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首页 给清宫戏正礼(To Qing Dynasty drama is ceremony)

给清宫戏正礼(To Qing Dynasty drama is ceremony).doc

给清宫戏正礼(To Qing Dynasty drama is…

李荷举
2018-04-01 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《给清宫戏正礼(To Qing Dynasty drama is ceremony)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

给清宫戏正礼(ToQingDynastydramaisceremony)给清宫戏正礼(ToQingDynastydramaisceremony)Briefintroductionofthespeaker:LiBaochen:aresearcherattheBeijingAcademyofsocialsciencesHegraduatedfromthePhilosophyDepartmentofPekingUniversityinJulyandreceivedhisbachelor'sdegreeThemainworksare:"Atthecriticalpointinhistory"(coauthored)thehistoryofcitylifeinBeijing(partofMingDynasty)institutionalinertiainculturalshockChinesecitypressThepaper:"inBeijingonDashun","historicalresearch"thirdfirstThepoliticalorderofetiquettesociety,,BeijingSocialSciencessecond,andsoonmorethanarticlesTranslation:"YanHuiqingAutobiography(Translated)in,thecommercialpressInPekingUniversity,people'sUniversity,CentralAcademyofDramaandothercollegesanduniversitieshaveheldmanylecturesonetiquetteContentintroduction:Fromthe"Princess"tothe"KangxiDynasty",from"sourdrangsecrethistory"to"youngemperor",adepartmentofdifferentthemesofQingdramacausepeopletopayattentiontothehistoryofhitIsjokingorfactsFivethousandyearsofChinesecivilization,isastateofceremoniofpeoplethinkthatChineseisthelackofrulesThefirstperformanceinastateofceremonies,sincetheQinandHanDynasties,chooseChinesebasicallyistheruleofetiquetteConfuciussaid:thepoliticsRoad,togetherwithpunishment,peoplefreeandshamelessroadtoGermany,togetherwithsenseThatistosay,theChinesedreamofvirtueisachievedbyElilillySo,riteissomethingborrowedfrompunishment,thatistosay,betweenwordsandmoralitySinceproprietyisnormative,itmustbeoperative,anditmustbestrictlyregulatedLet'ssaytheunusualisonlypoliteceremonyattheendofdetails,itisnotequaltothecoreofthingscanbeusedastheritualIt'sjustakindofexternal,orwhatoneshouldhaveCourtesy,wisdomandtrainingaremainlyakindofinnerintrospectiontotrainpeopleAndtoexercise,youhaveapsychologicalfear,thatistosayyouproceedingtoactionwithfearoranxiety,exerciseapsychologicalsenseofshameConfuciusshamed,hisreasonisthatonecanknowtheshamehefeltashamed,wrongCeremonyisdividedintofivekinds,thefirstisthesecondJiLi,JiaLi,thirdsalute,fourthguest,fifthXiongliJiLiismainlyaritualofimperialsacrificesForexample,offeringtoheavenForexample,theTiantaninthesouthernsuburbsofBeijing,Beijiaoeastofthewest,Ditan,atanItissaidthatthefourplaceitistheyearfourequal,thatisthewintersolsticeSummerSolsticeFestival,worship,andthesun,thesuninthevernalequinox,autumnalequinoxfestivalmonth,itisdividedintofourpartsTheheaven,itisakindofagriculturalsociety,aformofworshipButit'snotforwantofagoodharvestChinabecausetheemperorsthoughtdivineright,saidhisrightwasonthedaySohereachedhimthroughheavenandGodcanhaveadialoguetogetGod'sfamilyAndinthisway,healsoexpressesthegreatimageofhisadministrationSoinancientsociety,theemperor'spatents,buttheemperoranyoneisnotheavenCharlieistheemperor,forexampleintheinstrument,theweddinginstrumentemperor,suchasprincemarried,marriedPrincessLetmegiveyouanexample,suchassummoningTheemperor'sinstrumentoftheemperorandthedragon'shead,hecouldnotdojusticetotheemperorItcouldonlybeacollectiveandaformtoshowtheauthorityoftheemperorOfficemustbeonasmallerscale,whichrequiresconversationNow,weoftenwatchTVtoseetheministertoseetheemperorshouted:"emperorlonglive",infactintheQingDynasty,exceptwhenintheinstrument,theHongluTempleMingChanofficerundertheleadershipofshouting"longlive",thedailyofficeiscalledDon'tshoutlonglivetheAsamatteroffact,whoknows,themanwhocrieslonglivesknows,andthecelebratedknowthatnomancanlivelongButlonglivejustasasymbol,thatistosay,asymboloftheeternalpoweroftheimperialpowerAphilosophernamedWittgenstein,whooncesaidaword,"iftheinfiniteoftimeisregardedastimeless,thenthelivingareeternal"That'swhattimeishuman,butpeoplearewillingtopursuelifewithlimitedtimeThat'shumanEveryonewantstolivelonger,sothiskindofthing,theexpectationexpressedintheimperialinstrument,andtheimperialpowerofthisforever,itcannotbethesameindailylifeInhislongQingDynastytowardtheinstrument,itistheRoyalgateTheRoyalgateisintheMingDynasty,Emperorextremelydoor,whichislaterQingDynastygateTheQingDynastyRoyalgatetothegateofHeavenlyPurity,inthedrycleaningdoorlocatedinthemiddleofflatchair,thatistosayaseat,seatThentherewasthescreenbehindhim,andthentheguardheldhisarmWhentheofficersonduty,isarrangedafterclass,alsowanttowhipThenweasked,pleaseendandtheneachgovernmentreport,andthendecidewhatmattersHowever,thismatterwasnotlaterheldinthelateQingdynastyTheRoyalgateintoa,iseachgovernmenteverymorningcamehereforapprovalThereisawhitelampinthedrycleaningdoorsteps,thelightstostepdownaslongasPak,thatthisgroupplayedtheemperorhascomeout,theseofficialscangetThedailyofficeoftheministersummonedmainlybytheemperorandMinistersummonedtheminister,orseetheconversationbetweenministersThisiscalled"callup",callup,istheoldBeijingdialectThis"up"actuallymeansthatup,infact,isawaveof"twodials"meanEverydaytheemperorpassestwomealcards,onceamorningandonceanightInthemorning,whenhewaseating,iftheofficialsandtheofficialshewantedtocallin,thebrandwouldbearrangedinasequence,andthenafterhefinishedeating,hebegantocallit,"it'sanearlymealcard"TheeveningmealcardiscalledpinfeiBasicallyiscalledluckyfortheQingDynastyemperorconcubinesandlife,thatistosaytheemperorisgenerallynottogotothepalacepinfeiWhenitiseatingdinnerattheemperor'sconcubines,gatheredinYangxintemplesidethereisabanquetweddinghallThenpassthebrand,isthebluesign,ismadeofwood,theheadisgreen,witheveryone'stitleHandeddown,theemperorturnedtheman,themanleftbehind,isequivalenttoaccompanytheemperoronthedayoflife,notcalled,andthatiscalledscattered,infact,equivalenttooffwork,thatis,eachbacktohispalaceThismorningmealbrand,itisseparatedfromtwoonwards,threeonwardsSocalledtheminister,hecametotheheartofthetempleBecauseoftheQingDynastyemperorofficeorinYangxinhall,orinthecabinetofthepalaceofheavenlypurityTheministerpickedupthecurtainandwentinside,Adoorisactuallya"thenakneelingAtthekneeswhenhismouthsaidacertainemperorSaintAntoineThekneesapproachisthefirststeptheleftlegrightlegbackleftlegkneel,kneelingonthegroundthenstretched,thenlifttherightleg,leftleglifttostandup,notonlydonotbow,thismustbetheactionshouldbecontinuous,tomakeclearBecausewehavenothistimewhatthebow,sothisaction,forthepastchildhoodworshippeopleheisakindofhabit,itcanbeverybeautiful,ifyouletusdowhatwecandoThen,afterstandingupandmovingon,theemperorsatonthesouthsideoftheKangandsatonthekangThen,infrontofhim,ontheground,therewasarededgewhitecushion,andtheministerkneltdownonthematandtalkedIfyousaysomethingwrong,theemperorblamesit,sotakeitoffandputitonthegroundItmeansyouarewrongbytouchingitWhat'sdonethatno,NoTheniftheemperorpraisedyou,itisalsoaplacetokowtow,butdon'ttouchtheheadAfterthereport,theemperorsaidyougodown,thenyoustandupinsitu,stilldoakneeling,withthedoorlike,andthenbackafewsteps,turnedout,thisissummonedprogramInaddition,dressing,summonedclothing,whichinthepast,forexample,inthepalace,theemperorandtheministerdressingshouldbeconsistentThebiggestproblemwithTVshowsisnowBecausewhatYou,forexample,nowalotofministers,casualclothesintothepalace,casualclothesmettheemperor,theemperoralsocasuallydressedInordertoshowthehonoroftheemperor,oftenwearingrobes,infactitisverytired,dailylifecanbelikethatThatis,theemperorshouldbasicallywearlongclothesItissaidthattheinsideofhisrobe,itbasicallyisliketellingstone,suchaswhattheredjujubeandsoon,isthewholebodyofacolor,maybeaboveasmallpattern,thenoutsidewearingasocalledgownisakindofdragon,dragonpattern,subTheMinisterofthepalacemustwearrobes,robesofseveral,oneisaroyalrobes,vestments,alongdress,andinmovingandservice,rainydaysrainsuitButwhentheemperorsummonedtheminister,theministerisbasicallyshouldwearrobes,oruniformsRegularservice,fordailycallOftenclothes,thesocalledregularclothes,thatisinsidetheclothesisaveryordinaryclothes,andthenoutsidethatwesay,saidmendingclothesAcrane,twopeacock,istosaythatithasapattern,andthenadingdaibeadsItisagoodformofetiquetteforChinesepeopletowearthesameclothesDon'tsayinthepalacesostrictrules,thepastistheworldofordinarypeople,includingsomesayhonestpeople,includingofficials,heshouldbeinthevisitorswhenreceivingguestsandclothesarethesameForexample,inthepasttherewasnotelephone,soyoucouldnotmakeanappointmenttovisitsomeoneItistoahouse,forexampleifthefamilybelongstothemansion,heissuretohavetheporter,orthemessenger,thenhandedthefilmyougotthere,thefilmisfollowedbythenamecard,pagetosend,tothemasterThemastersaid,"see,hemustreportWhat'sthemanwearing"Ifapersonistowearrobes,youjustathomeleisuremustwearrobesPeopleiswearingcasualclothes,youjustdoasetofnewrobesathometoaudition,thatmustbetheofficialoff,changetopeoplewithroughlythesameclothesonThisistheagreementbetweenthehostandtheguest,whichisoneofthesocalled"LiJia"Themostimportantceremonyintheceremonyisthewedding,whichmeansthattheweddingcomesfromtheemperortothecommonpeopleItisafrequentoccurrenceWell,theweddingwastooloudwhenalltheTVdramasinQingDynastyweretalkingabouttheweddingceremonyThatistosayyounowplaytheplayofpalaceofQingDynastyorthepalacedrama,orisitsomethingyouputoperahouse,thekindoftransplantthatisnotaccurate,You,forexample,marriedinthepalaceoftheprinceandnevergotmarriedinthepalaceBecausethepalaceisquitebigandthereareplentyofhouses,thisisoneSecond,allthekingsoftheQingDynastyweremorerestrictedthanyouimaginedThatistosay,thereissomethingfestiveinhisfamilyHecan'thavesomanypeopleIfheattracts,hemayoffendtheemperorThisisbecausethehenationhasageneroussalaryinexchangeforhisconsiderablefreedomYoudon'tthinkheisakingHe'sveryfreeThecityintheQingDynastyfromthecityisnotforty,yousaidIcasually,thenwentouttowheretoplay,itisnotSohedoesnotsupportitselfinsidethepalaceroof,andingeneralisthatofficialsgenerallysupportshedlittleThisshelf,basicallyshouldbesaidthatthereisacertaineconomicstrength,thewelloffhome,alsowanttolavish,makespecialflourishing,suchafamilytomakespecialredweddingActually,thisweddingisinChina,thatistosay,fromthebeginning,itoriginatedfromZhouliInfact,intheQingDynasty,allthewedding,thatis,theweddingofManchuria,itisheldatnightWhyWhyusethenight,thisoneisderivedfromGuliThis"Yili",LiuLiShiHun's"lost",itisthe"fainttwilight