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首页 11-05阅读

11-05阅读.doc

11-05阅读

lv大飞
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《11-05阅读doc》,可适用于综合领域

Googlemaybevaluedatmorethan$billionandboastmillionsofusers,butthatdoesn'tmeantheInternetgiantisanymatchforthediminutiveFrenchPresidentNicolasSarkozyOnDec,SarkozywarnedGooglehewouldnotallowFrancetobe"stripped"ofitsliteraryheritage,anapparentreferencetoGoogle'senormousbookdigitizingproject"Wewon'tletourselvesbestrippedofourheritagetothebenefitofabigcompany,nomatterhowfriendly,bigorAmericanitis,”SarkozysaidduringaroundtablediscussionineasternFrance"WearenotgoingtobestrippedofwhatgenerationsandgenerationshaveproducedintheFrenchlanguage,justbecauseweweren'tcapableoffundingourowndigitizationproject,,Sarkozy'soratoricalhistrionicsarebecomingaregularoccurrenceButtheFrenchPresidentisn'ttheonlyEuropeanDavidreadytostanduptotheInternetGoliathanditsformidablearchivingprojectLastOctober,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelreiteratedconcernsheldbymanyGermanpublishersTheGermangovernment,shesaid,rejected“thescanningofbookswithoutanycopyrightprotectionlikeGoogleisdoingWerefusetopermitsimplescanningofbookswithoutfullprotectionofintellectualpropertyrights,,TheFrenchandGermancomplaintsarepartofagrowingmoveintheEuropeanUniontoheadoffGoogle'smassdigitizationofliterature……Itisnotuptoanyindividualorganizationtodeterminepolicyonamatterasimportantasthedigitizationofourglobalheritage,"FrenchCultureMinisterFredericMitterrandtoldtheJournalduDimanchefollowingameetingofhisEUpeersinlateNovembertodiscussaunited,stateledapproachtothematter"I'mnotgoingtoleavethisissueuptosimplelaissezfaire"Googlehasalreadydigitizedsomemillionbooks一mostofthem“publicdomain"worksthatareoutofprint,orbookswhosecopyrightownersareunknownGoogle'sstrategythusfarappearstohavebeentoscanfirst,anddealwithanycopyrightissueslater一amethodthatworriesauthorsandpublishersJusticeauthoritiesintheUSandinEuropehavewarnedGooglethatitshouldnotsecureamonopolypositionthatwouldallowittosinglehandedlydictatehowmuchthepublicmustpaytoaccessmanyoftheworld'sgreatbooksGoogleanditsbackers一whichincludeindustrialpartnerSonyaswellaslibrariesintheUSandEuropearguethatthecompanybringsrarebooksoftenonlyobtainablebystudents,scholarsandresearcherstothegeneralpubliconlineforfreeItsaysit'salsosettingasidefundingtopaytounknowncopyrightownerswhostepupandaskforremuneration,orremoveworksbythosewhodon'twanttobeinGoogle'sarchiveOpponentstheseincludeseveralEuropeangovernmentsandpublishers,andtheOpenAccessAllianceformedbyauthorsandGooglerivalslikeYahoo!andMicrosoft一describethatasakindofmassive,literarylandgrabwhichignorescopyrightconcernsuntilownersdemandtheybepaidortheirbooksremovedTheyalsofearGoogle'sinitiallyfreesearchandaccessservicewillgivewaytoapayschemeConfusingmattersfurther,libraries,publishersandwritersinboththeUSandEuropearesplitinproandantiGoogleBookcampsTheCaliforniabasedgianthasalreadymadesomeconcessionstopublishersUnderapendingsettlementreachedwithUSpublishers'groups,GooglehasagreedtolimititsarchivingtoworksthathavebeenregisteredintheUS,orcomefromtheUK,Australia,andCanadaEnglishspeakingcountrieswhoseauthorsarepresentinAmericanlibrariesThatagreementwouldnominallyexcludebooksfromcountrieslikeFranceandGermany,andfromChina,whichhasalsoobjectedtothedigitizationprojectoncopyrightgroundsStill,theaccordmustbeapprovedbyaUSfederalcourtreviewinFebruary一notaslamdunkaffair,giventheAmericanJusticeDepartment'sconcernsthattheagreementstillbreaks"fundamentalcopyrightprinciples"GooglehasanothercourtdateitispreparingforParispublishinggroupLaMartinieretookGoogletocourtafteritdiscoveredthefirmhadscannedandarchivedbooksonwhichLaMartiniereholdsthecopyrightIt'saskingfor$millionindamagesfortheviolationIfitwins一arulingisexpectedonDec一thecasewillhelpsetanimportantlegalprecedentonGoogle'sapproachGoogleFrancedeclinedtocommentonthecourtcase,butnoteditsscanningworkwithlibrariesand,privatepublishershasprovokedlittlelegalchallengeCouldthatchangesoon"Wefeelconfidentwe'llwinonthemostimportantlegalpointsinthiscase,whichisimportanttoestablishprecedentawaitingtheUShearinginFebruary,"notesTessaDestais,anadvisertoLaMartiniere"We'renotantiGoogleit'sawonderfulcompanyWe'resimplyinsistingitobeycopyrightlaws,andstartnegotiatingwithpublishersaspartners"Whatdoes"remuneration"meaninParagraphAapprovalBpaymentCapologyDcopyrightWhichofthefollowingisNOTanopponentofGoogleAChinaBYahoo!CEuropeanpublishersDTheOpenAccessAllianceWhichofthefollowingistobefearedbytheopponentsofGoogleAGooglemayignorecopyrightlawsBGooglemaywinthecourtcaseinParisCGooglemaychargeusersforreadingbooksDGooglemaydigitizebookswithoutauthors'consentAccordingtotheauthor,whatcanbeinferredfromparagraphATheagreementwillnotsettletheissueinessenceBTheagreementisfavorabletoFranceandGermanyCTheagreementwillpreventGooglefromdigitizingbooksfromChinaDTheagreementwillpermitGoogletodigitizebooksfromEnglishspeakingcountriesWhatcanbeinferredfromthepassageAWritersinEuropeobjecttothedigitizingprojectBGoogle'sdigitizingprojectispopularintheUSCGooglewillchangeitsapproachandpayforthecopyrightDNotallthepeopleconcernedobjecttothedigitizingproject语篇分析第一段:法国总统萨科奇针对谷歌公司将法国书籍数字化一事发表声明,反对谷歌公司的这一行为。第二段:德国也表示了强烈的不满。第三段:谷歌公司已将大约一千万册书籍进行了数字化,其作法是先扫描,然后考版权问题。第四段:谷歌公司及其支持者欧美的图书馆以及索尼公司辩称其目的是让广大公众能够在网上免费阅读那些以往只向学生开放的书籍。第五段:而反对者将谷歌的行为描述为置版权于不顾的掠夺行径。第六段:谷歌已作出一些让步,同意只收录那些在美国注册,或来自英国、澳大利亚和加拿大的作品,当然这一协议还需经美国联邦法院许可。第七段:谷歌公司还将面临另一场官司。法国出版公司LaMartinire将谷歌公司诉诸法庭,谷歌将LaMartini白re拥有版权的书籍扫描存档。B此题是词义理解题。结合上下文及句中pay词可知,B为正确答案。C此题是事实题。由第五段可知,选项C不是谷歌公司的反对者。C此题是事实题。由第五段可知,谷歌公司的反对者担心谷歌会对网上阅读由免费改为收费。A此题是推断题。由第六段可知,即使协议通过,谷歌的做法仍然违背了根本的版权原则,所以该协议不能从实质上解决问题。D此题是推断题。由最后一段可知,人们并不是反对谷歌公司的数字化工程,而是希望其遵守版权法,保护作者的合法权益。

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