasurestocontainIndiaTheUnitedStatesfirstannouncedtostopallaidtoIndia,includingfoodaidloanof$million,$millioninmilitaryaid,$millionandtheIndiamilitarydeterrence:theUnitedStates"enterprise"aircraftcarrieranddestroyersseventyfourthtaskfleet,tothebayofbengalTheUnitedStatesalsoencouragesothercountriestoprovideassistancetoPakistanAtthesametime,theUnitedStateswarnedtheSovietUnionnottosupportIndiaplayingwithfireAtthesametime,theUnitedStatesdecidedtoformallyseekChina'ssupportNixonbelievesthataslongasChinaaction,Indiawillbeputoff,heputChineseasadecisivecardNixonsaidthatatpresent,theUnitedStatespolicyshouldbetopreventIndiafromattackingWestPakistan,butwithoutChina'scooperationandsupport,nothingcanbedonebytheUnitedstates"OnDecember,,KissingersecretlymetwithChineseambassadortotheUN,HuangHua,inanapartmentintheCIAinNewYorkKissingersaidtoHuangHua,theUSwarshipsareheadingfortheIndiaocean,healsomarkedonthemapofSovietwarshipsposition,saidSushiparemuchsmaller,andcannotcomparewiththeUnitedstatesKissingertoldHuangHuathattheUnitedStatessatelliteshavecollectedinformationontheSovietUnion'ssituationintheSinoSovietborderIftheChinesesideiswilling,theUnitedStateswouldliketoprovidesuchinformationtoChinathroughvariouschannelsKissingerjoked,"Iknowyousentanacespyhere,buttheacespiesdon'thavetheinformationyetI'lltellyouwhenhedoesn'thavetocome"KissingerintroducedPakistanwarsituation:theDongbaarmywashit,andthearmySebamayalsobeduetolackofoilandunabletofightKissingersaid:"thepresidentwantstoletyouknow,ofcourse,inthissituation,itisChinadecidetheiraction,butifChinesethinkIndiasubcontinentsituationforwhichsecurityisathreat,ifyouwanttotakeactiontodefenditssecurity,theUnitedStateswillChinainterventionagainstothercountries"HuangHuaoftheUnitedStatesjustwanttokeeponignoreexpresseddissatisfactionwiththeDongbaSeba,criticizedtheWashingtonattitudeof"weak",andisreadyforChinafrom"fromallsides"attack,"readytousemilletplusriflesofguerrillawarfare"However,HuangHuadidnotbotherKissingerChinesetroopsthatjustsaiditwouldtakethesewordsfordomesticcableButKissingerthoughttheChinesesidewasverytoughandfelttherevolutionaryzealoftheChinesepeople""I'mprettysureChinawilldosomethingandwe'llseeitsoon,"hetoldNixon"OnthemorningofDecember,,Nixon,whowasmeetingattheWhiteHouse,suddenlyreceivedinformationthatMrHuangHuawantedanurgentmeetingwithtopofficialsoftheUSgovernment"Thisissomethingthatneverhappened,"Kissingerrecalls"OnlyaparticularlyurgentsituationwillallowChinatotaketheinitiative"hesaidexcitedly"There'snodoubtthatthey'regoingtoact"Intheafternoon,Haig(Kissinger'sdeputy)metHuangHuaHuangHuatoldHaigthatChinawasnotpreparedtotakemilitaryactionandagreedwiththeUnitedStates'strategyofseparatingtheceasefirefromthewithdrawalTheChineseresponsesurprisedtheUS,andKissingerwasdisappointedAtthattime,ChinaitselfisfacingtheculturalrevolutionandtheSovietUnioncausedbydomesticunrestinChinaborderheavilythreateneddifficulties,sointheexternalforcesonthecautiousChinapubliclystronglysupportPakistantosafeguardnationalunityofaction,inMaytoprovide$millioninadditionalloanstoPakistan,butdeclinedtoPakistandirectmilitaryassistancerequest(PakistaniPrimeMinisterBhuttoledamilitarydelegationtovisitChinainNovember)China'sbottomlineisthatifIndiareallywantstotoppletheSibayahyaKhanadministration,ChinawilltakeactionagainstIndiaanddecidewhethertosendtroopsornotButinordertodeterIndia,Chinesealsotakesomemeasures,somemilitaryandlogisticalpreparations,includingcommandinTibetforcesinastateofemergency,theweathertoTibetlocaltransmissionofdataonDecember,PresidentYahyaKhanpledgedtomobilizetroopsintheborderwithinhoursInDecemberth,ChinasentanotetoIndiacondemningIndia'sDecemberthdispatchofsoldiersacrossthetinbordertomeasureChineseterritory,condemningtheactionasamajorviolationofChina'ssovereigntyFacedwiththepressureofworldopinion,theSovietUnionalsowarnedthatChinesepossibleroutethroughSikkimtoattackIndia,IndiawonadecisivevictoryintheEastinDecemberthafterannouncedaunilateralceasefireinBrazil,PakistaninthenextdaytoacceptaceasefireproposalThethirdIndoPakistaniwarendedHuangHuaservedasamemberofthethreemembergroupoftheCPCCentralcommittee,SpecificallyresponsibleforthenegotiationswiththeUSpresident,nationalsecurityaffairsassistantKissinger,NixoninvitedtovisitChina,theannouncementofmattersrelatingtothemanuscriptIn,aftertherestorationofthelegitimateseatoftheUnitedNations,ChinabecamethefirstpermanentrepresentativeofChinatotheUnitedNationsandItsSecurityCouncilDrKissingeriswithPremierWenJiabaoDuringthethirdIndoPakistaniwar,KissingerwassecretlynegotiatingaresumptionofnormalrelationswithChinaAfterlearningthatproSovietIndiawasplanningtoattackPakistan,KissingerpolitelyaskedChinatosupportPakistanAtthattime,ChinawasunabletosupportPakistaninthefaceofthreemajorproblems:theSovietUnion'snortherncontainment,theresumptionofthelawfulseatoftheUnitedNationsandtheturmoilinthedomesticLinBiaoincident

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第三次印巴战争期间 美国曾请求中国支援巴基斯坦(During the third Indo Pakistani war, the United States asked China to support Pakistan)

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