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首页 金砖国家 tr

金砖国家 tr.doc

金砖国家 tr

明早起飞2000
2019-03-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《金砖国家 trdoc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国文学走出去Disseminate金砖国家PIGSSCO:ShanghaiCooperationOrganization年,美国高盛公司首席经济师吉姆奥尼尔(JimO'Neill)首次提出“金砖四国”这一概念,来自这四个国家的英文国名开头字母所组成的词BRIC,指巴西(Brazil)、俄罗斯(Russia)、印度(India)和中国(China),其发音类似英文的“砖块”(brick)一词。acronymconception<<<<conceiveconceptCFOCEO,智库thinktankIn,JimO'Neill,(a)chiefeconomistofGoldmanSachsinofAmerica,putforwardforthefirsttimetheconceptofBRIC,(whichwas)anacronymofBrazil,Russia,India,andChina(andwhosepronunciationissimilartothatoftheEnglishword"brick"…deleted!)putforwardforthefirsttimetheconceptofBRIC,(whichwas)anacronymofBrazil,Russia,India,andChinaAsitspronunciationissimilartothatoftheEnglishword"brick",itwastranslatedrenderedintoChineseasjinzhuanguojia(金砖国家literallygoldbrickcountries)年,奥尼尔在一份题为《与“金砖四国”一起梦想》的研究报告中预测,到年,世界经济格局将重新洗牌,“金砖四国”将超越包括英国、法国、意大利、德国在内的西方发达国家,与美国、日本一起跻身全球新的六大经济体。In,O'NeillheforecastedinaresearchreportentitledDreamingwiththeBRIC“DreamingwiththeBRIC”thattheworldeconomicpatternwouldbereshuffledby,whenthefourcountriesofBRICwouldsurpassgobeyondtheadvanceddevelopedWesterncountries,includingBritain,France,Italy,andGermanyeconomically,andwouldrankamongthesixbiggesteconomiestogetherwithAmericatheUSandJapan高盛这份报告出台后,中国、印度、俄罗斯和巴西作为新兴市场国家的领头羊,受到世界广泛关注,“金砖四国”这一概念由此风靡全球。newsbriefingnewsletterunveilreleasedisclosureinformationdisclosureAfterthereleasedisclosureofthisreport,China,India,Russia,andBrazilhaveattractedreceivedglobalattentionasthebellwethersleaderspioneersofemergingmarketsemergingmarketeconomiescountries,makingtheconcept(BRIC)prevailprevalentaroundtheworldeversincesweeparoundtheworldNewbroomssweepclean年月,中国作为“金砖四国”合作机制的轮值主席国,与俄罗斯、印度、巴西一致商定,吸收南非作为正式成员加入“金砖国家”合作机制,“金砖四国”即变成“金砖五国”,并更名为“金砖国家”(BRICS)。rotatingpresidency>>rotatingpresident>>>berotatingpresident担任轮值主席holdrotatingpresidency担任轮值主席AstherotatingpresidentofBRICcooperativemechanism,ChinaagreedwithRussia,India,andBrazilinDecember,toacceptabsorbtakeinSouthAfricaasafullanofficialmembertothemechanismorganization,withthetermBRICrenamedastoBRICSBelarus目前,“金砖国家”国土面积占世界领土总面积的,人口占世界总人口的。Today,theterritorialareaofBRICScountriesaccountsfortakesupoftheworldland,andtheirpopulationofthatoftheworldandtheirpopulationoftheworld’s据有关国际组织计,年五国国内生产总值占世界总量的,贸易额占全球贸易额的。Accordingtothesurveythestatisticsofrelevantinternationalorganization,thegrossdomesticproduct(GDP)ofthefivecountriesoccupiedtookupofthatoftheworldoftheworld’s,andtheirtradevolumeofthatoftheworldoftheworld’sin根据年世界银行和国际货币基金组织改革方案,“金砖国家”在世界银行的投票权将大幅增加至,在国际货币基金组织的份额将达到。Thereformprogram(s)oftheWorldBank(WB)andInternationalMonetaryFund(IMF)indicatesindicatethatthevotingpowerofBRICSinWBwillincreasegreatlytoanditsshareinIMFwillamountto奥尼尔在创造“金砖”这个名词时,恐怕没有料到它会发展成一个生机勃勃的新兴市场国家合作机制。anticipateexpectIdidn’tanticipateyouruntimelydeathmightnothaveanticipatedexpectedWhenO'NeillcoinedthetermBRIC,hemightnothaveanticipatedexpectedthatitwoulddevelopevolveintoathrivingvibrantdynamiccooperativemechanismfortheemergingmarketeconomies“金砖国家”走到一起是互利共赢的选择。ItisduetothestrategyofmutualbenefitthattheBRICScountriescometogethercooperateItisawinwinchoicefortheBRICScountriestocooperatewitheachotherzerosumgame零和游戏你死我活的游戏ThewinnertakesallWinnerstakeall赢者通吃五国虽国情各异,禀赋不同,但所处发展阶段相近,都面临保增长、保稳定、保民生的艰巨任务。Let’sfacethemusicbefacedwithsth(unpleasant)facethebeauty(sthpleasantcentral)(A)smallcountryasitis,CubastilladheretosocialjusticeandgenderequalitySexGenderfemmebutchironladyFemmefatalePrettyfacewithsorryfateDifferentnationalconditionsandnaturalendowmentsastheyhave,thefivecountriessharesimilarstagesofdevelopment,facedwiththearduouschallengingtasksofensuringeconomicgrowth,socialstabilityandpeople'slivelihoodreassurancePleasegivemereassurance定心丸在经济发展过程中,也都会遇到调结构、护环境等相似的挑战或难题。Inthecourseoftheireconomicdevelopment,theywillalsoencounterwillalsobeconfrontedwithsuchsimilarchallengesorproblemsaseconomicrestructuringandenvironmentalprotection公共经济学Publicsectoreconomics“金砖国家”合作为他们交流发展经验、破解发展难题提供了宝贵平台。ThecooperationofBRICSprovidesoffers(themwith)avaluableplatformforthemtoexchangeexperiencesandtackleproblemsintermsofdevelopment同时,“金砖国家”各具优势,经济互补性很强,既有开展广泛合作的坚实基础,也有促进共同发展的现实和战略需求,加强合作顺理成章。Meanwhile,theyallenjoyrespectivecomparativeadvantageswithstrongeconomiccomplementarityandhaverealisticandstrategicdemandstoadvancemutualdevelopment,whichisthesolidfoundationandundoubtedlogicfortheirindepthcooperationfacilitatepromoteadvanceimproveboostpromptfurtherpropelpushahead继续阅读

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