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首页 【精品】[4] 2009年12月大学英语四级听力真题 (含文本)(整理).doc

【精品】[4] 2009年12月大学英语四级听力真题 (含文本)(整理).doc

【精品】[4] 2009年12月大学英语四级听力真题 (含文本…

上传者: 烟酒高跟鞋_社会 2018-06-14 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《【精品】[4] 2009年12月大学英语四级听力真题 (含文本)(整理)doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含【精品】年月大学英语四级听力真题(含文本)(整理)SectionAMan:Excuseme,doyouhavechangeforatendollar符等。

【精品】年月大学英语四级听力真题(含文本)(整理)SectionAMan:Excuseme,doyouhavechangeforatendollarnoteIneedtopaytheparkingmeterWoman:I'msorryButIthinkyoucangetitthroughthemoneychanger,intheshoppingcenteracrossthestreetQuestion:WhatisthemantryingtodoMan:CanyourecommendsomethingthataschoolboyofsevenoreightwillreallylikeWoman:Isuggestthistoytrain,sirIt'sanexcellentbrand,verypopular,allovertheworldthesedaysQuestion:WhatisthemandoingWoman:DoyouletpeopleknowwhenyouaretakingpicturesofthemMan:ItrynottoYouknow,anypictureofapersonwhoposesforthecamerawouldlookdullandunnaturalQuestion:WhatarethespeakerstalkingaboutWoman:IneedtotalktosomeonewhoknowsBaltimorewellI'mtoldyoulivedthereMan:Oh,butIwasreallyyoungatthetimeQuestion:WhatdoesthemanmeanWoman:Aren'tyoudisappointedthatyoudidn'tgetthepromotionMan:MaybealittleButIknowIneedmoreexperiencebeforeI'mreadyforthatkindofresponsibilityQuestion:WhatdowelearnaboutthemanfromthisconversationWoman:I'vebeenworkingoutthegymsinceJanuaryIwasabitoutofshapeMan:Youlookterrific!ItseemsthatyourefforthaspaidoffQuestion:WhatdoesthemanimplyaboutthewomanWoman:ProfClarksuggestedthatIgetatutorforadvancedphysicsMan:Well,thatmighthelpAdvancedphysicsisaprettydifficultcourseQuestion:WhatdoesthemanmeanWoman:Bill,haveyouheardthelatestnewsItappearswetwowon'tbelaidoffafterallMan:Oh,I'msomewhattiredofworkinghereI'vebeenwonderingwhetherIshouldresignAnyway,thenewsseemstobegoodforyouQuestion:HowdoesthemanfeelaboutthenewsConversationOneWoman:Hello,ParksoncollegeMayIhelpyouMan:YesI'mlookingforinformationoncoursesincomputerprogrammingIwouldneeditforthefallsemesterW:DoyouwantadayoreveningcourseM:Well,itwouldhavetobeaneveningcoursesinceIworkduringthedayW:AhaHaveyoutakenanycoursesindataprocessingM:NoW:OhWell,dataprocessingisacourseyouhavetotakebeforeyoucantakecomputerprogrammingM:Oh,IseeWell,whenisitgivenIhopeit'snotonThursdaysW:Well,there'saclassthatmeetsonMondayeveningsatsevenM:JustonceaweekW:YesButthat'sallmostthreehoursfromseventoninefortyfiveM:OhWell,that'sallrightIcouldmanagethatHowmanyweeksdoesthecourselastW:Mmmm,letmeseeTwelveweeksYoustartthefirstweekinSeptember,andfinish,oh,JustbeforeChristmasDecemberstM:AndhowmuchisthecourseW:That'sthreehundreddollarsincludingthenecessarycomputertimeM:AhaOkayAh,wheredoIgotoregisterW:RegistrationisonthesecondandthirdofSeptember,betweenandinFrostHalM:IsthattheroundbuildingbehindtheparkinglotW:YesThat'stheoneM:Oh,IknowhowtogetthereIsthereanythingthatIshouldbringwithmeW:No,justyourcheckbookM:Well,thankyouverymuchW:YouareverywelcomeBye!M:Bye!WhydoesthemanchoosetotakeaneveningcourseWhatdoesthemanhavetodobeforetakingthecourseofcomputerprogrammingWhatdowelearnaboutthescheduleoftheeveningcourseWhatdoesthemanwanttoknowattheendoftheconversationConversationTwoW:So,whyexactlydoesyourjobhaveareputationforbeingstressfulM:Stressisgenerallydrivenbythefeelingofbeingoutofcontrolofasituation,andthefeelingofasituationcontrollingyouTradinginfinancialmarketscombinesbothW:HowdoyourelaxintheeveningM:IveryrarelydoanythingworkrelatedSoit'seasytoescapethemarketsIgenerallygotothegymorgoforarun,especiallyIfI'vehadabaddayIalwayscookamealratherthanhaveatakeawayTodosomethingmybrainwouldregardascreativeW:DoyouthinkwhatyoudotorelaxisaneffectivewaytobeatstressM:Idon'tthinkthere'saspecificruleabouthowtobeatstressIgenerallyfindthatwhatIdoiseffectiveformeW:WouldyouconsiderchangingyourjobbecauseofthehighstressfactorM:IhaveconsideredleavingmyjobduetostressrelatedfactorsHowever,Idothinkthatanelementofstressisagoodthing,andifusedtherightway,canactuallybeapositivethingW:WhatdoyouenjoyaboutthestressfulaspectsofyourjobM:Havingsaidallthat,IdoactuallyenjoyanelementofuncertaintyIenjoyamentalchallengeTradinggeneratesawiderangeofemotionssecondbysecondHowyoudealwithandmanagethoseemotionsdictatesshort,mediumandlongtermtradingperformanceandsuccessWhatistheman'sjobWhydoesthemanprefertocookamealratherthanhaveatakeawayWhatdoesthemansayaboutanelementofstressinhisjobSectionBPassageOneSinceearlytimes,peoplehavebeenfascinatedwiththeideaoflifeexistingsomewhereelsebesidesearthUntilrecently,scientistsbelievedthatlifeonotherplanetwasjustahopefuldreamButnowtheyarebeginningtolocateplaceswherelifecouldformIn,theysawevidenceofplanetsnearotherstarslikethesunButscientistsnowthinkthatlifecouldbeevennearerinourownsolarsystemOneplacescientistsarestudyingverycloselyisEuropa,amoonofJupiterSpaceprobeshaveprovidedevidencethatEuropahasalargeoceanunderitssurfaceTheprobeshavealsomadethescientiststhinkthatunderitssurfaceEuropahasarockycoregivingoffvolcanicheatWaterandheatfromvolcanicactivityaretwobasicconditionsneededforlifetoformAthirdiscertainbasicchemicalssuchascarbon,oxygenandnitrogenScientistsbelievetheremightbesuchisalsoneedforlifetoformUntilrecently,scientiststhoughtthatlightwasessentialButnow,placeshavebeenfoundonearththatareintotalinblackness,suchascavesseveralmilesbeneaththeoceanAndbacteria,primitiveformsoflifehavebeenseenthereSothelackoflightinEuropa'ssubsurfaceoceandoesn'tautomaticallyruleoutlifeformingWhatdidscientistsoncebelieveaccordingtothepassageWhathavescientistsfoundaboutEuropa,amoonofJupiterWhathavescientistscometoknowrecentlyabouttheformationoflifePassageTwoInherearlydaysasanemergencyroomphysician,DrJoannaMeyertreatedachildwhohadsufferedaseconddegreeburnAfterthechildhadbeentreated,andwasbeingpreparedfordischarge,DrMeyertalkedtotheparentsabouthowtheyshouldcareforthechildathome,alsolisteningtoherwerehalfadozenfamilymembersAfewhourslater,whenshecametosaygoodbye,thefamilyaskedhertosettleanargumentthey'vebeenhavingoverexactlywhatadviceshehadgiven"AsItalkedtothem,Iwasamazed"shesaid,"AllofthemhadheardthesimpleinstructionsIhadgivenjustafewhoursbeforeButtheyhadthreeorfourdifferentversionsThemostbasicdetailswereunclearandconfusingIwassurprised,becausethesewereintelligentpeople"ThisepisodegaveDrMeyerherfirstcluetosomethingeverydoctorlearnssoonerorlatermostpeoplejustdon'tlistenverywellNowadays,shesays,sherepeatsherinstructions,andevenconductsarealitycheckwithsomepatientsSheasksthemtotellherwhattheythinkthey'resupposedtodoShealsoprovidestakehomesheets,whicharecomputerprintouts,tailoredtothepatients'situationDrMeyer'slistenersarenotunusualWhennewordifficultmaterialispresented,almostalllistenersarefacedwithachallenge,becausehuman'sspeechlacksthestabilityandpermanenceoftheprintedwordOralcommunicationisfastmovingandimpermanentQuestionQWhatdidthechild'sfamilymembersargueaboutinthehospitalQWhatdoesDrMeyerdotoensureherpatientsunderstandherinstructionsQWhatdoesthespeakersayabouthumanspeechPassageItislogicaltosupposethatthingslikegoodlaborrelations,goodworkingconditions,goodwagesandbenefits,andjobsecuritymotivateworkersButoneexpert,FrederickHerzbergarguedthatsuchconditionsdonotmotivateworkers,theyaremerelysatisfiersMotivators,incontrast,includethingssuchashavingachallengingandinterestingjob,recognitionandresponsibilityHowever,evenwiththedevelopmentofcomputersandrobotics,therearealwaysplentyofboring,repetitiveandmechanicaljobs,andlotsofunskilledpeoplewhohavetodothemSohowdomanagersmotOnesolutionistogivethemsomeresponsibilities,notasindividuals,butasateamForexample,somesupermarketscombineofficestaff,thepeoplewhofilltheshelves,andthepeoplewhoworkatthecheckoutintoateamAndletthemdecidewhatproductlinestostock,howtodisplaythem,andsoonManypeoplenowtalkabouttheimportanceofacompanysharedvaluesorculture,withwhichallthestaffcanidentifyForexample,beingthebesthotelchain,ormakingthebest,themostuserfriendly,orthemostreliableproductsinaparticularfieldSuchvaluesaremorelikelytomotivateworkersthanfinancialtargets,whichultimatelyonlyconcernafewpeopleUnfortunately,thereisonlyalimitednumberofsuchgoalstogoaroundAndbydefinition,notallthecompetingcompaniesinanindustrycanseriouslyplayintobethebestQuestionQWhatcanactuallymotivateworkersaccordingtoFrederickHerzbergQWhatdoesthespeakersayaboutjobsinthecomputereraQWhatdosomesupermarketsdotomotivateemployeesQWhydoesthespeakersayfinancialtargetsarelesslikelytomotivateworkersSectionCInthehumanities,authorswritetoinformyouinmanywaysThesemethodscanbeclassifiedintothreetypesofinformationalwriting:factual,descriptiveandprocessFactualwritingprovidesbackgroundinformationonanauthor,composerorartist,oronatypeofmusic,literatureorartExamplesoffactualwritingincludenotesonabookjacket,oralbumcoverandlongerpieces,suchasanarticledescribingastyleofmusic,whichyoumightreadinamusicappreciationcourseThiskindofwritingprovidesacontextforyourstudyofthehumanitiesAsitsnameimplies,descriptivewritingsimplydescribes,orprovidesanimageofapieceofmusic,artorliteratureForexample,descriptivewritingmightlistthecolorsanartistsusedinthepainting,ortheinstrumentacomposerincludedinamusicalcomposition,soastomakepicturesorsoundinthereaders'mind,bycallingupspecificdetailsoftheworkDescriptivewritinginthehumanities,particularlyinliterature,isoftenmixedwithcriticalwritingProcesswritingexplainsaseriesofactionsthatbringaboutresultIttellsthereaderhowtodosomethingForexample,explainingthetechniqueusedtoshootafilmThiskindofwritingisoftenfoundinart,whereunderstandinghowanarthascreatedacertaineffectisimportantAuthorsmayactuallyusemorethanonetypeoftechniqueinagivenpieceofinformationalwriting

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