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首页 高考英语词汇手册[K-L].doc

高考英语词汇手册[K-L].doc

高考英语词汇手册[K-L].doc

上传者: 高睿圣 2018-06-14 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高考英语词汇手册[K-L]doc》,可适用于成人教育领域,主题内容包含高考英语词汇手册KL更多请访豆丁资料网keenadjeager,active,sensitive渴望的,敏锐的,精明的词组bekeenon,beke符等。

高考英语词汇手册KL更多请访豆丁资料网keenadjeager,active,sensitive渴望的,敏锐的,精明的词组bekeenon,bekeentodo对…有强烈兴趣keenedges锋利的刀刃keeneyes敏锐的眼光keepv(keepkeptkept)causesomebodysomethingtoremaininaspecificstateposition保持词组keepaseatpositionmoney留座位位臵钱keeparestaurant经营饭店keepalargefamily养活一大家子keepchickens养鸡keepone’spromise遵守诺言keepthelaw遵守法律keepadoor看门keepadiary记日记结构保持…状态:keepadjkeepsomebodydoing:keepusstandingforalongtimekeepsomethingdonekeepusinformedofwhat’shappeningintheworldkeepsomethingsomebodyadj:keeptheroomcleankeepushealthykeyninstrumentformovingtheboltofalock钥匙词组keytosomething(to为介词)Thekeytobeingsuccessfulistoworkhardkindadjhaving,showingthoughtfulness,sympathyorloveforothers和蔼的nrace,naturalgroupofanimals,plants,etc种,类词组bekindto对…友好的itiskindofsomebodytodo…某人做…真是太好了!kindof有点…of…kind…种类的peopleofthatkind那种人Booksofthiskindsellwell辨析kind指的是往往是广义的事物种类:akindoftreespeoplechocolateproblemsbookstype指的常是特定的某类事物:bloodtype,anewtypeofcarskneenjointbetweenthethighandthelowerpartoftheleginman膝盖词组godownonone’sknees跪下kneelononeknee单膝下跪knowvhaveinthemindastheresultofexperienceorofbeinginformed,orbecauseonehaslearned知道词组beknownas公认为beknownfor因…而出名knowabout了解beknowntosomebody为…所熟悉knowbyheart背出knowof听说过knowwhattodo知道做什么knowittobeuseless认为它无用knowyouexhausted知道你累坏了knoweachother认识,熟悉第页共页更多请访豆丁资料网knowgoodfood,knowgoodhorses认出,区分好坏WanAnYi,knownasthefamouswriterinChina,willcomeandgiveusthelectureNotknowingwhattodo,shewenttoJackforhelpHavingknownMaryforyears,JackdecidedtotellherthetruthAsisknowntoall,thissongiswrittenbyanewcomposerItisknowntoallthatthesongiswrittenbyanewcomposerThebestknownsongbythatyoungmanisXXXknowledgenfamiliaritygainedbyexperience知识展开泛指的知识不可数:Knowledgeispower知识就是力量当出现形容词时,常可用不定冠词:agoodknowledgeofEnglish英语方面知识lacknvthavelessthanenoughof缺乏,没有词组somebodylacksomethingvtbelackinginsomething(lacking:adj)mylack(n)ofmoney例句HefailedtheexperimentforlackofexperienceLackingexperience,hefailedintheexperiment由于缺乏经验,他实验失败了lateadjaftertheright,fixedorusualtime迟的词组belateforsomething迟到belatewithsomething做…晚了=belateindoingWorklateintothenightcomelateforthemeetinghislatewife辨析late意思是晚到的,迟到的later晚些时候,以后Wecandoitlater我们可以迟些做latelyadv=recently最近Howareyoudoinglately最近你在做什么latteradjthesecondofthingsorpeoplealreadymentioned后面的词组theformer…thelatter前者…后者myformerheadteacher我的前任班主任laughvnmakesoundsandmovementsofthefaceandbody,showingamusement,joy,contempt笑,笑声词组laughatsomebody嘲笑givealoudlaugh大笑burstintolaughterburstoutlaughinglawnrulemadebyauthorityfortheproperregulationofacommunityorsocietyorforcorrectconductinlife法律词组breakthelaw违法majorinlawsetthelawstodosomethingmakestrictlawstodosomething第页共页更多请访豆丁资料网展开lawfuladj合法的layvt(laylaidlaid)putinacertainposition放,放臵词组layatableintheroom铺桌子layanewplan提交新计划layanegg生蛋laythefoundationfor为…奠定基础laystressemphasisweightonsomething认为重要laysomethingaside储蓄辨析layvtlaidlaid放,下蛋somebodylaysomethinginaplacelayeggslayasolidfoundationforlayemphasison,lievilaylain躺Helayinbedthewholemorningliestillleadv(leadledled)guideortake,espbygoinginfrontconduct领路,为…指路,导致,领导词组leadsomebodytosomewhere,leadsomebodyintosomewhere把…引到…leadsomebodytodo导致…做…leadahappylife过着幸福的生活hardworkleadstosuccess通向胜利leadtosomething引起,造成leadershipnpowerofleading领导词组beunderone’sleadership在…的领导下Undertheleadershipthecommunistparty,we……leanv(leanleantleantleanleanedleaned)beorputinaslopingposition靠,倚词组leanagainstthewall靠着墙leanonupon依靠learnvgainknowledgeof,orskillin学,学习词组learnsomething,learntodosomething,学习,学做…learnhowwhentodo学习如何何时做…learnthenews,learnthat听说…learnfrom从…学习吸取教训learnofabout听说…的事learnbyheart记熟learnedadjhavingorshowingmuchknowledge有学问的词组alearnedprofessor一位有学问的教授leastnsmallestinsize,amount,extent,etc最小,最少词组atleast至少notintheleast一点也不Theleastexpensivetheleastintentionofdoingsomethingleavevt(leaveleftleft)goawayfrom离开,把…留给第页共页更多请访豆丁资料网词组leavesomebodysomething给…留给leavesomethingtosomebody把…留给…leavesomethingsomebodydonedoingadj使…处于…状态beleftwith被剩下…leavealone别惹leaveaside搁臵leavebehind遗忘leavefor动身去…leaveout遗漏展开n准假,假期:onleave休假takeone’sleave告辞askforleave请假legaladjconnectedwith,inaccordancewith,authorizedorrequiredby,thelaw法律上的展开反义词illegalleisureadjnsparetime,timefreefromwork空闲的词组atone’sleisure有空inone’sleisuretime在闲暇时间lendvtgivesomebodytheuseofsomethingforaperiodoftimeontheunderstandingthatitoritsequivalentwillbereturned把…借给词组lendsomebodysomethinglandsomethingtosomebody借给…lendahandwithsomething帮忙lengthnmeasurementfromendtoend长度词组What’sthelengthof…atlength冗长地inlength长度是…atfulllength全部展开展开lengthenvt加长letvtvigivetheuseofbuildingorlandinreturnforregularmoneypaymentallowto被出租让,出租词组letsomebodydo让…做…letahousetosomebody把…租给…letalone更不要说letgo放开letout泄密,发出…Letoutthesecretletoutthegaslevelnlineorsurfaceparallelwiththehorizonsuchasurfacewithreferencetoitsheight水平,含量adjhavingahorizontalsurface平的词组risetothelevelof上升到…高度sealevelthelevelofsomethingata…level处于…程度onalevelwith与…一致onthelevel在平地上licencenpermissionfromsomeoneinauthoritytodosomething执照辨析diploma(毕业)文凭,用来证明…曾接受过…教育并毕业第页共页更多请访豆丁资料网license:由政府等权威部门颁发的许可证:drivinglecence驾驶执照lievi(lielaylain)be,putoneself,flatonahorizontalsurfaceorinarestpositionbesituated躺,平放,位于,在于词组lieintheroom躺在屋里liewounded受伤躺着liein在于,由于,位于例句Abighouselaybeforeus一座大房子位于我们眼前Hissuccesslayinhishardwork他的成功在于他的勤奋lienanuntruestatement谎言词组telllies吹牛lifenstateofexistenceasahumanbeing生活,(,泛指,不可数)aspecificwayofliving生活,(某种特定生活,可数)pllivesconditionthatdistinguishanimalsandplantsfromearth,rock,etc:生命(泛指,不可数)stateofexistence,asanindividuallivingbeing性命(可数)词组allone’slife一生betweenlifeanddeathfromlife写生bringtolife使苏醒cometolife苏醒过来forlife终生forone’slife为了活命例句Iprefercitylifetotownlife与城镇生活相比,我喜欢城市生活Theyhaveahappypoorlife他们过着幸福贫穷的生活Thereisnolifeonthemoon月球上没有生命Itissaidthatcatshaveninelives听说猫有九条命Igaveallmylifetomyfamily我把一生都奉献给了我的家Childrenarealwaysfulloflife孩子们总是充满活力lightnthatwhichmakesthingsvisible光,v(lightlitlitlightlightedlighted)causetobeingburning点亮词组bringtolight公之于众cometolight为人所了解inthelightof根据,参照throwlighton提供线索lightsleeplightindustry辨析lightlightedlightedlightlitlit作定语时应该使用lightedalightedcandle做表语时lightedlit都可以thecandleislightedlitlightamatch点燃火柴lighttheroom照亮房间Helitupbeforereading看书前他先点了烟Hewaslitupwhenheheardthegoodnewslikeprepsimilar像,跟…一样词组belike,looklike,seemlike像看上去像feellikedoingsomething感到想…例句Likeme,shelikescandiesaswell像我一样,她也喜欢糖第页共页更多请访豆丁资料网辨析alikelikealike是表语性形容词,仅做表语或后臵定语常用much,verymuch,exactly来修饰,不可用veryThetwinsareverymuchalike这队双胞胎长得很像alike还可以做副词Theydressalike他们着装相似like既可以做标语又可以做定语Theyareliketheirgrandfather他们很像他们的祖父Thebookisofalikekind这是一本相似的书likevtbefondof喜欢词组likesomething,liketodo,likedoing喜欢某事,喜欢做…likesomebodytodo喜欢某人做…shouldwouldlikelovesomebodytodo愿意某人做…likelyadjthatisexpected可能的advprobably很可能词组somebodybelikelytodo某人很有可能做…itislikelythat…很可能会发生…alikelyplaceforhimtohide他可能的藏身地(定语)mostverylikely…很可能…limitnlineorpointthatmaynotorcannotbepassedgreatestorsmallestamount,degree,ofwhatispossible极限,限度vtputalimitlimitsto限制,限定词组withinlimits在…限度内tothelimit到最大限度timelimit时限limitsomebodysomethingtosomething展开limitedadj有限的:hisvocabularyislimitedlinenpieceorlengthofthread,stringropeorwireforvariouspurposes线,排vtbeinaline使排成行vimakesomethingwithlines成一行,成一直线词组parallellines平行线crosstheline越线shippinglines航线railwaylines铁路线enemylines敌军防线thefrontlines前线readbetweenthelines从字里行间看出thenewgovernmenttakesastrongline新政府采用强硬路线simplelines简单方式holdtheline勿挂断电话线wordsonaline字一行beinline成一直线一行beinlinewith和一致beoutofline未排成行beoutoflinewith和…不一致lineup排队第页共页更多请访豆丁资料网linknpersonorthingthatunitesorconnectstwoothers联系vtjoin,bejoinedwith连接,联系vijoin连接起来,联系在一起词组alinkbetweenAandBA与B之间的联系alinkwith…的联系belinkedwith和…联系linkup把…连接起来littleadj(lessleast)smallorsmallincomparison小,少量词组havelittlemoney(否定)没什么钱仅修饰不可数名词反义词为:fewhavealittlemoney(肯定)有点钱thinklittleof看不起livevihaveexistenceasaplantoranimal,bealivereside活,生活,过活,居住vtexperience过(生活),经历词组liveby靠…维生liveon靠吃…生活靠(收入)生活liveonmeat以吃肉维生liveonsalarytherenthisparents靠薪水房租父母生活liveuptosomething达到…标准例句Ilivebyteaching我靠教书糊口livelyadjfullofliveandspirit充满活力的,灵敏的辨析alivelivelivelylivingaliveadj(不可以做前臵定语)意思是本有能死的人物活了过来Hewasstillaliveaftertheaccident事故之后他仍然活着livelaiv(adj)活生生的areallivefish活鱼givelivebroadcast进行实况广播livelyadj有活力的Childrenarealwayslively栩栩如生的alivelystorylivingadj活着的livingcreatures活着的生物thelivingarelocatevtbesituated确定…的地点,使…坐落于词组belocated位于locatehisofficeindowntown把他的办公室设在市中心例句Locatethemissingboyisnotaneasyjob要找到失踪的孩子不是易事Myhomeislocatedinsuburb我的家在郊区展开locationn位臵lockvtvifastenadoor,abox,etcwithalock锁,锁上被锁上,锁得上nappliancebywhichadoor,gate,etcmaybefastenedwithaboltthatneedsakeytoworkit锁词组lockup锁好保管起来lockthemoneyuplockupthemoneylockthedoorup把大门锁上keepsomethingputsomethingbeunderlockandkey将…锁上第页共页更多请访豆丁资料网合逻辑的展开反义词illogicallogicnlonelyadjwithoutcompanions寂寞的,孤寂的词组feellonely感到孤独(表语)alonelyhouse一座孤零零的房子(定语)辨析lonelyalonelonely指的是心理上的感受,可做前臵定语和表语alone指的是一个人呆着,是一种状态,像afraid,alive,alike,asleep,awake等一样,属于表语性形容词,不可以充当前臵定语Myparentswentoutlastnight,soIwasalone昨晚父母出去了,所以我一人独处展开nloneliness寂寞,孤寂longviwishforverymuch渴望adj长的词组longtodo渴望做…longforsomething渴望有…inthelongrunterm长远来看,longdistance长途的beforelong不久以后forlong很久takelong花很长时间去做lookviseemtobe看,好像,显得nfacialexpression脸色,表情词组lookatsomething看着…alookofjoy开心的表情lookadjlookedlooking做系动词somethingtakeonanewlook呈现新面貌lookforwardtodoingsomething渴望做…lookforlookafterlook…downuponlookdown…aslookthroughlookuplookdownlookbothways例句Neverjudgeapersonbyhislooks勿以貌取人pl外貌Thehouselookssouth面向lose(loselostlost)vtnolongerhave失去,损失,丢失vicausethelossoffailtowin受损失,输掉词组losecontrol失控loseone’shealth身体坏了loseitscolor退色loseone’seyesight失明loseone’smind疯了belost迷路不知所措losethegame比赛输了losetheargument争论失败lose$损失$losetime浪费时间第页共页更多请访豆丁资料网losethebus没赶上车belostin…陷入沉思被…所吸引loseface丢脸loseheart灰心losenotimeindoing立即做…loseone’stemper发脾气loseone’sway迷路loseoneself迷失方向losesightof看不见…loseweight减轻体重例句EnglandlosestoFrance英格兰队输给了法国队Helostheavilyintheinvestment那次投资使他损失惨重Mywatchloses我的表慢了lossnact,factorprocessoflosing遗失,丧失词组thelossofhisjob失业heavylosses损失惨重lossofagame比赛输了beatalosstodo不知所措lotnagreatamountornumberof许多词组alotoflotsof可以修饰可数和不可数名词alotofbooksfood,lotsofbooksfoodalot作状语,表程度:travelalot,alotfatter(可以修饰辨析级)loudadjnotquietorsoft,easilyheard响亮的,大声的辨析aloudloudloudlyadvaloud出声地,不是沉默地,声音不必大:readaloud朗读loud(adv)响亮地laughloud高声地笑loudly:吵闹地laughloudlyloudlydeclarethat…lovevhavestrongaffectionordeeptenderfeelingsfor爱nwarm,kindfeeling,fondness爱,喜欢词组lovetododoing,sheI’dlovetodo愿意做…haveloveforsomething喜欢beinlovewith爱上fallinlovewith爱上loveaffairs恋爱loveandhateloyaltynbeingtrueandfaithfulto忠诚词组showloyaltytosomebody向…表示忠心展开loyaladjbeloyaltosomebody对…忠诚lucknchancefortunate运气词组haveluckindoinghavethelucktodo运气好而做成了…wishyougoodluck祝你好运outofluck倒霉tryone’sluck碰碰运气第页共页

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