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首页 青海情况介绍

青海情况介绍.doc

青海情况介绍

贾敬细
2019-06-08 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《青海情况介绍doc》,可适用于综合领域

附件三:青海省省情介绍一、概况青海位于青藏高原东北部,因境内有全国最大的内陆咸水湖青海湖而得名,简称“青”。青海五分之四以上的地区为高原,平均海拔米以上,属典型的高原大陆性气候,太阳辐射强,光照时间长,地区间差异大,垂直变化明显。基本特点:一是地广人稀。青海东西长约公里,在东经°'°'之间南北宽约公里,在北纬°'°'之间,面积万平方公里,占全国总面积的,仅次于新疆、西藏、内蒙古,居全国第四位。到年底,全省总人口万人。二是多民族聚居。共有个少数民族,世居少数民族主要有藏族、回族、土族、撒拉族和蒙古族,其中土族和撒拉族为青海所独有,少数民族占总人口的。全省现有个民族自治州、个民族自治县,实行民族自治的地区占总面积的。三是资源丰富。共发现各种矿产种,其中种储量居全国前位,种居全国首位。特别是黄河上游的水电资源,柴达木盆地的盐湖资源、石油天然气资源,以及分布在全省各地的有色金属资源、非金属矿产资源极为丰富,开发前景广阔。此外,具有高原特色的农牧业资源、野生动植物资源和旅游资源也很丰富。四是生态地位重要。青海是长江、黄河、澜沧江的发源地,素有“中华水塔”之称,是我国重要的生态功能区。二、资源基本情况土地资源:青海省土地面积万平公里,约占全国的,仅次于内蒙古、西藏、新疆,居全国第位。矿产资源:目前发现各类矿产种,其中种矿产保有资源储量列全国前位,种排前位。锂、锶、钾、镁、芒硝、石棉、石英岩等种矿产资源储量居全国首位。全省已发的矿种种,有查明资源储量的矿种种,其中,已发现能源矿产种,金属矿产种,非金属矿产种,水气矿产种。全省共发现大中型矿产地处。水能资源:青海省河流众多,河床落差大,水能资源十分丰富。全省河流水能理论蕴藏量总计万千瓦,居中国各省区的第位,其中在万千瓦以上的干支流区有条。全省有个大型梯级电站,装机容量可达万千瓦,年发电量约亿千瓦时,分别占全省可开发水能资源总装机容量的和年发电总量的l,被誉为中国水能资源的“富矿区”。石油天然气资源:青海省的石油、天然气主要分布在柴达木盆地。以冷湖油田、尕斯库勒油田、花土沟油田和狮子沟油田为主。含油面积达平方公里,有三个时代的生油层,已发现地面构造个,潜伏构造个。探明油田个,原油保有储量近亿吨,居全国第十位天然气已探明个气田,保有储量亿立方米,保有储量潜在经济价值为亿元,居全国第六位。高原动植物资源:青海是我国主要草原畜牧业生产基地之一,也是全国的五大牧区之一。各类牲畜万头(只),其中牦牛、藏羚羊等牲畜在国内外有较高的声誉。具有高原特色的虫草、贝母、大黄、雪莲、蕨麻、鹿角菜、发菜、三刺等资源十分丰富。青海旅游资源十分丰富。在国内乃至世界有较高知名度的旅游景点有余处。大自然赋予了青海独特的风光。如江河源、昆仑文化、青海湖、塔尔寺都是具有垄断性品牌,有很大的发展潜力。三、经济社会发展现状西部开发战略实施以来,在党中央、国务院的关心和支持下,青海进入了历史上最好的发展时期,主要表现在:国民经济持续快速发展。年全省实现生产总值亿元,比上年增长,比上年增速高个百分点人均生产总值元,比上年增长。第一、第二和第三产业对GDP的贡献率分别为、。特色经济发展成效显著。盐湖化工、电力、石油天然气、有色金属、冶金、医药、建材、农畜产品加工等支柱和优势产业在工业经济中的比重不断提高,以盐湖资源综合利用、轻金属新材料和中藏药现代化为重点的新型产业群正在崛起,农牧业产业化快速发展,旅游业发展势头迅猛。BriefIntroductionofQinghaiSummery:QinghaiProvinceislocatedinthenorthwestofQinghaiTibetPlateauandQinghaiisnamedafterQinghaiLake,thelargestinlandsaltlakeinChina(ShortforQing)ThefourfifthsofareainQinghaiisplateauwithitsaveragealtitudeover,mabovesealevelsothatQinghaihasitstypicalplateaucontinentalclimatewithitsstrongsolarradiation,longersunshinehours,greatregionaldifferencesandstrikingverticalchangesBasicFeatures:Vastareaandsparsepopulation:Qinghailiesbetween°'and°'eastlongitudeand°'and°'northlatitudewiththelengthof,kmfromwesttoeastandwidthofkmfromnorthtosouthandQinghaicoversanareaof,km,accountingforofthetotalareaofChina,rankingfourthinthecountrynexttoXinjiang,TibetandInnerMongoliaBytheendof,thepopulationtotaled,,Coexistenceinacompactcommunitylivingbymultiplepeoples:WiththeethnicminoritieslivinginQinghai,Tibetan,Muslim,Tu,SalaandMongolianarethemajorethnicgroupsthathaveinhabitedinQinghaisincetheancienttimesTuandSalapeoplearetwoethnicgroupswhocoulduniquelybefoundonlyinQinghaiThepopulationofethnicgroupsaccountsforofthetotalpopulationinQinghaiQinghaiProvincehascurrentlyethnicautonomousprefecturesandethnicautonomouscountiesunderitsjurisdiction,whichaccountsforoftheprovince’stotalareaQinghaiisrichinitsnaturalresourcesAmongthevarietiesofthediscoveredmineralresources,thereservesofvarietiesrankthefirstandthereservesofvarietiesrankthetopteninthecountryandspecialmentionshouldbemadetothehydropowerresourcesontheupperreachesoftheYellowRiverandsalineresourcesandpetroleum,naturalgasinQiadamBasin,aswellasnonferrousandnoblemetaldistributedthroughQinghaihavebecometheadvantageousmineralresourcesinQinghaiwiththeirgreatexploitationpotentialsInaddition,Qinghaiisrichinitsplateaufeaturedagrolivestock,faunaandfloralandtourismresourcesImportantecologicalstatus:QinghaiisthesourceofYangtzeRiver,theYellowRiverandMekongRiverwithitsreputationofWaterTowerofChinasothatQinghaiisanimportantecologicalfunctionareainChinaResourcesLandresource:Qinghaicoversanareaof,km,accountingforonethirteenthofthetotalareaofChina,rankingfourthinthecountrynexttoInnerMongoliaTibetandXinjiangMineralresources:ThereareovervarietiesofmineralsthathavebeendiscoveredinQinghaiAmongthevarietiesofthediscoveredmineralresources,thereservesofvarietiesrankthetoptenandvarietiestakethethirdpositioninthecountryThedepositsofmorethantenmineralresource,includinglithium,strontium,potassium,magnesium,Glauber’ssalt,asbestos,quartzite,etcarerankedtothenationaltopAmongthevarietiesofthediscoveredmineralresources,therearevarietiesofprovenmineralsSofar,typesofenergyresources,typesofmetalresources,typesofnonmetalresourcesandtypesofhydrosphereresourceshavebeendiscoveredinQinghaiInaddition,mineraloccurrences,largeandmediumsized,havebeendiscoveredinQinghaisofarHydropowerresources:QinghaiisrichinitshydropowerresourceswithitsmanyriversandgreatwaterfallsThestoragevolumeinQinghaicanreachmillionKw,rankingthefifthacrossthecountryTherearetributaryriverswiththeircapacityof,KwTherearelargescalecascadehydropowerstationswiththeirtotalinstalledcapacitybeingmillionKwandtheirannualpowergenerationbeingbillionKwh,accountingforoftheexploitableinstalledhydropowercapacityandoftheannualpowergenerationvolumerespectivelyinQinghaisothatQinghaihasbeenreputedastherichhydropowerareainChinaPetroleumGasResources:ThepetroleumandnaturalgasismainlydistributedinCaidamBasinofQinghaiwiththemajoroilfieldslikeLenghu,Gasi’kule,HuatugouandShizigouTheoilareahasreachedanareaofkmwiththeirthreegenerationpetroleumsourcebedswiththediscoveredgroundcompositionsandlatentcompositionsThereareprovenoilfieldswithadepositofbillionmt,takingthetenthonthenationallistandtherearealsoprovennaturalgasfieldswiththeirreserveddepositofbillionmanditsreservedeconomicvaluebeingbillionyuan,takingthesixthonthenationaltopQinghaiisoneofthemajorpastorallivestockhusbandryproductionbasesinChinaandoneoffivepasturingareasinChinawithmillionheadsoflivestockandthelivestocklikeyakandTibetanantelopearewellknownbothathomeandabroadQinghaiisrichintheplateaufeaturednaturalresourceslikecaterpillarfungus,fritillaria,rhubarb,snowlotus,fern,carragheenmoss,longthreadmoss,seabuckthorn,etcInaddition,Qinghaiisrichinitstourismresourceswithmorethannationalandinternationalfamousscenicspots,It’struethatnaturehasendowedQinghaiwithitsuniqueviewsTheSourceofThreeRivers,profoundKunlunCulture,QinghaiLakeandTa’erMonastery,etchavebecomemonopolistictourismbrandswiththeirgreatdevelopmentpotentialsCurrentSocialEconomicDevelopmentinQinghaiQinghaihasentereditsbestdevelopmentphaseinitshistorywiththeimplementationoftheGrandWesternDevelopmentStrategyandstrongsupportanddeepconcernoftheChinesePartyCentralCommitteeandStateCouncilinthefollowingaspects:Thenationaleconomymaintainsitsasustained,rapidandsounddevelopmentThetotaloutputvalueofQinghaicameuptobillionyuaninwithitsincreaseofthanlastyear,higherthaanthatoflastyearGDPpercapitatotaled,yuan,anincreaseofthanlastyearInsum,thecontributionrateofthefirstandsecondandtertiaryindustriesturnedouttobe、,respectivelyAgreatachievementhasbeenmadeintheplateaufeaturedeconomicdevelopmentinQinghaiTheproportionofthepillarandadvantageousindustrieslikesalinechemicalengineering,power,petroleum,naturalgas,nonferrousmetal,metallurgy,pharmacy,buildingmaterials,agrolivestockproductprocessing,etckeepsincreasingwiththefocusonnewrisingindustrialclustersofcomprehensiveutilizationofthesalineresources,newlightmetalmaterialsandmodernChineseandTibetanherbalmedicinealongwiththefastgrowingofindustrializedagrolivestockindustryandtourism

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