"Thatistosay,ithassixmajorproceduresatthetimeofmarriageOriginandaskedthenameofNajibandnanofeatures,please,proyingThesesixprocedures,basically,untillater,untiltoday,perhapssomepeoplearestillinuse,butalsoreflectsthecharmofZhouritualeraBecausetheoriginandaskedthenameisspoken,Najib,inclusivecharacteristicsislaterperiodislatercustombuilt,pleasecommunicationceremony,proYingismarriedButwhyismarriageatnightInthisceremonythereissuchasentence:ascholartoafaint,faintfromtheYangwillbeusedtocomeintothethreedayofYin,formarriageThatistosay,marriageactuallycomesfromaconceptoftime,nottospeakoftheconceptofgenderItisaconceptoftimeThatistosayafaint,thistimeisthebesttimetoeveningtakeawifeButnowyouthinkthemeaningoftenchangesintheevening,especiallynowthesocialchangesquickly,sothemeaningofchangefrequencyishigher,isoftensaidwhatyousaynowmaynotmeanthatthewordatthattimeNowwethinkduskiseveningLiShangyinoftheTangDynastyPoetry:asenseofdiscomfort,afterascendingguyuanThesettingsunisinfinitelygood,justnearduskJustatwentywordquatrain,withlate,withthesunsetwiththedusk,nowpeoplereadthispoemfeelquiterepetitiveNotreally,whyNowthetimeisnotthesamewiththeancients,theancientsputthreepointstofivepointsinfivecalled,tosevendaysintothecalledsevenpointstoninepoints,calledninetoelevenevening,peoplecalledYousay,sometimestellpeoplethatnightleakageistentative,ifyouunderstandthistime,knowthattheauthorisatteno'clock,beforeistenpoints,ninepointstotenpointsearlymiddlenight,leakageistentative,thepoempeoplebeforetheperiodofwritingThatistosay,itwillbefromseventonineintheeveningIt'sjustinthesummer,andmaybeit'sstillshining,andthesunwillsetinthesecondhalfSowhydidhecallthesunset,thethreemountainsdim,thesunsetting,threeminutesThemountainisaboutminutesorso,equivalenttoaquarterofanhourWhenthesungoesdown,threeminuteslater,thistimeit'sdarkThistime,itisthebesttimetomarryChineseculturecomparesmentoYangandwomentoyinThatistosay,whenthecombinationofyinandYang,andtobuildanewfamily,theChinesepeoplearewillingtomarryheratthemomentthatismostfavorableforwomenTherefore,theChinesedonotrespectwomen,andthatisnotthewayitisBecauseChinahasalonghistory,timechangesareverylargeForexample,beforeyouspeakofTangDynasty,thestatusofwomenisveryhighButinanysociety,youspeakofawomanwhoisalwaysintheupperclassWomenintheupperclassesarelimited,Then,thestatusofwomeninthissocietyislow,andthewomenintheupperclassesarenotrestrictedThen,womeninthissocietyarebasicallyequaltomenSoyoucanonlybeachievedinthepastforupperclasswomen,womenisnotachievedLet'sgoontotalkaboutthenightmarriageinQingdynastyMarryitatnight,it'smarried,it'saguardofhonorThishonorguardhashornlightsinfrontofitandhornslightsinfrontofitItusesadifferentnumberofhornlightsaccordingtoyourlevel,andthenhasastandardofhonorButthisisnotaguardofhonor,istopayattentiontosayyouhaveabandintheweddingringers,whenonlytheteam,butnotonSothattheQingDynastyManchumarriage,intheeveningtheteamisspectacular,youlookmuchlikeadragonlikeTheninaback,mustinadvanceatthebeginningofthesubchamber,tohekansubceremonybeforethebeginningofinlineIfafterthebeginningoftheson,thatistantamounttosayseconddays,YangQiwillbegintoriseThebridesobitter,she'sgoingtositinbedforseconddays,todowiththegroomhekanInfact,whenyougetmarriedatnight,youmaynotseethebrideinthepast,oryoucan'tseethebrideatallSoamarriagewillgiveyouacardtocongratulateyou,youhadaweddingontheday,forexample,sendyouagift,youthanked,youcanleaveatanytimeIfyouwanttowaituntilthesedandoorcomesin,thenyoucanwaituntilthesedandoorarrivesBecausetherewasnodayforthebridetocomeouttomeettheguest,andnotthesamedayshesawherparentsinlawBannermanmarriedherclothesbythehusbandsentto,istheoldjacket,theolderthebetter,youhavenootherhomethroughthetubeWhenthecar'sshoesareblueshoes,ofcourseshewaswearingheroldjacketinside,outsideandherclothing,itisonasandwichThisisaveryinterestingthingSalute,isactuallytheRoyalMilitaryActionprogramWhatdoesitincludeIncludinglikereading,travel,lifeetcYouseealotofTVdramanow,whenhemetawarmovie,thereisabattlelikeweararmorInfact,thisisalittletoofartounderestimatethewisdomoftheancientsInfact,thatoneofthedozensofarmor,andafterthearray,itisestimatedthattheenemydidnotknockdown,theymaybetiredfirstThiskindofarmorisusedinabigreadingThesocalledbigreadingisequivalenttothepresentparadeAndwhenthereisarealwar,sendingtroops,marchingandfighting,theydonotweararmourBecauseofmilitarylifewithallofyouisfaraway,soIcanonlygiveyouaboutthisafewwordsHerewelivewithguest,guestisnearFirstofall,letmestartwiththetitleTheappellationoftheChinesepeopleiscomplicated,butitismiscellaneousandnotconfusedMoreover,theappellationoftheChineseisalwaysthemostaccurateinformationSo,forexample,you'retalkingaboutthispersonHehasapaternallineandamotherlineWhatshouldhecallthenYoujustcallout,immediately,outsiderswillknowwhetheryourfamilyoruncle'sfamily,orwhat,thisisveryaccurateAndnowweareintheplayequipmentsuchasclear,there'salotofappellationisveryproblematicFirstofall,aperson,hehasasurname,andthenfamous,sosyntheticnameAnotherexampleisyourname,whichreferstoyournameandyourwordsInthepast,peopleonlyusedwordsandnumbersButforthepersonofanofficial,hehasalsoposthumousofficialtitle,thenhediedYousayaboutZengGuofan,hediedafteraposthumousposthumoustitle,theZenggongThenheonlyhadsuchalawafterZengGuofan'sdeath,andwhenhewasalivehedidnotevenknowwhetherhecouldgetthetitleHowcanItalktotwopeopleintheTVdramaafterImetZengGuofan,andhowwasitwrittenYousaythereareafewofZhangXueliang'sdrama,MissZhaosiagoodhowtolearnThisisaninsulttoMissZhaoSi,becauseMissZhaoSiafterallsheisakindofculturalfamily,officialfamily,Shereceivedsuchtrainingsinceshewasachild,andinhermouthshewasunabletocalloutthetwowords"learningwell"WhyZhangXueliang,HanQing,isZhangXueliangIntheHanDynastytherewasaZhangLiang,theMinisteroftheHandynastyThisappellationisverystrictinthepastButwearenowintheTVseries,itismorefrequent,inthewrongplace,wrongname,thenthepeoplereadafterthedeathofthetitle,thiskindofphenomenonmeettheeyeeverywhereGuestismainlyabouttheproductsmeetofficialceremonybetweenofficialsandacquaintancessuchanetiquetteInvisitingeachother,itisnecessarytotakethebus,andnowtheTVdramasedanisusedtoomuchInfact,theQingDynastyregulationsonlycivilservice,morethansixtyofthetwoyearsofcivilservicebeforetheycanrideNomatterwhatyourlevelisamilitaryofficer,youareunabletotakethecarAndthereareonlyfourpeopleinthecity,andtherewillneverbeeightThecariseightgenerationemperorpatrollocalgovernmenthouse,suchasthegovernorgovernorwherehecanuseeightlargecarInthecapital,youareaBachelorofscience,evenifyouhavefallenintotheprince,suchastheprinceofthelateQingDynastyorprinceworship,thesepeoplecanonlybefourcarsGenerallyspeaking,whatdoyousayifIcan'trideahorseandnotletmerideinacarBycarriage,thatistosay,youcantakeabusButmostpeopleevenallowyoualotoflitters,peopletendtochoosethecarBecausewhatTheridecostislowandtheridecostishighWhyTheseplaysareverymuchonthebusWhere'