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首页 argument模版部分

argument模版部分.doc

argument模版部分

ling单文
2019-06-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《argument模版部分doc》,可适用于综合领域

留学专搜GREGMAT吧,登录免费下载更多学习资料说明:七宗罪是攻克AA之必备法宝。模版部分:ArgumentInthisargumenttheauthorreachestheconclusionthatThebasisforthisrecommendationisthatAnadditionalreasongiveninsupportofthisrecommendationisthat(Theauthorcitesasanexampleinsupportofthisrecommendation)Atfirstglance,theauthor'sargumentappearstobesomewhatconvincing,butfurtherreflectionrevealsthatitomitssomeimportantconcernsthatshouldbeaddressedtosubstantiatetheargumentInthefirstplace,Inthesecondplace,Inthethirdplace,Inconclusion,theauthorfailstoprovideadequatejustificationforAsitstands,thereasoningdoesnotconstitutealogicalargumentinfavoroftherecommendationTostrengthentheargument,theauthorwouldhavetoprovideevidencetoprovethatTobetterassesstheargument,weneedadditionaldetailedinformationaboutsothatwecanestablishtheconclusionwhetherIssueTheissueofwhetherisacomplexandcontroversialoneDifferentpeopleholddifferentviewsduetotheirrespectiveanglesOntheonehand,asiswellknownandhasoftenbeenadvocated,ontheotherhand,othersprobablyinsistthatWedonothavetolookveryfartoseethevalidstandpointofthismatterInthefollowinganalysis,Iwouldliketoreasonandprovideevidencefavoringtheformeroneandrefutingthelatterone(ThecomplexnatureoftheaboveissuerequiresustoconsideritonacasebycasebasisInmypointofview,whetheronehasadvantagesovertheotherdependsonthespecificcircumstances)Inthefirstplace,theimportantreasonthatcanbepresentedtodevelopmypositionisthatAgoodexamplemaybefoundinthecasethatUnderthiscircumstancetherefore,itisobviousthatInaddition,thereisanotherreasonformetochoosetheformerstatementconsiderthelatterstatementtobewrongThereasonisnotfartoseek:Toillustrate,acaseinpointinthisrespectisthatAdmittedly,thereisnodenyingthatinsomeconditionsAsweknow,However,thisalonedoesnotconstituteasufficientsupportto(WhenofXandYarecarefullycompared,themoststrikingconclusionisobviousTosumup,whilemaybetrueinexceptionalcases,Iagreethat)Consequently,Iadvocatethat,because:()()Duetotheabovementionedreasons,whichsometimesintertwinetoformanorganicwholeandthusbecomemorepersuasive,wemaysafelyarriveattheconclusionIsupport严重推荐:Argument之七宗罪第一宗罪无因果联系TheauthorcommitsafallacyofcausaloversimplificationThelineofthereasoningisthatbecauseAoccurredbeforeB,theformereventisresponsibleforthelatter(TheauthorusesthepositivecorrelationbetweenAandBtoestablishcausalityHowever,thefactthatAcoincideswithBdoesnotnecessarilyprovethatAcausedB)ButthisisfallaciousreasoningunlessotherpossiblecausalexplanationshavebeenconsideredandruledoutForexample,perhapsCisthecauseoftheseeventsorperhapsBiscausedbyD第二宗罪InsufficientsampleTheevidencetheauthorprovidesisinsufficienttosupporttheconclusiondrawnfromitOneexampleislogicallyunsoundedtoestablishageneralconclusion(Thestatisticsfromonlyafewrecentyearsarenotnecessarilyagoodindicatoroffuturetrends),unlessitcanbeshownthatAisrepresentativeofallAItispossiblethatInfact,infaceofsuchlimitedevidence,theconclusionthatBiscompletelyunwarranted第三宗罪:错误类比(basedonafalseanalogy)<横向>TheargumentrestsontheassumptionthatAisanalogoustoBinallrespectsThisassumptionisweak,sincealthoughtherearepointsofcomparisonbetweenAandB,thereismuchdissimilarityaswellForexample,A,however,BThus,itislikelymuchmoredifficultforBtodo第四宗罪allthingsareequal<纵向>Theauthorcommitsthefallacyof“allthingsareequal”ThefactthathappenedtwoyearsagoisnotasoundevidencetodrawaconclusionthatTheauthorassumeswithoutjustificationthatthebackgroundconditionshaveremainedthesameatdifferenttimesoratdifferentlocationsHowever,itisnotclearinthisargumentwhetherthecurrentconditionsatAAarethesameastheyusedtobetwoyearsagoThusitisimpossibletoconcludethat第五宗罪EitherOrchoiceTheauthorassumesthatAAandBBaremutuallyexclusivealternativesandthereisnoroomforamiddlegroundHowever,theauthorprovidesnoreasonforimposinganeitherorchoiceCommonsensetellsusthatadjustingbothAAandBBmightproducebetterresults第六宗罪surveyisdoubtfulThepollcitedbytheauthoristoovaguetobeinformativeTheclaimdoesnotindicatewhoconductedthepoll,whoresponded,orwhen,whereandhowthepollwasconducted(Lackinginformationaboutthenumberofpeoplesurveyedandthenumberofrespondents,itisimpossibletoaccessthevalidityoftheresultsForexample,ifpersonsweresurveyedbutonlyresponded,theconclusionthatwouldbehighlysuspectBecausetheargumentoffersnoevidencethatwouldruleoutthiskindofinterpretations,)Untilthesequestionsareanswered,theresultsofthesurveyareworthlessasevidencefortheconclusion第七宗罪gratuitousassumptionTheauthorfalselydependsongratuitousassumptionthatHowever,noevidenceisstatedintheargumenttosupportthisassumptionInfact,thisisnotnecessarilythecaseForexample,itismorelikelythatTherefore,thisargumentisunwarrantedwithoutrulingoutsuchpossibility留学专搜GREGMAT吧,登录免费下载更多学习资料

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