sthebigoneItisachairitisnotpossibletousefourbearersliftedforeverThenwhyuseasedanchairWhyisitsoexpensiveThatis,itneedsatleasttwoorthreepeopleAtleasthehastosupporteightpeople,oreventwelvepeopleThatistosay,whenhewastraveling,therewasatophorseinfrontofthesedanchairThetophorsewastheguide,andthenthefourmencarriedthecartThecarhasacar,isahorsepullingacartThesereplacementbearerssittinginthecarriageAndthenyou,whydoyouwanttostayBecauseyouarethepersonyouwanttobefoottofollow,thelasttoliftthesedanchairThatistosay,whenthefourmencarriedthesedanforward,totheground,whenthesubstitution,thecardown,fourpeopleinsteadofthosefour,andthefourcametothecarThatistosay,sedanchair,itcostshighAbouttouseitinthelateQingDynastychair,ayearaboutBabaiduoliangsilverconsumptionAndthiscarriage,bycontrast,isrelativelycheap,andaboutfourhundredandtwentyisenoughOfcourse,thegeneralgoodhealth,canalsochooseareriding,ridingThispoint,everyoneisaanecdotes,butalsoaknowledgeThentellmeabouttherites,andtheritualofburyingthedeadAlltheproceduresforburyingdeadpeopleareevilritesThenmisstheceremonyofthedeadisfierceceremony,thatistosayyourecallispartofthecultofancestorsTheChinesepeople'sheavyburialisalongwaytogo,butitisextremelycriticalItisbothawasteofmoneyandtheoccupationoflandEspeciallyinthecontemporaryera,theChinesepopulationissolarge,therearenotsomanyplacestoburydeadpeopleInthepast,Chinesebasicallyistheburial,itistoachieveaclanunityinfuneralsAsweallknow,thereisoftenaword"fiveclothes",ageneralcountrypeople,hemaybeabletohavethisThatistosaythevillagearesurnamedLiu,bothofusfiveinfestedclothingWhatdothesefiveclothesmeanFiveclothingreferstoaperson,afterdeath,dressedinthisfuneraldress,fivekindsofclothing,youcanseethispersonaccordingtothisclothing,andtherelationshipbetweenthedead,andthuscanpushyououtofthisrelationshipThefive,thefuneralalsofrequentlyappearedintheTVseries,butitisonlythefuneralalliswhite,ithasnogapbetweenmourningInthefuneral,afterapersondies,thefuneralmourning,itisagapThatisthefirstcutofsecondismourningapparel,thirdlargepower,mourningapparel,fourthsmall,fifthisthefinelinenhempThefirstcutreferstothemourningapparel,andwhatitismadeRawflaxThisistheedgeofmourningapparelclothing,Itisnotacasualclothessewing,cutafterwearing,wearingNowweareinmourningapparelQi,howtowritetheword,isneat,readtogetherismadeofcookedhempmourningapparelThesidesareneatandsewnTheworkiscoarsecloth,littleworkisfinecloth,finelinenhempismorefinewhiteclothThisisequivalenttofiveclothesFivewearbecauseitisnotthesame,forhistimeisnotthesameForexample,themostimportantishecutthemourningapparelforparentsHewasthreeyearsold,andthethreeyearsofmourningwereactuallytwentysevenmonthsThisisayearofmourningmourningapparelqiTheworkisninemonths,littleworkisfivemonths,finelinenhempisthreemonthsOfcourse,thisfuneralisalongwayfromnowLetusgiveyouabriefintroductionofsuchaknowledgeInaword,thisfiveceremonyisalongceremonyinchinaIthinkthefiveceremonywhichhassomesignificancetothereality,can,shouldwhenpushistheguestAndtheweddingBecauseofthiswedding,donotcarehow,apersonmarried,heis,afterall,amajoreventinlife,hemadesomegrand,itisnecessaryIt'stheChineseweddingpast,itssetofprograms,actuallylookingforachancetohaveagettogetherbetweenfriendsandfamilyInaword,theetiquetteoftheQingDynastywasconcernedbyallthepeopleaftertheTVdramawasheatedupWhatI'mtalkingabouttodayisalittlebit,andIcangiveyouanideaofwatchingTVThankyoual
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